Marcia Fudge

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Marcia L. Fudge
Marcia Fudge.jpg
U.S. House, Ohio, District 11
Incumbent
In office
2009-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 5
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorStephanie Tubbs Jones (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$2.76 in 2012
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$1,585,685
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Mayor, Warrensville Heights
2000-2008
Education
Bachelor'sBusiness Administration, Ohio State University, 1975
J.D.Cleveland Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University, 1983
Personal
BirthdayOctober 29, 1952
Place of birthCleveland, OH
Net worth$1,031,506.50
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Marcia L. Fudge (b. October 29, 1952, in Cleveland, OH) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Ohio's 11th Congressional District. Fudge was first elected in 2008. She won re-election in 2012.

Prior to her election to the U.S. House, Fudge served as the mayor of Warrensville Heights, Ohio.[1]

Fudge is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on May 6, 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Fudge is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Fudge's academic, professional and political career:[1]

  • 1975: Graduated from Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
  • 1983: Graduated from Cleveland Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1999-2001: Worked as aide to United States Representative Stephanie Tubbs Jones
  • 2000-2008: Served as mayor of Warrensville Heights, Ohio
  • 2009-Present: U.S. Representative from Ohio

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Fudge serves on the following committees:[2]

  • Committee on Agriculture
    • Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight and Nutrition (Ranking member)
    • Subcommittee on Horticulture, Research, Biotechnology and Foreign Agriculture
  • Committee on Education and the Workforce
    • Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education
    • Subcommittee on Workforce Protections

2011-2012

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[3] For more information pertaining to Fudge's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[4]

National security

Iran nuclear deal

Cornyn tweeted, "Amazing what WH will do to distract attention from O-care," suggesting that the Iran nuclear deal was a diversion to distract people from the problems of the Obamacare implementation. This caused him to receive a great deal of criticism from fellow Twitter users.[5]

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[6][7] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Fudge was 1 of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[6][7]

NDAA

Voted "No" Fudge voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

DHS Appropriations

Neutral/Abstain Fudge did not vote on HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Fudge voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[11] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[12] Fudge voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[13]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[14] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Fudge voted for HR 2775.[15]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "No" Fudge voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[16]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Fudge voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[17] The vote largely followed party lines.[18]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "No" Fudge voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[19]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "No" Fudge voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[20]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Fudge voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[21]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Marcia Fudge's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Fudge is a Liberal Populist. Fudge received a score of 53 percent on social issues and two percent on economic issues.[22]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[23]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Unknown
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[22]

Senate filibusters

Fudge said that she supported the U.S. Senate's rule change that allows executive appointment and federal judgeship nominees to be confirmed with a simple majority. She went on to accuse Republican senators of filibustering a disproportionate number of women and minorities. Of the 51 pending judicial nominations that were blocked, she said 26 are women, 12 are African American, three are Asian American and two are Hispanic.[24]

Elections

2014

See also: Ohio's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014

Fudge is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She ran unopposed for the Democratic nomination in the primary election on May 6, 2014.[25] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Ohio's 11th Congressional District elections, 2012

Fudge won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, to represent Ohio's 11th District. She won the Democratic primary on March 6, 2012 and was unopposed in the November 6 general election.[26]

The Washington Post listed the House of Representatives elections in Ohio in 2012 as 1 of the 10 states that could have determined whether Democrats retook the House or Republicans held their majority in 2013.[27] Ohio tied with Pennsylvania for 9th on the list.[27]

U.S. House, Ohio District 11 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMarcia L. Fudge Incumbent 100% 258,359
Total Votes 258,359
Source: Ohio Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Ohio's 11th Congressional District Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMarcia Fudge Incumbent 89.4% 65,333
Gerald Carver Henley 6.3% 4,570
Isaac Powell 4.3% 3,169
Total Votes 73,072

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Fudge is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Fudge raised a total of $1,585,685 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[30]

Marcia Fudge's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (Ohio District 11) Won $689,197
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (Ohio District 11) Won $566,127
2008 U.S. House of Representatives (Ohio District 11) Won $330,361
Grand Total Raised $1,585,685

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Fudge’s reports.[31]

Marcia Fudge (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[32]April 15, 2013$200,102.87$102,949.35$(69,684.09)$233,368.13
July Quarterly[33]July 15, 2013$233,368.13$184,874.24$(67,227.14)$351,015.23
October Quarterly[34]October 13, 2013$351,015.23$83,053.36$(85,497.54)$348,571.05
Year-End Quarterly[35]December 31, 2013$348,571.00$102,759.00$(42,145.00)$409,209.00
April Quarterly[36]April 12, 2014$409,209.49$97,145.49$(41,044.91)$465,310.07
Running totals
$570,781.44$(305,598.68)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Fudge's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Fudge won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Fudge's campaign committee raised a total of $689,197 and spent $711,755.[37]

Cost per vote

Fudge spent $2.76 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Fudge won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Fudge's campaign committee raised a total of $566,127 and spent $579,778.[38]

Her top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

U.S. House, Ohio District 11, 2010 - Marcia Fudge Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $566,127
Total Spent $579,778
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $0
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $0
Top contributors to Marcia Fudge's campaign committee
General Electric$13,500
American Assn for Justice$10,000
American Federation of Teachers$10,000
Laborers Union$10,000
National Education Assn$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Public Sector Unions$45,500
Building Trade Unions$34,000
Lawyers/Law Firms$33,321
Transportation Unions$30,000
Industrial Unions$29,500

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Fudge's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $607,013 to $1,456,000. That averages to $1,031,506.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic House members in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Fudge ranked as the 203rd most wealthy representative in 2012.[39] Between 2007 and 2012, Fudge's calculated net worth[40] increased by an average of 10 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[41]

Marcia Fudge Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2007$690,003
2012$1,031,506.50
Growth from 2007 to 2012:49%
Average annual growth:10%[42]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[43]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Fudge is a "far-left Democrat," as of June 21, 2013.[44]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[45]

Fudge most often votes with:

Fudge least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Fudge missed 92 of 3,376 roll call votes from December 2008 to April 2013, which is 2.7% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[46]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Fudge paid her congressional staff a total of $962,482 in 2011. Overall, Ohio ranked 30th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[47]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Fudge ranked 19th in the liberal rankings among members of the U.S. House.[48]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Fudge was tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 55th in the liberal rankings among members of the U.S. House.[49]

Voting with party

2013

Fudge voted with the Democratic Party 94.1 percent of the time, which ranked 121st among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[50]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Marcia + Fudge + Ohio + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Marcia Fudge News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Marcia Fudge


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, "Fudge," accessed June 21, 2013
  2. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  3. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  5. Politico, "Cornyn: Iran deal a diversion from Obamacare," November 24, 2013
  6. 6.0 6.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  7. 7.0 7.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  12. Buzzfeed, "Government shutdown: How we got here," accessed October 1, 2013
  13. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  14. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  15. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  22. 22.0 22.1 On The Issues, "Marcia Fudge Vote Match," accessed June 20, 2014
  23. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  24. Cleveland.com, "Rep. Marcia Fudge says U.S. Senate used filibuster to block nominations of women and minorities," November 21, 2013
  25. Associated Press, "Ohio Primary Election Results," accessed May 7, 2014
  26. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Ohio"
  27. 27.0 27.1 Washington Post, "The 10 states that will determine control of the House in 2012," accessed April 25, 2012
  28. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Marcia Fudge," accessed March 2013
  31. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia L. Fudge Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  32. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia L. Fudge April Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  33. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia L. Fudge July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  34. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia Fudge October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  35. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia Fudge Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 7, 2014
  36. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia Fudge April Quarterly," accessed May 13, 2014
  37. Open Secrets, "Marcia Fudge 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  38. Open Secrets, "Marcia L. Fudge 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  39. Open Secrets, "Fudge (D-Ohio), 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  40. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  41. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  42. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  43. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  44. GovTrack, "Marcia Fudge," accessed June 21, 2013
  45. OpenCongress, "Marcia Fudge," accessed August 8, 2013
  46. GovTrack, "Marcia Fudge," accessed April 2013
  47. LegiStorm, "Marcia L. Fudge," accessed September 25, 2012
  48. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013
  49. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  50. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Stephanie Tubbs Jones
U.S. House of Representatives - Ohio District 11
2009–present
Succeeded by
-