Martin D. Baker
was a 2012 Republican
candidate seeking election to the U.S. House
representing the 1st Congressional District
. Baker was defeated by Robyn Hamlin
in the Republican primary on August 7, 2012.
Baker was born and raised in southeastern Missouri, where he graduated from Sikeston High School. He studied at the University of Missouri at Columbia, where he became involved in student government. He has worked as a consultant and recruiter for various political campaigns, most recently in his role as founder of MoveOnUp.org, an African-American conservative organization. 
- See also: Missouri's 1st congressional district elections, 2012
Baker was running in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Missouri's 1st District. He was defeated by Robyn Hamlin in the Republican primary on August 7, 2012.
On his campaign website, Baker lists thirteen issues. They are:
- Baker proposes a replacement of the progressive tax with either a flat tax or a national sales tax. He also suggests tax break aimed at small businesses and their investors.
- On his website, Baker says, "The product of education is people, not statistics, nor perceived profitability. We should do all that is needed to insure that our teaches have what they need to make improvements in failing programs and to prepare students for their future advancement. Any new aid should be based on instructional needs. We must abandon this cookie-cutter one-size-fit-all approach in education because no two school districts are alike in our nation, and cannot be expected to act as such."
- On his website, Baker says, "Our values rest within the sanctity of sound marriages, preservation of life (which begins at conception), strong families and community fellowship. As globalization and "equality correctness" are paraded around the nation, a perception that the American culture must include an awareness of equality towards social choices has arisen. This also must not stand. Strengthening the values found in our homes, and our churches, and in our communities must be our ambition."
- Support of our Armed Forces
- On his website, Baker says, "No country or faction should ever doubt that America is the greatest nation on Earth and will defend itself and its allies with the most disciplined and competent military force in the world. We must also realize that our greatest military assets are the men and women who put on the uniform daily. Our sailors, soldiers, airmen, and marines face danger on a daily basis in defense of the freedoms we enjoy and for that they deserve our love and support without question."
- On his website, Baker says, "We have cured diseases, alleviated pain, and researched long-term health solutions. We have done so even as the costs have increased and the Federal Government has decided to step in and assert itself. However, it is not the role of the Government to provide or socialize healthcare. We need to allow medical professionals, not the legislators or judges, to manage hospitals and clinics. We also need to allow individual states to have the right to opt out of any nationalized attemps to have a uniform healthcare policy."
- On his website, Baker says, "Our Creator blesses America because we are the most charitable nation in the world and our compassion has never been matched. However, taxpayer revenue is not the world's Charity slush fund. We must also not fall prey to following the crowd through World Courts or even, in some cases, a flawed United Nations. America must be prepared to stand alone if need be to protect itself and its interests."
- On his website, Baker says, "A sound national energy policy should chart a course toward maximizing the use of technologies that have proved that they can provide clean, reliable and competitively priced electricity that improves our environment and powers our economic growth. Given the industry's record-high levels of safety and performance, nuclear energy passes these tests with flying colors."
- On his website, Baker says, "In 1965, the number of illegal immigrants apprehended by the Border Patrol coming across the border was 110,000. Now that number is more than one million every year. In recent years most of the apprehensions by the Border Patrol was along the U.S./Mexico border fence. However, the number understates the amount of illegal entries. For our security and safety, it is imperative we secure our national borders and prosecute those who violate immigration laws. Amnesty for those breaking our immigration laws is not the answer."
- On his website, Baker says, "For all those before us who gave their all to see its enactment, and the millions that have given their all to defend it, yes it does. Our Constitution is the most important document in the world and may prove to be the greatest document in history. As such, we must demand all public servants, elected and appointed, uphold the Constitution and justify their public acts under its rules."
- Judges and Judicial Review
- On his website, Baker says, "We must limit the judicial review power of the Supreme Court by establishing a legislative veto over court decisions not dissimilar to congressional override authority of a Presidential Veto."
- Cap and Trade / Environmental Policies
- On his website, Baker says, "We do need to consider the environment in ventures and will full efforts, but we must also do it sensibly. Radical policies which handicap businesses already in existence or their future expansion do nothing to advance either job growth or environmental responsibility."
- On his website, Baker says, "Federal agencies must be required to audit productivity, identify departmental waste, and eliminate unnecessary expenditures. We must increase our efforts to limit federal spending each year until we can develop a mandated system of operating at less than 20% of the Gross Domestic Product."
- States' Authority and Sovereignty
- On his website, Baker says, "At its inception, the central government (Federal) respected the rights of its individual bodies (States). We must follow the framework given to us in Amendment 10 of the U.S. Constitution and Article 1, Sections 1,3,&4 of the Missouri State Constitution."