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Marriage and family on the ballot

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Marriage and family on the ballot refers to ballot measures regarding marriage, unmarried couples, adoption, alimony, and benefits.

Subtopics of business regulation categorized on Ballotpedia include: Subtopics include:

Ballot measures lists


Did not make ballot

  1. Arizona Civil Partnerships Measure (2010)
  2. Arizona Equal Marriage Amendment (2014)
  3. Arizona Marriage Amendment Repeal, SCR 1004 (2014)
  4. Arkansas Gay Foster Parents Initiative, 2010
  5. California Elimination of Domestic Partnerships Initiative (2008)
  6. California Limit on Marriage (2008)
  7. California No Divorces Amendment (2010)
  8. California Repeal of Proposition 8 (2012)
  9. California Right of Same-Sex Couples to Marry Initiative (2012)
  10. California Voter's Right to Protect Marriage Initiative v.6 (2008)
  11. Colorado Gay Marriage Amendment (2010)
  12. Colorado Marriage Education Act (2014)
  13. Colorado Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2012)
  14. Colorado Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2014)
  15. Florida Abolition of Alimony Obligations (2008)
  16. Florida Marriage Amendment (2012)
  17. Florida Right to Intimacy (2) (2012)
  18. Florida Right to have Intimate Privacy (2008)
  19. Florida Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2014)
  20. Illinois Protect Marriage Initiative (2006)
  21. Illinois Same-Sex Marriage Ban Amendment (2014)
  22. Indiana Marriage Amendment (2014)
  23. Indiana SJR-7 (2008)
  24. Iowa Marriage Amendment (2010)
  25. Michigan Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2014)
  26. Nebraska Repeal Same-Sex Marriage Ban Initiative (2012)
  27. New Hampshire Gay Marriage Question, (2010)
  28. New Hampshire Marriage Amendment (2012)
  29. New Hampshire Same-sex Marriage Question (2012)
  30. New Jersey Marriage Amendment, ACR 11 (2014)
  31. New Jersey Same-Sex Marriage Referendum (2012)
  32. New Mexico Marriage Amendment (2012)
  33. New Mexico Marriage Amendment (2014)
  34. North Dakota Shared Parenting Initiative (2008)
  35. Ohio Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2013)
  36. Ohio Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2014)
  37. Oregon Ballot Measure 303 (2008)
  38. Oregon Ballot Measure 304 (2008)
  39. Oregon Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2014)
  40. Oregon Same-Sex Marriage Referendum (2012)
  41. Pennsylvania Marriage Amendment (2014)
  42. Rhode Island Marriage Amendment (2012)
  43. West Virginia Marriage Amendment (2010)
  44. West Virginia Marriage Amendment (2012)
  45. West Virginia Marriage Amendment (2014)
  46. Wyoming Same-Sex Marriage Amendment (2012)


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Measures by topic
Measures by year
Measures by state

One man and one woman?

Many marriage-related ballot measures offer definitions of marriage as a union of one man and one woman. In defining marriage in that fashion, proponents are saying that when a man and a man, or a woman and a woman, enter into a committed relationship with each other, their arrangements with each other should not legally be considered a marriage. These ballot measures are sometimes collectively referred to as Defense of Marriage Amendments or "DOMAs".

Altogether, voters in 29 states have passed state constitutional amendments that ban same-sex marriage: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia and Wisconsin.

Hawaii voters approved a constitutional amendment empowering the legislature to outlaw same-sex marriage; that state's lawmakers then did so in 1998.

Voters in Arizona rejected an attempt to ban same-sex marriage in 2006, but voters later approved a narrower ban on same-sex marriage that did not affect civil unions or domestic partnerships.

In 2009 voters in Washington approved granting all the rights of marriage to registered domestic partners.

Not all marriage-related amendments and initiatives are about defining marriage; some of them relate to adoption, custody, divorce and other marriage-related issues.


In 2008, California Proposition 8 was approved, representing the first time that same-sex marriage was banned in a state where it was already legal. Other notable developments included the approval of the Arizona Marriage Protection Amendment, which banned same-sex marriage in Arizona after a broader proposed amendment failed in 2006.


In 2006, voters in nine states had the opportunity to weigh in on ballot measures about how to define marriage. Each of the nine measures in one way or another was an attempt to legislatively define marriage as between a man and a woman. The Arizona initiative lost, representing the first time that a marriage-related amendment has been defeated (although a narrower ban was approved in 2008).

Campaign finance

According to a report from the National Institute on Money in State Politics[1]

  • $18 million cumulatively was spent by political committees working for and against the nine proposals.
  • Opponents of the measures outspent advocates by about 3-1.
  • Only in Tennessee did supporters raise more money than opponents
  • The Arlington Group contributed $1.65 million through "member groups and affiliates".
  • Gay and lesbian rights groups contributed $5.64 million, mostly through the Gill Action Fund.
  • Tim Gill and his connections cumulatively contributed $5.28 million to defeat the measures.
  • Churches and their employees gave $234,344 to support the measures, versus $1.9 million in 2004.

See also

External links


  1. The Money Behind the 2006 Marriage Amendments from the National Institute on Money in State Politics, July 23, 2007 (PDF)