Difference between revisions of "Mark Sanford"

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Revision as of 19:26, 16 August 2013

Mark Sanford
MarkSanford.jpg
U.S. House, South Carolina, District 1
Incumbent
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 1
PartyRepublican
PredecessorTim Scott (R)
Elections and appointments
Last electionMay 7, 2013
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Governor of South Carolina
2003-2011
U.S House of Representatives, South Carolina, District 1
1995-2001
Education
Bachelor'sFurman University
Master'sUniversity of Virginia
Personal
BirthdayMay 28, 1960
Place of birthFort Lauderdale, Florida
ProfessionReal Estate Executive
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Marshall Clement "Mark" Sanford, Jr. (born May 28, 1960, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from South Carolina. Sanford was elected by voters from South Carolina's 1st congressional district. [1]

Sanford won the 1st congressional district seat that was up for special election in early 2013. The seat was vacant due to Tim Scott's (R) appointment to the United States Senate, filling the void left by Jim DeMint's resignation.[2][3][4] Sanford defeated challengers Elizabeth Colbert-Busch (D) and Eugene Platt (G) in the general election on May 7, 2013.[5]

Sanford previously served as Governor of South Carolina from 2003 until 2011 and was a member of the U.S. House for South Carolina's 1st congressional district from 1995 to 2001. In late June 2009, he became the subject of national attention when it was revealed that he was involved in an affair with an Argentinian woman.[6]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Sanford is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.

Biography

Before his senior year of high school, Sanford moved with his family to a 3000 acre Coosaw Plantation near Beaufort, South Carolina from Ft. Lauderdale, Florida where he grew up. Sanford attained the rank of Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts of America. He received a bachelor's degree from Furman University and an MBA from Darden Graduate School of Business Administration at the University of Virginia. Sanford moved to Sullivan's Island, South Carolina in the early 1990s with his wife Jenny and their four boys, Marshall, Landon, Bolton, and Blake.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Sanford's academic, professional and political career:[7]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Sanford serves on the following committees:[8]

  • Transportation and Infrastructure Committee
    • Subcommittee on Water, Resources and Environment
    • Subcommittee on Coastguard and Maritime Transportation
    • Subcommittee on Economic Development, Public Buildings and Emergency Management
  • Homeland Security Committee
    • Subcommittee on Emergency Preparedness, Response and Communications
    • Subcommittee on Transportation Security

Issues

Specific votes

2013 Farm Bill

Nay3.png In July 2013 the Republican controlled House narrowly passed a scaled-back version of the farm bill after stripping out the popular food-stamp program.[9][10] The bill passed on a 216-208 vote, with no Democrats voting in favor.[11] All but 12 Republicans supported the measure.[12] The group consisted mostly of conservative lawmakers more concerned about spending than farm subsidies.[12][13] Sanford was one of the 12 who voted against the measure.[12]

The farm bill historically has included both billions in farm subsidies and billions in food stamps. Including both of the two massive programs has in the past helped win support from rural-state lawmakers and those representing big cities.[11] After the bill failed in the House in June 2013 amid opposition from rank-and-file Republicans, House leaders removed the food stamp portion in a bid to attract conservative support.[11]

Controversy

2013

Faith and Freedom Coalition conference

On June 14, 2013, Sanford gave an ill-received speech at the Faith and Freedom Coalition conference. In his speech, he acknowledged the challenges his extra-marital affair in 2009 brings to his political career, but he said he was "humbly and respectfully" submitting two ideas--that the United States is at a "tipping point" and that Republicans "focus on spending."[14]

Trespassing charges from ex-wife

According to court documents, Sanford was supposed to be required to appear in court May 9, 2013, two days after the South Carolina 2013 Congressional Special Election, to answer a complaint that he trespassed at his ex-wife's home.[15] The complaint says Jenny Sanford confronted Sanford leaving her Sullivans Island home on Feb. 3 by a rear door, using his cell phone for a flashlight.[15] Her attorney filed the complaint the next day and Jenny Sanford confirmed on April 16, 2013, that the documents were authentic.[15] The couple's 2010 divorce settlement says neither may enter the other's home without permission.[15] Sanford lives about a 20-minute drive away in downtown Charleston.[15]

Sanford failed to deny the allegations, and instead released a statement stating "It's an unfortunate reality that divorced couples sometimes have disagreements that spill over into family court. I did indeed watch the second half of the Super Bowl at the beach house with our 14 year old son because as a father I didn’t think he should watch it alone. Given she was out of town I tried to reach her beforehand to tell her of the situation that had arisen, and met her at the back steps under the light of my cell phone when she returned and told her what had happened."[16]

On May 8, 2013, in a statement released by the Charleston County Family Court judge's office, both sides came to an agreement and did not have to go to court regarding the complaint filed by Jenny Sanford.[17]

Mark Sanford's spokesman, Joel Sawyer, said there will be no further statement beyond the information contained in the settlement, which included a $5,000 payout for Jenny Sanford's court fees due within 30 days.[17] Sanford also admitted in the settlement that he was in contempt for the most recent trespassing incident, as well as other instances when he went to his ex-wife's home without permission.[17]

NRCC pulls funding for Sanford

The National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC) made an announcement on April 17th that it would spend no money to help Sanford win the May 7 special election. [18] Republicans said they were caught off guard by news of Jenny Sanford’s complaint and worried other damaging revelations from Sanford’s personal life that they aren’t aware of could come out in the coming weeks.[19]

The NRCC’s decision came as national Democrats began pouring money into the race.[19] On April 16th, House Majority PAC, a Democratic outside group, started running an ad accusing Sanford of spending taxpayer money to fund his trips to Argentina.[19] An official with the group said it was spending in the mid six-figures to run the ad.[20] According to reports, the former governor later reimbursed the state for the trips.[19]

After the NRCC's announcment, other outside groups announced that they would also be pulling out support for Sanford.[21] The Club for Growth and Congressional Leadership Fund, a super PAC tied to John Boehner (R), also announced they would no longer be lending support to Sanford's campaign.[21]

In light of the announcement regarding Sanford, many believed that Colbert-Busch stood a real chance of upsetting Sanford.[18] If she won, Colbert-Busch would not only have won the congressional seat; The Democrat would also instantly secure a place on Republicans' list of highest priority 2014 targets.[18]

Sanford debates Pelosi cutout

On April 24, Republican nominee Sanford stood alongside a life-sized photo of Democratic House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi at the site of what would have been the first debate between himself and his opponent, Elizabeth Colbert-Busch.[22]

Colbert-Busch did not agree to participate in the debate at the Medical University of South Carolina, citing a tight schedule.[22] The two are scheduled to appear in one debate on April 29th in Charleston.[22]

In a statement, Sanford stated, "My opponent continues to run a stealth campaign, avoiding public appearances and refusing to commit to televised forums for the benefit of 1st district voters. Since Elizabeth Colbert-Busch refuses to articulate her views publicly, we are left to draw inferences for what she stands for on the basis of the groups that have made substantial monetary investments on her behalf."[22]

Colbert-Busch's campaign responded the same day replying: "While Mark Sanford continues his desperate campaign to deceive voters, Elizabeth Colbert-Busch is spending her time with real people who support her campaign - today alone, she's meeting with a group of Republicans for Elizabeth Colbert Busch and a rally at Burke High School. She doesn't have to resort to phony cardboard cutouts to talk with the people of South Carolina."[22]

Sanford publishes list of phone calls

Following complaints from Sanford about negative ads being run by Democrats, Sanford made an offer saying, "The Democrats' ads will tell you none of this, so if you have further questions, go to www.marksanford.com, call me at the campaign office at 843-764-9188, or even on my cell at 843-367-1010."[23]

In response to the offer, one of the groups whose ads Sanford complained about, the House Majority PAC, decided to take him up on it and in a post-script to a fundraising email reprinted Sanford's cell phone number and suggested that their supporters "[g]ive him a call and ask why he spent hundreds of thousands of taxpayer dollars on luxury travel."[23]

In response to a number of phone calls received, Sanford published a list of the phone numbers of the people who called him on his campaign website.[24][25] Most of the numbers were from individuals outside of the state.[23]

Elections

2013

See also: South Carolina's 1st congressional district special election, 2013

Sanford won election to the U.S. House representing the 1st Congressional District of South Carolina. The election was held to replace Tim Scott, who was appointed to fill Jim DeMint's vacant seat in the U.S. Senate.[26] Sanford ran in the Republican primary against Keith Blandford, Curtis Bostic, Ric Bryant, Larry Grooms, Jonathan Hoffman, Jeff King, John Kuhn, Tim Larkin, Chip Limehouse, Peter McCoy, Elizabeth Moffly, Ray Nash, Andy Patrick, Shawn Pinkston and Teddy Turner on March 19, 2013.[4] He then defeated Curtis Bostic in the runoff primary on April 2, 2013.[27][28] He defeated Elizabeth Colbert-Busch (D) and Eugene Platt (G) in the general election on May 7, 2013.[29]

Sanford was seen as the front runner due to name recognition and the fact that he had $120,000 in an old campaign account. This coupled with his ability to fundraise quickly gave him a leg up on the field. This is also his former seat in the U.S. House of Representatives that he held for three terms, prior to being elected governor.[30]

The district leans Republican.[31] The last Democratic candidate elected was Mendel Jackson Davis in 1978.[32]

Endorsements

  • On April 25, 2013, Ron Paul endorsed Sanford for the 1st district seat. In a fundraising appeal, Paul stated, “Mark Sanford has always been a strong ally of the Liberty Movement. Help him get to Congress. Donate today!”[33]
  • A week prior to the general election, on April 30, 2013, Rand Paul announced his endorsement of Sanford.[34] In a statement released by Sanford's campaign, he stated, "More than anything, Washington needs strong and consistent voices for fiscal responsibility and liberty. Mark has proven during his time in office that watching out for taxpayers and holding the line on spending are his top priorities...What we absolutely cannot afford is someone like his opponent, who will be yet another vote for a return to the Pelosi speakership, for disastrous programs like Obamacare, and for more spending and debt."[34] The endorsement came as a move that could have helped Sanford regain his footing in the race and improve Paul's standing in the early-voting presidential state.
  • South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley (R) attended a fundraiser for Sanford, her predecessor and former mentor, on May 1, 2013.[35] The appearance came after her endorsement for Sanford in early April 2013, following his win in the Republican runoff primary.[36]
  • Also on May 1st, former Rep. Tim Scott endorsed Sanford for his former seat. Until January, Scott represented the 1st district giving his endorsement extra significance.[38] The popular conservative was appointed by Gov. Nikki Haley to finish out Jim DeMint’s Senate term.[38] In the endorsement Scott stated, "On all the most important issues facing our state and country, from dealing with our dangerous levels of debt, to repealing or resisting the government health-care takeover, to standing up for Charleston jobs against the NLRB, 1st District voters have a stark choice. Mark Sanford is hands down better on all of those issues, and that’s why I believe he merits support.”[39]

Media

General election

Democratic-aligned House Majority PAC unveiled their first commercial entitled "Air Sanford."

Democrat Elizabeth Colbert-Busch's 1st general election television ad, "Independent"

Democrat Colbert-Busch aired her first general election television advertisement on April 9th 2013, kicking off the airwaves war against former Republican Gov. Mark Sanford.[40]

In the ad, Colbert-Busch spoke directly to camera in the 30-second spot, describing herself as a “single mom with three young children.”[40] She never mentioned Sanford in the advertisement, which appeared to target female voters.[40] The ad buy cost an estimated for $76,000 and the spot ran from April 9 to April 15 in the Charleston and Savannah broadcast markets, as well as on cable in Charleston.[40]

The Democratic super PAC, House Majority PAC, took to the airwaves with a TV ad attacking former governor Sanford (R) in the special election, marking the first time an outside group has gone on the air in the race between Sanford and Democrat Colbert-Busch.[41] The group was expected to spend between $400,000 and $600,000 in the election.[42]

Sanford released his first television ad since becoming the Republican nominee, going after Colbert-Busch for her ties to unions.[43] The ad was a departure for Sanford, whose past television spots were positive and biographical, focused largely on his record as governor and his comeback from the 2009 scandal that nearly cost him his job.[43] According to some reports, the campaign spent just under $100,000 to run the ad on cable and broadcast television in the Charleston and Savannah markets.[43] The South Carolina Republican Party put money into Sanford's campaign for the ad.[43]


House Majority PAC's final ad, "Trust"

Sanford's ad released April 23, 2013, "Voices"

On April 23, 2013, Sanford released a new ad claiming Democrat Colbert-Busch is "fighting for big labor" after accepting union donations.[44] Colbert-Busch, who accepted $5,000 in donations from the Machinists Union and was endorsed by the state chapter of the labor union AFL-CIO, said she would make job creation a top priority if elected.[44]

The Machinist Union defended Colbert Busch, even releasing a statement stating that recent ads and comments to the press by Sanford "provided incorrect information about labor unions, specifically regarding the Boeing facility in North Charleston" and requested that Sanford pull the ads.[44]

According to media reports by multiple news outlets, the Machinists Union filed a complaint with the National Labor Relations Board in 2011, claiming that Boeing's plans to build a plant in right-to-work South Carolina were in retaliation for labor activities at its Washington state plant.[44] The complaint was based on public comments made by a Boeing executive.[44] Ultimately, the high-profile complaint was dropped. The Washington plant continues to operate and a new North Charleston plan was built and is scheduled for expansion that both Sanford and Colbert-Busch applauded.[44]

The House Majority PAC released its third and final ad of the special election, "Trust".[45] It featured lifelong Republican women – who in the past supported Mark Sanford – describing how deeply Sanford betrayed her trust.[45] “Trust” aired as part of House Majority PAC’s previously announced six-figure buy in this race.[45]

Andy Stone, Communications Director of House Majority PAC released the statement, “Mark Sanford’s record of betrayal to South Carolinians is more than a mile long. The bottom line is that after abandoning the Palmetto State, using taxpayer funds to travel in luxury and for personal purposes and even trespassing in his ex-wife’s home, South Carolina deserves better than Mark Sanford.”[45]

Primary election

Democrat Elizabeth Colbert-Busch's 2nd television ad, "Elizabeth Colbert Busch Knows Jobs"

Republican Mark Sanford's 3rd television ad, "Difference"

In early March 2013, Sanford released his third television ad in his campaign for the House seat.[46] In all, Sanford's campaign spent approximately $170,000 on three TV ads prior to the primary election, according to spokesman Joel Sawyer.[46] In the new ad, Sanford called himself "financially the most conservative governor in America and the "first governor to turn down stimulus money," an effort that failed when South Carolina's Supreme Court ruled the state must accept the $700 million.[46]

On March 15, Democrat Elizabeth Colbert-Busch released her second television ad.[47] The ad focused on her connection to the state and experience creating jobs.[47] She previously launched her first ad on the same day as Sanford's release of his third television ad.[46]

Polls

According to a poll released March 26, 2013, by Public Policy Polling, Colbert-Busch and Sanford were neck and neck prior to the runoff primary election.[48] President of Public Policy Polling, Dean Debnam, described the race saying, “The South Carolina special looks like a toss up. The big question is how much Republicans will unify around their nominee after the runoff next week.”[48]

Following the runoff primary and heading into the general election, President of Public Policy Polling, Dean Debnam stated “Elizabeth Colbert Busch is now looking like a clear favorite in the special election. The only question is whether an extremely unpopular Sanford can find some way to make voters like her even less than him in the next two weeks.”[49]


South Carolina's 1st Congressional District special election
Poll Elizabeth Colbert-Busch Mark SanfordEugene PlattMargin of ErrorSample Size
RRH/PMI
May 6, 2013
46%46%7%+/-5650
Public Policy Polling
April 19-21, 2013
50%41%3%+/-3.5796
Public Policy Polling
March 22-24, 2013
47%45%0%+/-2.91,175
AVERAGES 47.67% 44% 3.33% +/-3.8 873.67
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Full history


Campaign donors

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Sanford's reports.[53]

Mark Sanford (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
July Quarterly[54]7/15/2013$166,294.49$8,176.48$(18,500.90)$155,970.07
Running totals
$8,176.48$(18,500.9)

Special Election 2013

Former South Carolina governor Mark Sanford raised $334,397 over January and February in his bid for the South Carolina House seat.[55] David Koch, who launched the conservative outside group Americans for Prosperity, gave $2,500 to Sanford’s House campaign. So did Foster Friess, a major back of Rick Santorum’s presidential campaign.[55] In addition to some leftover primary cash from his 1998 House run, Sanford had approximately $364,714 on hand going into March 2013.[55]

Reports circulated in early March that Sanford asked his ex-wife Jenny, even though they had barely spoken since their divorce, to run his congressional campaign.[56] Jenny Sanford ran all of his campaigns while they were married, starting with his first 1994 bid for Congress.[56]Sanford has yet to comment on the accuracy of these reports, but did acknowledge his ex-wife, stating “She was a vital part of every one of my campaigns and did an extraordinary job and therefore is missed.”[56]

Despite Sanford outraising his primary rivals, some challengers also raised significant funds. Teddy Turner, son of mogul Ted Turner, raised $376,433 — including $245,000 of his own cash — and had $99,178 on hand at the beginning of March 2013.[55] State senator Larry Grooms raised $223,815 and loaned himself $100,000, leaving him with $208,493 on hand.[55] State Rep. Chip Limehouse raised $140,115 and loaned himself $400,000, with reportedly $42,657 on hand.[55] Former state senator John Kuhn raised only $50,103 but lent his campaign $500,000. Beginning March 2013 he had $131,295 on hand.[55]

Democratic candidate Elizabeth Colbert-Busch, sister of comedian Stephen Colbert, raised almost as much as Sanford at $309,559 and had $208,630 on hand.[55]

She did not receive any money directly from her brother, but she received $2,600 from Evelyn McGee and $2,500 from Evelyn Colbert. Stephen Colbert’s wife is Evelyn McGee Colbert. Trevor Potter, the Republican Washington lawyer hired to help Stephen Colbert start a super PAC, also contributed $500 to Colbert-Busch's campaign.[55] Colbert-Busch also reportedly received a $5,000 donation from the leadership PAC of Rep. Jim Clyburn (D), who also hosted a D.C. fundraiser for her in early March.[46]

Republican runoff primary

Sanford outraised his GOP runoff opponent by more than fifteen-to-one during the pre-runoff period, which ran from February 28 to March 13, ending six days before the primary, in which Bostic finished a surprising second in the sixteen-candidate field.[2]

Sanford raised $78,521 in the two-week pre-runoff period and ended with $271,765 in the bank, while Bostic reported a mere $5,205 haul and loaned his own campaign another $50,000. Overall, Bostic loaned his campaign $150,000, and he finished the period with $56,542 on hand.[2]

Since the surprising primary finish, in which the former Charleston city council member became Sanford's main competition, some indicated that they expected Bostic's fundraising to surge.[2] Since the primary, Bostic's campaign reported a total raised of just $3,500.[2]

Governor of South Carolina

Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Mark Sanford's donors each year.[57] Click [show] for more information.


Congress

Breakdown of the source of Sanford's campaign funds before the 1998 election.

Sanford won re-election to the U.S. House in 1998. During that re-election cycle, Sanford's campaign committee raised a total of $323,663 and spent $34,258.[58]


Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website Open Congress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[59]

Sanford most often votes with:

Sanford least often votes with:

Voting with party

2013

Mark Sanford voted with the Republican Party 93.5% of the time, which ranked 184th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[60]

Lifetime missed votes

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Sanford missed 64 of 3,841 roll call votes from January 1995 to June 2013. This amounts to 1.7%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of June 2013.[61]

External links


Governor (2003-2011)
U.S. Representative (1995-2001)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

References

  1. USA Today "Mark Sanford begins second chapter in Congress" Accessed May 15, 2013
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 National Journal "The Mark Sanford Playbook: Four Ways to Rebound From a Sex Scandal," January 17, 2013
  3. CNN "FIRST ON CNN: Mark Sanford plans to run for Congress," December 20, 2012
  4. 4.0 4.1 South Carolina Radio Network "List of 19 candidates running for District 1 seat," January 28, 2013
  5. Huffington Post "South Carolina Election Results 2013" Accessed May 7, 2013
  6. Los Angeles Times, "Sanford affair renews questions about politicians and infidelity", June 27, 2009
  7. Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress "Sanford" Accessed June 18, 2013
  8. fitsnews.com "Mark Sanford Recieves Subcommittee Assignments," accessed June 18, 2013
  9. Washington Post, "Farm bill passes narrowly in House, without food stamp funding," accessed July 15, 2013
  10. USA Today, "House passes farm bill; strips out food-stamp program," accessed July 15, 2013
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Fox News, "House narrowly passes farm bill after Republicans carve out food stamps," accessed July 15, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Washington Post, "Which Republicans voted against the Farm Bill?," accessed July 15, 2013
  13. Politico, "Farm bill 2013: House narrowly passes pared-back version," accessed July 15, 2013
  14. Politico "Faith conference crowd snubs Mark Sanford", Accessed June 18, 2013
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Associated Press "AP: Ex-wife says former SC Gov. Sanford trespassed" Accessed April 17, 2013
  16. Washington Post "Mark Sanford has issues" Accessed April 18, 2013
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 ABC NEws4.com "Judge: Sides settle in Sanford trespassing case" Accessed May 9, 2013
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Washington Post "House Republicans had to bail on Mark Sanford. But they may get the last laugh." Accessed April 18, 2013
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Politico "Republicans pull plug on Mark Sanford" Accessed April 18, 2013
  20. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named issue
  21. 21.0 21.1 Roll Call "Mark Sanford Deserted by Entire GOP Cavalry" Accessed April 19, 2013
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 Island Packet "Sanford Debates Pelosi Cutout" Accessed April 25, 2013
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Daily Kos "Daily Kos Elections Morning Digest: Sanford publishes phone numbers of ordinary folks who called him" Accessed April 26, 2013
  24. Daily Kos "Mark Sanford Phone Number Email" Accessed April 26, 2013
  25. Slate.com "Mark Sanford Releases the Phone Numbers of People Who Called Him After He Gave Out His Number" Accessed April 26, 2013
  26. Washington Post "Scott's departure for Senate will trigger third special House election in 2013," December 17, 2012
  27. Politico "South Carolina Runoff" Accessed April 2, 2013
  28. South Carolina Republican Party Website "1st Congressional Special Election details set," accessed January 3, 2013
  29. Huffington Post "South Carolina Election Results 2013" Accessed May 7, 2013
  30. Roll Call "Sanford Likely Front-Runner in S.C. Special Election," January 3, 2013
  31. Salon.com "Ted Turner’s son vying in SC congressional primary," January 23, 2013
  32. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress "Davis, Medel Jackson, (1942-2007)," accessed January 28, 2013
  33. Washington Post "Ron Paul Endorses Mark Sanford" Accessed April 26, 2013
  34. 34.0 34.1 The Hill "Rand Paul endorses Mark Sanford" Accessed April 30, 2013
  35. Washington Post "Nikki Haley to appear at Mark Sanford fundraiser" Accessed April 30, 2013
  36. Island Packet "Sanford, Haley speak on phone following his win in GOP runoff" Accessed April 30, 2013
  37. Post and Courier "Tim Scott says Mark Sanford “merits support” in 1st District race" Accessed May 2, 2013
  38. 38.0 38.1 Washington Post "Tim Scott Endorses Mark Sanford" Accessed May 2, 2013
  39. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named endorsemp
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 Roll Call "South Carolina: Colbert Busch Targets Female Voters in First Spot Against Sanford" Accessed April 20, 2013
  41. Washington Post "Democratic super PAC hits Sanford as he goes after Colbert Busch" Accessed April 18, 2013
  42. Washington Post "Democratic super PAC hits Sanford as he goes after Colbert Busch" Accessed April 18, 2013
  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 43.3 National Journal "Mark Sanford Attacks Elizabeth Colbert Busch in First General Election Ad" Accessed April 18, 2013
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 44.4 44.5 Island Packet "Sanford ad attacks Colbert Busch for union support; union says Sanford making false claims" Accessed April 25, 2013
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 The House Majority PAC "New House Majority PAC Spot In SC-01 Features Local Republican Woman On Why She Can’t Trust Mark Sanford" Accessed April 30, 2013
  46. 46.0 46.1 46.2 46.3 46.4 Sunlight Foudnation "Mark Sanford Drops 3rd ad in Special Election" Accessed March 17, 2013
  47. 47.0 47.1 National Journal "Colbert Busch Releases Second TV Ad" Accessed March 17, 2013
  48. 48.0 48.1 Public Policy Polling "PPP release SC 3/26" Accessed March 27, 2013
  49. Public Policy Polling "PPP Press Release South Carolina Special Election 4/22" Accessed April 25, 2013
  50. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  51. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  52. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission "Sanford 2014 Summary reports," Accessed July 23, 2013
  54. FEC "July Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013
  55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 55.3 55.4 55.5 55.6 55.7 55.8 Washington Post "Koch brother donates to Mark Sanford" Accessed March 11, 2013
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 Washington Post "Mark Sanford asked ex-wife Jenny Sanford to run his latest campaign" Accessed March 11, 2013
  57. Follow the Money.org
  58. Open Secrets "Mark Sanford 1998 Election Cycle," accessed January 17, 2013
  59. OpenCongress, "Mark Sanford," Accessed August 6, 2013
  60. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  61. GovTrack, "Mark Sanford," Accessed June 18, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Tim Scott
U.S House of Representatives, South Carolina District 1
2013-present
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
Jim Hodges
Governor of South Carolina
2002 – 2010
Succeeded by
Nikki Haley
Preceded by
Arthur Ravenel
U.S. House of Representatives, South Carolina District 1
1995–2001
Succeeded by
Henry Brown