Michael Capuano

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Michael Capuano
Michael Capuano.jpg
U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 7
In office
January 3, 1999-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 16
PredecessorEd Markey (D)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$2.82 in 2012
First electedNovember 1998
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$8,774,088
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Mayor, Somerville, MA
High schoolSomerville High School (1969)
Bachelor'sDartmouth College (1973)
J.D.Boston College (1977)
Date of birthJanuary 9, 1952
Place of birthSomerville, MA
ProfessionAttorney, union leader
Net worth(2012) $1,612,018
Office website
Campaign website
Michael Capuano campaign logo
Michael Capuano (b. January 9, 1952, in Somerville, MA) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Massachusetts' 7th Congressional District. Capuano was first elected to the House in 1998 for Massachusetts' 8th Congressional District, but due to redistricting won re-election in District 7 on November 6, 2012.

Capuano won re-election in Massachusetts' 7th Congressional District in the general election on November 4, 2014.

Prior to his congressional career, Capuano served on the Somerville Board of Aldermen, as the chief legal counsel for the Massachusetts General Court Joint Committee on Taxation as well as the mayor of Sommerville, Massachusetts.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Capuano is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.


Born in Somerville, MA, Capuano attended Somerville High School and graduated in 1969. He earned an A.B. degree from Dartmouth College in 1973 and in 1977 received a law degree from Boston College.[2]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Capuano's academic, professional and political career:[2]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Capuano serves on the following committees:[3]


Capuano served on the following committees:[4][5]


Capuano served on the following committees and subcommittees:[6]

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[7] For more information pertaining to Capuano's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security


Nay3.png Capuano voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Capuano voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Capuano voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Neutral/Abstain Capuano did not vote on HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]


Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[11] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[12][13] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[13] Capuano voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[14][15] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[15] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[16] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and the protection of the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Capuano joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[14][15]

King Amendment

Capuano signed a letter sent to Collin Peterson in August 2013, asking him to keep Steve King's amendment out of the final Farm Bill.[17] The "Protect Interstate Commerce Act" amendment prevents states from applying their own laws on agricultural products to agricultural products from another state.[18] King introduced the amendment in response to a law in California, requiring a larger size cage for egg-producing chickens. King represents Iowa, which is a large egg producer.

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Capuano voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Capuano voted for HR 2775.[23]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Capuano voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[24] The vote largely followed party lines.[25]


Repealing Obamacare

Nay3.png Capuano has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[26]

Social issues


Nay3.png Capuano voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[27]

Previous congressional sessions


According to his campaign website, Capuano is an "outspoken opponent" of the Iraq war. He voted against the Congressional Resolution to authorize the use of force and works to bring the troops home.[28]


Capuano voted against the PATRIOT Act as well as against the extension of the law.[28]

Some of the bills Capuano introduced in the 112th Congress include:

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Capuano voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[29]


On The Issues Vote Match

Michael Capuano's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Capuano is a Hard-Core Liberal. Capuano received a score of 78 percent on social issues and 6 percent on economic issues.[30]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[31]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Strongly Favors
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[30] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

More than 100 House lawmakers signed a letter urging President Barack Obama to call Congress back into session if he planned to use military force in Syria.[32]

Rep. Scott Rigell wrote in the letter in August 2013, “engaging our military in Syria when no direct threat to the United States exists and without prior congressional authorization would violate the separation of powers that is clearly delineated in the Constitution.”[32][33]

The members of Congress believed that Obama should have asked Congress for permission before engaging in Libya. The letter asked, “If the use of 221 Tomahawk cruise missles, [sic] 704 Joint Direct Attack Munitions, and 42 Predator Hellfire missiles expended in Libya does not constitute ‘hostilities,’ what does?”[33]

The letter stated, “If you deem that military action in Syria is necessary, Congress can reconvene at your request. We stand ready to come back into session, consider the facts before us, and share the burden of decisions made regarding U.S. involvement in the quickly escalating Syrian conflict."[33]

A total of 98 Republicans signed the letter. Capuano was one of 18 Democratic members to sign the letter.[33]

Campaign themes


On his campaign website, Capuano listed twelve issues. They were:[34]

  • Civil Liberties and Human Rights

Excerpt: "He believes we must remain a government of laws. The American Civil Liberties Union of Massachusetts has honored him with their Champion of the Constitution award."

  • Economy

Excerpt: "Mike has been deeply involved in efforts to stabilize our nation's economy as a member of the House Committee on Financial Services."

  • Education

Excerpt: "Mike believes that the federal government should adequately fund education in our cities and towns, and that it honors its legislative mandates by providing requisite resources to meet them — including proper funding for students with disabilities."

  • Energy and the Environment

Excerpt:"Mike Capuano strongly believes that we must address climate change before it is too late."

  • Ethics

Excerpt: "Mike has worked to increase the transparency of government and accountability of elected officials, both as a Mayor and as a Member of Congress."

  • Healthcare

Excerpt: "Mike has worked tirelessly to help Massachusetts retain its preeminence in health care education and innovation during his six terms in Congress."

  • Iraq and Afghanistan

Excerpt: "Mike voted against the Congressional Resolution authorizing the use of force in Iraq in October 2002; and has been an outspoken critic of that war. Mike remains gravely concerned about the conduct and the prospects of our operations in Afghanistan, and about the future of neighboring Pakistan."

  • Middle East

Excerpt: "Mike Capuano is deeply committed to the state of Israel, a staunch ally of the United States and a country that shares our democratic values."

  • Rights of Women

Excerpt: "Congressman Mike Capuano has always been an effective advocate for advancing women's rights, and sensitive to issues of concern to women."

  • Sudan

Excerpt: "In 2002 the Boston Anti-Slavery Group brought a victim of slavery from Sudan into Mike’s office. Upon hearing his story, Mike was compelled to act and brought a resolution condemning slavery in Sudan to the floor, where it passed unanimously on July 16, 2003."

  • Transportation

Excerpt: "As the only member of the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee from Massachusetts, Mike was instrumental in securing $3.658 billion in funding over 6 years during the last reauthorization for Massachusetts’s highways and bridges, and $1.576 billion over the same time period for transit projects. This investment in our critical infrastructure needs totaled $5.23 billion, and was a 25 percent increase over the previous multi-year transportation bill."

  • Veterans' Affairs

Excerpt: "Mike Capuano is an outspoken and passionate supporter of our country’s veterans and their families."[34]



See also: Massachusetts' 7th Congressional District elections, 2014 and Massachusetts gubernatorial election, 2014

After seriously considering a bid to replace retiring incumbent Deval Patrick as Governor of Massachusetts in the 2014 election, Capuano announced September 27, 2013, that he had decided against entering the race, and would instead run for re-election to the U.S. House, representing the 7th Congressional District of Massachusetts.[35][36][37] He won the Democratic nomination in the primary election unopposed.[38] He also ran unopposed in the general election on November 4, 2014, retaining his seat.

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 7 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMike Capuano Incumbent 80.7% 142,133
     Write-in Other 1.4% 2,413
     Blank None 17.9% 31,531
Total Votes 176,077
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State Official Results


See also: Redistricting in Massachusetts and United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012

Capuano ran for re-election in 2012. He was redistricted and sought re-election in the 7th Congressional District of Massachusetts. He faced no opposition in the Democratic primary.[39]

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Capuano Incumbent 73.9% 210,794
     Independent Karla Romero 14.4% 41,199
     N/A All Others 0.3% 843
     N/A Blank Votes 11.3% 32,298
Total Votes 285,134
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State "Return of Votes"


Capuano was endorsed by the organizations below for the 2012 election.[40]

  • Boston Carmen's Union Local 589 of the Amalgamated Transit Union
  • American Federation of Teachers Massachusetts
  • Boston Teachers Union
  • Boston Metro Area Local 100 of American Postal Workers Union
  • Sierra Club of Massachusetts
  • Massachusetts AFL-CIO

Full history

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Capuano attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Capuano is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Capuano raised a total of $9,644,642 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[48]

Michael Capuano's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 7) Won $870,554
2012 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 7) Won $909,487
2010 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 8) Won $3,699,635
2008 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 8) Won $1,087,336
2006 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 8) Won $836,728
2004 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 8) Won $839,302
2002 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 8) Won $753,404
2000 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 8) Won $648,196
Grand Total Raised $9,644,642

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Capuano won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Capuano's campaign committee raised a total of $870,554 and spent $653,147.[49] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[50]

Cost per vote

Capuano spent $4.60 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 7, 2014 - Michael Capuano Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $870,554
Total Spent $653,147
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $0
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $0
Top contributors to Michael Capuano's campaign committee
Thornton & Naumes$20,800
National Assn of Realtors$10,500
Citigroup Inc$10,400
Global Partners$10,400
Global Petroleum$10,400
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Real Estate$105,000
Transportation Unions$60,500
Securities & Investment$56,100
Lawyers/Law Firms$53,450

Below are Capuano’s FEC reports.[51]


Capuano won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Capuano's campaign committee raised a total of $909,487 and spent $595,432.[57]

Cost per vote

Capuano spent $2.82 per vote received in 2012.

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Capuano's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $507,039 and $2,716,997. That averages to $1,612,018, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Capuano ranked as the 169th most wealthy representative in 2012.[58] Between 2004 and 2012, Capuano's calculated net worth[59] percentage increase was not meaningful for this candidate. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[60]

Michael Capuano Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-3%
Average annual growth:-0%[61]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[62]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Capuano received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Real Estate industry.

From 1997-2014, 25.59 percent of Capuano's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[63]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Michael Capuano Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $9,986,101
Total Spent $8,343,502
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Real Estate$717,500
Lawyers/Law Firms$708,497
Securities & Investment$337,250
Transportation Unions$321,500
% total in top industry7.18%
% total in top two industries14.28%
% total in top five industries25.59%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Capuano was a "rank-and-file Democrat," as of August 4, 2014. This was the same rating Capuano received in June 2013.[64]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[65]

Capuano most often votes with:

Capuano least often votes with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.


Capuano ranked 69th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[66]


Capuano ranked 22nd in the liberal rankings in 2012.[67]


Capuano was 1 of 19 members of congress who ranked 1st in the liberal rankings in 2011.[68]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Capuano voted with the Democratic Party 93.4 percent of the time, which ranked 95th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[69]


Capuano voted with the Democratic Party 91.9 percent of the time, which ranked 132nd among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[70]

Lifetime missed votes

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Capuano missed 465 of 10,902 roll call votes from January 1999 to August 2014, which is 4.5% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.5% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[71]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Capuano paid his congressional staff a total of $1,182,086 in 2011. He ranked 14th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 17th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Massachusetts ranked 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[72]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Capuano was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Capuano's staff was given an apparent $69,100.00 in bonus money.[73]


Capuano and his wife, Barbara, have two children.

Recent news

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See also

External links

Suggest a link


  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cap1cong
  2. 2.0 2.1 Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, "Mike Capuano," accessed September 25, 2013
  3. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
  6. Official House Website, "Committees and Caucuses," accessed on August 31, 2011
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Mike Capuano's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 25, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Vote Smart, "Letter to Ranking Member Collin Peterson, House Committee on Agriculture - Reject Rep. King's Provision on Farm Bill," accessed September 25, 2013
  18. Time.com, "King Farm Bill Amendment Angers Animal Advocates," accessed September 18, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Mike Capuano's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 25, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Mike Capuano's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 25, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "Capuano's votes on abortion," accessed September 25, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 Mike Capuano Campaign site, "Bio," accessed September 1, 2011
  29. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 On The Issues, "Michael Capuano Vote Match," accessed July 1, 2014
  31. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  32. 32.0 32.1 Yahoo, "65 Lawmakers Ask Obama to Consult on Syria," accessed August 28, 2013
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 Politico, "33 lawmakers: Congress must approve Syria action," accessed August 28, 2013
  34. 34.0 34.1 Mike Capuano for Congress, "Issues," accessed August 14, 2012
  35. The Boston Globe, "US Rep. Capuano to run for re-election, not governor," accessed September 26, 2013
  36. Boston Globe, "Murray adds to the buzz over 2014 governor’s race," accessed November 15, 2012
  37. The Phoenix, "The Gathering Storm," accessed November 7, 2012
  38. Politico, "2014 Massachusetts House Primaries Results," accessed September 9, 2014
  39. Boston Herald, "Redistricting throws U.S. Reps. Keating, Lynch into likely faceoff," accessed January 22, 2012
  40. Mike Capuano's Campaign Website, "Endorsements," accessed October 4, 2012)
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. Open Secrets, "Michael Capuano," accessed May 16, 2013
  49. Open Secrets, "Michael Capuano 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 7, 2015
  50. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 7, 2015
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Capuano Summary Report," accessed July 25, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Capuano April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Capuano July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Capuano October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  57. Open Secrets, " 2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
  58. OpenSecrets, "Capuano (D-MA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  59. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  60. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  61. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  62. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  63. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Michael E. Capuano," accessed September 24, 2014
  64. GovTrack, "Michael Capuano," accessed August 4, 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Michael Capuano," accessed August 4, 2014
  66. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 4, 2014
  67. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  68. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  69. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  70. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  71. GovTrack, "Michael Capuano" accessed August 2014
  72. LegiStorm, "Mike Capuano," accessed 2012
  73. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Ed Markey
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts District 7
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Joseph Kennedy II
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts District 8
Succeeded by
Stephen Lynch