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Michael Doyle (Pennsylvania Congress)

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Michael F. Doyle
Michael Doyle.jpg
U.S. House, Pennsylvania, District 14
Incumbent
In office
1995-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 19
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorWilliam J. Coyne (D)
s
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$3.01 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 1994
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$5,259,092
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Council Member, Swissvale Borough Council
1977-1981
Education
Bachelor'sPennsylvania State University, 1975
Personal
BirthdayAugust 5, 1953
Place of birthPittsburgh, Pa.
Net worth$475,000.50
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website

Michael F. Doyle (b. August 5, 1953, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Pennsylvania. Doyle was first elected in 1994 by voters from Pennsylvania's 14th Congressional District.

Doyle is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Democratic nomination in the primary on May 20, 2014.[1] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Doyle is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Doyle was born August 5, 1953, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He earned a B.S. in community development from Penn State University in 1975.[2] Before becoming a congressman, Doyle served as chief of staff to state Senator Frank Pecora.

Career

  • 1977-1981: Served as a member of the Swissvale, Pa., Borough Council
  • 1979-1994: Chief of staff to Pennsylvania state senator Frank Pecora
  • 1995-Present: U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Doyle serves on the following committees:[3]

2011-2012

Doyle served on the following committees:

  • Energy and Commerce
    • Subcommittee on Communications and Technology
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Power

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[4] For more information pertaining to Doyle's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[5]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Doyle voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[6]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Doyle voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[6]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "No" Doyle voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[7] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[6]

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Doyle voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[6]

Economy

Farm bill

Neutral/Abstain On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[8] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[9][10] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[10]Doyle did not vote on the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[11][12] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[12] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[13] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Doyle joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[11][12]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[14] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[15] Doyle voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[17] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Doyle voted for HR 2775.[18]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Doyle voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[6]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Neutral/Abstain Doyle did not vote on House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[6]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Neutral/Abstain Doyle did not vote on HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[6]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "Yes" Doyle voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[6]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Doyle voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[19]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Doyle's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Doyle is a Liberal Populist. Doyle received a score of 49 percent on social issues and 4 percent on economic issues.[20]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[21]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Neutral
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[20]

Campaign themes

2014

Doyle's campaign website lists the following issues:[22]

  • Jobs and the Economy
Excerpt: "My highest priority throughout my service in Congress has been promoting economic growth and the creation of good jobs in southwestern Pennsylvania."
  • Health Care
Excerpt: "I believe that the richest, most powerful country on Earth ought to be able to figure out how to guarantee all of its citizen’s affordable, high quality health care. Americans are justifiably proud of the remarkable medical advances our country has made, but we should be ashamed that tens of millions of Americans are currently uninsured and that many Americans can’t afford to get the care they need."
  • Energy Policy and Global Warming
Excerpt: "I believe that Americans deserve affordable, reliable energy supplies -and that most Americans share my desire to free our nation from its current dependence on oil from unstable parts of the world. Consequently, I have been working for years to put in place a comprehensive national energy policy that would make the United States energy-independent."
  • Education
Excerpt: "The most important thing we can do to ensure that all Americans have a decent standard of living is provide them with a good education. And if we fail to provide a good education to everyone in this country, it’s safe to say that our country will be in great danger of losing its place as the richest, most vibrant country in the world."
  • Veterans
Excerpt: "Our veterans who have served the nation so bravely in Iraq and Afghanistan deserve our help in returning to civilian life once their military service ends."
  • Social Security, Medicare, and Retirement
Excerpt: "Older Americans deserve freedom from fear of poverty and from unmanageable medical expenses. The American people have earned the right to a decent income and affordable high quality health care through their many years of contributions to the Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds."

Elections

2014

See also: Pennsylvania's 14th Congressional District elections, 2014

Doyle is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Democratic nomination in the primary on May 20, 2014. He defeated Janis Brooks.[1] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 14 Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMichael F. Doyle 84.2% 54,945
Janis Brooks 15.8% 10,319
Total Votes 65,264
Source: Results via Associated Press Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.

2012

See also: Pennsylvania's 14th Congressional District elections, 2012

Doyle ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Pennsylvania's 14th District. He defeated Janis Brooks in the April 24, 2012, Democratic primary and faced Hans Lessmann (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[23]

The Washington Post listed the House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania in 2012 as one of the ten states that could have determined whether Democrats gained control of the House or Republicans would hold its majority in 2013.[24] Ohio tied with Pennsylvania for 9th on the list.[24]

U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 14 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngMichael F. Doyle Incumbent 76.9% 251,932
     Republican Hans Lessmann 23.1% 75,702
Total Votes 327,634
Source: Pennsylvania Department of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 14 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMichael F. Doyle Incumbent 80.1% 50,323
Janis Brooks 19.9% 12,484
Total Votes 62,807

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Doyle is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Doyle raised a total of $5,259,092 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 18, 2013.[34]

Michael Doyle (Pennsylvania Congress)'s Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Pennsylvania, District 14) Won $870,614
2010 US House (Pennsylvania, District 14) Won $726,537
2008 US House (Pennsylvania, District 14) Won $915,671
2006 US House (Pennsylvania, District 14) Won $923,775
2004 US House (Pennsylvania, District 14) Won $670,111
2002 US House (Pennsylvania, District 14) Won $674,812
2000 US House (Pennsylvania, District 18) Won $477,572
Grand Total Raised $5,259,092

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Michael Doyle's reports.[35]

Michael Doyle (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[36]April 15, 2013$213,581.72$50,721.73$(49,686.49)$214,616.96
July Quarterly[37]July 15, 2013$214,616.96$71,399.01$(42,833.25)$243,182.72
October Quarterly[38]October 13, 2013$243,182.72$161,747.80$(90,769.09)$314,161.43
Year-End[39]January 12, 2014$314,161$88,180$(66,600)$335,741
April Quarterly[40]April 12, 2014$335,741.78$67,042.34$(79,094.05)$323,690.07
Running totals
$439,090.88$(328,982.88)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Doyle's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Doyle won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, his campaign committee raised a total of $870,614 and spent $757,648.[41] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[42]

Cost per vote

Doyle spent $3.01 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Doyle won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Doyle's campaign committee raised a total of $726,537 and spent $953,031.[43]

His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 14, 2010 - Michael Doyle (Pennsylvania Congress) Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $726,537
Total Spent $953,031
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $61,137
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $57,171
Top contributors to Michael Doyle (Pennsylvania Congress)'s campaign committee
American Assn for Justice$10,000
Carpenters & Joiners Union$10,000
Comcast Corp$10,000
Exelon Corp$10,000
National Auto Dealers Assn$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Electric Utilities$75,000
Building Trade Unions$47,500
Lawyers/Law Firms$42,144
Industrial Unions$38,500
Public Sector Unions$30,500

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Doyle's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $215,003 to $734,998. That averages to $475,000.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic House members in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Doyle ranked as the 270th most wealthy representative in 2012.[44] Between 2004 and 2012, Doyle‘s calculated net worth[45] increased by an average of 10 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[46]

Michael Doyle Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$258,279
2012$475,000
Growth from 2004 to 2012:84%
Average annual growth:10%[47]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[48]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Doyle is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of July 2014.[49] This was the same rating Doyle received in June 2013.[50]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[51]

Doyle most often votes with:

Doyle least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Doyle missed 569 of 13,385 roll call votes from January 1995 to July 2014. This amounts to 4.3%, which is worse than the median of 2.5% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of July 2014.[52]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Doyle paid his congressional staff a total of $992,315 in 2011. Overall, Pennsylvania ranked 34th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[53]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Doyle was one of three members of the House who ranked 66th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[54]

2012

Doyle ranked 59th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[55]

2011

Doyle ranked 63rd in the liberal rankings in 2011.[56]

Voting with party

2014

Michael Doyle voted with the Democratic Party 94 percent of the time, which ranked 71st among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[57]

2013

Michael Doyle voted with the Democratic Party 92.3 percent of the time, which ranked 140th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[58]

2011

Michael F. Doyle voted with the Democratic Party 93.5 percent of the time, which ranked 62 among the 192 House Democratic members as of December 2011.[59]

Personal

Doyle is married to Susan. They have four children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Michael + Doyle + Pennsylvania + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Michael Doyle News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Michael Doyle


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Associated Press, "Pennsylvania - Summary Vote Results," May 20, 2014
  2. U.S. House, "Full Biography," accessed December 9, 2013
  3. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 Project Vote Smart, "Michael Doyle Key Votes," accessed October 16, 2013
  7. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  8. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  9. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  18. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  20. 20.0 20.1 On The Issues, "Doyle Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  21. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  22. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed March 18, 2014
  23. Pennsylvania Department of State, "2012 General Primary Unofficial Returns," April 24, 2012
  24. 24.0 24.1 Washington Post, "The 10 states that will determine control of the House in 2012," accessed April 25, 2012
  25. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  26. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  28. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Michael Doyle," accessed April 18, 2013
  35. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Doyle 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Doyle Year-End," accessed February 5, 2014
  40. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  41. Open Secrets, "Mike Doyle's 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  42. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  43. Open Secrets, "Michael F. Doyle 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  44. OpenSecrets, "Doyle, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  45. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  46. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  47. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  48. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  49. GovTrack, "Doyle," accessed July 23, 2014
  50. GovTrack, "Doyle," accessed June 19, 2013
  51. OpenCongress, "Rep. Michael Doyle," accessed July 23, 2014
  52. GovTrack, "Michael "Mike" Dole, Jr.," accessed July 23, 2014
  53. LegiStorm, "Mike Doyle," accessed September 24, 2012
  54. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," July 23, 2014
  55. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013
  56. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  57. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  58. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  59. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
William J. Coyne
U.S. House of Representatives - Pennsylvania District 14
2003–present
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
Rick Santorum
U.S. House of Representatives - Pennsylvania District 18
1995–2003
Succeeded by
Tim Murphy