Difference between revisions of "Louisiana state budget"

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(Fiscal Year 2013 State Budget)
(Fiscal Year 2012 State Budget)
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Legislators will take up the FY2014 state budget when they reconvene on April 8, 2013.<ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/01/louisiana_budget_critics_unvei.html The Times-Picayune “Louisiana budget critics unveil legislative package” Jan. 29, 2013]</ref>
Legislators will take up the FY2014 state budget when they reconvene on April 8, 2013.<ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/01/louisiana_budget_critics_unvei.html The Times-Picayune “Louisiana budget critics unveil legislative package” Jan. 29, 2013]</ref>
==Fiscal Year 2012 State Budget==
* '''See past [[Archived Louisiana state budgets|state budgets]]'''
Facing a $220 million deficit in the last month of FY2012, a House committee on May 31, 2012, approved using money from the "rainy day fund" to plug the hole.<ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2012/05/louisiana_senate_passes_state.html The Times-Picayune "Louisiana Senate passes state budget, but it is expected to face opposition in the House" May 31, 2012]</ref> A House Appropriations Committee Chairman [[James Fannin|Jim Fannin]] said in April 2012 that if lawmakers do not agree to use some of the $647 million in the state's rainy day fund to fill the $211 million deficit, it is possible that the legislature could ignore the deficit, and instead wait until the end of the fiscal year on June 30 and then make midyear budget cuts in the 2012-13 fiscal year.<ref>[http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-505245_162-57429179/la-lawmakers-may-delay-work-on-$211m-deficit/ CBSNews.com "La. lawmakers may delay work on $211M deficit" May 7, 2012]</ref> [[Louisiana State Legislature|The state legislature]] passed House Bill 1, a $25 billion state budget for FY2012, and sent it to [[Bobby Jindal|Gov. Bobby Jindal]] on June 21, 2011.<ref>[http://legiscan.com/LA/bill/HB1/2012 ''LegiScan'', "LA HB1 | 2012 | Regular Session," accessed August 19, 2013]</ref>
After much back and forth, the final product meets the governor's bottom-line goal of avoiding deep cuts to higher education and health care.<ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/06/25_billion_budget_for_louisian.html The Times-Picayune "$25 billion Louisiana state budget heads to Bobby Jindal" June 21, 2011]</ref>
The $25 billion FY2012 state budget is a compromise between the governor and lawmakers.  The budget reduces spending in most state agencies and requires them to absorb inflationary costs.  The budget maintains the same level of funding for higher education and K-12 schools as they had in FY2011, meaning that they too must compensate for inflation with their reduced funding.<ref name=heads>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/06/25_billion_budget_for_louisian.html The Times-Picayune "$25 billion Louisiana state budget heads to Bobby Jindal" June 21, 2011]</ref> 
One notable difference from prior budgets is that the FY2012 spending plan has no "member amendments," or spending earmarked for specific projects in the districts of influential legislators.<ref name=heads/>  It was said to be the first time in recent memory that there were no such amendments.<ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/06/louisiana_state_budget_makes_i.html The Times-Picayune "Louisiana state budget makes it through without member amendments" June 25, 2011]</ref>
The budget addressed the $2 billion shortfall that State Sen. President [[Joel Chaisson|Joel Chaisson]] that the state will face a $2 billion budget shortfall in FY2012. The budget shortfall stemmed from the rising costs of Medicaid coupled with the expiration of federal economic stimulus financing.<ref name=tick>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/01/revenues_tick_up_but_state_bud.html The Times-Picayune "Revenues tick up, but state budget forecast stays the same" Jan. 13, 2011]</ref>
The FY2012 budget can be found [http://www.legis.state.la.us/billdata/streamdocument.asp?did=760821 here].
On Dec. 16, 2011, the Joint Legislative Committee on the Budget approved $251 million in "budget adjustments" to address a shortfall in the budget.  About $43 million of the $251 million budget adjustment was to pump more money into public schools because of an enrollment increase.<ref>[http://www.shreveporttimes.com/article/20111220/NEWS01/112200342/State-s-budget-fix-could-temporary The Shreveport Times "State's budget fix could be temporary"Dec. 19, 2011]</ref>
Further cuts may be necessitated by the announcement on April 24, 2012, that officials were cutting $210.5 million from revenue projections for the year.<ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2012/04/state_faces_more_budget_cuts_t.html The Times Picayune "State faces more budget cuts to meet sharp drop in projected revenue" April 24, 2012]</ref>
'''Revenue Levels and Cuts'''
On Dec. 14, 2011, the Legislative Fiscal Office estimated that revenues were nearly $200 million less than what lawmakers had anticipated when crafting the budget.  As a result, the governor has 30 days to realign the state budget with the more recent revenue estimates.  The governor's plan will also address a shortfall of $42.7 million in the fund the state sends to local school districts.<ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/12/state_to_begin_preparing_more.html The Times-Picayune "State to begin preparing $198 million in additional budget cuts" Dec. 14, 2011]</ref>
'''State Employment Levels'''
Gov. Jindal on July 7, 2011, issued an executive order for a FY2012 partial hiring freeze requiring most state agencies to get his approval prior to adding new workers.  The $25.3 billion operating budget already cut 3,500 positions, including more than 1,000 planned layoffs. The order would target any jobs in agencies that remain unfilled or that become vacant when someone leaves.<ref>[http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D9OB1RTO0.htm Businessweek "La. gov continues state's partial hiring freeze" July 7, 2011]</ref>  Also, for the second year in a row, state employees will not receive a pay raise.<ref name=heads/>
===Legislative Proposed Budget===
The [[Louisiana State Senate|Senate]] approved House Bill 1, the $25 billion FY2012 state budget, with a vote of 36-2 on June 19, 2011.<ref name=nola>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/06/senate_approves_25_billion_sta_1.html The Times-Picayune "Senate approves $25 billion state budget" June 19, 2011]</ref>  The Senate's version of the budget spends $200 million more than the [[Louisiana House of Representatives|House]] supported, but senators said they worked within the spirit of new House restrictions on the use of one-time money for ongoing state programs and services.<ref name=approves/> It transfer money from various state funds, redirecting federal hurricane-recovery dollars and relies on federal dollars to plug gaps.<ref name=nola/> For example, Senators moved $30 million from the Office of Group Benefits to balance the budget.<ref name=heads/> Two days prior to the end of the regular legislative session,<ref name=approves>[http://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2011/06/20/business-us-louisiana-budget-louisiana_8524883.html Forbes "La. Senate approves $25B budget for next year" June 20, 2011]</ref> the House approved the budget on June 21, 2011, and sent it to the governor's desk for his signature.<ref name=heads>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/06/25_billion_budget_for_louisian.html The Times-Picayune "$25 billion Louisiana state budget heads to Bobby Jindal" June 21, 2011]</ref>  The House also passed companion bills, House Bill 477, which shifts money between various state funds, and House Bill 611, which appropriates money in the current fiscal year.<ref name=heads/>
The [[Appropriations Committee, Louisiana House of Representatives|House Appropriations Committee]] cut $139 million from the FY2012 budget by cutting state workers' salaries, eliminating $44 million in spending on travel and supplies and requiring the state-run Recovery School District to absorb $38 million in insurance premiums. The committee also used $82 million from the state economic development "mega fund" to bring the $24.9 billion state budget back into balance.<ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/05/house_budget_changes_cut_money.html NOLA.com "House budget changes cut money for RSD, state worker pay" May 17, 2011]</ref>  Among other things, the House plan would cut $121 million from the Department of Health and Hospitals, which translates to more than $300 million once federal matching money is included, and also $5.6 million in new cuts to the Office for Citizens with Developmental Disabilities.<ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/05/house_cuts_decried_as_senate_c.html The Times-Picayune "House cuts decried as Senate committee looks at $25 billion budget" May 31, 2011]</ref>
Those changes, and the repeal of state personal and corporate income taxes stripping between $605 million to $943 million in its first year and billions of dollars annually a few years later, upset Gov. Jindal and his staff, leading his financial chief to actually say, "The sky is falling."<ref>[http://www.greenfieldreporter.com/view/story/9013057ffdcd432bb34d58418305ec28/LA--Louisiana-Spotlight-Analysis/ Daily Reporter "Analysis: Gov. Jindal sounds alarm bell on budget cuts, largely mum on tax break to drain more" May 23, 2011]</ref>  The governor said that, should the cuts stand, prisons would close and state troopers would lose their jobs.  The cuts amount to less than 2% of the $8.2 billion budget.<ref name=heats>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/05/budget_dispute_heats_up_betwee.html The Times-Picayune "Budget dispute heats up between Gov. Bobby Jindal and key legislator" May 23, 2011]</ref>  The Committee chair warned that more reductions are likely on the House floor to account for a $77 million drop in state revenues recognized in mid-May by a forecasting panel.<ref name=heats/>
After making those cuts, the Committee approved House Bill 1, the operating budget, and a companion bill, House Bill 477, which shifts money between various funds in the state treasury.<ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/05/house_budget_changes_cut_money.html NOLA.com "House budget changes cut money for RSD, state worker pay" May 17, 2011]</ref>  The House Appropriations Committee also approved House Bill 32, which finances "ancillary" state functions such as prison enterprises and the state's risk management office. An amendment added to the bill restores $10 million in spending and 149 jobs that the administration had planned to eliminate by privatizing a health plan for state workers and retirees.<ref name=heats/>
===Governor's Proposed Budget===
Gov. Jindal proposed his $24.9 billion budget on March 11, 2011.  The budget will be the focus of the legislative session starting April 25, 2011.<ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/03/jindal_budget_will_hit_state_w.html The Times-Picayune "Jindal budget will hit state workers but spare most health-care and education services" March 10, 2011]</ref>
The budget addresses a shortfall of approximately $1.5 billion by making cuts and "efficiencies" totaling $1 billion in various programs and relying on $474 million in one-time revenue.<ref name=strategy>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/03/lawmakers_pounce_on_financing.html The Times-Picayune "Gov. Bobby Jindal's budget financing strategy challenged by legislators" March 11, 2011]</ref>  It does not reduce funding to public colleges, but relies on tuition increases and other one-time sources of cash.<ref name=unveiled>[http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D9LT28FG0.htm Businessweek "Jindal budget to be unveiled Friday to lawmakers" March 11, 2011[</ref>  It also does not reduce funding to private Medicaid providers.<ref name=strategy/>
The plan relies on legislators agreeing to the sale of three state-owned prisons.  The sale would give the state $85.7 million that could be used to fund health-care services.<ref name=strategy/>
Under the plan, state workers would pay more toward their pension plans, with their contribution rising from the current 8% to 11%, a move anticipated to save $24 million.<ref name=strategy/> 
Cuts in the budget include:
* eliminating 4,000 state jobs, although half of those positions are unfilled, meaning 2,000 people would be laid off, saving $96 million<ref name=unveiled/>
* cutting community arts programs, which would save $1.5 million<ref name=strategy/>
* LSU charity hospitals' budget, for example, would be reduced by $109 million, almost 12%, although administration officials said the 12% cut for charity hospitals listed in the executive budget is actually 4.5%<ref name=strategy/>
'''TOPS Program Funding'''
The Taylor Opportunity Program for Scholars (TOPS) provides college tuition at state colleges for Louisiana high school graduates satisfying certain academic criteria. House Speaker Jim Tucker said the governor's proposed budget is structured in a way that doesn't guarantee full financing for the program, but administration officials plan to include language in the budget bill that ensures TOPS will be fully financed no matter what becomes of the constitutional amendment.<ref name=strategy/>  A constitutional amendment to be approved by lawmakers and state voters would generate $92 million for the program, with money from a state trust fund that generates money for K-12 education and health care.<ref name=strategy/><ref>[http://www.fox8live.com/news/local/story/Governor-Jindal-gets-pushback-on-his-budget/0X1ZCtYv7kmOheRdGdy0cA.cspx Fox8Live.com "Governor Jindal gets pushback on his budget proposal" March 11, 2011]</ref>
'''Federal Funds'''
The state will lose $938 million in federal funds in FY2012.  Although federal economic stimulus financing will dry up in FY2012, new federal dollars are available and being used in the proposed FY2012 state budget, including $400 million in new federal money, mostly intended for health care.<Ref>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/03/louisiana_state_budget_proposa.html The Times Picayune "Louisiana state budget proposal includes at least $400 million in new federal money" March 30, 2011]</ref>
In August 2010, the administration has asked all state agencies to submit their budget proposals with 35% spending cuts for FY2012.<ref name=coming>[http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2010/08/state_budget_battle_coming_nex.html The Times-Picayune "State budget battle coming next year, Senate president said" Aug. 19, 2010]</ref> Although Commissioner of Administration Paul Rainwater said his office had not determined the exact amount of cuts necessary and the directive to draft budgets with 35% less was just an exercise.<ref name=weighing>[http://www.theadvertiser.com/article/20100904/NEWS01/9040324 The Daily Advertiser "State agencies weighing budgets" September 4, 2010]</ref>  Many agency heads said that the budget cuts would be incredibly difficult, particularly given that many agency budgets were reduced by 25% the prior year.<ref name=weighing/>  LSU Chancellor Michael Martin saying in an e-mail to faculty and staff that reducing the university's budget by 35% " would be ruinous to LSU for generations."<ref name=weighing/>

Revision as of 08:05, 22 April 2014

Louisiana state budget

Flag of Louisiana.png
Budget calendar:  Annual
Fiscal year:  2013
Date signed:  June 15, 2012
Financial figures
GF expenses:  $8.3 billion
All funds expenses:  $25.6 billion
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Louisiana operates on an annual budget cycle, with the fiscal year beginning July 1.[1] The state is currently in FY2013.

As of 2012, Louisiana had a total state debt of approximately $67,658,966,000, when calculated by adding the total of outstanding official debt, pension and other post-employment benefits (OPEB) liabilities, Unemployment Trust Fund loans, and the FY2013 state budget gap.[2] The total state debt increased from the prior year's total of $63,084,841,000 in 2011.[3]

Louisiana's total state debt per capita is $14,789.38 as of 2012.[4]

See also: The Louisiana State Budget on State Budget Solutions

Federal Aid to State Budget

The chart below represents how much of the state’s budget comes from the federal government. The number is the corresponding ranking in relation to the rest of the nation (if #1, the state receives the highest percentage of federal funding in the nation):[5]

State 2008 2009 2010 2011
Louisiana 46.22% (#2) 44.59% (#2) 48.3% (#2) 46.52% (#2)
  • Figures were calculated by dividing each state’s intergovernmental revenue into its general revenue.[6][7]

Fiscal Year 2014 State Budget

Gov. Bobby Jindal unveiled his $24.7 billion FY2014 state spending plan on Feb. 21, 2013.[8] The governor said the FY2014 budget will be nearly $1 billion smaller than the FY2013 state budget, although after mid-year cuts it's just more than a $500 million spending reduction.[9] The budget contains one-time funds,[9] $424 million from one-time revenue generators, such as, property sales.[10]

The governor's propose budget will cut 10,000 state jobs, including 7,000. The governor said that of the remaining 3,000 positions to be cut, 80 percent are unfilled.[9]

The governor’s proposed budget includes $7.9 billion in state general fund revenue and $9.7 billion in federal dollars. Healthcare is the area with the most state spending, $8.9 billion.[11]

A look at the governor's proposed funding of the largest state agencies as compared to Dec. 2012.[8]

Department FY2014 Governor's Proposed Funding Change from Dec. 2012
Executive Dept. (includes federal funding for hurricane response) $3.4 billion $532 million decrease
Dept. of Veterans Affairs $57.4 million $57,533 decrease
Secretary of State's Office $61.1 million $12 million decrease
Attorney General's Office $54 million $9.7 million decrease
Dept. of Agriculture and Forestry $73.7 million $8.6 million decrease
Dept. of Insurance $30.6 million $570,152 decrease
Dept. of Economic Development $41.8 million $16.2 million decrease
Dept. of Culture, Recreation and Tourism $79.5 million $12 million decrease
Dept. of Transportation and Development $547.2 million $6.5 million decrease
Dept. of Corrections $496.6 million $31.8 million increase
Dept. of Public Safety $378 million $65.9 million decrease
Dept. of Health and Hospitals $8.9 billion $54.2 million decrease
Dept. of Children and Family Services $769.2 million $58.3 million decrease
Dept. of Natural Resources $174.3 million $1 million increase
Dept. of Revenue $82.2 million $14.7 million decrease
Dept. of Environmental Quality $122.1 million $5 million decrease
Louisiana Workforce Commission (labor department) $272.9 million $13.5 million decrease
Dept. of Wildlife and Fisheries $196.5 million $7.1 million decrease
Higher Education (includes some reductions for LSU hospitals) $2.7 billion $209.7 million decrease
Dept. of Education $5.2 billion $206.6 million decrease
LSU Healthcare Services Division (budget for 7 of 10 public hospitals) $44.9 million $780.6 million decrease

Gov. Bobby Jindal's budget advisers told lawmakers in Nov. 2012 that the state faces a $963 million shortfall for FY2014. One-third of the gap, about $355 million, was tied to a drop in federal Medicaid financing.[12]

Gov. Jindal said in Jan. 2013 that he wants to eliminate all Louisiana personal and corporate income taxes. The governor did not confirm reports that he will seek an increase in sales taxes in order to offset lost income tax revenue, but said: "We want to keep the sales tax as low and flat as possible."[13]

Legislators will take up the FY2014 state budget when they reconvene on April 8, 2013.[14]


Art. 3, Sec. 15(d) of the Louisiana State Constitution provides that each bill must be read by title on three separate days in each house and that there can be no final passage without public hearing and committee report.

See also: Constitutional provisions regarding reading of bills

On November 12th, 2008, Louisiana announced the launch of its spending transparency database, LA Trac.[15] The database is now up and searchable.The new government spending database is LaTrac (Louisiana Accountability and Transparency).[16]

The database resulted from an executive order by Governor Jindal and the authorization of the legislature. As the Commissioner of Administration, Angele Davis, said, “This is an important event, an extraordinary step forward, and a historic reform initiative for Louisiana and its pursuit of better, more accountable government…Today we begin to empower four million citizen auditors to monitor what the state spends and to judge whether it’s wise, necessary, and achieving results.”[17]

LaTrac contains all executive branch spending for the state of Louisiana, including higher education. It also has a vendor search and a link to the performance of state agencies through LaPAS.[18] LaTrac also contains LA eGrants which lists all grants that are available through the state.

Government Tools

See also: Evaluation of Louisiana state website

The following table is helpful in evaluating the level of transparency provided by a state spending and transparency database:

Criteria for evaluating spending databases
State Database Searchability Grants Contracts Line Item Expenditures Dept/Agency Budgets Public Employee Salary
LaTrac[16] Y
600px-Yes check.png
600px-Red x.png
600px-Yes check.png
600px-Yes check.png
600px-Red x.png

Limitations and Suggestions

Some of the information in LaTrac lacks the specificity some users would like, but every appropriation is listed payable to the entity by name, i.e. Avoyelles Parish School Board. That said, Louisiana is in the process of updating its current software systems, and improvements to LA Trac will continue to be made pending those software upgrades.[19]


The Louisiana Performance Accountability System (LaPAS) is electronic database that tracks performance standards, interim quarterly performance targets, and actual performance information for Louisiana's Executive Branch departments and agencies.[18]

Departments and agencies are required to submit quarterly Performance Progress Reports to LaPAS via a web-based application. The Office of Planning and Budget (OPB) in the Division of Administration, as the official record keeper of performance standards and information, maintains LaPAS.

Multi-Measure Budget Transparency Profile

The Institute of Government and Public Affairs at the University of Illinois created a multi-measure transparency profile for Louisiana, which measures state transparency as of September 2011 using indicators from a range of organizations, including Sunshine Review.[20] These indicators measure both website transparency and other recognized facets of governmental transparency. In addition, IGPA presents four unique indicators of non-transparency based on the observation that transfers or reassignments between general and special funds can obscure the true fiscal condition of a state. In addition to the individual state profile, IGPA offers a 50-state comparison.[21] It also includes profiles for other states.[22]

U.S. PIRG "Following the Money" report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[23] According to the report, Louisiana received a grade of B+ and a numerical score of 88, indicating that Louisiana was an "advancing" state in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[23]

Budget background

The Louisiana state budget is prepared every year by October 1st and includes a detailed financial plan for the fiscal year. Prior to the adoption of the budget a series of public hearings are held in both the House of Appropriations Committee and the Senate Finance Committee. A majority vote is required to pass the state budget.The Louisiana fiscal year begins in July.[24]

Pursuant to law (Louisiana Revised Statute 39:56), the Division of Administration, Office of Planning and Budget prepares the official state budget.[25]

Budget figures

2-Year State Budget Comparison[26]

' FY 2009 Budgeted FY 2010 Appropriated Percent Change
General Fund $9,474.7 $9,011.2 -4.89%
State Total $14,667.1 $14,188.8 -3.26%
Federal $14,944.0 $14,798.0 -0.98%
Grand Total $29,611.1 $28,986.8 -2.11%

Accounting principles

See also: Louisiana government accounting principles

The state auditing authority is the Office of the Legislative Auditor, created in 1973. The legislature also created a legislative oversight committee for the auditor. The Legislative Audit Advisory Council serves as an audit resolution council and provides general oversight for operations of the legislative auditor.[27]Daryl Purpera has been Legislative Auditor since 2010. Louisiana's audit reports are published online.[28]

The Institute for Truth in Accounting (IFTA) rates Louisana “Tardy” in filing the state’s Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR) – The annual report of state and local governmental entities[29] IFTA rated 22 states timely, 22 states tardy, and 6 states as worst. IFTA does not consider Louisiana's CAFRs, and those of the other states, to be accurate representations of the state’s financial condition because the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) basis does not include significant liabilities for the pension plans and for other post employment benefits, such as health care.[30] Louisiana's CAFRs are published online by the Louisiana Division of Administration.[31] Kristy Nichols is the Commissioner of the Louisiana Division of Administration.[32]

Credit Rating

In May 2011, Standard & Poor's raised the state's credit rating to AA, in part due to the state's "strong financial management practices" and an unemployment rate that is lower than the rest of the country.[33]

The State of Lousiana was given the following ratings by S&P as of 2012 and by Fitch and Moody's as of 2010.

State Fitch[34] Moody's[34] S&P[35]
Louisiana AA Aa2 AA


Louisiana received $2.9 billion in federal funding between February 2009 and June 2013.[36]

Louisiana received approximately $540 million from the federal government in the summer of 2010 under H.R. 1586, a $26 billion plan to give states money for Medicaid and education that the President signed into law on August 10, 2010.[37]

Public Employees

See also: Louisiana public employee salaries
See also: Louisiana public pensions

According to 2008 Census data, the state of Louisiana and local governments in the state employed a total of 321,921 people.[38] Of those employees, 260,606 were full-time employees receiving a net pay of $949,466,433 and 61,315 were part-time employees paid $50,715,167 .[38] 52% of those employees, or 168,473 employees, were in education or higher education.[38]

See also

External links

Additional reading


  1. The National Conference of State Legislatures "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting" April 2011
  2. State Budget Solutions "State Budget Solutions' third annual State Debt Report shows total state debt over $4 trillion" Aug. 28, 2012
  3. State Budget Solutions “Report reveals aggregate state debt exceeds $4 trillion” Oct. 24, 2011
  4. State Budget Solutions "State debt more than $37,000 per private worker, $13,000 per capita" Oct. 2, 2012
  5. Tax Foundation, "Monday Map: Federal Aid to State Budgets," accessed August 16, 2013
  6. US Census Federal Aid to State and Local Governments
  7. Tax Foundation' "Monday Map: Federal Aid to State Budgets. Accessed October 15, 2013
  8. 8.0 8.1 WWLTV.com "A look at Jindal's budget proposal by agency" Feb. 23, 2013
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 TheTownTalk.com "Jindal budget plan totals $24.7 billion" Feb. 22, 2013
  10. []
  11. The Advocate "La. budget proposal released" Feb. 25, 2013
  12. The Times-Picayune "Next year's state budget gap pegged at $963 million" Nov. 16, 2012
  13. Reuters "Louisiana Governor Jindal proposes ending state income tax" Jan. 10, 2013
  14. The Times-Picayune “Louisiana budget critics unveil legislative package” Jan. 29, 2013
  15. Louisiana Division of Administration, "State government launches online spending database," November 12, 2008
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Louisiana Department of Administration," LaTRAC, accessed August 19, 2013
  17. Louisiana Division of Administration, "State government launches online spending database," November 12, 2008
  18. 18.0 18.1 State of Louisiana Division of Administration, "LaPAS," accessed August 19, 2013
  19. Forbes.com, "New database to show how Louisiana money spent," November 13, 2008
  20. University of Illinois Institute of Government and Public Affairs, "Louisiana: Budget Transparency Profile," accessed August 16, 2013
  21. University of Illinois Institute of Government and Public Affairs, "Alabama: Budget Transparency Profile," accessed August 16, 2013
  22. University of Illinois Institute of Government and Public Affairs, "State Transparency Profiles," accessed August 16, 2013
  23. 23.0 23.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  24. The State of Louisiana,"State Budget Document," accessed February 17,2009
  25. Louisiana Office of Planning and Budget, "State Budget Fiscal Year 2009-2010," October 1, 2009
  26. Louisiana Office of Planning and Budget, "State Budget Fiscal Year 2009-2010," October 1, 2009
  27. [http://www.legis.state.la.us/boards/board_members.asp?board=621 Louisiana Legislative Auditor, "Audit Advisory Council," accessed August 19, 2013]
  28. Louisiana Legislative Auditor Public Reports, accessed August 19, 2013
  29. Institute for Truth in Accounting, accessed August 16, 2013
  30. Institute for Truth in Accounting, “The Truth About Balanced Budgets—A Fifty State Study,” Page 35
  31. State of Louisiana Division of Administration, "State of Louisiana Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports," accessed August 19, 2013
  32. Louisiana Division of Administration, retrieved August 19, 2013
  33. NOLA.com "La.'s credit rating gets a boost from Standard & Poor" May 8, 2011
  34. 34.0 34.1 "State Budget Solutions," State GO Debt Ratings," accessed August 19, 2013
  35. The Pew Charitable Trust, “Infographic: S&P State Credit Ratings 2001–2012," accessed August 19, 2013
  36. Recovery, "Stimulus Spending by State"
  37. Federal Fund Information for States “ARRA FMAP Extension & Education Jobs Fund Totals” Aug. 11, 2010
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 2011 Public Employment and Payroll Data