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{{medis2congtoc}}{{tnr}}The '''[[Maine's 2nd congressional district|2nd congressional district of Maine]]''' will hold an election for the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] on November 6, 2012.
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{{medis2congtoc}}{{tnr}}The '''[[Maine's 2nd Congressional District|2nd Congressional District of Maine]]''' held an election for the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] on November 6, 2012.
 +
 
 +
Incumbent [[Mike Michaud]] (D) won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico'', "2012 Election Map, Maine"]</ref>
  
 
{{Congintro2012
 
{{Congintro2012
Line 5: Line 7:
 
|Primary date=June 12, 2012
 
|Primary date=June 12, 2012
 
|Primary=Maine has a [[closed primary]] system, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members.
 
|Primary=Maine has a [[closed primary]] system, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members.
|Voter registration=There is no deadline for in-person voter registration, but the cut-off for registration by mail is October 16.<ref>[http://maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/voterguide.html ''Maine Secretary of State'' "Voter Guide," Accessed July 25, 2012]</ref>
+
|Voter registration=There is no deadline for in-person voter registration, but the cut-off for registration by mail is October 16.<ref>[http://maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/voterguide.html ''Maine Secretary of State'' "Voter Guide," accessed July 25, 2012]</ref>
 
|State=Maine
 
|State=Maine
|Incumbent=Heading into the election the incumbent is [[Mike Michaud]] (D), who was first elected in 2002.}}
+
|Incumbent=Heading into the election the incumbent was [[Mike Michaud]] (D), who was first elected in 2002. He won re-election on November 6, 2012.}}
  
This will be the first election using [[Congressional redistricting maps implemented after the 2010 Census|new district maps based on 2010 Census data]]. [[Maine's 2nd congressional district]] encompasses the entire northern portion of the state north of the Portland and Augusta.<ref>[http://ballotpedia.org/wiki/images/Maine_September_2011_Redistricting_Map.jpg ''Maine Redistricting Map'' "Map" Accessed July 24, 2012]</ref>
+
This was the first election using [[Congressional redistricting maps implemented after the 2010 Census|new district maps based on 2010 Census data]]. [[Maine's 2nd Congressional District]] encompassed the entire northern portion of the state north of the Portland and Augusta.<ref>[http://ballotpedia.org/wiki/images/Maine_September_2011_Redistricting_Map.jpg ''Maine Redistricting Map'', "Map" Accessed July 24, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Candidates==
 
==Candidates==
 +
 
{{me2cand12}}
 
{{me2cand12}}
 +
 +
==Election results==
 +
{{Medis2genelecbox12}}
 +
{{Primary election box 2012
 +
|Chamber=  U.S House, Maine District 2
 +
|party= Republican
 +
|winner1 =Kevin Raye
 +
|Inc1 = N
 +
|candidate2 =Blaine Richardson
 +
|votes1 = 18703
 +
|votes2 = 12465
 +
}}
  
 
==Impact of redistricting==
 
==Impact of redistricting==
 
::''See also: [[Redistricting in Maine]]''
 
::''See also: [[Redistricting in Maine]]''
 
[[File:Maine Congressional Map 2011.jpg|thumb|The approved Congressional map makes little structural changes to the two districts.]]
 
[[File:Maine Congressional Map 2011.jpg|thumb|The approved Congressional map makes little structural changes to the two districts.]]
 +
 +
===Registration statistics===
 +
 +
As of October 24, 2012, District 2 had the following partisan registration breakdown according to the Maine Secretary of State:
 +
{| border="1" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="margin: 1em 1em 1em 0; background: #f9f9f9; border: 1px #a3bfb1 solid;" width=70%;
 +
|- style="background-color:#9400d3; color: white;"
 +
! colspan="8" | Maine Congressional District 2<ref>[http://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/2012/101212r-e-active.txt ''Maine Secretary of State,'' "Congressional Voter Registration Statistics," October 12, 2012]</ref>
 +
|-bgcolor="#cef2e0 align="center"
 +
!Congressional District
 +
!District Total
 +
!Democrats
 +
!Republicans
 +
!Other & Unaffiliated
 +
!Advantage
 +
!Party Advantage
 +
!Change in Advantage from 2010
 +
|-
 +
|District 2
 +
|450,683
 +
|137,056
 +
|132,256
 +
|181,371
 +
|style="background-color:blue; color: white;"|Democratic
 +
|3.63%
 +
| -5.96%
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="8" align="center" |<small>"Party advantage" is the percentage gap between the two major parties in registered voters. "Change in advantage" is the spread in difference of party advantage between 2010 and 2012 based on the congressional district number only.</small>
 +
|}
 +
===District partisanship===
 +
====FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study====
 +
:''See also: [[FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012]]''
 +
In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. Maine's 2nd District partisan breakdown did not change because of redistricting.<ref>[http://www.fairvote.org/assets/2012-Redistricting/MERedistrictingAnalysis.pdf,'' "2011 Redistricting and 2012 Elections in Maine," September 2012]</ref>
 +
*'''2012''': 52D / 48R
 +
*'''2010''': 52D / 48R
 +
====Cook Political Report's PVI====
 +
:''See also: [[Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index]]''
 +
In 2012, ''Cook Political Report'' released its updated figures on the [[Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index|Partisan Voter Index]], which measures each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. [[Maine's 2nd Congressional District]] has a PVI of D+3, which is the 169th most Democratic district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by [[Barack Obama]] (D), 55-45 percent over [[John McCain]] (R). In 2004, [[John Kerry]] (D) won the district 52-48 percent over George W. Bush (R).<ref>[http://cookpolitical.com/application/writable/uploads/2012_PVI_by_District.pdf ''Cook Political Report'', "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" Accessed October 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Race Background==
 
==Race Background==
 +
Incumbent [[Mike Michaud]] first defeated [[Kevin Raye]] in the 2002 election for [[Maine's 2nd Congressional District]].  He won by only four percent of the vote.  Since then, Raye has served as a state senator for eight years, during which he was the senate president for two years.  Michaud admitted that this makes his opponent more competitive, but cited his own eight year incumbency in the 2nd District's house seat as giving him the edge.<ref>[http://www.boston.com/news/local/maine/2012/09/23/maine-district-race-features-rematch/HzIXVDn8brlixh0HUuu3UM/story.html www.Boston.com ''Maine's 2nd District race features rematch'']</ref>
 +
 +
Republican challenger [[Kevin Raye]] was included in the [[National Republican Congressional Committee#Young Guns|National Republican Congressional Committee]]'s Young Guns program.  The program highlighted challengers who represent the GOP's best chances to pick up congressional seats in the general election.<ref>[http://gopyoungguns.com/candidates/ ''NRCC'' "Young Guns 2012"]</ref>
 +
 +
==Issues==
 +
===Media===
 +
The following is a selection of audio and video for some of the District 2 candidates. Some were released by candidates, others by local media. 
 +
 +
'''Kevin Raye'''
 +
{|class="wikitable" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" width="200"
 +
|-
 +
|{{#ev:youtube|wnB4SVHPiQ4|300}}<br><span style="font-size:80%">Kevin Raye, "Fighting For Maine Jobs "<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wnB4SVHPiQ4&feature=player_embedded ''YouTube channel'']</ref></span>
 +
|}
 +
 +
'''Mike Michaud'''
 +
 +
{|class="wikitable" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" width="200"
 +
|-
 +
|{{#ev:youtube|UoOWTBXIufc|300}}<br><span style="font-size:80%">Mike Michaud, "Michaud for Congress - Veterans VA"<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UoOWTBXIufc&feature=player_embedded ''YouTube channel'']</ref></span>
 +
|}
 +
 +
==Polls==
 +
===Mike Michaud vs. Kevin Raye===
 +
{{Poll
 +
|Title=Mike Michaud vs. Kevin Raye
 +
|Poll1=[http://mprc.me/research/0912can12_results_part2.pdf (September 15-17, 2012)]
 +
|Response1=[[Mike Michaud]]
 +
|Response2=[[Kevin Raye]]
 +
|Response3=Undecided
 +
|Numberpolled1= 410
 +
|Margin of error1 =3.35
 +
|Response1Poll1% = 55.9
 +
|Response2Poll1% = 37.4
 +
|Response3Poll1% = 6.7
 +
}}
 +
 +
==Campaign donors==
 +
Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the [[United States Congress elections, 2012|2012 elections season]]. Below are Mike Michaud and Kevin Raye's reports.
 +
{{Campaign finance reports
 +
|Name = Mike Michaud (2012)<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/cancomsrs/?_12+H2ME02097 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Mike Michaud Summary Report," accessed October 1, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Political Party = Democratic
 +
|Report 1 = April Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/881/12970941881/12970941881.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'', "April Quarterly," accessed October 1, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Date 1 = March 31, 2012
 +
|Beginning Balance 1 = 381519.80
 +
|Total Contributions 1 = 200412.60
 +
|Expenditures 1= 84534.38
 +
|Cash on Hand 1 = 497398.02
 +
|Report 2 =Pre-Primary<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/309/12951931309/12951931309.pdf#navpanes=0 "Federal Election Commission'' "Pre-Primary," accessed November 2, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Date 2 =May 31, 2012
 +
|Beginning Balance 2 =49398.00
 +
|Total Contributions 2 =95208.11
 +
|Expenditures 2=49180.54
 +
|Cash on Hand 2 =543425.57
 +
|Report 3 = July Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/224/12020513224/12020513224.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'', "July Quarterly," accessed October 1, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Date 3 = July 15, 2012
 +
|Beginning Balance 3 = 543425.57
 +
|Total Contributions 3 = 109489.33
 +
|Expenditures 3= 18257.01
 +
|Cash on Hand 3 = 634657.89
 +
|Report 4 =October Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/057/12972572057/12972572057.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'', "October Quarterly," accessed November 2, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Date 4 =October 15, 2012
 +
|Beginning Balance 4 =634657.89
 +
|Total Contributions 4 =217066.79
 +
|Expenditures 4=230851.20
 +
|Cash on Hand 4 =620873.48
 +
|Report 5 =Pre-General<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/354/12940450354/12940450354.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Pre-General," accessed November 2, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Date 5 =October 25, 2012
 +
|Beginning Balance 5 =620873.48
 +
|Total Contributions 5 =35624.73
 +
|Expenditures 5=333974.24
 +
|Cash on Hand 2 =322523.97
 +
}}
  
Incumbent [[Mike Michaud]] first defeated [[Kevin Raye]] in the 2002 election for [[Maine's 2nd congressional district]]. He won by only four percent of the vote. Since then, Raye has served as a state senator for eight years, during which he was the senate president for two years.  Michaud admits that this makes his opponent more competitive, but cites his own eight year incumbency in the 2nd district's house seat as giving him the edge.<ref>[http://www.boston.com/news/local/maine/2012/09/23/maine-district-race-features-rematch/HzIXVDn8brlixh0HUuu3UM/story.html www.Boston.com ''Maine's 2nd District race features rematch'']</ref>
+
{{Campaign finance reports
 +
|Name = Kevin Raye (2012)<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/cancomsrs/?_12+H2ME02071 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Kevin Raye Summary Report," accessed October 1, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Political Party = Republican
 +
|Report 1 = April Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/083/12971257083/12971257083.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'', "April Quarterly," accessed October 1, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Date 1 = May 31, 2012
 +
|Beginning Balance 1 = 0.00
 +
|Total Contributions 1 = 152476.13
 +
|Expenditures 1= 36576.11
 +
|Cash on Hand 1 = 115900.02
 +
|Report 2 =Pre-Primary<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/320/12951934320/12951934320.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Pre-Primary," accessed November 2, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Date 2 =May 31, 2012
 +
|Beginning Balance 2 =115900.02
 +
|Total Contributions 2 =35977.21
 +
|Expenditures 2=29710.61
 +
|Cash on Hand 2 =122166.62
 +
|Report 3 = July Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/814/12952477814/12952477814.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'', "July Quarterly," accessed October 1, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Date 3 = July 15, 2012
 +
|Beginning Balance 3 = 122166.62
 +
|Total Contributions 3 = 165017.54
 +
|Expenditures 3= 44842.64
 +
|Cash on Hand 3 = 242341.52
 +
|Report 4 =October Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/808/12972655808/12972655808.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'', "October Quarterly," accessed November 2, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Date 4 =October 15, 2012
 +
|Beginning Balance 4 =242341.00
 +
|Total Contributions 4 =205617.17
 +
|Expenditures 4=331847.08
 +
|Cash on Hand 4 =116111.09
 +
|Report 5 =Pre-General<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/353/12961211353/12961211353.pdf#navpanes=0 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Pre-General," accessed November 2, 2012]</ref>
 +
|Date 5 =October 25, 2012
 +
|Beginning Balance 5 =116111.09
 +
|Total Contributions 5 =20390.84
 +
|Expenditures 5=110919.98
 +
|Cash on Hand 5 =25581.95
 +
}}
  
 
==District history==
 
==District history==
 +
{{ballot access short}}
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
On November 2, 2010, Michaud won re-election to the [[United States House of Representatives]]. He defeated Jason J. Levesque (R) in the general election.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2010election.pdf ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'' "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010" Accessed November 29, 2011]</ref>  
+
On November 2, 2010, Michaud won re-election to the [[United States House of Representatives]]. He defeated Jason J. Levesque (R) in the general election.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2010election.pdf ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'', "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010" Accessed November 29, 2011]</ref>  
  
 
{{Election box 2010
 
{{Election box 2010
|Chamber= U.S. House of Representatives, Maine's 2nd Congressional District, General Election
+
|Chamber= U.S. House, Maine District 2 General Election
 
|party1=Democratic
 
|party1=Democratic
 
|party2=Republican
 
|party2=Republican

Revision as of 07:02, 2 May 2014

2014



CongressLogo.png

Maine's 2nd Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
June 12, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
Mike Michaud Democratic Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Mike Michaud Democratic Party
Michael Michaud.jpg

Maine U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2

2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of Maine.png
The 2nd Congressional District of Maine held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.

Incumbent Mike Michaud (D) won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.[1]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
March 15, 2012
June 12, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: Maine has a closed primary system, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members.

Voter registration: There is no deadline for in-person voter registration, but the cut-off for registration by mail is October 16.[2]

See also: Maine elections, 2012

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent was Mike Michaud (D), who was first elected in 2002. He won re-election on November 6, 2012.

This was the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. Maine's 2nd Congressional District encompassed the entire northern portion of the state north of the Portland and Augusta.[3]

Candidates

General election candidates

Democratic Party Mike MichaudGreen check mark transparent.png
Republican Party Kevin Raye


June 12, 2012,, primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican

Note: Emily Cain and Bruce Bryant expressed interest in running the 2nd District but failed to file before the filing deadline of March 15, 2012.

Election results

U.S. House, Maine District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMike Michaud Incumbent 55.7% 191,456
     Republican Kevin Raye 40% 137,542
     N/A Blank Votes 4.3% 14,910
Total Votes 343,908
Source: Maine Secretary of State "Tabulations for Elections held in 2012"
U.S House, Maine District 2 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngKevin Raye 60% 18,703
Blaine Richardson 40% 12,465
Total Votes 31,168

Impact of redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Maine
The approved Congressional map makes little structural changes to the two districts.

Registration statistics

As of October 24, 2012, District 2 had the following partisan registration breakdown according to the Maine Secretary of State:

Maine Congressional District 2[8]
Congressional District District Total Democrats Republicans Other & Unaffiliated Advantage Party Advantage Change in Advantage from 2010
District 2 450,683 137,056 132,256 181,371 Democratic 3.63% -5.96%
"Party advantage" is the percentage gap between the two major parties in registered voters. "Change in advantage" is the spread in difference of party advantage between 2010 and 2012 based on the congressional district number only.

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. Maine's 2nd District partisan breakdown did not change because of redistricting.[9]

  • 2012: 52D / 48R
  • 2010: 52D / 48R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measures each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. Maine's 2nd Congressional District has a PVI of D+3, which is the 169th most Democratic district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by Barack Obama (D), 55-45 percent over John McCain (R). In 2004, John Kerry (D) won the district 52-48 percent over George W. Bush (R).[10]

Race Background

Incumbent Mike Michaud first defeated Kevin Raye in the 2002 election for Maine's 2nd Congressional District. He won by only four percent of the vote. Since then, Raye has served as a state senator for eight years, during which he was the senate president for two years. Michaud admitted that this makes his opponent more competitive, but cited his own eight year incumbency in the 2nd District's house seat as giving him the edge.[11]

Republican challenger Kevin Raye was included in the National Republican Congressional Committee's Young Guns program. The program highlighted challengers who represent the GOP's best chances to pick up congressional seats in the general election.[12]

Issues

Media

The following is a selection of audio and video for some of the District 2 candidates. Some were released by candidates, others by local media.

Kevin Raye


Kevin Raye, "Fighting For Maine Jobs "[13]

Mike Michaud


Mike Michaud, "Michaud for Congress - Veterans VA"[14]

Polls

Mike Michaud vs. Kevin Raye

Mike Michaud vs. Kevin Raye
Poll Mike Michaud Kevin RayeUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
(September 15-17, 2012)
55.9%37.4%6.7%+/-3.35410
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Campaign donors

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2012 elections season. Below are Mike Michaud and Kevin Raye's reports.

Mike Michaud (2012)[15] Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[16]March 31, 2012$381,519.80$200,412.60$(84,534.38)$497,398.02
Pre-Primary[17]May 31, 2012$49,398.00$95,208.11$(49,180.54)$322,523.97
July Quarterly[18]July 15, 2012$543,425.57$109,489.33$(18,257.01)$634,657.89
October Quarterly[19]October 15, 2012$634,657.89$217,066.79$(230,851.20)$620,873.48
Pre-General[20]October 25, 2012$620,873.48$35,624.73$(333,974.24)$0
Running totals
$657,801.56$(716,797.37)
Kevin Raye (2012)[21] Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[22]May 31, 2012$0.00$152,476.13$(36,576.11)$115,900.02
Pre-Primary[23]May 31, 2012$115,900.02$35,977.21$(29,710.61)$122,166.62
July Quarterly[24]July 15, 2012$122,166.62$165,017.54$(44,842.64)$242,341.52
October Quarterly[25]October 15, 2012$242,341.00$205,617.17$(331,847.08)$116,111.09
Pre-General[26]October 25, 2012$116,111.09$20,390.84$(110,919.98)$25,581.95
Running totals
$579,478.89$(553,896.42)

District history

Candidate Ballot Access
Ballot Access Requirements Final.jpg

Find detailed information on ballot access requirements in all 50 states and Washington D.C.

2010

On November 2, 2010, Michaud won re-election to the United States House of Representatives. He defeated Jason J. Levesque (R) in the general election.[27]

U.S. House, Maine District 2 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMike Michaud Incumbent 55.1% 147,042
     Republican Jason J. Levesque 44.9% 119,669
Total Votes 266,711

See also

External links

References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Maine"
  2. Maine Secretary of State "Voter Guide," accessed July 25, 2012
  3. Maine Redistricting Map, "Map" Accessed July 24, 2012
  4. Morning Sentinel "Raye to challenge Michaud for House seat," January 6, 2012
  5. Sun Journal "List of Maine congressional candidates grows; Raye undecided on Senate bid" accessed March 3, 2012
  6. Associated Press "Election Results" accessed June 12, 2012
  7. Maine Secretary of State "Primary List of Candidates" accessed March 9, 2012
  8. Maine Secretary of State, "Congressional Voter Registration Statistics," October 12, 2012
  9. "2011 Redistricting and 2012 Elections in Maine," September 2012
  10. Cook Political Report, "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" Accessed October 2012
  11. www.Boston.com Maine's 2nd District race features rematch
  12. NRCC "Young Guns 2012"
  13. YouTube channel
  14. YouTube channel
  15. Federal Election Commission, "Mike Michaud Summary Report," accessed October 1, 2012
  16. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed October 1, 2012
  17. "Federal Election Commission "Pre-Primary," accessed November 2, 2012
  18. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 1, 2012
  19. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed November 2, 2012
  20. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-General," accessed November 2, 2012
  21. Federal Election Commission, "Kevin Raye Summary Report," accessed October 1, 2012
  22. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed October 1, 2012
  23. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-Primary," accessed November 2, 2012
  24. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 1, 2012
  25. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed November 2, 2012
  26. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-General," accessed November 2, 2012
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010" Accessed November 29, 2011