Martha Roby

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Martha Roby
Martha Roby.jpg
U.S. House, Alabama, District 2
Incumbent
In office
2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorBobby Bright (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$2,289,274
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sNew York University, 1998
J.D.Samford University, 2001
Personal
BirthdayJuly 26, 1976
Place of birthMontgomery, AL
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$649,513
ReligionPresbyterian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Martha Roby (b. July 26, 1976, in Montgomery, Alabama) is a Republican member of the U.S. House representing Alabama's 2nd congressional district. Roby was first elected to the House in 2010.

Roby won re-election to the 2nd congressional district in 2012. She faced competition in the March 13 primary and defeated Democrat Terese Ford in the November 6 general election.[1]

Roby is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Roby is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Roby's academic, professional and political career:[2]

  • 1998: Graduated from New York University
  • 2001: Graduated from Samford University with a JD
  • 2003-2010: Practiced law in Montgomery
  • 2011-Present: U.S Representative from Alabama

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Roby serves on the following committees:[3]

  • Agriculture Committee
    • Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight and Nutrition
    • Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management
    • Subcommittee on Conservation, Energy, and Forestry
  • Armed Services Committee
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Chair
    • Subcommittee on Tactical Air and Land Forces
  • Education and the Workforce Committee
    • Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor and Pensions
    • Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education

2011-2012

Roby served on the following committees:

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[4] For more information pertaining to Roby's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[5]

National security

National Defense Authorization Act

Voted "Yes" Roby voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[6]

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Roby voted for HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[7]

Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act

Voted "Yes" Roby voted for HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[8]

Economy

Federal Statutory Pay Adjustment Elimination

Voted "Yes" Roby voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[9]

Immigration

Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Roby voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[10] The vote largely followed party lines.[11]

Healthcare

Health Care Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Roby voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[12]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "Yes" Roby voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[13]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Roby voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[14]

Targeted by Club for Growth Action

In February 2013, the Club for Growth Action, a fiscally conservative Super PAC, launched a website called "www.PrimaryMyCongressman.com." According to the Club for Growth Action, "the purpose of the website is to raise awareness of Republicans In Name Only (RINOs) who are currently serving in safe Republican seats....The website will offer Club members and the general public the opportunity to recommend primary opponents to the incumbents highlighted by Club for Growth Action, as well as to recommend primary challengers for any Republican member of Congress. Club for Growth Action will rotate liberal Republicans through the website to highlight their failed records on limiting government." Roby was one of the first nine incumbent Republicans to be targeted by the site, which gave her a lifetime Club for Growth rating of 69%.[15][16]

Elections

2014

See also: Alabama's 2nd congressional district elections, 2014

Roby is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If she runs, she will seek the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 3, 2013. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Alabama, 2012

Roby won re-election to the 2nd congressional district in 2012. She was unopposed in the March 13 primary. She defeated Democrat Terese Ford in the November 6 general election.[17]

U.S. House, Alabama District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Therese Ford 36.3% 103,092
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMartha Roby Incumbent 63.6% 180,591
     Write-In N/A 0.1% 270
Total Votes 283,953
Source: Alabama Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Roby is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Roby raised a total of $2,289,274 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 21, 2013.[19]

Martha Roby's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Alabama, District 2) Won $1,035,717
2010 US House (Alabama, District 2) Won $1,253,557
Grand Total Raised $2,289,274

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Roby's reports.[20]

Martha Roby (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[21]April 15, 2013$186,496.35$168,078.25$(71,959.58)$282,615.02
July Quarterly[22]July 15, 2013$282,615.02$125,077.02$(58,258.25)$349,433.79
Running totals
$293,155.27$(130,217.83)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Roby's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Roby won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Roby's campaign committee raised a total of $1,035,717 and spent $862,502.[23] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[24]

Cost per vote

Roby spent $4.78 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Roby's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Roby won election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Roby's campaign committee raised a total of $1,253,557 and spent $1,240,276.[25]

Her top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Roby is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of June 2013.[26]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[27]

Roby most often votes with:

Roby least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Roby missed 12 of 1,695 roll call votes from January 2011 to March 2013. This amounts to 0.7%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[28]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Roby paid her congressional staff a total of $917,114 in 2011. She ranked 129th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 159th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Alabama ranked 22nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[29]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Roby's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $277,027 and $1,022,000. That averages to $649,513, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2011 of $7,859,232. Her average net worth increased by 34.61% from 2010.[30]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Bonner's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $169,023 and $795,999. That averages to $482,511, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2010 of $7,561,133.[31]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Roby ranked 123rd in the conservative rankings in 2012.[32]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Roby ranked 68th in the conservative rankings.[33]

Voting with party

2013

Roby voted with the Republican Party 97.6% of the time, which ranked 72nd among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[34]

Personal

Roby and her husband, Riley, have two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Martha + Roby + Alabama + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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External links


References

  1. ABC News "General Election Results"
  2. Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Martha Roby," Accessed October 28, 2011
  3. U.S. Representative Martha Roby - Alabama's 2nd District, "Press release: Rep. Martha Roby sworn into office as 113th Congress begins," January 3, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  6. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  7. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  12. Project Votesmart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  13. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  14. U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  15. Idaho Statesman, "Club for Growth targets Idaho Rep. Simpson for defeat in 2014," February 27, 2013
  16. The New York Times, "Club for Growth Leads Conservative Charge, Sometimes at Republicans," March 13, 2013
  17. ABC News "General Election Results"
  18. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  19. Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Martha Roby," Accessed March 21, 2013
  20. Federal Election Commission "Martha Roby Summary Report," Accessed July 22, 2013
  21. 'Federal Election Commission "Martha Roby April Quarterly," Accessed July 22, 2013
  22. 'Federal Election Commission "Martha Roby July Quarterly," Accessed July 22, 2013
  23. Open Secrets "Martha Roby 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 19, 2013
  24. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
  25. Open Secrets "Martha Roby 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed October 28 2011
  26. Gov Track "Martha Roby," Accessed June 7 2013
  27. OpenCongress, "Martha Roby," Accessed July 30, 2013
  28. GovTrack, "Martha Roby," Accessed April 2, 2013
  29. LegiStorm "Martha Roby"
  30. OpenSecrets.org, "Roby, (R-Alabama), 2011"
  31. OpenSecrets.org, "Roby, (R-Alabama), 2010"
  32. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  33. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  34. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Bobby Bright
U.S. House - Alabama District 2
2011-Present
Succeeded by
-