The Louisiana political and legal structure has maintained several elements from the times of French and Spanish governance. One is the use of the term "parish" (from the French word paroisse) in place of "county" for administrative subdivision. Another is the legal system of civil law based on French, German and Spanish legal codes and ultimately Roman law—as opposed to English common law. Common law is "judge-made" law based on precedent and is the basis of statutes in all other U.S. states. Louisiana's type of civil law system is what the majority of nations in the world use, especially in Europe and its former colonies, excluding those that derive from the British Empire. Its capital is Baton Rouge and its largest city is New Orleans. Currently, Louisiana has two members of the U.S. Senate, a total of six members of the U.S. House of Representatives, 105 members of the Louisiana House of Representatives and 39 members of the Louisiana State Senate. As of September 2013, Louisiana is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.
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