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}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Massachusetts Senate''' is the [[upper house]] in the [[Massachusetts General Court|Massachusetts Legislature]]. On average, each Senatorial district serves 158,727 inhabitants. There are 40 members of the Massachusetts Senate. As of 20010, 35 are [[Democrat]]s and five are [[Republican]]s. Each Senator represents a different district which is identified by number. Senators serve [[Length of terms of state senators|two-year terms]], according to [[Articles LXI-LXX, Amendments to the Massachusetts Constitution#Articles LXI-LXX, Amendments to the Massachusetts Constitution|Article LXIV]] of the [[Massachusetts Constitution]], and without [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]]. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators| 163,691 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/pdf/apport2010_table4.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators| 158,727 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref> The most recent election was held on November 4, 2008.
 
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Massachusetts Senate''' is the [[upper house]] in the [[Massachusetts General Court|Massachusetts Legislature]]. On average, each Senatorial district serves 158,727 inhabitants. There are 40 members of the Massachusetts Senate. As of 20010, 35 are [[Democrat]]s and five are [[Republican]]s. Each Senator represents a different district which is identified by number. Senators serve [[Length of terms of state senators|two-year terms]], according to [[Articles LXI-LXX, Amendments to the Massachusetts Constitution#Articles LXI-LXX, Amendments to the Massachusetts Constitution|Article LXIV]] of the [[Massachusetts Constitution]], and without [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]]. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators| 163,691 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/pdf/apport2010_table4.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators| 158,727 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref> The most recent election was held on November 4, 2008.
  
As of December 2012, [[Massachusetts]] is one of 12 Democratic [[state government trifectas]].
+
As of May 2013, [[Massachusetts]] is one of 12 Democratic [[state government trifectas]].
 
==Sessions==
 
==Sessions==
 
The [[Massachusetts Constitution]] contains provisions regarding when the [[Massachusetts General Court]], which the Senate is a part of, is to meet.  This subject has been the focus of several amendments to the Constitution.  Originally, [[Chapter 1, Massachusetts Constitution| Chapter 1 of the Massachusetts Constitution]] called for the General Court to convene on the last Wednesday of May.  Then, [[Articles I-X, Amendments to the Massachusetts Constitution | Amending Article X]] called for legislative sessions to convene yearly on the first Wednesday of January.  Later, [[Articles LXXI-LXXX, Amendments to the Massachusetts Constitution | Amending Article LXXII]] called for the General Court to meet once every two years, but [[Articles LXXI-LXXX, Amendments to the Massachusetts Constitution | Amending Article LXXV]] repealed that amendment.  Therefore, the rules that currently govern when the General Court is to meet are in Amending Article X.
 
The [[Massachusetts Constitution]] contains provisions regarding when the [[Massachusetts General Court]], which the Senate is a part of, is to meet.  This subject has been the focus of several amendments to the Constitution.  Originally, [[Chapter 1, Massachusetts Constitution| Chapter 1 of the Massachusetts Constitution]] called for the General Court to convene on the last Wednesday of May.  Then, [[Articles I-X, Amendments to the Massachusetts Constitution | Amending Article X]] called for legislative sessions to convene yearly on the first Wednesday of January.  Later, [[Articles LXXI-LXXX, Amendments to the Massachusetts Constitution | Amending Article LXXII]] called for the General Court to meet once every two years, but [[Articles LXXI-LXXX, Amendments to the Massachusetts Constitution | Amending Article LXXV]] repealed that amendment.  Therefore, the rules that currently govern when the General Court is to meet are in Amending Article X.

Revision as of 07:29, 13 May 2013

Massachusetts State Senate

Seal of Massachusetts.png
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 2, 2013
Website:   Official Senate Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Therese Murray, (D)
Majority Leader:   Frederick Berry, (D)
Minority leader:   Bruce Tarr, (R)
Structure
Members:  40
   Democratic Party (36)
Republican Party (4)
Vacant (1)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Ch 1, Massachusetts Constitution
Salary:   $61,133/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (40 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (40 seats)
Redistricting:  Massachusetts legislature has control
The Massachusetts Senate is the upper house in the Massachusetts Legislature. On average, each Senatorial district serves 158,727 inhabitants. There are 40 members of the Massachusetts Senate. As of 20010, 35 are Democrats and five are Republicans. Each Senator represents a different district which is identified by number. Senators serve two-year terms, according to Article LXIV of the Massachusetts Constitution, and without term limits. Each member represents an average of 163,691 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 158,727 residents.[2] The most recent election was held on November 4, 2008.

As of May 2013, Massachusetts is one of 12 Democratic state government trifectas.

Sessions

The Massachusetts Constitution contains provisions regarding when the Massachusetts General Court, which the Senate is a part of, is to meet. This subject has been the focus of several amendments to the Constitution. Originally, Chapter 1 of the Massachusetts Constitution called for the General Court to convene on the last Wednesday of May. Then, Amending Article X called for legislative sessions to convene yearly on the first Wednesday of January. Later, Amending Article LXXII called for the General Court to meet once every two years, but Amending Article LXXV repealed that amendment. Therefore, the rules that currently govern when the General Court is to meet are in Amending Article X.

Article X calls for the General Court to convene its regular session on the first Wednesday of January. The session does not dissolve until a new regular session convenes in the next year. Article X specifies that it does not prevent the General Court from meeting at any time that it judges necessary.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the General Court will be in session from January 2 to a date to be determined.

Major issues

As lawmakers settle in for the legislature's 188th session, they'll address revenue shortfalls, transportation financing, gun control, and health care costs.[3]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Senate was in session formally from January 4 through July 31.

Major issues

Leading the agenda was a crackdown on abuses at special education collaboratives in the state. Other issues included controlling health costs and a sentencing bill that would bar parole for prisoners convicted of more than two violent crimes.[4]

Attendance

In August 2012, a list was released by the Beacon Hill Roll Call stating that through 179 votes in 2012, a total of 13 members had perfect attendance.

2011

In 2011, the Senate was in session from January 5 through a date not yet decided by the Legislature. [5]

2010

In 2010, the Senate convened its session on January 6th, and it remained in session throughout the 2010. [6]

Elections

2012

See also: Massachusetts State Senate elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Massachusetts State Senate were held in Massachusetts on November 6, 2012. A total of 40 seats were up for election. The signature filing deadline was May 29, 2012 and the primary date is set for September 18, 2012.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Massachusetts State Senate elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Massachusetts State Senate were held in Massachusetts on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 4, 2010 for partisans, and August 3 for Independents. The primary election day was on September 14, 2010.

In 2010, the candidates running for state senate raised a total of $8,982,549 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [7]

Qualifications

Article LXXI of the Massachusetts Constitution states: Every representative, for one year at least immediately preceding his election, shall have been an inhabitant of the district for which he is chosen and shall cease to represent such district when he shall cease to be an inhabitant of the commonwealth.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures

If there is a vacancy in the Senate, a special election must be conducted to fill the vacant seat. The election must be held on the next regularly scheduled date on the election calendar[8]. Local governments who conduct special elections receive reimbursement from the State Treasurer's office for all costs incurred[9].

Redistricting

In Massachusetts, the state legislature has control over the redistricting process. In 2011, the state legislature adopted a Special Joint Committee on Redistricting, which includes seven senators and 21 representatives. The partisan composition was 23 Democrats and 5 Republicans.[10]

2010

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Massachusetts experienced a 3.1 percent increase in population between 2000 and 2010. Specifically, the population rose from approximately 6.35 million to 6.55 million. However, the nation as a whole saw a population increase of 9.7 percent, a much faster rate than Massachusetts, and Massachusetts lost a Congressional seat as a result of the relatively slow growth.[11][12][13]

The Special Joint Committee on Redistricting was generally recognized as a relatively open process compared to past redistricting efforts.[14] Some towns petitioned for having one representative, rather than being split between two state legislative districts.[15] Other citizen groups expressed strong interests in having more minority-majority districts.[16][17] In October 2011, the Committee produced and approved a map that increased the number of minority-majority districts in the state senate from two to three, and split the town of Winchester into two senate districts.[18][19]

Senators

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Massachusetts General Court are paid $61,133/year. Legislators receive between $10/day to $100/day per diem, depending on distance from the state house. Compensation is vouchered and set by the legislature.[20]

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 36
     Republican Party 4
Total 40


Leadership

The Senate elects its President, who then appoints majority floor leaders and whips. The minority party elects its leaders in a party caucus.[21][22]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Massachusetts State Senate
Office Representative Party
President of the Senate Therese Murray Electiondot.png Democratic
President Pro Tempore Stanley Rosenberg Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Majority Leader Frederick Berry Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Assistant Majority Leader Joan Menard Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Majority Whip Marian Walsh Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Assistant Majority Whip Steven Tolman Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Minority Leader Bruce Tarr Ends.png Republican
State Senate Assistant Minority Leader Robert Hedlund Ends.png Republican
State Senate Minority Whip Richard Ross Ends.png Republican
State Senate Assistant Minority Whip Vacant Ends.png Republican

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Massachusetts legislators assume office the first Wednesday in January after the election.

List of current members


Massachusetts Senate takes action on a bill
District Representative Party Residence Counties in district First elected
1 Benjamin Downing Electiondot.png Democratic Pittsfield Berkshire, Hampshire and Franklin 2006
2 James Timility Electiondot.png Democratic Walpole Bristol and Norfolk 2004
3 Michael Rodrigues Electiondot.png Democratic 1st Bristol and Plymouth 2010
4 Mark Montigny Electiondot.png Democratic New Bedford 2nd Bristol and Plymouth 1992
5 Daniel Wolf Electiondot.png Democratic Cape and Islands 2010
6 Kathleen A. O'Connor Ives Electiondot.png Democratic 1st Essex 2012
7 Joan B. Lovely Electiondot.png Democratic Peabody 2nd Essex 2012
8 Thomas McGee Electiondot.png Democratic Lynn 3rd Essex May 2002
9 Bruce Tarr Ends.png Republican Gloucester 1st Essex and Middlesex 1994
10 Barry Finegold Electiondot.png Democratic 2nd Essex and Middlesex 2010
11 James Welch Electiondot.png Democratic Hampden 2010
12 Gale D. Candaras Electiondot.png Democratic Wilbraham 1st Hampden and Hampshire 2006
13 Michael Knapik Ends.png Republican Westfield 2nd Hampden and Hampshire 1994
14 Stanley Rosenberg Electiondot.png Democratic Amherst Hampshire and Franklin Feb. 1991
15 Eileen Donoghue Electiondot.png Democratic 1st Middlesex 2010
16 Patricia D. Jehlen Electiondot.png Democratic Somerville 2nd Middlesex Sep. 2005
17 Mike Barrett Electiondot.png Democratic Lincoln 3rd Middlesex 2012
18 Kenneth Donnelly Electiondot.png Democratic Arlington 4th Middlesex Dec. 2007
19 Katherine Clark Electiondot.png Democratic 5th Middlesex 2010
20 Cynthia Stone Creem Electiondot.png Democratic Newton 1st Middlesex and Norfolk 1998
21 Karen Spilka Electiondot.png Democratic Ashland 2nd Middlesex and Norfolk 2004
22 Sal DiDomenico Electiondot.png Democratic Cambridge Middlesex and Suffolk 2007
23 James Eldridge Electiondot.png Democratic Ashland Middlesex and Worcester 2008
24 Richard Ross Ends.png Republican Norfolk, Bristol and Middlesex May 2010
25 Brian Joyce Electiondot.png Democratic Milton Norfolk, Bristol and Plymouth Jan. 1998
26 John Keenan Electiondot.png Democratic Norfolk and Plymouth 2010
27 Michael Rush Electiondot.png Democratic Boston Norfolk and Suffolk 1992
28 Therese Murray Electiondot.png Democratic Plymouth Plymouth and Barnstable 1992
29 Marc Pacheco Electiondot.png Democratic Taunton 1st Plymouth and Bristol 1992
30 Thomas Kennedy Electiondot.png Democratic Brockton 2nd Plymouth and Bristol 2008
31 Robert Hedlund Ends.png Republican Weymouth Plymouth and Norfolk 1994 (1990)
32 Vacant 1st Suffolk
33 Sonia Chang-Diaz Electiondot.png Democratic Boston 2nd Suffolk 2008
34 Anthony Petruccelli Electiondot.png Democratic Boston 1st Suffolk and Middlesex 2007
35 William Brownsberger Electiondot.png Democratic Boston 2nd Suffolk and Middlesex 1998
36 Harriette Chandler Electiondot.png Democratic Worcester 1st Worcester 2000
37 Michael Moore Electiondot.png Democratic Worcester 2nd Worcester 2004
38 Stephen Brewer Electiondot.png Democratic Barre Worcester, Hampden, Hampshire and Franklin 1996
39 Jennifer Flanagan Electiondot.png Democratic Leominster Worcester and Middlesex 2008
40 Richard T. Moore Electiondot.png Democratic Uxbridge Worcester and Norfolk Apr. 1996

Standing Senate Committees

The Massachusetts Senate has seven standing committees:

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states
  3. Boston.com, "Mass. formally opens legislative session," January 2, 2013
  4. Washington Examiner, "Mass. lawmakers to weigh bill on special ed groups," January 4, 2012
  5. General Court Events
  6. 2010 session dates for the Massachusetts legislature
  7. Follow the Money: "Massachusetts Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  8. Massachusetts General Court "Massachusetts Election Law"(Referenced Section Chapter 50, Section 6A)
  9. Massachusetts General Court "Massachusetts Election Law"(Referenced Section Chapter 3: Section 10A)
  10. Beacon Hill Roll Call "Senate approves redistricting commission," February 11, 2011
  11. U.S. Census Bureau, "2010 Census: Massachusetts Profile," 2011
  12. Belmont Citizen-Herald "Census preparing to deliver redistricting data to states," January 13, 2011
  13. Boston Globe "Census begins fight on districts," March 23, 2011
  14. Boston Herald "Lawmakers launch Mass. redistricting process," March 16, 2011
  15. Wicked Local Randolph "Officials push for only one state rep for Randolph," January 27, 2011
  16. Eagle Tribune "Proposal would create Latino-heavy legislative districts — and make targets out of Baddour and Finegold," June 26, 2011
  17. Boston Globe "Advocates seek boost in Mass. minority voter clout," October 5, 2011
  18. Mass Live "Massachusetts legislators release maps of proposed new seats for state Senate, House," October 18, 2011
  19. Wicked Local Winchester "Redrawn legislative map makes Lexington one House district," October 19, 2011
  20. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  21. Secretary of the Commonwealth, "Massachusetts Facts - Part One:Concise Facts, " retrieved July 2, 2010
  22. Leadership of the 186th General Court