Louisiana State Senate

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Louisiana State Senate

Seal of Louisiana.png
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   3 terms (12 years)
2015 session start:   April 8, 2013
Website:   Official Senate Page
Senate President:   John Alario, (R)
Members:  39
   Democratic Party (13)
Republican Party (26)
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art III, Section 3, Louisiana Constitution
Salary:   $15,362/year
Last Election:  November 19, 2011 (39 seats)
Next election:  November 3, 2015 (39 seats)
Redistricting:  Louisiana legislature has control
The Louisiana State Senate is the upper house of the Louisiana State Legislature. 39 members serve as state senators and are elected to four-year terms in the State Senate. The senate meets at the State Capitol in Baton Rouge. Each member represents an average of 116,240 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 114,589 residents.[2]

As of May 2013, Louisiana is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.


Article III of the Louisiana Constitution establishes when the Louisiana State Legislature, of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session. Section 2 of Article III states that, in even-numbered years, the Legislature shall convene on the last Monday in March and meet for no more than sixty legislative days during a period of eighty-five calendar days. In odd-numbered years, the Legislature is to convene on the last Monday in April and meet for no more than forty-five legislative days during a period of sixty calendar days. During regular sessions in odd-numbered years, the Legislature can only consider measures regarding the state budget, revenues, and appropriations.

Section 2 of Article III also allows the Legislature to be called into a special session by the Governor of Louisiana or by a majority of the members of each legislative house. During special sessions, the Legislature can only legislate on matters related to the proclaimed purposes of the session.

Section 2 of Article III also authorizes the Governor of Louisiana to call an emergency session without prior notice in the event of a public emergency.


See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from April 8 to June 6.


See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Senate was in session from March 12 through June 4.


See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Senate was in regular session from April 25 through June 23. The Legislature was in a special session regarding the census and redistricting from March 20-April 15. [3]


See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Senate was in session from March 29th to June 21st. [4]


Louisiana is one of only four states that hold state elections in odd-numbered years. Clerk of the Louisiana House Alfred "Butch Speer explains why:

For scores of years we conducted our party primaries in the winter of the odd numbered years, with any necessary 2d primary held in January. Because Republican voter registration was so miniscule from 1877 until 1980, the general elections were mere irritants to the Democrat primary victor. Once we scrapped the partisan primary system [1975] we set the entire system up to run in the fall of the odd numbered year, our traditional election season.[5]


See also: Louisiana State Senate elections, 2011

Primary elections for the office of Louisiana's state senators were held in Louisiana on October 22, 2011, with necessary runoffs on November 19, 2011.


As of the 2000 Census, each of Louisiana's 39 state senators represents an average population of 1114,589 people. In 2007, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $18,266,324 in campaign contributions.

Year Number of candidates Total contributions
2007 90 $18,266,324
2003 95 $13,648,458

The top 10 donors were:[6]


In order to run for office, the following qualifications are in place:

  • Must be 18 years of age or older[7].
  • Must be a resident of the district they seek to hold office to for a minimum of two years[7].
  • Must not have served more than two and one half terms previously in office. This is for any candidate who has held office in the past after January 8, 1996[8].
  • Have not been convicted of a felony offense[8].
  • Have no outstanding fines with the Louisiana Ethics Administration Program[8].
  • Pay a $225 filing fee with the Clerk of Court in the parish they reside in or collect 400 signatures[9].
  • If running as a Republican or Democrat, pay an additional $112.50 filing fee with the state and/or parish executive committee of their party[9].


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
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If there is a vacancy in the Senate, the vacant seat must be filled by a special election. An election is required if there is six months or more left in the unexpired term. The Senate President must call for an election no later than 10 days after the vacancy happened. The Senate President must determine the dates for the election along with all filing deadlines. The person elected to the seat serves for the remainder of the unexpired term[10].

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Louisiana legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Of the 15 states, it is the only state where term limits were imposed by the state's legislators, rather than through the ballot initiative process. Under Louisiana's term limits, state senators can serve no more than three 4-year terms in the senate.[11]

The state's term limits law was enacted in 1995. The first year that the term limits enacted in 1995 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2007.[12]


See also: Redistricting in Louisiana

In Louisiana, the state legislature has control over the redistricting process. The redistricted maps are introduced as bills in the Senate and the House, and can be vetoed by the governor for any reason. Louisiana faces special scrutiny under the Voting Rights Act as a state with a history of using district lines as tools of racial discrimination, so all maps must be reviewed and preapproved by the U.S. Department of Justice before use.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Louisiana had the third-slowest growth rate of any state in the nation between 2000 and 2010. only Rhode island and Michigan experienced smaller positive population gains during this time period (notably, Michigan experienced an overall decrease in population). Louisiana grew 1.4 percent from 2000 to 2010, with a total population rise from 4.47 million in 2000 to 4.53 million in 2010. Notably the South as a region experienced overall growth of 14.29 percent.[13][14] Hurricane Katrina's impact caused enough people to move out of state to cost Louisiana a Congressional District. The population shifts also substantially affected state legislative districts, including the largely African-American city of New Orleans.[15]

During the redistricting process, Louisiana legislators faced a compressed timeline compared to other states. The odd year elections meant that the 2011 elections in the fall would need districts soon enough to get clearance from the Department of Justice per the Voting Rights Act, allow candidates to file in the appropriate districts, and leave time for the Blanket primary and the general election to happen in early November 2011.

The State Senate added two new majority-minority district for the 2011 elections, but took away seats from the New Orleans area overall, reflecting the loss of population in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. The new Senate map has 11 majority-minority districts.


Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates
Party As of May 2015
     Democratic Party 13
     Republican Party 26
Total 39


The President and President Pro Tempore of the Senate are elected by the full body, needing at least 20 votes for confirmation. The President is the presiding officer of the body, whose duties include preserving order, calling votes, appointing/removing members of each Senate and conference committee, and approving all expenditures of the Senate. In the absence of the President, the President Pro Tempore assumes all duties of the position.[16]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Louisiana State Senate
Office Representative Party
President of the Senate John Alario Ends.png Republican
President Pro Tempore Sharon Weston Broome Electiondot.png Democratic
Senate Republican Chairman Daniel Martiny Ends.png Republican


See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Louisiana legislature are paid $16,800/year. Additionally, legislators receive $6,000/year for expenses and $149/day per diem tied to the federal rate.[17]


Louisiana does not provide pensions for legislators who took office after 1996.[18]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Louisiana legislators assume office at noon on the second Monday in January after their election.

Current members

Current members, Louisiana State Senate
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 A.G. Crowe Ends.png Republican 2008
2 Troy Brown Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
3 Jean-Paul J. Morrell Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
4 Edwin Murray Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
5 Karen Peterson Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
6 Mack White Jr. Ends.png Republican 2012
7 David Heitmeier Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
8 John Alario Ends.png Republican 2008
9 Conrad Appel Ends.png Republican 2008
10 Daniel Martiny Ends.png Republican 2008
11 Jack Donahue Ends.png Republican 2008
12 Ben Nevers Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
13 Dale M. Erdey Ends.png Republican 2008
14 Yvonne Dorsey-Colomb Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
15 Sharon Weston Broome Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
16 Dan Claitor Ends.png Republican 2009
17 Rick Ward III Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
18 Jody Amedee Ends.png Republican 2003
19 Gary Smith, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
20 Norby Chabert Ends.png Republican 2009
21 R.L. Allain II Ends.png Republican 2012
22 Fred Mills, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2011
23 Patrick Cortez Ends.png Republican 2012
24 Elbert Guillory Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
25 Dan Morrish Ends.png Republican 2008
26 Jonathan Perry Ends.png Republican 2011
27 Ronnie Johns Ends.png Republican 2012
28 Eric LaFleur Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
29 Richard Gallot, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2012
30 John R. Smith Ends.png Republican 2008
31 Gerald Long Ends.png Republican 2008
32 Neil Riser Ends.png Republican 2008
33 Mike Walsworth Ends.png Republican 2008
34 Francis C. Thompson Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
35 Robert Kostelka Ends.png Republican 2003
36 Robert Adley Ends.png Republican 2003
37 Barrow Peacock Ends.png Republican 2012
38 Sherri Smith Buffington Ends.png Republican 2003
39 Gregory Tarver Electiondot.png Democratic 2012

Standing Senate Committees

There are a total of seventeen standing committees in the Louisiana Senate. These committees are comprised of seven members with the exception of two committees: Finance Committee and Revenue and Fiscal Affairs Committee, have eleven each. It is under the discretion of the Senate President to appoint and remove members of a committee.

External links