Marsha Blackburn

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Marsha Blackburn
Marsha Blackburn.jpg
U.S. House, Tennessee, District 7
Incumbent
In office
2003-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 11
PartyRepublican
PredecessorEd Bryant (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$7.71 in 2012
First electedNovember 5, 2003
Next primaryAugust 7, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$7,257,405
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Senator, Tennessee State Senate, District 23
1998-2002
Education
Bachelor'sMississippi State University, 1973
Personal
BirthdayJune 6, 1952
Place of birthLaurel, MS
Net worth$551,512
ReligionPresbyterian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website

Marsha Blackburn (b. June 6, 1952, in Laurel, Mississippi) is a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Tennessee, representing the 7th District. Blackburn was first elected in 2002. She won re-election in 2012. She is running for re-election in 2014.

Prior to her election to the U.S. House, Blackburn served in the Tennessee State Senate.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Blackburn is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.

Biography

Blackburn graduated from Mississippi State University with a bachelor's in home economics. She owns Marketing Strategies, a promotion event management firm.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Blackburn's academic, professional and political career:[1]

  • 1973: Graduated from Mississippi State University
  • 1998-2002: Served as a member of the Tennessee state senate
  • 2003-Present: U.S. Representative from Tennessee

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Blackburn serves on the following committees:[3]

2011-2012

  • Committee on Energy and Commerce
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Manufacturing and Trade
    • Subcommittee on Communications and Technology
    • Subcommittee on Health
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations (Energy and Commerce)

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[4] For more information pertaining to Blackburn's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[5]

National security

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Blackburn voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[6]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Blackburn voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[6]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "No" Blackburn voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[6]

CISPA (2013)

Neutral/Abstain Blackburn did not vote on HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[7] The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[6]

Economy

2014 Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[8] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[9][10] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[10] Blackburn voted with 62 other Republican representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[11][12] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[12] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[13] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Blackburn voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[11]

2013 Farm bill
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Voted "Yes" Blackburn supported the July 11, 2013 Farm Bill. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[14] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[15]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Blackburn voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[18]

Voted "No" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[19] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Blackburn voted against HR 2775.[20]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Blackburn supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[21] The vote largely followed party lines.[22]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Voted "Yes" Blackburn supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[23]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "Yes" Blackburn supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[24]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Blackburn voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[25]

Campaign themes

2012

According to Blackburn's site, her campaign themes included:

  • Energy: ."..strongly supports the underlying goals of our nation’s environmental laws like the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, and those that protect our National Parks and wildlife habitat."
  • Healthcare: ."..recognizes that health care reform is needed, but she also believes that it must be consumer centered."
  • Budget: ."..understands that the federal government must balance its budget and live within its means."[26]

Elections

2014

See also: Tennessee's 8th Congressional District elections, 2014

Blackburn is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent Tennessee's 8th District. Blackburn is seeking the Republican nomination in the primary. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Tennessee's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012

Blackburn won the election.[27] Blackburn ran for re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Tennessee's 7th District. Blackburn ran unopposed in the August 2, 2012 Republican primary. She faced Credo Amouzouvik (D), William Akin (I), Jack Arnold (I) and Lenny Ladner (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[28]

U.S. House, Tennessee District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Credo Amouzouvik 24% 61,679
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMarsha Blackburn Incumbent 71% 182,730
     Green Howard Switzer 1.8% 4,640
     Independent William Akin 1.1% 2,740
     Independent Jack Arnold 1.7% 4,256
     Independent Lenny Ladner 0.5% 1,261
Total Votes 257,306
Source: Tennessee Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Blackburn is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Blackburn raised a total of $7,257,405 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 2, 2013.[34]

Marsha Blackburn's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $1,779,731
2010 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $1,563,193
2008 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $1,246,326
2006 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $1,204,671
2004 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $833,160
2002 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $630,324
Grand Total Raised $7,257,405

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Blackburn's reports.[35]

Marsha Blackburn (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[36]April 15, 2013$1,220,155.61$245,555$(103,093.14)$132,617.47
July Quarterly[37]July 15, 2013$1,362,617.47$239,153.71$(142,632.56)$1,459,138.62
October Quarterly[38]October 15, 2013$1,470,682.35$368,937.77$(169,173.98)$1,670,446.14
Year-End[39]January 31, 2014$1,670,446$147,049$(156,448)$1,661,047
April Quarterly[40]April 15, 2014$1,661,047.53$264,911.08$(125,831.74)$1,800,126.87
Running totals
$1,265,606.56$(697,179.42)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Blackburn's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Blackburn won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that re-election cycle, Blackburn's campaign committee raised a total of $1,779,731 and spent $1,408,633.[41]

Cost per vote

Blackburn spent $7.71 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Blackburn won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Blackburn's campaign committee raised a total of $1,563,193 and spent $1,054,616.[42]

His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[43]

Blackburn most often votes with:

Blackburn least often votes with:

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Blackburn is a "far-right Republican leader," as of June 26, 2013.[44]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Blackburn missed 163 of 7,664 roll call votes from January 2003 to April 2013. This amounts to 2.1%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[45]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Blackburn paid her congressional staff a total of $974,092 in 2011. Overall, Tennessee ranks 39th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[46]

Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2012

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Blackburn's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $261,024 to $842,000. That averages to $551,512, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Blackburn ranked as the 259th most wealthy representative in 2012.[47]

Marsha Blackburn Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2005$461,272
2012$551,512
Growth from 2005 to 2012:20%
Average annual growth:3%[48]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[49]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Blackburn ranked 3rd in the conservative rankings in 2012.[50]

2011

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Blackburn was 1 of 5 members of congress who ranked 40th in the conservative rankings.[51]

Voting with party

2013

Marsha Blackburn voted with the Republican Party 95.3% of the time, which ranked 148th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[52]

Personal

Blackburn and her husband, Chuck, have two children and two grandchildren.[53]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Marsha + Blackburn + Tennessee + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Marsha Blackburn News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 House.gov, "Marsha Blackburn Biography," accessed May 2, 2013
  2. Mississippi State University, "Blackburn," accessed December 19, 2013
  3. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Blackburn's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 15, 2013
  7. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  8. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  9. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, With clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Vote Smart, "Blackburn on agriculture," accessed October 16, 2013
  15. New York Times, "House Republicans push through Farm Bill, without food stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Buzzfeed, "Government shutdown: How we got here," accessed October 1, 2013
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Blackburn's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Blackburn's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 16, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Blackburn on abortion," accessed October 16, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  26. Marsha Blackburn for Congress, "Issues," accessed October 9, 2012
  27. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Tennessee"
  28. Associated Press, "Tennessee - Summary Vote Results"
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Marsha Blackburn," accessed April 2, 2013
  35. Federal Election Commission, "Blackburn 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 24, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 29, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Blackburn Year-End," accessed February 5, 2014
  40. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 17, 2014
  41. Open Secrets, "Blackburn Campaign Contributions," accessed March 1, 2013
  42. Open Secrets, "Marsha Blackburn 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  43. OpenCongress, "Marsha Blackburn," accessed August 6, 2013
  44. GovTrack, "Marsha Blackburn," accessed June 26, 2013
  45. GovTrack, "Blackburn," accessed April 10, 2013
  46. LegiStorm, "Marsha Blackburn," accessed September 18, 2012
  47. OpenSecrets, "Blackburn, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  48. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  49. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  50. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  51. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  52. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  53. MarshaBlackburn.com, "About Marsha," accessed April 15, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Ed Bryant
U.S. House of Representatives - Tennessee District 7
2003–present
Succeeded by
-