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==Ethics and transparency==
 
==Ethics and transparency==

Revision as of 09:04, 6 June 2014

Maine House of Representatives

Seal of Maine.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   4 terms (8 years)
2014 session start:   January 8, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Mark Eves (D)
Majority Leader:   Seth Berry (D)
Minority leader:   Kenneth Fredette (R)
Structure
Members:  154
   Independent / Unenrolled (4)
Non-voting (3)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Article IV--Part Third, Maine Constitution
Salary:   $13,526/year Sess. 1, $9,661/year Sess. 2 + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (151 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (151 seats)
Redistricting:  Maine Legislature has control
The Maine House of Representatives is the lower house of the Maine State Legislature. It has 153 members, two of whom are non-voting. 151 of them are elected from each of 151 districts in the state. The two non-voting members represent Native American tribes based in the state. Members of the Maine House of Representatives serve two-year terms with term limits.[1] Each member represents an average of 8,682 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 8,333 residents.[3]

As of August 2014, Maine is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

See also: Maine State Legislature, Maine State Senate, Maine Governor

Sessions

In 2010, the House of Representatives was in session from January 6th to April 12th.

Article IV, Part Third of the Maine Constitution establishes when the Maine State Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 1 of the Part states that, following a legislative election, the Legislature is to convene its first regular session on the first Wednesday of December. The second regular session of the legislature is to convene in the next even-numbered year. This second session is to convene on the first Wednesday after the first Tuesday in January. Section 1 also instructs the Legislature to enact statutory limits on the length of its regular sessions.

Section 1 also establishes the procedures for convening special sessions of the Legislature. A special session can be convened by the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House, with the consent of a majority of legislators from each political party.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature was in session from January 8 through May 2.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included Medicaid expansion vetoed by Gov. Paul LePage (R) last session and welfare reform.[4]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from December 5, 2012 through July 10, 2013.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included addressing education, energy, domestic violence, jobs and strengthening the state's economy, and a new two-year budget that's facing a $128 million deficit.[5]

Election of constitutional officers

The Maine House of Representatives voted 79-59 on June 4 to reject a proposal to allow voters to select the state’s Treasurer, Secretary of State and Attorney General. LD 1279 called for a referendum to amend the Maine State Constitution to shift the selection of these officers from the Legislature to voters.[6] The bill sponsored by Representative Andre Cushing (R) called for two-year terms for the Treasurer and Secretary of State and a four-year term for the Attorney General. Legislators currently select all three officers every two years. This legislation was blocked on June 3 by the Maine State Senate 18-16.[7]

The House and Senate votes largely followed party lines with Democratic majorities in both houses. Republican majorities in the House and Senate blocked similar legislation in 2011.[8][9]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 4 through April 14, in recess from April 14 through May 13, and adjourned May 31.

Major issues

Lawmakers faced a $221 million budget deficit. They also looked to restructure the state Medicaid system, reduce energy costs and improve charter schools.[10]

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from December 1, 2010-June 28, 2011. Maine statutes required the legislature to adjourn by June 15, however, pursuant to Joint Order S.P. 520, the regular session was extended for five legislative days, slated to end on June 22, 2011.[11] However, on June 16, Governor Paul LePage ordered lawmakers home for 12 days, only to return to the statehouse for a special veto session to begin June 28.[12]

Session highlights

Increased security

State representatives appropriated $546,000 during the 2011 session to improve security in the House after the publication of three separate studies suggesting improvements in Capitol Police practices. Beginning in September 2011, visitors to the capitol will have to pass through walk-through metal detectors and their baggage will be subjected to X-ray scans. Capitol Police Chief Russell Gauvin suggested the security upgrades will be complete by the beginning of the 2012 legislative session.[13]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Legislature was in session from January 6th to April 12th.[14]

Role in state budget

See also: Maine state budget

The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[15][16]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
  2. State agencies submit their budget requests in September.
  3. Agency hearings are held from October through December.
  4. Public hearings are held from January through May.
  5. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in January (this deadline is extended to February for a newly elected governor).
  6. The legislate typically adopts a budget in June. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins on July 1.

In Maine, the governor may exercise line item veto and item veto of appropriations authority.[16]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget. Likewise, the state legislature is legally required to adopt a balanced budget.[16]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 which indicated that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. Among the challenges states faced were a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Maine was one of 29 states with mixed results regarding the frequency and effectiveness in its use of cost-benefit analysis.[17]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[18] According to the report, Maine received a grade of C+ and a numerical score of 76, indicating that Maine was "middling" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[18]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Maine was given a grade of D in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[19]

Elections

2014

See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives will take place in 2014. A primary election took place on June 10, 2014, and a general election will take place on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for party candidates wishing to run in this election was March 17, 2014. The deadline for write-in candidates to run in the primary election was April 28, 2014, and the deadline for non-party candidates to run in the general election was June 2, 2014.

2012

See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives were held in Maine on November 6, 2012. All 153 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 15, 2012.

Maine state representatives are subject to term limits and may not serve more than four two-year terms. In 2012, 26 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives were held in Maine on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 15 for candidates with partisan affiliations and June 1 for others. The primary election day was June 8, 2010.

In 2010, candidates running for state house raised a total of $1,607,976 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were:[20]

2008

See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 10, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,712,760. The top 10 contributors were:[21]

2006

See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 13, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $2,106,312. The top 10 contributors were:[22]

2004

See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 8, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,794,005. The top 10 contributors were:[23]

2002

See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 11, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,466,749. The top 10 contributors were:[24]

2000

See also: Maine House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Maine House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 13, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $1,203,357. The top 10 contributors were:[25]

Qualifications

Section 4 of Part 1 of Article 4 of the Maine Constitution states, "Qualifications; residency requirement. No person shall be a member of the House of Representatives, unless the person shall, at the commencement of the period for which the person is elected, have been 5 years a citizen of the United States, have arrived at the age of 21 years, have been a resident in this State one year; and for the 3 months next preceding the time of this person's election shall have been, and, during the period for which elected, shall continue to be a resident in the district which that person represents."

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the house, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat.[26][27] The Governor must call for an election and allow all political committees representing the vacant seat to set all deadlines.[28][26][27] The person elected to the seat serves for the remainder of the unexpired term.[29]

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Maine legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Maine Term Limits Act in 1993. That initiative said that Maine representatives are subject to term limits of no more than four two-year terms, or a total of eight years.

The first year that the term limits enacted in 1993 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 1996.[1]

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of August 2014
     Democratic Party 88
     Republican Party 58
     Independent 4
     Non-voting 3
     Vacancy 1
Total 154

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Maine State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Maine State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. Duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum, deciding all questions of order, and appointing all committee members.[30][31]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Maine House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Mark Eves Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Floor Leader Seth Berry Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Majority Floor Leader Jeffrey McCabe Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader Kenneth Fredette Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Alexander Willette Ends.png Republican

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Maine legislature are paid $13,852/year (first regular session) and $9,661/year (second regular session). Legislators receive $38/day per diem for one of two options: housing or mileage and tolls. Additionally, legislators receive $32/day for meals.[32]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Maine legislators assume office after the first Wednesday in December after their election.

Current members

Current members, Maine House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Allen Nadeau Ends.png Republican 2012
2 Charles Theriault Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
3 Bernard Ayotte Ends.png Republican 2006
4 Carol McElwee Ends.png Republican 2012
5 Robert Saucier Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
6 Tyler Clark Ends.png Republican 2008
7 Alexander Willette Ends.png Republican 2010
8 Joyce Ann Fitzpatrick Ends.png Republican 2010
9 Ricky Long Ends.png Republican 2010
10 Stephen Stanley Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
11 Beth Turner Ends.png Republican 2011
12 Jeffery Gifford Ends.png Republican 2006
13 Anita Haskell Ends.png Republican 2012
14 James Dill Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
15 Adam Goode Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
16 John Schneck Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
17 Victoria Kornfield Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
18 Aaron Frey Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
19 Ryan Tipping-Spitz Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
20 David Johnson Ends.png Republican 2010
21 Arthur Verow Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
22 Stacy Guerin Ends.png Republican 2010
23 Roger Reed Ends.png Republican 2012
24 Raymond Wallace Ends.png Republican 2011
25 Kenneth Fredette Ends.png Republican 2010
26 Paul Davis, Sr. Ends.png Republican 2008
27 Peter Johnson Ends.png Republican 2008
28 Dean Cray Ends.png Republican 2008
29 Stanley Short Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
30 Lawrence Lockman Ends.png Republican 2012
31 Joyce Maker Ends.png Republican 2010
32 Katherine Cassidy Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
33 Peter Doak Ends.png Republican 2012
34 Richard Malaby Ends.png Republican 2010
35 Brian Hubbell Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
36 Walter Kumiega Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
37 Ralph Chapman Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
38 Louis Luchini Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
39 Brian Duprey Ends.png Republican 2012
40 Richard Campbell Ends.png Republican 2012
41 James Gillway Ends.png Republican 2010
42 Joseph Brooks Grey.png Nonpartisan 2012
43 Erin Herbig Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
44 Jethro Pease Ends.png Republican 2012
45 Brian Jones Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
46 Joan Welsh Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
47 Elizabeth Dickerson Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
48 Charles Kruger Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
49 Jeffrey Evangelos Grey.png Nonpartisan 2012
50 Ellen Winchenbach Ends.png Republican 2012
51 Michael Devin Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
52 Deborah Sanderson Ends.png Republican 2010
53 Timothy Marks Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
54 Catherine Nadeau Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
55 H. David Cotta Ends.png Republican 2006
56 Corey Wilson Ends.png Republican 2012
57 Matthew Pouliot Ends.png Republican 2012
58 Lori Fowle Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
59 Gay Grant Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
60 Andrew Mason Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
61 W. Bruce MacDonald Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
62 Jennifer DeChant Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
63 Charles Priest Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
64 Jeremy Saxton Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
65 Peter Kent Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
66 Matthea Daughtry Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
67 Seth Berry Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
68 Michael Beaulieu Ends.png Republican 2006
69 Brian Bolduc Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
70 R. Wayne Werts Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
71 Michel Lajoie Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
72 Michael Carey Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
73 Nathan Libby Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
74 Margaret Rotundo Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
75 Stephen Wood Ends.png Republican 2010
76 Henry Beck Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
77 Thomas Longstaff Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
78 Robert Nutting Ends.png Republican 2008
79 Sharon Treat Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
80 Melvin Newendyke Ends.png Republican 2010
81 L. Gary Knight Ends.png Republican 2006
82 Craig Hickman Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
83 Dennis Keschl Ends.png Republican 2010
84 Karen Kusiak Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
85 Jeffrey McCabe Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
86 Ann Dorney Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
87 Paul Gilbert Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
88 Larry Dunphy Ends.png Republican 2010
89 Lance Harvell Ends.png Republican 2009
90 Russell Black Ends.png Republican 2010
91 Jarrod Crockett Ends.png Republican 2008
92 Matthew Peterson Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
93 Sheryl Briggs Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
94 Teresea Hayes Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
95 Tom Winsor Ends.png Republican 2010
96 Jeffrey Timberlake Ends.png Republican 2010
97 Helen Rankin Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
98 Lisa Villa Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
99 Jonathan Kinney Ends.png Republican 2012
100 Roger Jackson Ends.png Republican 2012
101 Christine Powers Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
102 Michael Shaw (Maine) Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
103 Michael McClellan Ends.png Republican 2010
104 Dale Crafts Ends.png Republican 2008
105 Eleanor Espling Ends.png Republican 2010
106 Sara Gideon Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
107 Janice Cooper Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
108 Stephen Moriarty Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
109 Anne Graham Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
110 Thomas Tyler Ends.png Republican 2012
111 Jane Pringle Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
112 Mary Nelson Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
113 Mark Dion Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
114 Peter Stuckey Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
115 Erik Jorgensen Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
116 Denise Harlow Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
117 Richard Farnsworth Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
118 Matthew Moonen Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
119 Benjamin Chipman Grey.png Nonpartisan 2010
120 Diane Russell-Natera Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
121 Kimberly Monaghan-Derrig Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
122 Terry Morrison Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
123 Scott Hamann Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
124 Bryan Kaenrath Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
125 Ann Peoples Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
126 Andrew Gattine Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
127 Amy Volk Ends.png Republican 2010
128 Heather Sirocki Ends.png Republican 2010
129 Andrew McLean Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
130 Linda Sanborn Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
131 Donald Marean Ends.png Republican 2012
132 Sharri MacDonald Ends.png Republican 2012
133 Barry Hobbins Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
134 Justin Chenette Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
135 Paulette Beaudoin Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
136 Megan Rochelo Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
137 Alan Casavant Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
138 James Campbell Grey.png Nonpartisan 2012
139 Aaron Libby Ends.png Republican 2010
140 Wayne Parry Ends.png Republican 2010
141 Paul Bennett Ends.png Republican 2010
142 Andrea Boland Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
143 Anne-Marie Mastraccio Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
144 William Noon Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
145 Joshua Plante Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
146 Mark Eves Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
147 Kathleen Chase Ends.png Republican 2006
148 Roberta Beavers Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
149 Paul McGowan Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
150 Windol Weaver Ends.png Republican 2006
151 Deane Rykerson Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
152 Henry John Bear (non-voting member) 2013
153 Wayne Mitchell (non-voting member) 2008
154 Madonna Soctomah (non-voting member) 2010

Standing committees

Maine House of Representatives has 6 standing committees:

Joint Standing Committees of the 125th Legislature

There are sixteen (16) Joint Standing Committees in the Legislature:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Maine
Partisan breakdown of the Maine legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Maine State House of Representatives for 20 years while the Republicans were the majority for two years. The Maine State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Maine, the Maine State Senate and the Maine House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Maine state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Maine state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Between 1992 and 2002, the state experienced divided government until electing a Democratic trifecta, which occurred between 2003 and 2011. For two years (2011 and 2012), the state had a Republican trifecta before reverting back to divided government. Maine hit the bottom-10 in the SQLI ranking in 2006 and 2007 (42nd and 45th, respectively). Its highest ranking in the SQLI ranking occurred in 2012 (27th) under a Republican trifecta. The state rose seven points in the SQLI ranking between the years 2010 and 2011.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 38.38
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 28.00
  • SQLI average with divided government: 33.73
Chart displaying the partisanship of Maine government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 ncsl.org, "Chart of Term Limits States," accessed December 16, 2013
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," April 2011
  3. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population," April 2, 2001. Accessed February 13, 2014
  4. wlbz2.com, "Maine Legislature returns for short session," January 7, 2014
  5. WCSH 6, "Maine legislature to reconvene Tuesday," January 5, 2013
  6. Legislative Information Office, "LD 1279," accessed June 4, 2013
  7. Portland Press Herald," "Maine House vote kills bill to elect top state officials," June 4, 2013
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Bangor
  9. Maine State Law and Legislative Reference Library, "Proposed Constitutional Amendments," accessed June 4, 2013
  10. Bangor Daily News, "Maine lawmakers return Wednesday for 2012 session," January 3, 2012
  11. Maine.gov, 125th Legislature Session Schedule, June 16, 2011
  12. Bangor Daily News, State lawmakers headed home but only for 12 days, June 16, 2011
  13. Boston.com, "Maine set to beef up State House security," July 18, 2011
  14. 2010 session dates for Maine Legislature
  15. National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  17. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  18. 18.0 18.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  19. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  20. Follow the Money: "Maine House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  21. Follow the Money, "Maine 2008 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  22. Follow the Money, "Maine 2006 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  23. Follow the Money, "Maine 2004 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  24. Follow the Money, "Maine 2002 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  25. Follow the Money, "Maine 2000 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 Maine Legislature, "Maine Election Law," accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Statute 21A-381)
  27. 27.0 27.1 Maine Legislature, "Maine Election Law," accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Statute 21A-382)
  28. Maine Legislature, "Constitution of Maine," accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Section Article IV, Section 5)
  29. Maine Legislature, "Maine Election Law," accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Statute 21A-361)
  30. Rules of the Maine House of Representatives Part 2 - Speaker
  31. Maine House Leadership links
  32. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013