Difference between revisions of "Lobbying"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Text replace - ""," to ","")
m
 
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{tnr}}'''Lobbying''' is the attempt to persuade another person to accept your position, including all attempts to influence elected officials who create laws and set policies by other legislators, constituents or organized groups.<ref>[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/lobbying Merriam-Webster Dictionary.Com entry on lobbying]</ref><ref name=BBC-Lobby>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/82529.stm BBC Definition of Lobbying].</ref>  
 
{{tnr}}'''Lobbying''' is the attempt to persuade another person to accept your position, including all attempts to influence elected officials who create laws and set policies by other legislators, constituents or organized groups.<ref>[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/lobbying Merriam-Webster Dictionary.Com entry on lobbying]</ref><ref name=BBC-Lobby>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/82529.stm BBC Definition of Lobbying].</ref>  
  
Governments often define and regulate organized group lobbying.<ref>[http://www.npaction.org/article/articleview/76/1/248 Non-Profit Action description of "Lobbying Versus Advocacy: Legal Definitions"].</ref><ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/reference_index_subjects/Lobbying_vrd.htm U.S. Senate definition of Lobbying].</ref>
+
In addition, governments often define and regulate organized group lobbying.<ref>[http://www.npaction.org/article/articleview/76/1/248 Non-Profit Action description of "Lobbying Versus Advocacy: Legal Definitions"].</ref><ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/reference_index_subjects/Lobbying_vrd.htm U.S. Senate definition of Lobbying].</ref>
  
Lobbying at the state level involves attempts to influence [[State legislatures|state legislators]], [[State officials|governors]], and state agencies. Local lobbying is aimed at local officials. Local units of government often do their lobbying through [[government sector lobbying associations]]. Lobbying at the federal level involves trying  to influence [[United States Congress|Congress]], the [[Barack Obama|president]], or federal agencies.  
+
Lobbying at the state level involves attempts to influence [[State legislatures|state legislators]], [[State officials|governors]] and state agencies. Local lobbying is aimed at local officials. Local units of government often do their lobbying through [[government sector lobbying associations]]. Lobbying at the federal level involves trying  to influence [[United States Congress|Congress]], the [[Barack Obama|president]], or federal agencies.  
  
 
==Direct v. grassroots lobbying==
 
==Direct v. grassroots lobbying==
Direct lobbying includes any attempts to influence the policy making process directly, as opposed to grassroots lobbying which aims at influencing policy makers indirectly.<ref name=lobbying>[http://www.glsen.org/cgi-bin/iowa/all/news/record/975.html "What is lobbying?," February 26, 2002]</ref> One example of direct lobbying would be an actual lobbyist paid to speak on behalf of an organization in senate chambers.<ref name=lobbying/> To be lobbying, you must communicate a view on a "specific legislative proposal."<ref name=lobbying/> You would be engaged in lobbying if you asked a legislator to take an action that would require legislation, regardless of whether the bill exists at the moment or not.<ref name=lobbying/>
+
Direct lobbying includes any attempts to influence the policy making process directly, as opposed to grassroots lobbying which aims at influencing policy makers indirectly.<ref name=lobbying>[http://www.glsen.org/cgi-bin/iowa/all/news/record/975.html "What is lobbying?," February 26, 2002]</ref> In addition to campaign contributions to elected officials and candidates, companies, labor unions and other organizations spend billions of dollars each year to lobby [[Congress]] and federal agencies. Some special interests even retain lobbying firms on their behalf.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/ ''Open Secrets.org'', "Lobbying", accessed March 28, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
One example of direct lobbying would be an actual lobbyist paid to speak on behalf of an organization in senate chambers.<ref name=lobbying/> To be lobbying, you must communicate a view on a "specific legislative proposal."<ref name=lobbying/> You would be engaged in lobbying if you asked a legislator to take an action that would require legislation, regardless of whether the bill exists at the moment or not.<ref name=lobbying/>
  
 
An example of grassroots lobbying is an organization sending out flyers urging citizens to contact their representatives in support of a specific legislative proposal.<ref name=lobbying/>  It is also considered a lobbying communication if you give information about the legislative process specific to proposed legislation, like identifying legislators' stances on the bill or identifying key legislators on relevant committees, in an attempt for citizens to affect legislation.<ref name=lobbying/>  
 
An example of grassroots lobbying is an organization sending out flyers urging citizens to contact their representatives in support of a specific legislative proposal.<ref name=lobbying/>  It is also considered a lobbying communication if you give information about the legislative process specific to proposed legislation, like identifying legislators' stances on the bill or identifying key legislators on relevant committees, in an attempt for citizens to affect legislation.<ref name=lobbying/>  
Line 21: Line 23:
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 +
{{td}}
 
* [[County websites]]
 
* [[County websites]]
 
* [[City websites]]
 
* [[City websites]]
 
* [[School district websites]]
 
* [[School district websites]]
 
* [[State agency websites]]
 
* [[State agency websites]]
 +
 +
==External links==
 +
{{submit a link}}
 +
* [http://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/ ''Open Secrets.org'', "Lobbying"]
 +
* [http://dc.about.com/od/jobs/a/Lobbying.htm ''About.com'', "What is a lobbyist?"]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
{{reflist|2}}
+
{{reflist}}
{{terms update|Month=November 2012|Reason=Terms and defs clean-up, needs expansion and fact checking}}
+
 
 
[[Category:Transparency checklists]]
 
[[Category:Transparency checklists]]
 
[[Category:Terms and definitions]]
 
[[Category:Terms and definitions]]
 
[[Category:Municipal government terms]]
 
[[Category:Municipal government terms]]

Latest revision as of 07:11, 1 April 2014

Lobbying is the attempt to persuade another person to accept your position, including all attempts to influence elected officials who create laws and set policies by other legislators, constituents or organized groups.[1][2]

In addition, governments often define and regulate organized group lobbying.[3][4]

Lobbying at the state level involves attempts to influence state legislators, governors and state agencies. Local lobbying is aimed at local officials. Local units of government often do their lobbying through government sector lobbying associations. Lobbying at the federal level involves trying to influence Congress, the president, or federal agencies.

Direct v. grassroots lobbying

Direct lobbying includes any attempts to influence the policy making process directly, as opposed to grassroots lobbying which aims at influencing policy makers indirectly.[5] In addition to campaign contributions to elected officials and candidates, companies, labor unions and other organizations spend billions of dollars each year to lobby Congress and federal agencies. Some special interests even retain lobbying firms on their behalf.[6]

One example of direct lobbying would be an actual lobbyist paid to speak on behalf of an organization in senate chambers.[5] To be lobbying, you must communicate a view on a "specific legislative proposal."[5] You would be engaged in lobbying if you asked a legislator to take an action that would require legislation, regardless of whether the bill exists at the moment or not.[5]

An example of grassroots lobbying is an organization sending out flyers urging citizens to contact their representatives in support of a specific legislative proposal.[5] It is also considered a lobbying communication if you give information about the legislative process specific to proposed legislation, like identifying legislators' stances on the bill or identifying key legislators on relevant committees, in an attempt for citizens to affect legislation.[5]

Evaluating government websites

Government websites should included or disclose:

  • Database of registered lobbyists
  • Agency lobbying contracts.
  • All grants given to non-profit organizations with reason for the grant and a contact in the organization responsible for oversight.
  • Any dues paid to government sector lobbying associations, and legislative agendas about what legislation those associations lobbied for or against.

See also

Ballotpedia:Index of Terms

External links

BallotpediaAvatar bigger.png
Suggest a link

References