Marcia Fudge

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Marcia L. Fudge
Marcia Fudge.jpg
U.S. House, Ohio, District 11
Incumbent
In office
2009-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 6
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorStephanie Tubbs Jones (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$3.63 in 2014
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$2,550,812
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Mayor, Warrensville Heights
2000-2008
Education
Bachelor'sBusiness Administration, Ohio State University, 1975
J.D.Cleveland Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University, 1983
Personal
Date of birthOctober 29, 1952
Place of birthCleveland, OH
Net worth(2012) $1,031,506.50
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Marcia L. Fudge (b. October 29, 1952, in Cleveland, OH) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Ohio's 11th Congressional District. Fudge was first elected in 2008.

Fudge won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on May 6, 2014. She then defeated Mark Zetzer (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

Prior to her election to the U.S. House, Fudge served as the mayor of Warrensville Heights, Ohio.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Fudge is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Fudge's academic, professional and political career:[2]

  • 2009-Present: U.S. Representative from Ohio's 11th Congressional District
  • 2000-2008: Served as mayor of Warrensville Heights, Ohio
  • 1999-2001: Worked as aide to United States Representative Stephanie Tubbs Jones
  • 1983: Graduated from Cleveland Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1975: Graduated from Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Fudge serves on the following committees:[3]

2013-2014

Fudge served on the following committees:[4]

  • Committee on Agriculture
    • Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight and Nutrition Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Horticulture, Research, Biotechnology and Foreign Agriculture
  • Committee on Education and the Workforce
    • Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education
    • Subcommittee on Workforce Protections

2011-2012

Fudge served on the following committees:

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Fudge's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Nay3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, including Fudge, voted against the resolution.[7][8][9]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Yea3.png On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. Fudge voted with 176 Democrats to approve the bill.[10][11]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[12] For more information pertaining to Fudge's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[13]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png Fudge voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[14]

DHS Appropriations

Neutral/Abstain Fudge did not vote on HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[15]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Fudge voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[16]

Economy

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Fudge voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Fudge voted for HR 2775.[21]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Nay3.png Fudge voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[22]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Fudge voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[23] The vote largely followed party lines.[24]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Fudge voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[25]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Fudge voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[26]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Fudge voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[27]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Marcia Fudge's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

'On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the analysis, Fudge is a Populist-Leaning Liberal.[28] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[29][30] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Fudge was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[29][30]

Senate filibusters

Fudge said that she supported the U.S. Senate's rule change that allowed executive appointment and federal judgeship nominees to be confirmed with a simple majority. She went on to accuse Republican senators of filibustering a disproportionate number of women and minorities. Of the 51 pending judicial nominations that were blocked, she said 26 were women, 12 were African American, three were Asian American and two were Hispanic.[31]

Elections

2014

See also: Ohio's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014

Fudge ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She ran unopposed for the Democratic nomination in the primary election on May 6, 2014.[32] Fudge then defeated Mark Zetzer (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

U.S. House, Ohio District 11 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMarcia Fudge Incumbent 79.5% 137,105
     Republican Mark Zetzer 20.5% 35,461
Total Votes 172,566
Source: Ohio Secretary of State

2012

See also: Ohio's 11th Congressional District elections, 2012

Fudge won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, to represent Ohio's 11th District. She won the Democratic primary on March 6, 2012, and was unopposed in the November 6 general election.[33]

The Washington Post listed the House of Representatives elections in Ohio in 2012 as one of the 10 states that could have determined whether Democrats retook the House or Republicans held their majority in 2013.[34] Ohio tied with Pennsylvania for ninth on the list.[34]

U.S. House, Ohio District 11 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMarcia L. Fudge Incumbent 100% 258,359
Total Votes 258,359
Source: Ohio Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Ohio's 11th Congressional District Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMarcia Fudge Incumbent 89.4% 65,333
Gerald Carver Henley 6.3% 4,570
Isaac Powell 4.3% 3,169
Total Votes 73,072

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Fudge attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Fudge is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Fudge raised a total of $2,550,812 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 16, 2015.[37]

Marcia Fudge's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Ohio, District 11) Won $965,127
2012 U.S. House (Ohio, District 11) Won $689,197
2010 U.S. House (Ohio, District 11) Won $566,127
2008 U.S. House (Ohio, District 11) Won $330,361
Grand Total Raised $2,550,812


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Fudge won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Fudge's campaign committee raised a total of $965,127 and spent $497,385.[38] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[39]

Cost per vote

Fudge spent $3.63 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Ohio District 11, 2014 - Marcia Fudge Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $965,127
Total Spent $497,385
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $0
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $0
Top contributors to Marcia Fudge's campaign committee
McDonald's Corp$12,700
Ice Miller LLP$10,100
Abbott Laboratories$10,000
American Assn for Justice$10,000
American Federation of Teachers$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Food & Beverage$47,400
Pro-Israel$44,402
Pharmaceuticals/Health Products$43,250
Lawyers/Law Firms$42,069
Agricultural Services/Products$42,000

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Fudge’s reports.[40]

2012

Fudge won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Fudge's campaign committee raised a total of $689,197 and spent $711,755.[50]

Cost per vote

Fudge spent $2.76 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Fudge won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Fudge's campaign committee raised a total of $566,127 and spent $579,778.[51]

Her top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Fudge's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $607,013 to $1,456,000. That averages to $1,031,506.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic House members in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Fudge ranked as the 203rd most wealthy representative in 2012.[52] Between 2007 and 2012, Fudge's calculated net worth[53] increased by an average of 10 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[54]

Marcia Fudge Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2007$690,003
2012$1,031,506.50
Growth from 2007 to 2012:49%
Average annual growth:10%[55]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[56]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Fudge received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Public Sector Unions industry.

From 2007-2014, 26.33 percent of Fudge's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[57]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Marcia Fudge Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,256,531
Total Spent $1,731,148
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Public Sector Unions$143,000
Building Trade Unions$123,600
Lawyers/Law Firms$118,519
Transportation Unions$105,500
Industrial Unions$103,500
% total in top industry6.34%
% total in top two industries11.81%
% total in top five industries26.33%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Fudge was a "far-left Democrat" as of August 2014.[58] This was the same rating Fudge received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[59]

Fudge most often votes with:

Fudge least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Fudge missed 153 of 4,388 roll call votes from December 2008 to August 2014. This amounts to 3.5 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[58]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Fudge paid her congressional staff a total of $962,482 in 2011. Overall, Ohio ranked 30th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[60]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Fudge ranked 127th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[61]

2012

Fudge ranked 19th in the liberal rankings in 2012[62]

2011

Fudge ranked 55th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[63]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Fudge voted with the Democratic Party 93.7 percent of the time, which ranked 80th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[64]

2013

Fudge voted with the Democratic Party 94.1 percent of the time, which ranked 121st among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[65]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Marcia + Fudge + Ohio + Congress

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Marcia Fudge News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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Marcia Fudge


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, "Fudge," accessed June 21, 2013
  3. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 22, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  7. Congress.gov, "S.Con.Res.11," accessed May 5, 2015
  8. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 183," accessed May 5, 2015
  9. The Hill, "Republicans pass a budget, flexing power of majority," accessed May 5, 2015
  10. Congress.gov, "H.R.1191 - Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015," accessed May 16, 2015
  11. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 226," accessed May 16, 2015
  12. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  13. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  14. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  16. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government shutdown: How we got here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  23. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  28. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  29. 29.0 29.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  31. Cleveland.com, "Rep. Marcia Fudge says U.S. Senate used filibuster to block nominations of women and minorities," November 21, 2013
  32. Associated Press, "Ohio Primary Election Results," accessed May 7, 2014
  33. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Ohio," accessed November 11, 2012
  34. 34.0 34.1 Washington Post, "The 10 states that will determine control of the House in 2012," accessed April 25, 2012
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Marcia Fudge," accessed March 2013
  38. Open Secrets, "Marcia Fudge 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 10, 2015
  39. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 10, 2015
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia L. Fudge Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia L. Fudge April Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia L. Fudge July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia Fudge October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia Fudge Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 7, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia Fudge April Quarterly," accessed May 13, 2014
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia Fudge Pre-Primary," accessed October 31, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia Fudge July Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia Fudge October Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Marcia Fudge Pre-General," accessed October 31, 2014
  50. Open Secrets, "Marcia Fudge 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  51. Open Secrets, "Marcia L. Fudge 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  52. Open Secrets, "Fudge (D-Ohio), 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  53. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  54. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  55. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  56. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  57. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Marcia L. Fudge," accessed September 30, 2014
  58. 58.0 58.1 GovTrack, "Marcia Fudge," accessed August 19, 2014
  59. OpenCongress, "Marcia Fudge," accessed August 19, 2014
  60. LegiStorm, "Marcia L. Fudge," accessed September 25, 2012
  61. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 19, 2014
  62. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 7, 2013
  63. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Stephanie Tubbs Jones
U.S. House of Representatives - Ohio District 11
2009–present
Succeeded by
-