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Revision as of 14:51, 10 April 2014

Louisiana House of Representatives

Seal of Louisiana.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   3 terms (12 years)
2014 session start:   March 10, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Charles Kleckley (R)
Structure
Members:  105
   Independent (2)
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art III, Louisiana Constitution
Salary:   $16,800/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 19, 2011 (105 seats)
Next election:  November 3, 2015 (105 seats)
Redistricting:  Louisiana legislature has control
The Louisiana House of Representatives is the lower body of the Louisiana State Legislature. The House consists of 105 members and meets at the State Capitol in Baton Rouge. Members of the Louisiana House of Representatives serve four-year terms with term limits, limiting Representatives to three terms (a total of twelve years).[1] Each member represents an average of 43,175 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 42,562 residents.[3]

The Louisiana House of Representatives is one of the five state legislative lower houses whose members are elected to four-year terms, as opposed to the more common two-year term.

As of September 2014, Louisiana is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article III of the Louisiana Constitution establishes when the Louisiana State Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 2 of Article III states that, in even-numbered years, the Legislature shall convene on the last Monday in March and meet for no more than sixty legislative days during a period of eighty-five calendar days. In odd-numbered years, the Legislature is to convene on the last Monday in April and meet for no more than forty-five legislative days during a period of sixty calendar days. During regular sessions in odd-numbered years, the Legislature can only consider measures regarding the state budget, revenues, and appropriations.

Section 2 of Article III also allows the Legislature to be called into a special session by the Governor of Louisiana or by a majority of the members of each legislative house. During special sessions, the Legislature can only legislate on matters related to the proclaimed purposes of the session.

Section 2 of Article III also authorizes the Governor of Louisiana to call an emergency session without prior notice in the event of a public emergency.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will be in session from March 10 through June 5.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2014 legislative session include Common Core, education funding, Medicaid expansion, the coastal erosion lawsuit filed by the South Louisiana Flood Protection Authority-East and the legalization of medical marijuana.[4][5]

Thirteen members of the House formed the Louisiana Legislative Conservative Coalition. The coalition, under the chair of Rep. Alan Seabaugh (R), will attempt to pull the Louisiana Republican Legislative Delegation to the right and re-instill conservative principles to the delegation.[6]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from April 8 through June 6.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included the state budget, an overhaul of public education, increasing the retirement age of public workers, gun control, and abortion.[7]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from March 12 through June 4.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in regular session from April 25 through June 23. The Legislature was in a special session regarding the census and redistricting from March 20-April 15.[8]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House of Representatives was in session from March 29th to June 21st.[9]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Louisiana was given a grade of D in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[10]

Elections

Louisiana is one of only four states that hold state elections in odd-numbered years. Clerk of the Louisiana House Alfred "Butch" Speer explains why:

For scores of years we conducted our party primaries in the winter of the odd numbered years, with any necessary 2d primary held in January. Because Republican voter registration was so miniscule from 1877 until 1980, the general elections were mere irritants to the Democrat primary victor. Once we scrapped the partisan primary system [1975] we set the entire system up to run in the fall of the odd numbered year, our traditional election season.[11]

2011

See also: Louisiana House of Representatives elections, 2011

Primary elections for Louisiana's state house representatives were held in Louisiana on October 22, 2011. Necessary runoffs took place on November 19, 2011.

During the 2011 election, the total contributions to House of Representatives candidates was $15,991,763. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2007

As of the 2000 Census, Louisiana's 105 state representatives each represent an average population of 42,562 people. In 2007, the candidates for state house raised a total of $23,068,639 in campaign contributions.

Year Number of candidates Total contributions
2007 292 $23,068,639
2003 237 $12,267,180

The top 10 donors were:[13]

2003

See also: Louisiana House of Representatives elections, 2003

Elections for the office of Louisiana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on October 4, 2003, and a general election on November 15, 2003.

During the 2003 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $12,267,180. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

1999

Elections for the office of Louisiana House of Representatives consisted of a general election on October 23, 1999.

During the 1999 election, the total contributions to House of Representatives candidates was $13,135,824. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

Qualifications

In order to run for office, the following qualifications are in place:[16]

  • Must be 18 years of age or older.
  • Must be a resident of the district they seek to hold office to for a minimum of two years.
  • Must not have served more than two and one half terms previously in office. This is for any candidate who has held office in the past after January 8, 1996.
  • Have not been convicted of a felony offense.
  • Have no outstanding fines with the Louisiana Ethics Administration Program.
  • Pay a $225 filing fee with the Clerk of Court in the parish they reside in or collect 400 signatures.
  • If running as a Republican or Democrat, pay an additional $112.50 filing fee with the state and/or parish executive committee of their party.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the house, the vacant seat must be filled by a special election. An election is required if there is six months or more left in the unexpired term. The Speaker of the House must call for an election no later than 10 days after the vacancy occurred. The Speaker of the House must determine the dates for the election along with all filing deadlines. The person elected to the seat serves for the remainder of the unexpired term.[17]

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Louisiana legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Of the 15 states, it is the only state where term limits were imposed by the state's legislators, rather than through the ballot initiative process. Under Louisiana's term limits, state representatives can serve no more than three 4-year terms in the house.[1]

The state's term limits law was enacted in 1995. The first year that the term limits enacted in 1995 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2007.

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Louisiana

In Louisiana, the state legislature has control over the redistricting process. The redistricted maps are introduced as bills in the Senate and the House, and can be vetoed by the governor for any reason. Louisiana faces special scrutiny under the Voting Rights Act as a state with a history of using district lines as tools of racial discrimination, so all maps must be reviewed and preapproved by the U.S. Department of Justice before use.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Louisiana had the third-slowest growth rate of any state in the nation between 2000 and 2010. only Rhode island and Michigan experienced smaller positive population gains during this time period (notably, Michigan experienced an overall decrease in population). Louisiana grew 1.4 percent from 2000 to 2010, with a total population rise from 4.47 million in 2000 to 4.53 million in 2010. Notably the South as a region experienced overall growth of 14.29 percent.[18][19] Hurricane Katrina's impact caused enough people to move out of state to cost Louisiana a Congressional District. The population shifts also substantially affected state legislative districts, including the largely African-American city of New Orleans.[20]

During the redistricting process, Louisiana legislators faced a compressed timeline compared to other states. The odd year elections meant that the 2011 elections in the fall would need districts soon enough to get clearance from the Department of Justice per the Voting Rights Act, allow candidates to file in the appropriate districts, and leave time for the Blanket primary and the general election to happen in early November 2011.

The new state House of Representatives map added two new majority-minority seats, which was one less than some lawmakers wanted. many feared that the justice department would reject the plan without another majority-minority seat, but their fears were unrealized as the Justice Department accepted Louisiana's first map for the first time since the VRA came into enforcement. Three more seats were allocated to the Baton Rouge area, and the legislators who voted against the new map came primarily from the New Orleans suburbs or were African American Democrats, many of whom were from New Orleans. The general loss of population in that area compounded with a sense that their requests were not addressed led these two groups to vote against the map.

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 43
     Republican Party 59
     Independent 2
     Vacancy 1
Total 105


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Louisiana State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Louisiana State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. Duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum, deciding all points of order, and appointing the membership of all House committees.[21][22]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Louisiana House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Charles Kleckley Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Walt Leger, III Electiondot.png Democratic

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Louisiana legislature are paid $16,800/year. Additionally, legislators receive $6,000/year for expenses and $149/day per diem tied to the federal rate.[23]

Pension

Louisiana does not provide pensions for legislators who took office after 1996.[24]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Louisiana legislators assume office at noon on the second Monday in January after their election.

Current members

Current members, Louisiana House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 James Morris Ends.png Republican 2008
2 Roy Burrell Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
3 Barbara Norton Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
4 Patrick Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
5 Alan Seabaugh Ends.png Republican 2010
6 Thomas Carmody, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2008
7 Richard Burford Ends.png Republican 2008
8 Jeff Thompson Ends.png Republican 2012
9 Henry Burns Ends.png Republican 2008
10 Gene Reynolds Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
11 Patrick Jefferson Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
12 Rob Shadoin Ends.png Republican 2012
13 James Fannin Ends.png Republican 2003
14 Jay Morris Ends.png Republican 2012
15 Frank Hoffmann Ends.png Republican 2008
16 Katrina Jackson Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
17 Marcus Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
18 Major Thibaut Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
19 Charles Chaney Ends.png Republican 2008
20 Steven Pylant Ends.png Republican 2012
21 John Anders Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
22 Terry Brown Grey.png Nonpartisan 2012
23 Kenny Cox Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
24 Frank Howard Ends.png Republican 2008
25 Lance Harris Ends.png Republican 2012
26 Herbert Dixon Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
27 Lowell Hazel Ends.png Republican 2008
28 Robert Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
29 Regina Barrow Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
30 James Armes Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
31 Nancy Landry Ends.png Republican 2008
32 Dorothy Hill Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
33 Michael Danahay Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
34 Albert Franklin Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
35 Brett Geymann Ends.png Republican 2003
36 Charles Kleckley Ends.png Republican 2005
37 John Guinn Ends.png Republican 2008
38 H. Bernard LeBas Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
39 Stephen Ortego Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
40 Ledricka Thierry Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
41 Mickey Guillory Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
42 Jack Montoucet Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
43 Stuart Bishop Ends.png Republican 2012
44 Vincent Pierre Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
45 Joel Robideaux Ends.png Republican 2004
46 Mike "Pete" Huval Ends.png Republican 2011
47 Bob Hensgens Ends.png Republican 2011
48 Taylor Barras Ends.png Republican 2008
49 Simone Champagne Ends.png Republican 2008
50 Sam Jones Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
51 Joe Harrison Ends.png Republican 2008
52 Gordon Dove Ends.png Republican 2004
53 Lenar Whitney Ends.png Republican 2012
54 Jerry Gisclair Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
55 Jerome Richard Grey.png Nonpartisan 2008
56 Gregory Miller Ends.png Republican 2012
57 Randal Gaines Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
58 Ed Price Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
59 Eddie Lambert Ends.png Republican 2003
60 Karen St. Germain Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
61 Alfred Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
62 Kenny Havard Ends.png Republican 2012
63 Dalton Honore Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
64 Valarie Hodges Ends.png Republican 2012
65 Barry Ivey Ends.png Republican 2013
66 Hunter Greene Ends.png Republican 2005
67 Patricia Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
68 Stephen Carter Ends.png Republican 2008
69 Erich Ponti Ends.png Republican 2008
70 Franklin Foil Ends.png Republican 2008
71 J. Rogers Pope Ends.png Republican 2008
72 John Edwards Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
73 Stephen Pugh Ends.png Republican 2008
74 Scott Simon Ends.png Republican 2008
75 Harold Ritchie Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
76 Kevin Pearson Ends.png Republican 2008
77 John Schroder Ends.png Republican 2008
78 Kirk Talbot Ends.png Republican 2008
79 Julie Stokes Ends.png Republican 2013
80 Joseph Lopinto Ends.png Republican 2008
81 Clay Schexnayder Ends.png Republican 2012
82 Cameron Henry Ends.png Republican 2008
83 Robert Billiot Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
84 Patrick Connick Ends.png Republican 2008
85 Bryan Adams Ends.png Republican 2012
86 Chris Broadwater Ends.png Republican 2012
87 Ebony Woodruff Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
88 John Berthelot Ends.png Republican 2012
89 Timothy Burns Ends.png Republican 2004
90 George Cromer Ends.png Republican 2008
91 Walt Leger, III Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
92 Tom Willmott Ends.png Republican 2008
93 Helena Moreno Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
94 Nicholas Lorusso Ends.png Republican 2008
95 Sherman Mack Ends.png Republican 2012
96 Terry Landry Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
97 Jared Brossett Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
98 Neil Abramson Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
99 Wesley Bishop Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
100 Austin Badon, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
101 Edward James Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
102 Jeffery Arnold Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
103 Ray Garofalo Ends.png Republican 2012
104 Paul Hollis Ends.png Republican 2012
105 Chris Leopold Ends.png Republican 2012

Standing committees

Louisiana House of Representatives has 16 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Louisiana
Partisan breakdown of the Louisiana legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Louisiana State House of Representatives for the first 19 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last three years. The Louisiana State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Louisiana was under Republican trifectas for the final three years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Louisiana, the Louisiana State Senate and the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Louisiana state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Kentucky state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Louisiana has had three periods of trifectas, two Democratic trifectas (1992-1995 and 2004-2007) and one Republican trifecta (2011-2013). Louisiana had its longest period of divided government between 1996 and 2003. For all but two years of the study, Louisiana has ranked in the bottom-10 in the SQLI ranking and only left the bottom-10 in the last two years of the study, 2011 and 2012. The state’s lowest ranking came in 1993 and 1994 under a Democratic trifecta. Its highest ranking (36th) came in 2012 under a Republican trifecta.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 46.25
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 38.00
  • SQLI average with divided government: 45.73
Chart displaying the partisanship of Louisiana government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 legis.la.gov, "About the Legislature," accessed December 16, 2013
  2. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  3. Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013
  4. Associated Press, "Jindal pushes worker training as legislative session opens," March 10, 2014
  5. American Press, "Education, lawsuit key issues," March 9, 2014
  6. www.houmatoday.com, "Conservatives in state House forming new coalition," accessed February 20, 2014
  7. wwltv.com, "A look at major issues at session's halfway point," April 24, 2013
  8. StateNet, Daily Session Summary, 4 March 2011
  9. 2010 session dates for Louisiana Legislature
  10. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  11. The Thicket, "Why do Four States Have Odd-Year Elections?," August 25, 2011
  12. Follow the Money, "Louisiana 2011 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  13. Follow the Money: "Louisiana House 2007 Campaign Contributions"
  14. Follow the Money, "Louisiana 2003 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  15. Follow the Money, "Louisiana 1999 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  16. Louisiana Secretary of State, "Qualify for an Election," accessed December 16, 2013
  17. Louisiana Legislature, "Louisiana Election Code," accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Statute 18:601, Louisiana Statutes)
  18. Ruston Daily Leader, "Loss of one congressional seat a result of low population growth in state," accessed December 31, 2010
  19. U.S. Census Bureau, "Population Distribution and Change," March 2011
  20. New Orleans Times Picayune, "Redistricting is expected to cost New Orleans three districts in the Louisiana House of Representatives," January 19, 2011
  21. Key Responsibilities and Duties of the Speaker of the Louisiana House
  22. Major Office Holders of the Louisiana House
  23. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  24. USA Today, "State-by-state: Benefits available to state legislators," September 23, 2011