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Maxine Waters

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Maxine Waters
Maxine Waters.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 43
Incumbent
In office
1991-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 23
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorAugustus Hawkins (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$5.01 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 1990
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$3,880,940
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
California State Assembly
1977-1990
Education
Bachelor'sCalifornia State University, Los Angeles, 1970
Personal
BirthdayAugust 15, 1938
Place of birthSaint Louis, MO
Net worth$972,007
ReligionChristian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Maxine Waters (b. August 15, 1938, in Saint Louis, Missouri) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing California's 43rd congressional district. Waters was first elected to the House in 1990.

Waters most recently won re-election[1] in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 43rd District. She defeated Bob Flores (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012. She was displaced from her former district, the 35th, by redistricting.[2]

Waters began her political career in the California State Assembly, where she served from 1977 to 1991.

Waters is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Waters is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Waters' academic, professional and political career:[3]

  • 1970: Graduated from California State University, Los Angeles with B.A.
  • 1972-1988: Delegate, Democratic National Conventions
  • 1977-1991: California State Assembly
  • 1991-Present: U.S Representative from California

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Walters serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

  • Financial Services Committee
    • Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises, Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Insurance, Housing and Community Opportunity
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations
  • Judiciary Committee
    • Subcommittee on Immigration Policy and Enforcement
    • Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Waters's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

National Defense Authorization Act

Voted "Yes" Waters voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[7]

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations

Voted "No" Waters voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[8]

Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act

Voted "No" Waters voted against HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

Economy

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[10] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[11] Waters voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[12]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[13] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Waters voted for HR 2775.[14]

Federal Statutory Pay Adjustment Elimination

Voted "No" Waters voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[15]

Immigration

Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition

Voted "No" Waters voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[16] The vote largely followed party lines.[17]

Healthcare

Health Care Reform Rules

Voted "No" Waters voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[18]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "No" Waters voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[19]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Waters voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[20]

Elections

2014

See also: California's 43rd congressional district elections, 2014

Waters is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If she runs, she will compete in the blanket primary on June 3, 2013. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: California's 43rd congressional district elections, 2012

Waters won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 43rd District as a Democrat.[1] She was displaced from her former district, the 35th, by redistricting. She and Bob Flores (D) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012. Waters went on to defeat Flores in the general election on November 6, 2012.[21][22]

U.S. House, California District 43 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMaxine Waters Incumbent 71.2% 143,123
     Democratic Bob Flores 28.8% 57,771
Total Votes 200,894
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Waters is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Waters raised a total of $3,880,940 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[34]

Maxine Waters's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (California, District 43) Won $729,887
2010 US House (California, District 35) Won $694,021
2008 US House (California, District 35) Won $781,102
2006 US House (California, District 35) Won $793,431
2004 US House (California, District 35) Won $390,923
2002 US House (California, District 35) Won $240,320
2000 US House (California, District 35) Won $251,256
Grand Total Raised $3,880,940

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Waters' reports.[35]

Maxine Waters (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[36]April 15, 2013$46,683.21$100,483.27$(74,599.62)$72,566.86
July Quarterly[37]July 15, 2013$72,566.86$127,149.33$(90,062.88)$109,653.31
October Quarterly[38]October 18, 2013$109,653.31$153,828.36$(111,968.95)$151,512.72
Year-End[39]January 15, 2014$151,512$190,644$(80,801)$261,355
April Quarterly[40]April 14, 2014$261,355$130,901$(28,307)$363,948
Pre-Primary[41]May 22, 2014$363,948$48,750$(99,646)$313,052
July Quarterly[42]July 15, 2014$313,052$154,190$(56,979)$410,463
Running totals
$905,945.96$(542,364.45)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Waters' campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Waters won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Waters' campaign committee raised a total of $729,887 and spent $717,251.[43] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[44]

Cost per vote

Waters spent $5.01 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Waters' campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Waters won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Waters' campaign committee raised a total of $694,021 and spent $718,505.[45]

His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

U.S. House, California District 35, 2010 - Maxine Waters Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $694,021
Total Spent $718,505
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $17,340
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $20,370
Top contributors to Maxine Waters's campaign committee
National Assn of Realtors$11,000
American Assn for Justice$10,000
American Federation of Teachers$7,500
National Assn of Letter Carriers$7,000
United Auto Workers$5,500
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$26,526
Real Estate$23,294
Health Professionals$21,100
Industrial Unions$20,500
Public Sector Unions$19,000

Ethics charges

In 2010, The Office of Congressional Ethics charged Waters with improper requests for a meeting with Treasury officials for OneUnited Bank. Waters' husband owns stock in the bank and served as a director until a few months before Waters requested those meetings. OneUnited got an infusion of TARP money, which prevented Waters' husband's approximately $200,000 in bank stock from becoming worthless.

On June 6, 2012, the House Ethics Committee announced they would go ahead with the investigation, which had been delayed due to charges by Waters that lawyers for the committee were biased and violated House rules. In July 2011, Billy Martin, a former Justice Department prosecutor, was brought in to act as outside counsel. His inquiry corroborated some of Waters' allegations, but concluded that a fair hearing was not denied.[46]

Daughter's fictitious business

Federal campaign records showed that Congresswoman Waters’ campaign committees paid more than $350,000 in management fees to an entity known as "Progressive Connections" since 2005. The campaign committees claimed to owe another $82,000 in management fees to Progressive Connections. Progressive Connections doesn’t aggressively advertise and records showed it to be the fictitious business name used by Maxine Waters’ daughter, Karen Waters.

Rep. Waters operated a slate mail business that benefits her daughter in each election cycle. Waters released a voter guide featuring her picture and a list of candidates she endorsed and ballot measures she supported. Candidates and ballot measure committees paid to be listed on the guide. Karen Waters ran the operation through a state committee called L.A. Vote until the 2004 election.[47]

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Waters is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of June 2013.[48]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[49]

Waters most often votes with:

Waters least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Waters missed 1,115 of 14,452 roll call votes from January 1991 to March 2013. This amounts to 7.7%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[50]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Waters paid her congressional staff a total of $964,115 in 2011. She ranked 56th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 221st overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[51]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Waters' net worth as of 2011 was estimated between -$3,511,983 and $5,455,998. That averages to $972,007, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2011 of $5,107,874. Her average net worth decreased by 4.05% from 2010.[52]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Waters' net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $-3,495,980 and $5,521,998. That averages to $1,013,009, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.[53]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Waters ranked 50th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[54]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Waters ranked 53rd in the liberal rankings.[55]

Voting with party

2013

Waters voted with the Democratic Party 95.7% of the time, which ranked 90th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[56]

Personal

Waters and her husband, Sidney, have two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Maxine + Waters + California + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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See also

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 CNN "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center"
  2. "Congressional candidates jockey in redistricting-spawned scramble", latimes.com, September 6, 2011
  3. Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Maxine Waters," Accessed November 12, 2011
  4. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  11. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  12. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  13. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  14. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  16. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. Project Votesmart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  21. California Secretary of State, Official candidate list
  22. Unofficial election results
  23. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  24. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  25. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  26. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  28. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Maxine Waters," Accessed March 22, 2013
  35. Federal Election Commission "Maxine Waters Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters Pre-Primary," accessed June 3, 2014
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Maxine Waters July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  43. Open Secrets "Maxine Waters 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 20, 2013
  44. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
  45. Open Secrets "Maxine Waters 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 12, 2011
  46. New York Times, "Ethics Case Against Congresswoman to Resume," June 6, 2012
  47. "Waters’ ‘unseemly’ slatemail game," By Bradley Benbrook, CalWatchdog, August 26, 2010
  48. Gov Track "Maxine Waters," Accessed June 7 2013
  49. OpenCongress, "Maxine Waters," Accessed July 31, 2013
  50. GovTrack, "Maxine Waters," Accessed April 2, 2013
  51. LegiStorm "Maxine Waters"
  52. OpenSecrets.org, "Waters, (D-Cali), 2011"
  53. OpenSecrets.org, "Waters, (D-Cali), 2010"
  54. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  55. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  56. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Augustus Hawkins
U.S. House - California
1991-Present
Succeeded by
-