Difference between revisions of "Maxine Waters"

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|Per diem =  
 
|Per diem =  
 
|Pension =  
 
|Pension =  
|Last election = [[California's 43rd congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
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|Last election = [[California's 43rd Congressional District elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
 +
|Cost per vote 2012 = $5.01
 
|Appointed =  
 
|Appointed =  
 
|Appointed by =  
 
|Appointed by =  
 
|First elected = November 6, 1990
 
|First elected = November 6, 1990
 
|Term limits = N/A
 
|Term limits = N/A
|Next election = [[California's 43rd congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
+
|Next primary = June 3, 2014
 +
|Next election = [[California's 43rd Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 
|Campaign $ = 3,880,940
 
|Campaign $ = 3,880,940
 
|Prior office = California State Assembly
 
|Prior office = California State Assembly
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|Birthday = August 15, 1938
 
|Birthday = August 15, 1938
 
|Place of birth = Saint Louis, MO
 
|Place of birth = Saint Louis, MO
|Net worth = $972,007
+
|Net worth = $964,007
 
|Profession =  
 
|Profession =  
 
|Religion = Christian
 
|Religion = Christian
 
|Personal website =  
 
|Personal website =  
}}{{tnr}}'''Maxine Waters''' (b. August 15, 1938 in Saint Louis, MO) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[U.S. House]] representing [[California]]'s [[California's 43rd congressional district|43rd congressional district]].  Waters was first elected to the House in 1990.  
+
}}{{tnr}}'''Maxine Waters''' (b. August 15, 1938, in Saint Louis, Missouri) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[U.S. House]] representing [[California]]'s [[California's 43rd Congressional District|43rd Congressional District]].  Waters was first elected to the House in 1990.  
  
Waters most recently won re-election<ref name="cnnr">[http://www.cnn.com/election/2012/results/state/CA/house ''CNN'' "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center"]</ref> in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2012|California's]] [[California's 43rd congressional district elections, 2012|43rd District]]. She defeated [[Bob Flores]] (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.  She was displaced from her former district, [[California's 35th congressional district elections, 2012|the 35th]] by redistricting.<ref>[http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/california-politics/2011/09/candidates-jockey-for-advantage-in-redistricting-spawn-scramble-for-new-seats.html "Congressional candidates jockey in redistricting-spawned scramble", ''latimes.com'', September 6, 2011]</ref>
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Waters most recently won re-election<ref name="cnnr">[http://www.cnn.com/election/2012/results/state/CA/house ''CNN'' "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center"]</ref> in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2012|California's]] [[California's 43rd Congressional District elections, 2012|43rd District]]. She defeated [[Bob Flores]] (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.  She was displaced from her former district, [[California's 35th Congressional District elections, 2012|the 35th]], by redistricting.<ref>[http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/california-politics/2011/09/candidates-jockey-for-advantage-in-redistricting-spawn-scramble-for-new-seats.html "Congressional candidates jockey in redistricting-spawned scramble", ''latimes.com'', September 6, 2011]</ref>
  
Waters began her career in the [[California State Assembly]], where she served from 1977 to 1991.
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Waters began her political career in the [[California State Assembly]], where she served from 1977 to 1991.
 +
 
 +
Waters is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014.
  
 
{{Introanalysis
 
{{Introanalysis
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==Career==
 
==Career==
Below is an abbreviated outline of Waters's academic, professional and political career:<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=w000187 ''Biographical Director of the United States Congress'' "Maxine Waters," Accessed November 12, 2011]</ref>
+
Below is an abbreviated outline of Waters' academic, professional and political career:<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=w000187 ''Biographical Director of the United States Congress'' "Maxine Waters," Accessed November 12, 2011]</ref>
  
 
*1970: Graduated from California State University, Los Angeles with B.A.
 
*1970: Graduated from California State University, Los Angeles with B.A.
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==Issues==
 
==Issues==
===Specific votes===
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===Legislative actions===
====Fiscal Cliff====
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====113th Congress====
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[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 +
{{113thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Waters
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|Passed=22
 +
|Total=4315
 +
|Date=August 1, 2013
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|Sen=
 +
|SenTotal=
 +
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record,'' "Resume of Congressional Activity," August 1, 2013]</ref>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
====National security====
 +
=====NDAA=====
 +
{{Support vote}} Waters voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45512#.UjdO8j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
=====DHS Appropriations=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}} Waters voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44545#.UjdO9j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
=====CISPA (2013)=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}} Waters voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43791#.UjdO-j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Economy====
 +
=====Government shutdown=====
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:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
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{{oppose vote}}
 +
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Waters voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
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 +
{{support vote}} The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Waters voted for HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
=====Federal Pay Adjustment Act=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}} Waters voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42596#.UjdQCD9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Immigration====
 +
=====Morton Memos Prohibition=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}} Waters voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress,'' "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44693#.UjdQYz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Healthcare====
 +
=====Health Care Reform Rules=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}} Waters voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45799#.UjdQtz9-q1c ''Project Votesmart,'' "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Social issues====
 +
=====Abortion=====
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{{Oppose vote}} Waters voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45098#.UjdRJz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Previous congressional sessions====
 +
=====Fiscal Cliff=====
 
{{Support vote}}
 
{{Support vote}}
Waters voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  She was one of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
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Waters voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Controversy===
 +
====Ethics charges====
 +
In 2010, The Office of Congressional Ethics charged Waters with improper requests for a meeting with Treasury officials for OneUnited Bank. Waters' husband owns stock in the bank and served as a director until a few months before Waters requested those meetings. OneUnited got an infusion of TARP money, which prevented Waters' husband's approximately $200,000 in bank stock from becoming worthless.
 +
 
 +
On June 6, 2012, the House Ethics Committee announced they would go ahead with the investigation, which had been delayed due to charges by Waters that lawyers for the committee were biased and violated House rules. In July 2011, Billy Martin, a former Justice Department prosecutor, was brought in to act as outside counsel. His inquiry corroborated some of Waters' allegations, but concluded that a fair hearing was not denied.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/07/us/politics/maxine-waters-ethics-case-will-resume.html?_r=2&hp ''New York Times,'' "Ethics Case Against Congresswoman to Resume," June 6, 2012]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Daughter's fictitious business====
 +
Federal campaign records showed that Congresswoman Waters’ campaign committees paid more than $350,000 in management fees to an entity known as "Progressive Connections" since 2005. The campaign committees claimed to owe another $82,000 in management fees to Progressive Connections.  Progressive Connections doesn’t aggressively advertise and records showed it to be the fictitious business name used by Maxine Waters’ daughter, Karen Waters.
 +
 
 +
Rep. Waters operated a slate mail business that benefits her daughter in each election cycle.  Waters released a voter guide featuring her picture and a list of candidates she endorsed and ballot measures she supported. Candidates and ballot measure committees paid to be listed on the guide. Karen Waters ran the operation through a state committee called L.A. Vote until the 2004 election.<ref>[http://www.calwatchdog.com/2010/08/26/waters-unseemly-slatemail-game/ "Waters’ ‘unseemly’ slatemail game," By Bradley Benbrook, ''CalWatchdog'', August 26, 2010]</ref>
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
  
:: ''See also: [[California's 43rd congressional district elections, 2014]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[California's 43rd Congressional District elections, 2014]]''
  
 
Waters is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If she runs, she will compete in the [[blanket primary]] on June 3, 2013. {{Nov2014genelection}}
 
Waters is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If she runs, she will compete in the [[blanket primary]] on June 3, 2013. {{Nov2014genelection}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
:: ''See also: [[California's 43rd congressional district elections, 2012]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[California's 43rd Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
  
Waters won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2012|California's]] [[California's 43rd congressional district elections, 2012|43rd District]] as a Democrat.<ref name="cnnr"/> She was displaced from her former district, [[California's 35th congressional district elections, 2012|the 35th]] by redistricting.  She and [[Bob Flores]] (D) advanced past the June 5, 2012, [[blanket primary]].  Waters went on to defeat Flores in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/2012-elections/june-primary/pdf/june-2012-candidates-list.pdf California Secretary of State, Official candidate list]</ref><ref>[http://vote.sos.ca.gov/returns/us-congress/district/all/ Unofficial election results]</ref>
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Waters won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2012|California's]] [[California's 43rd Congressional District elections, 2012|43rd District]] as a Democrat.<ref name="cnnr"/> She was displaced from her former district, [[California's 35th Congressional District elections, 2012|the 35th]], by redistricting.  She and [[Bob Flores]] (D) advanced past the [[blanket primary]] on June 5, 2012.  Waters went on to defeat Flores in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/2012-elections/june-primary/pdf/june-2012-candidates-list.pdf California Secretary of State, Official candidate list]</ref><ref>[http://vote.sos.ca.gov/returns/us-congress/district/all/ Unofficial election results]</ref>
  
 
{{Cadis43genelecbox12}}
 
{{Cadis43genelecbox12}}
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|totalraised2012=729887
 
|totalraised2012=729887
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=US House (California, [[California's 43rd congressional district{{!}}District 43]])
+
|office2012=US House (California, [[California's 43rd Congressional District{{!}}District 43]])
 
|totalraised2010=694021
 
|totalraised2010=694021
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=US House (California, [[California's 35th congressional district{{!}}District 35]])
+
|office2010=US House (California, [[California's 35th Congressional District{{!}}District 35]])
 
|totalraised2008=781102
 
|totalraised2008=781102
 
|result2008=Won
 
|result2008=Won
|office2008=US House (California, [[California's 35th congressional district{{!}}District 35]])
+
|office2008=US House (California, [[California's 35th Congressional District{{!}}District 35]])
 
|totalraised2006=793431
 
|totalraised2006=793431
 
|result2006=Won
 
|result2006=Won
|office2006=US House (California, [[California's 35th congressional district{{!}}District 35]])
+
|office2006=US House (California, [[California's 35th Congressional District{{!}}District 35]])
 
|totalraised2004=390923
 
|totalraised2004=390923
 
|result2004=Won
 
|result2004=Won
|office2004=US House (California, [[California's 35th congressional district{{!}}District 35]])
+
|office2004=US House (California, [[California's 35th Congressional District{{!}}District 35]])
 
|totalraised2002=240320
 
|totalraised2002=240320
 
|result2002=Won
 
|result2002=Won
|office2002=US House (California, [[California's 35th congressional district{{!}}District 35]])
+
|office2002=US House (California, [[California's 35th Congressional District{{!}}District 35]])
 
|totalraised2000=251256
 
|totalraised2000=251256
 
|result2000=Won
 
|result2000=Won
|office2000=US House (California, [[California's 35th congressional district{{!}}District 35]])
+
|office2000=US House (California, [[California's 35th Congressional District{{!}}District 35]])
 
}}
 
}}
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are Waters's reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/cancomsrs/?_12+H4CA23011 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Maxine Waters Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>  
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Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are Waters' reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/cancomsrs/?_12+H4CA23011 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Maxine Waters Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>  
  
{{Campaign finance reports
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{{Maxine Waters 2014 FEC}}
|Collapse=
+
|Name = Maxine Waters (2014)
+
|Political Party = Democratic
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|Report 1 = April Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/178/13964089178/13964089178.pdf#navpanes=0 'Federal Election Commission'' "Maxine Waters April Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>
+
|Date 1 = April 15, 2013
+
|Beginning Balance 1 = 46683.21
+
|Total Contributions 1 = 100483.27
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|Expenditures 1 = 74599.62
+
|Cash on Hand 1 = 72566.86
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|Report 2 = July Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/525/13964056525/13964056525.pdf#navpanes=0 'Federal Election Commission'' "Maxine Waters July Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>
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|Date 2 = July 15, 2013
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|Beginning Balance 2 = 72566.86
+
|Total Contributions 2 = 127149.33
+
|Expenditures 2 = 90062.88
+
|Cash on Hand 2 = 109653.31
+
|}}
+
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Maxine Waters Donors 2012.JPG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Waters's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
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[[File:Maxine Waters Donors 2012.JPG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Waters' campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
Waters won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Waters's campaign committee raised a total of $729,887 and spent $717,251.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00006690&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' "Maxine Waters 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 20, 2013]</ref> This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/06/2012-overview.html ''Open Secrets,'' "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013]</ref>
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Waters won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Waters' campaign committee raised a total of $729,887 and spent $717,251.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00006690&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' "Maxine Waters 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 20, 2013]</ref> This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/06/2012-overview.html ''Open Secrets,'' "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====Cost per vote====
 
====Cost per vote====
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===2010===
 
===2010===
[[File:Maxine Waters 2010 Donors.JPG‎‎|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Waters's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
+
[[File:Maxine Waters 2010 Donors.JPG‎‎|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Waters' campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
Waters won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Waters's campaign committee raised a total of $694,021 and spent $718,505.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00006690&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'' "Maxine Waters 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 12, 2011]</ref>
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Waters won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Waters' campaign committee raised a total of $694,021 and spent $718,505.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00006690&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'' "Maxine Waters 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 12, 2011]</ref>
  
His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:
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Her top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:
 
{{congress donor box 2010
 
{{congress donor box 2010
 
|Chamber = U.S. House, California District 35
 
|Chamber = U.S. House, California District 35
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|inddonor5 = $19,000
 
|inddonor5 = $19,000
 
|}}
 
|}}
 
==Ethics charges==
 
 
In 2010, The Office of Congressional Ethics charged Waters with improper requests for a meeting with Treasury officials for OneUnited Bank. Waters' husband owns stock in the bank and served as a director until a few months before Waters requested those meetings. OneUnited got an infusion of TARP money, which prevented Waters' husband's approximately $200,000 in bank stock from becoming worthless.
 
 
On June 6, 2012, the House Ethics Committee announced they would go ahead with the investigation, which had been delayed due to charges by Waters that lawyers for the committee were biased and violated House rules. In July 2011, Billy Martin, a former Justice Department prosecutor, was brought in to act as outside counsel. His inquiry corroborated some of Waters' allegations, but concluded that a fair hearing was not denied.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/07/us/politics/maxine-waters-ethics-case-will-resume.html?_r=2&hp ''New York Times,'' "Ethics Case Against Congresswoman to Resume," June 6, 2012]</ref>
 
 
====Daughter's fictitious business====
 
Federal campaign records showed that Congresswoman Waters’ campaign committees paid more than $350,000 in management fees to an entity known as "Progressive Connections" since 2005. The campaign committees claimed to owe another $82,000 in management fees to Progressive Connections.  Progressive Connections doesn’t aggressively advertise and records showed it to be the fictitious business name used by Maxine Waters’ daughter, Karen Waters.
 
 
Rep. Waters operated a slate mail business that benefits her daughter in each election cycle.  Waters released a voter guide featuring her picture and a list of candidates she endorsed and ballot measures she supported. Candidates and ballot measure committees paid to be listed on the guide. Karen Waters ran the operation through a state committee called L.A. Vote until the 2004 election.<ref>[http://www.calwatchdog.com/2010/08/26/waters-unseemly-slatemail-game/ "Waters’ ‘unseemly’ slatemail game," By Bradley Benbrook, ''CalWatchdog'', August 26, 2010]</ref>
 
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
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===Like-minded colleagues===
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
The website ''Open Congress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400422_Maxine_Waters ''OpenCongress,'' "Maxine Waters," Accessed July 31, 2013]</ref>
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400422_Maxine_Waters ''OpenCongress,'' "Maxine Waters," Accessed July 31, 2013]</ref>
 
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{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
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===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Waters paid her congressional staff a total of $964,115 in 2011.  She ranked 56th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic Representative Staff Salaries and she ranked 221st overall of the lowest paid Representative Staff Salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[California]] ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/522/Rep_Maxine_Waters.html LegiStorm "Maxine Waters"]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Waters paid her congressional staff a total of $964,115 in 2011.  She ranked 56th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 221st overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[California]] ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/522/Rep_Maxine_Waters.html LegiStorm "Maxine Waters"]</ref>
  
 
===Net worth===
 
===Net worth===
 
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
====2011====
 
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Waters's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between -$3,511,983 and $5,455,998. That averages to $972,007, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Representatives in 2011 of $5,107,874. Her average net worth decreased by 4.05% from 2010.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00006690&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Waters, (D-Cali), 2011"]</ref>
 
  
====2010====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Waters' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-3,512,984 and $5,440,998. That averages to '''$964,007''', which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Waters ranked as the 210th most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00006690&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets.org,'' "Maxine Waters (D-Calif), 2012"]</ref>
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Waters' net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $-3,495,980 and $5,521,998. That averages to $1,013,009, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00006690&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Waters, (D-Cali), 2010"]</ref>
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 +
{{Net worth table
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|Collapse=
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|Name = Maxine Waters
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|Political Party = Democratic
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|Year 1 = 2010
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|Average 1 = 1013009
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|Year 2 = 2011
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|Average 2 = 972007
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|Year 3 = 2012
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|Average 3 = 964007
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}}
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
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====2013====
 
====2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
|name=Maxine Waters
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|name=Waters
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
 
|percent=95.7%
 
|percent=95.7%
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:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Maxine+Waters+California+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Maxine Waters News Feed</rss>
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{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Maxine+Waters+California+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Maxine Waters News Feed}}
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==See also==
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives]]
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*[[United States congressional delegations from California]]
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*[[California's 43rd Congressional District elections, 2014]]
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*[[California's 43rd Congressional District]]
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==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://maxinewaters.org/ Campaign website]
 
*[http://maxinewaters.org/ Campaign website]
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{{Congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W|Redistricting=Y}}
 
{{Congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W|Redistricting=Y}}
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<!--2014 categories-->
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{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=Y}}

Revision as of 13:47, 18 February 2014

Maxine Waters
Maxine Waters.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 43
Incumbent
In office
1991-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 23
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorAugustus Hawkins (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$5.01 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 1990
Next primaryJune 3, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$3,880,940
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
California State Assembly
1977-1990
Education
Bachelor'sCalifornia State University, Los Angeles, 1970
Personal
BirthdayAugust 15, 1938
Place of birthSaint Louis, MO
Net worth$964,007
ReligionChristian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Maxine Waters (b. August 15, 1938, in Saint Louis, Missouri) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing California's 43rd Congressional District. Waters was first elected to the House in 1990.

Waters most recently won re-election[1] in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 43rd District. She defeated Bob Flores (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012. She was displaced from her former district, the 35th, by redistricting.[2]

Waters began her political career in the California State Assembly, where she served from 1977 to 1991.

Waters is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Waters is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Waters' academic, professional and political career:[3]

  • 1970: Graduated from California State University, Los Angeles with B.A.
  • 1972-1988: Delegate, Democratic National Conventions
  • 1977-1991: California State Assembly
  • 1991-Present: U.S Representative from California

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Walters serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

  • Financial Services Committee
    • Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises, Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Insurance, Housing and Community Opportunity
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations
  • Judiciary Committee
    • Subcommittee on Immigration Policy and Enforcement
    • Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Waters's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Waters voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[7]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Waters voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[8]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "No" Waters voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

Economy

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[10] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[11] Waters voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[12]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[13] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Waters voted for HR 2775.[14]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "No" Waters voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[15]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Waters voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[16] The vote largely followed party lines.[17]

Healthcare

Health Care Reform Rules

Voted "No" Waters voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[18]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "No" Waters voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[19]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Waters voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[20]

Controversy

Ethics charges

In 2010, The Office of Congressional Ethics charged Waters with improper requests for a meeting with Treasury officials for OneUnited Bank. Waters' husband owns stock in the bank and served as a director until a few months before Waters requested those meetings. OneUnited got an infusion of TARP money, which prevented Waters' husband's approximately $200,000 in bank stock from becoming worthless.

On June 6, 2012, the House Ethics Committee announced they would go ahead with the investigation, which had been delayed due to charges by Waters that lawyers for the committee were biased and violated House rules. In July 2011, Billy Martin, a former Justice Department prosecutor, was brought in to act as outside counsel. His inquiry corroborated some of Waters' allegations, but concluded that a fair hearing was not denied.[21]

Daughter's fictitious business

Federal campaign records showed that Congresswoman Waters’ campaign committees paid more than $350,000 in management fees to an entity known as "Progressive Connections" since 2005. The campaign committees claimed to owe another $82,000 in management fees to Progressive Connections. Progressive Connections doesn’t aggressively advertise and records showed it to be the fictitious business name used by Maxine Waters’ daughter, Karen Waters.

Rep. Waters operated a slate mail business that benefits her daughter in each election cycle. Waters released a voter guide featuring her picture and a list of candidates she endorsed and ballot measures she supported. Candidates and ballot measure committees paid to be listed on the guide. Karen Waters ran the operation through a state committee called L.A. Vote until the 2004 election.[22]

Elections

2014

See also: California's 43rd Congressional District elections, 2014

Waters is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If she runs, she will compete in the blanket primary on June 3, 2013. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: California's 43rd Congressional District elections, 2012

Waters won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 43rd District as a Democrat.[1] She was displaced from her former district, the 35th, by redistricting. She and Bob Flores (D) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012. Waters went on to defeat Flores in the general election on November 6, 2012.[23][24]

U.S. House, California District 43 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMaxine Waters Incumbent 71.2% 143,123
     Democratic Bob Flores 28.8% 57,771
Total Votes 200,894
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Waters is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Waters raised a total of $3,880,940 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[36]

Maxine Waters's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (California, District 43) Won $729,887
2010 US House (California, District 35) Won $694,021
2008 US House (California, District 35) Won $781,102
2006 US House (California, District 35) Won $793,431
2004 US House (California, District 35) Won $390,923
2002 US House (California, District 35) Won $240,320
2000 US House (California, District 35) Won $251,256
Grand Total Raised $3,880,940

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Waters' reports.[37]

Maxine Waters (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[38]April 15, 2013$46,683.21$100,483.27$(74,599.62)$72,566.86
July Quarterly[39]July 15, 2013$72,566.86$127,149.33$(90,062.88)$109,653.31
October Quarterly[40]October 18, 2013$109,653.31$153,828.36$(111,968.95)$151,512.72
Year-End[41]January 15, 2014$151,512$190,644$(80,801)$261,355
April Quarterly[42]April 14, 2014$261,355$130,901$(28,307)$363,948
Pre-Primary[43]May 22, 2014$363,948$48,750$(99,646)$313,052
July Quarterly[44]July 15, 2014$313,052$154,190$(56,979)$410,463
Running totals
$905,945.96$(542,364.45)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Waters' campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Waters won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Waters' campaign committee raised a total of $729,887 and spent $717,251.[45] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[46]

Cost per vote

Waters spent $5.01 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Waters' campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Waters won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Waters' campaign committee raised a total of $694,021 and spent $718,505.[47]

Her top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Waters is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of June 2013.[48]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[49]

Waters most often votes with:

Waters least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Waters missed 1,115 of 14,452 roll call votes from January 1991 to March 2013. This amounts to 7.7%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[50]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Waters paid her congressional staff a total of $964,115 in 2011. She ranked 56th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 221st overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[51]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Waters' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-3,512,984 and $5,440,998. That averages to $964,007, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Waters ranked as the 210th most wealthy representative in 2012.[52]

Maxine Waters Yearly Net Worth
YearAvg. Net Worth% Difference from previous year
2012$964,007-0.82%
2011$972,007-4.05%
2010$1,013,009N/A

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Waters ranked 50th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[53]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Waters ranked 53rd in the liberal rankings.[54]

Voting with party

2013

Waters voted with the Democratic Party 95.7% of the time, which ranked 90th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[55]

Personal

Waters and her husband, Sidney, have two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Maxine + Waters + California + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Maxine Waters News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 CNN "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center"
  2. "Congressional candidates jockey in redistricting-spawned scramble", latimes.com, September 6, 2011
  3. Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Maxine Waters," Accessed November 12, 2011
  4. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  11. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  12. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  13. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  14. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  16. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. Project Votesmart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  21. New York Times, "Ethics Case Against Congresswoman to Resume," June 6, 2012
  22. "Waters’ ‘unseemly’ slatemail game," By Bradley Benbrook, CalWatchdog, August 26, 2010
  23. California Secretary of State, Official candidate list
  24. Unofficial election results
  25. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  26. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  28. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Maxine Waters," Accessed March 22, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission "Maxine Waters Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters Pre-Primary," accessed June 3, 2014
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  45. Open Secrets "Maxine Waters 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 20, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
  47. Open Secrets "Maxine Waters 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 12, 2011
  48. Gov Track "Maxine Waters," Accessed June 7 2013
  49. OpenCongress, "Maxine Waters," Accessed July 31, 2013
  50. GovTrack, "Maxine Waters," Accessed April 2, 2013
  51. LegiStorm "Maxine Waters"
  52. OpenSecrets.org, "Maxine Waters (D-Calif), 2012"
  53. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  54. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  55. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Augustus Hawkins
U.S. House - California
1991-Present
Succeeded by
-