Difference between revisions of "Michael G. Fitzpatrick"

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|Position = U.S. House, Pennsylvania, District 8
 
|Position = U.S. House, Pennsylvania, District 8
 
|Status = Incumbent
 
|Status = Incumbent
|Tenure = 2011-Present
+
|Tenure = January 3, 2011-Present
 
|Tenure2 = 2005-2006
 
|Tenure2 = 2005-2006
|Term ends = January 3, 2015
+
|Term ends = January 3, 2017
 
|Assumed office = 2011
 
|Assumed office = 2011
 
|Political party = Republican
 
|Political party = Republican
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|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
|Last election = [[Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
+
|Last election = [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 +
|Cost per vote 2012 = $12.97
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|First elected =November 2, 2010
 
|First elected =November 2, 2010
 
|Term limits =
 
|Term limits =
|Next election = [[Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
+
|Next election =  
 
|Campaign $=9,042,120
 
|Campaign $=9,042,120
|Prior office =Representative, United States House of Representatives
+
|Prior office =United States House of Representatives, Pennsylvania's 8th District
|Prior office years =2005-2006
+
|Prior office years =2005-2007
 
|Prior office 2 =Commissioner, Bucks County Board of Commissioners
 
|Prior office 2 =Commissioner, Bucks County Board of Commissioners
 
|Prior office 2 years =1995-2004
 
|Prior office 2 years =1995-2004
Line 51: Line 52:
 
|Citations =
 
|Citations =
 
|Birthday =June 28, 1963
 
|Birthday =June 28, 1963
|Place of birth =
+
|Place of birth =Bucks County, [[Pennsylvania|Pa.]]
 
|Profession =
 
|Profession =
|Net worth =$420,019
+
|Net worth =(2012) $436,518.50
 
|Religion =
 
|Religion =
 
|Office website =http://fitzpatrick.house.gov/
 
|Office website =http://fitzpatrick.house.gov/
|Campaign website =
+
|Campaign website = http://www.fitzpatrickforcongress.com/
 
|Personal website =
 
|Personal website =
 
}}{{tnr}}
 
}}{{tnr}}
'''Michael G. Fitzpatrick'''(b. June 28, 1963) is a member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] from the state of [[Pennsylvania]]. Fitzpatrick was first elected in 2010. He ran for re-election in 2012 and won.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico'' "2012 House Race Results"]</ref>
+
'''Michael G. Fitzpatrick''' (b. June 28, 1963, in Bucks County, [[Pa.]]) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] from the state of [[Pennsylvania]]. Fitzpatrick was first elected to the U.S. House in 2004 and served for a single term from 2005-2007. He was elected by voters from [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District]] again in 2010 and most recently won [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014.
 +
 
 +
Fitzpatrick is not seeking re-election in 2016 because of self-imposed term limits.<ref name=rc>[http://atr.rollcall.com/house-races-2016-mike-fitzpatrick-steve-santarsiero-jim-cawley/?dcz= ''Roll Call'', "Democrat Kicks Off Race for Open Pennsylvania Seat," accessed January 12, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
{{Introanalysis
 +
|Party=Republican
 +
|Rating=Center
 +
|Pronoun=he
 +
|Fullname=Michael G. Fitzpatrick
 +
|Lastname=Fitzpatrick
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
==Biography==
 +
Fitzpatrick was the commissioner of Bucks County, Pennsylvania from 1995-1004. He earned a bachelor's degree from St. Thomas University in Miami, Florida in 1985. Three years later, Fitzpatrick received his law degree from Penn State's Dickinson School of Law. During law school, Fitzpatrick was the business manager of the Dickinson Journal of International Law. He is certified to practice law in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://fitzpatrick.house.gov/about-me/full-biography ''Congressman Mike Fitzpatrick'', "Full Biography," accessed August 6, 2013]</ref> Prior to becoming a congressman, Fitzpatrick served as a commissioner of Bucks County, [[Pennsylvania]], from 1995-2004.
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
 +
Below is an abbreviated outline of Fitzpatrick's academic, professional and political career:
 
*1985: Graduated from St. Thomas University, Florida
 
*1985: Graduated from St. Thomas University, Florida
*1988: Graduated from Dickinson School of Law, Pa.
+
*1988: Graduated from Penn State University's Dickinson School of Law
*1995-2004: Served as commissioner, Bucks County, Pa.
+
*1995, 1997, 1999, 2002, 2003: Chair, Bucks County Board of Commissioners
*2005-2007, 2011-Present: U.S Representative from Pennsylvania  
+
*1995-2004: Served as Commissioner, Bucks County, Pennsylvania
 +
*2005-2007, 2011-Present: [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. Representative]] from [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District]]
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 
===U.S. House===
 
===U.S. House===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Fitzpatrick serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress]</ref>
+
Fitzpatrick served on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013]</ref>
  
 
*[[United States House Committee on Financial Services]]
 
*[[United States House Committee on Financial Services]]
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
 +
Fitzpatrick served on the following committees:
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services|Financial Services]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services|Financial Services]]
 
**Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises
 
**Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises
 
**Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations
 
**Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations
 +
 +
==Key votes==
 +
===113th Congress===
 +
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 +
{{113thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Fitzpatrick
 +
|Passed=22
 +
|Total=4315
 +
|Date=August 1, 2013
 +
|Sen=
 +
|SenTotal=
 +
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
 +
}}
 +
 +
====National security====
 +
=====DHS Appropriations=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Fitzpatrick voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.<ref name="votes">[http://votesmart.org/candidate/key-votes/46971/mike-fitzpatrick ''Project Vote Smart'', "Michael Fitzpatrick Key Votes," accessed October 15, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
=====Keystone Pipeline Amendment=====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Fitzpatrick voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
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 +
=====CISPA (2013)=====
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{{Yea vote}} Fitzpatrick voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:h.r.624: ''The Library of Congress'', "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013]</ref> The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref name="votes"/>
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 +
=====NDAA=====
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{{Yea vote}} Fitzpatrick voted in favor of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref name="votes"/>
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 +
====Economy====
 +
=====Farm bill=====
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{{House Farm Bill GOP Yes|Name=Fitzpatrick}}
 +
 +
=====2014 Budget=====
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{{House Budget 2014 GOP Yes|Name=Fitzpatrick}}
 +
 +
=====Government shutdown=====
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
{{Yea vote}} On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Fitzpatrick voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{{Yea vote}} The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Fitzpatrick voted for HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
Fitzpatrick declined to accept his salary while the government was shutdown.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/10/government-shutdown-congress-donate-salary-97663.html?hp=lh_b1 ''Politico'', "Hill pols plan to donate, halt salary," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
====Immigration====
 +
{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-MichaelGFitzpatrick-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
 +
 +
=====Morton Memos Prohibition=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Fitzpatrick voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 +
====Healthcare====
 +
=====Healthcare Reform Rules=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Fitzpatrick voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 +
=====Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Fitzpatrick voted in favor of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013.  The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185.  The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 +
====Social issues====
 +
=====Amash amendment=====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Fitzpatrick voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217.  The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act.  Both parties were split on the vote.<ref name="votes"/>
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 +
====Government affairs====
 +
=====HR 676=====
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{{Obama lawsuit GOP Yes|Name=Fitzpatrick}}
 +
 +
===Previous congressional sessions===
 +
====Fiscal cliff====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Fitzpatrick voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
  
 
==Issues==
 
==Issues==
===Specific votes===
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===On The Issues Vote Match===
====Fiscal Cliff====
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[[File:s030_080.gif|right|290px|thumb|Fitzpatrick's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
{{Support vote}}
+
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
Fitzpatrick voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Fitzpatrick is a '''Libertarian-Leaning Conservative.''' Fitzpatrick received a score of 28 percent on social issues and 78 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
 
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Fitzpatrick|Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://House.OnTheIssues.org/PA/Mike_Fitzpatrick.htm ''On The Issues'', "Fitzpatrick Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Hiring= Opposes
 +
|Marriage= Strongly Favors
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|God= Favors
 +
|ObamaCare=Strongly Opposes
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|Social Security= Strongly Opposes
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|School Choice= Strongly Favors
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|Animals=Strongly Opposes
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|Crime= Unknown
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|Guns= Strongly Favors
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|Taxes=Strongly Opposes
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|Citizenship=Strongly Opposes
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|Free Trade= Opposes
 +
|United Nations=Strongly Favors
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|Military=Favors
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|Campaign Funds=  Favors
 +
|Iran=Opposes
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|Energy=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Marijuana=Unknown
 +
|Stimulus=Opposes
 +
}}
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
===2014===
+
===2016===
:: ''See also: [[Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district elections, 2014]]'' or [[United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania, 2014]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District election, 2016]]''
  
Fitzpatrick is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Republican nomination in the primary election on May 20, 2014. {{Nov2014genelection}}
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Fitzpatrick is not seeking re-election in 2016 because of self-imposed term limits.<ref name=rc/>
 +
 
 +
===2014===
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[[File:SimmeringRace.jpg|right|180px|link=U.S. House battleground districts, 2014]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District elections, 2014]]''
 +
Fitzpatrick won [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. He ran unopposed in the [[Republican]] primary on May 20, 2014.<ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2014/by_state/PA_US_House_0520.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press'', "Pennsylvania - Summary Vote Results," May 20, 2014]</ref>
  
Fitzpatrick is a member of the [[National Republican Congressional Committee#Patriot Program|National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program]].  The program is designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2013/04/22/11-house-republicans-named-to-incumbent-protection-program/?wprss=rss_politics ''The Washington Post,'' "11 House Republicans named to incumbent-protection program," April 22, 2013]</ref>
+
====Election results====
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{{Padis8genelecbox14}}
  
===Race background===
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====Race background====
 
{{Padis8background2014}}
 
{{Padis8background2014}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
:: ''See also: [[Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district elections, 2012]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
  
Fitzpatrick ran in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania, 2012|Pennsylvania's]] [[Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district elections, 2012|8th District]]. He was unopposed in the Republican primary and faced Democrat [[Kathryn Boockvar]] in the November 6 general election.<ref>[http://www.electionreturns.state.pa.us/ElectionsInformation.aspx?FunctionID=13&ElectionID=45&OfficeID=11 ''Pennsylvania Department of State'' "2012 General Primary Unofficial Returns," April 24, 2012]</ref>
+
Fitzpatrick ran in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]] to represent [[United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania, 2012|Pennsylvania's]] [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District elections, 2012|8th District]]. He was unopposed in the Republican primary and defeated Democrat [[Kathryn Boockvar]] in the November 6 general election.<ref>[http://www.electionreturns.state.pa.us/ElectionsInformation.aspx?FunctionID=13&ElectionID=45&OfficeID=11 ''Pennsylvania Department of State'', "2012 General Primary Unofficial Returns," April 24, 2012]</ref>
  
The [http://www.Washingtonpost.com Washington Post] listed the [[United States House of Representatives|House of Representatives]] elections in [[Pennsylvania]] in 2012 as one of the [http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/post/the-10-states-that-will-determine-control-of-the-house-in-2012/2011/11/18/gIQAXZYCZN_blog.html10 states that could determine whether Democrats would retake the House] or [[Republican]]s would hold their majority in 2013.<ref name="WP">[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/post/the-10-states-that-will-determine-control-of-the-house-in-2012/2011/11/18/gIQAXZYCZN_blog.html ''Washington Post'' "The 10 states that will determine control of the House in 2012" Accessed April 25, 2012]</ref> [[United States House of Representatives elections in Ohio, 2012|Ohio]] tied with [[United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania, 2012|Pennsylvania]] for 9th on the list.<ref name="WP"/>
 
 
{{Template:Padis8genelecbox12}}
 
{{Template:Padis8genelecbox12}}
  
 
====Targeted====
 
====Targeted====
The liberal CREDO SuperPAC announced that they have dubbed Fitzpatrick part of the "Tea Party Ten," and have targeted him for defeat in 2012.<ref>[http://www.politicspa.com/liberal-super-pac-targets-fitzpatrick/33717/ ''PoliticsPA'' "Liberal [[Super PAC]] Targets Fitzpatrick" Accessed April 7, 2012]</ref>
+
*The liberal CREDO SuperPAC dubbed Fitzpatrick part of the "Tea Party Ten" and targeted him for defeat in 2012.<ref>[http://www.politicspa.com/liberal-super-pac-targets-fitzpatrick/33717/ ''PoliticsPA'', "Liberal Super PAC Targets Fitzpatrick," accessed April 7, 2012]</ref>
  
Planned Parenthood's political action committee, Women Are Watching, has placed Fitzpatrick on their "Toxic Ten" list. The PAC is targeting Fitzpatrick because of his support in 2011 for the Pence Amendment to slash funding to Planned Parenthood by $363 million.<ref>[ http://www.politicspa.com/fitzpatrick-member-of-toxic-ten/34364/ ''PoliticsPA'' "Fitzpatrick member of Planned Parenthood 'Toxic Ten'" Accessed April 18, 2012]</ref>
+
*Planned Parenthood's political action committee, "Women Are Watching," placed Fitzpatrick on their "Toxic Ten" list. The PAC targeted Fitzpatrick because of his support in 2011 for the Pence Amendment to slash funding to Planned Parenthood by $363 million.<ref>[http://www.politicspa.com/fitzpatrick-member-of-toxic-ten/34364/ ''PoliticsPA'', "Fitzpatrick member of Planned Parenthood 'Toxic Ten'," accessed April 18, 2012]</ref>
  
 
===Full history===
 
===Full history===
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==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
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===2014===
 +
{{Michael G. Fitzpatrick 2014 FEC}}
 +
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Fitzpatrick  
 
|Name=Fitzpatrick  
 
|year=2004
 
|year=2004
 
|Editdate=April 18, 2013
 
|Editdate=April 18, 2013
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00027229&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Career Fundraising for Michael Fitzpatrick," Accessed April 17, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00027229&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Career Fundraising for Michael Fitzpatrick," accessed April 17, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
 
|totalraised2012=2672026
 
|totalraised2012=2672026
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=US House (Pennsylvania, [[Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district{{!}}District 8]])
+
|office2012=US House (Pennsylvania, [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
 
|totalraised2010=2090793
 
|totalraised2010=2090793
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=US House (Pennsylvania, [[Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district{{!}}District 8]])
+
|office2010=US House (Pennsylvania, [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
 
|totalraised2006=3009937
 
|totalraised2006=3009937
 
|result2006=Won
 
|result2006=Won
|office2006=US House (Pennsylvania, [[Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district{{!}}District 8]])
+
|office2006=US House (Pennsylvania, [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
 
|totalraised2004=1269364
 
|totalraised2004=1269364
 
|result2004=Won
 
|result2004=Won
|office2004=US House (Pennsylvania, [[Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district{{!}}District 8]])
+
|office2004=US House (Pennsylvania, [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District{{!}}District 8]])
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-MichaelGFitzpatrick-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|float=right|width=300px}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Michael Fitzpatrick's 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Fitzpatrick's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
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{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Michael Fitzpatrick's 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Fitzpatrick's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]}}
Fitzpatrick won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, his campaign committee raised a total of $2,672,027 and spent $2,586,004.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00027229&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' "Michael Fitzpatrick's 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed March 4, 2013]</ref>
+
Fitzpatrick won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, his campaign committee raised a total of $2,672,027 and spent $2,586,004.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00027229&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'', "Michael Fitzpatrick's 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013]</ref> This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/06/2012-overview.html ''Open Secrets'', "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Cost per vote====
 +
Fitzpatrick spent $12.97 per vote received in 2012.
 +
 
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
|winner = Y
 
|winner = Y
|Chamber = U.S. House, Pennsylvania
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 8
 
|party = Republican
 
|party = Republican
 
|total raised =$2,672,027
 
|total raised =$2,672,027
Line 182: Line 302:
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
Fitzpatrick won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Fitzpatrick's campaign committee raised a total of $2,090,793 and spent $2,062,733.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00027229&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'' "Michael G. Fitzpatrick 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 16, 2011]</ref>
+
Fitzpatrick won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Fitzpatrick's campaign committee raised a total of $2,090,793 and spent $2,062,733.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00027229&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'', "Michael G. Fitzpatrick 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011]</ref>
  
His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:
+
His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, Pennsylvania Congressional District 8 Election
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 8
 
|party = Republican
 
|party = Republican
 
|total raised = $2,090,793
 
|total raised = $2,090,793
Line 212: Line 332:
 
|inddonor4 = $72,020
 
|inddonor4 = $72,020
 
|inddonor5 = $55,150
 
|inddonor5 = $55,150
 +
|}}
 +
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of four different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
*[[The K-Street Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The K-Street Metric]]
 +
*[[The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric]]
 +
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Fitzpatrick's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $128,037 to $745,000. That averages to '''$436,518.50''', which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96.  Fitzpatrick ranked as the 285th most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00027229&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Fitzpatrick, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014]</ref> Between 2004 and 2012, Fitzpatrick's calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).</ref> increased by an average of 26 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=
 +
|Name =Michael Fitzpatrick
 +
|Political Party =Republican
 +
|Year 0 = 2004
 +
|Average 0 = 140383
 +
|2010 = 258001.50
 +
|2011 =420019
 +
|2012 =436518
 +
}}
 +
 +
===PGI: Donation Concentration Metric===
 +
:: ''See also: [[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)]]''
 +
 +
Filings required by the [[Federal Election Commission]] report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Fitzpatrick received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the ''Leadership PACs'' industry. Comparatively, the top industry employer in [[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District]] was ''Educational services, and health care and social assistance,'' according to a 2012 U.S. Census survey.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/mycd/ ''Census.gov'', "My Congressional District," accessed September 24, 2014]</ref>
 +
 +
From 2003-2014, '''25.56 percent of Fitzpatrick's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.'''<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=Career&type=I&cid=N00001373&newMem=N ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Rep. Michael Fitzpatrick," accessed September 24, 2014]</ref>
 +
[[File:Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png|left|179px]]
 +
{{Cong career industries
 +
|party =Republican
 +
|total raised = 11537568
 +
|total spent =9630737
 +
|ind1 =Leadership PACs
 +
|ind2 =Lawyers/Law Firms
 +
|ind3 =Insurance
 +
|ind4 = Securities & Investment
 +
|ind5 =Real Estate
 +
|inddonor1 =898828
 +
|inddonor2 = 659766
 +
|inddonor3 = 512091
 +
|inddonor4 = 465444
 +
|inddonor5 = 413434
 +
|district = Educational services, and health care and social assistance
 
|}}
 
|}}
  
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:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Fitzpatrick is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Republican]]".<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_fitzpatrick/400646 ''Gov Track'' "Fitzpatrick" Accessed June 19, 2013]</ref>
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Fitzpatrick was a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican]]" as of July 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_fitzpatrick/400646 ''GovTrack'', "Fitzpatrick" accessed July 23, 2014]</ref> He was previously listed as a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Republican]]" in June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_fitzpatrick/400646 ''GovTrack'', "Fitzpatrick" accessed June 19, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Like-minded colleagues===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400646_Michael_Fitzpatrick ''OpenCongress'', "Rep. Michael G. Fitzpatrick," accessed July 23, 2014]</ref>
 +
{{col-begin}}
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Fitzpatrick most often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Frank LoBiondo]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]]
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Fitzpatrick least often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Walter Jones]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Mark Pocan]]
 +
{{col-end}}
 +
 
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-MichaelGFitzpatrick-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
  
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Fitzpatrick missed 32 of 2,922 roll call votes from January 2005 to April 2013. This amounts to 1.1%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of April 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_fitzpatrick/400646 ''GovTrack,'' "Michael Fitzpatrick," Accessed April 17, 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Fitzpatrick missed 54 of 3,890 roll call votes from January 2005 to July 2014. This amounts to 1.4 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of July 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_fitzpatrick/400646 ''GovTrack'', "Michael Fitzpatrick," accessed July 23, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Fitzpatrick paid his congressional staff a total of $668,157 in 2011. Overall, [[Pennsylvania]] ranked 34th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Michael_G._Fitzpatrick.html ''LegiStorm'', "Michael G. Fitzpatrick," Accessed September 24, 2012]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Fitzpatrick paid his congressional staff a total of $668,157 in 2011. Overall, [[Pennsylvania]] ranked 34th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Michael_G._Fitzpatrick.html ''LegiStorm'', "Michael G. Fitzpatrick," accessed September 24, 2012]</ref>
 
+
===Net worth===
+
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
+
====2011====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Fitzpatrick's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $115,038 and $725,000. That averages to $420,019.00, which is significantly lower than the average net worth of Republican Representatives in 2011 of $7,859,232.  His average net worth increased by 62.80% from 2010.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00027229&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Michael G. Fitzpatrick (R-Pa), 2011"]</ref>
+
 
+
====2010====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Fitzpatrick's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $151,003 to $365,000. That averages to $258,001.50 which was lower than the average net worth of Republican Representatives in 2010 of $7,561,133.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00027229&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Michael G. Fitzpatrick (R-Pa), 2010," Accessed September 24, 2012]</ref>
+
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 +
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
 +
 +
====2013====
 +
Fitzpatrick was one of two members of the House who ranked 228th in the conservative rankings in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," July 23, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. In 2012, Fitzpatrick ranked 230th among Republican Representatives in the conservative rankings.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-conservative-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Conservative Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013]</ref>
+
Fitzpatrick ranked 230th in the conservative rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal'', "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
 
+
Fitzpatrick ranked 230th in the conservative rankings, making him the 10th most liberal Republican member of the U.S. House in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year.  Fitzpatrick was ranked 230th in the conservative rankings, making him the 10th most liberal Republican member of the U.S. House in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
  
 
===Voting with party===
 
===Voting with party===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
 +
====2014====
 +
{{Congress vote percent
 +
|name=Michael G. Fitzpatrick
 +
|party=Republican
 +
|percent=86.2 percent
 +
|rank=224th
 +
|total=234
 +
|chamber=House
 +
|year=July 2014
 +
|RHouse=Y
 +
}}
 +
 
====2013====
 
====2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
|name=Michael G. Fitzpatrick
 
|name=Michael G. Fitzpatrick
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
|percent=88.4%
+
|percent=88.4 percent
 
|rank=226th
 
|rank=226th
 
|total=234
 
|total=234
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|name=Michael G. Fitzpatrick
 
|name=Michael G. Fitzpatrick
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
|percent=81.0%
+
|percent=81.0 percent
|rank=236
+
|rank=236th
 
|total=242
 
|total=242
 
|chamber=House
 
|chamber=House
Line 268: Line 465:
 
|RHouse=Y
 
|RHouse=Y
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 +
==Personal==
 +
Fitzpatrick is married to Kathleen. They have six children.
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
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:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>https://news.google.com/news/feeds?hl=en&safe=off&gl=us&q=Michael+Fitzpatrick+Pennsylvania+House&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_cp.r_qf.&bpcl=40096503&biw=1523&bih=652&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Michael Fitzpatrick News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=https://news.google.com/news/feeds?hl=en&safe=off&gl=us&q=Michael+Fitzpatrick+Pennsylvania+Congress&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_cp.r_qf.&bpcl=40096503&biw=1523&bih=652&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Michael Fitzpatrick News Feed}}
  
==Personal==
+
==See also==
Michael G. Fitzpatrick is married to Kathleen. They have 6 children.
+
*[[Pennsylvania]]
 +
*[[United States congressional delegations from Pennsylvania]]
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives]]
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives elections, 2014]]
 +
*[[Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 +
{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/rep-michael-fitzpatrick/46971|Name=Michael Fitzpatrick}}
 +
*[http://www.fitzpatrickforcongress.com/ Campaign website]
 
{{CongLinks| congbio = F000451 | votesmart = 46971 | washpo = Mike_Fitzpatrick | govtrack = 400646 | opencong = 400646_Michael_Fitzpatrick | c-span = michaelgfitzpatrick | ontheissues = PA/Mike_Fitzpatrick.htm | surge = | legistorm = 232/Rep_Mike_Fitzpatrick_PA.html | fec = H4PA08074 | opensecrets = N00027229&newMem=Y | followthemoney = | nyt = | findagrave = | merge=PA08}}
 
{{CongLinks| congbio = F000451 | votesmart = 46971 | washpo = Mike_Fitzpatrick | govtrack = 400646 | opencong = 400646_Michael_Fitzpatrick | c-span = michaelgfitzpatrick | ontheissues = PA/Mike_Fitzpatrick.htm | surge = | legistorm = 232/Rep_Mike_Fitzpatrick_PA.html | fec = H4PA08074 | opensecrets = N00027229&newMem=Y | followthemoney = | nyt = | findagrave = | merge=PA08}}
  
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{{s-off}}
{{succession box | before = Patrick Murphy | title = U.S. House of Representatives - Pennsylvania District 8 | years = 2011–present | after = - }}
+
{{succession box | before = Patrick Murphy | title = U.S. House of Representatives - Pennsylvania District 8 | years = 2011–present | after = }}
 +
{{succession box | before = | title = U.S. House of Representatives- Pennsylvania District 8 | years = 2005–2007| after = Patrick Murphy}}
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{{succession box | before =  | title = Commissioner, Bucks County Board of Commissioners | years = 1995–2004| after = }}
 
{{end box}}
 
{{end box}}
  
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[[Category:U.S. House, Pennsylvania]]
 
[[Category:U.S. House, Pennsylvania]]
 
[[Category:Republican Party]]
 
[[Category:Republican Party]]
[[Category:112th Congress]][[Category:113th Congress]]
+
[[Category:112th Congress]] [[Category:113th Congress]] [[Category:114th Congress]]
 
[[Category:Pennsylvania]]
 
[[Category:Pennsylvania]]
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}
 +
 +
<!--2014 categories-->
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{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=N|General=W}}
 +
 +
{{Incretire|U.S. House|2016}}

Latest revision as of 17:18, 13 January 2015

Michael G. Fitzpatrick
Mike Fitzpatrick.jpg
U.S. House, Pennsylvania, District 8
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 4
PartyRepublican
PredecessorPatrick Murphy (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$12.97 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Campaign $$9,042,120
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
United States House of Representatives, Pennsylvania's 8th District
2005-2007
Commissioner, Bucks County Board of Commissioners
1995-2004
Chair, Bucks County Board of Commissioners
1995, 1997, 1999, 2002, 2003
Education
Bachelor'sSaint Thomas University, 1985
J.D.Pennsylvania State University, 1988
Personal
Date of birthJune 28, 1963
Place of birthBucks County, Pa.
Net worth(2012) $436,518.50
Websites
Office website
Campaign website

Michael G. Fitzpatrick (b. June 28, 1963, in Bucks County, Pa.) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Pennsylvania. Fitzpatrick was first elected to the U.S. House in 2004 and served for a single term from 2005-2007. He was elected by voters from Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District again in 2010 and most recently won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014.

Fitzpatrick is not seeking re-election in 2016 because of self-imposed term limits.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Fitzpatrick is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.

Biography

Fitzpatrick was the commissioner of Bucks County, Pennsylvania from 1995-1004. He earned a bachelor's degree from St. Thomas University in Miami, Florida in 1985. Three years later, Fitzpatrick received his law degree from Penn State's Dickinson School of Law. During law school, Fitzpatrick was the business manager of the Dickinson Journal of International Law. He is certified to practice law in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.[2] Prior to becoming a congressman, Fitzpatrick served as a commissioner of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, from 1995-2004.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Fitzpatrick's academic, professional and political career:

  • 1985: Graduated from St. Thomas University, Florida
  • 1988: Graduated from Penn State University's Dickinson School of Law
  • 1995, 1997, 1999, 2002, 2003: Chair, Bucks County Board of Commissioners
  • 1995-2004: Served as Commissioner, Bucks County, Pennsylvania
  • 2005-2007, 2011-Present: U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Fitzpatrick served on the following committees:[3]

2011-2012

Fitzpatrick served on the following committees:

  • Financial Services
    • Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[4] For more information pertaining to Fitzpatrick's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[5]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Fitzpatrick voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[6]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Fitzpatrick voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[6]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Fitzpatrick voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[7] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[6]

NDAA

Yea3.png Fitzpatrick voted in favor of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[6]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[8] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[9][10] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[10] Fitzpatrick voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[11][12] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[12] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[13] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Fitzpatrick voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[11]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[14] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[15] Fitzpatrick voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[17] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Fitzpatrick voted for HR 2775.[18]

Fitzpatrick declined to accept his salary while the government was shutdown.[19]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Fitzpatrick voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[6]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Fitzpatrick voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[6]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Yea3.png Fitzpatrick voted in favor of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[6]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Yea3.png Fitzpatrick voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[6]

Government affairs

HR 676
See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[20] Fitzpatrick joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[21][22]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal cliff

Yea3.png Fitzpatrick voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[23]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Fitzpatrick's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Fitzpatrick is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Fitzpatrick received a score of 28 percent on social issues and 78 percent on economic issues.[24]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[25]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[24]

Elections

2016

See also: Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District election, 2016

Fitzpatrick is not seeking re-election in 2016 because of self-imposed term limits.[1]

2014

SimmeringRace.jpg
See also: Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District elections, 2014

Fitzpatrick won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on May 20, 2014.[26]

Election results

U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 8 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMichael G. Fitzpatrick Incumbent 61.9% 137,731
     Democratic Kevin Strouse 38.1% 84,767
Total Votes 222,498
Source: Pennsylvania Department of State

Race background

Democratic Super PAC House Majority PAC listed incumbent Michael G. Fitzpatrick as one of 10 vulnerable, Republican incumbents in 2014.[27] In May 2013, the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee launched Jumpstart, a program that “provides early financial, communications, operational and strategic support to help top-tier candidates get a head start in these highly-targeted races,” according to the DCCC memo. Kevin Strouse was one of the eight Democratic candidates on the list. He was chosen based on polling figures, which indicated Fitzpatrick's vulnerability to losing re-election in 2014.[28] Due to this vulnerability, Fitzpatrick, along with 11 other House Republicans, qualified for financial assistance under the Patriot Program.[29] The program was run by the National Republican Congressional Committee and helped raise money to protect GOP incumbents who were deemed in danger of being unseated.[30]

2012

See also: Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District elections, 2012

Fitzpatrick ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Pennsylvania's 8th District. He was unopposed in the Republican primary and defeated Democrat Kathryn Boockvar in the November 6 general election.[31]

U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 8 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Kathryn Boockvar 43.4% 152,859
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMichael G. Fitzpatrick Incumbent 56.6% 199,379
Total Votes 352,238
Source: Pennsylvania Department of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Targeted

  • The liberal CREDO SuperPAC dubbed Fitzpatrick part of the "Tea Party Ten" and targeted him for defeat in 2012.[32]
  • Planned Parenthood's political action committee, "Women Are Watching," placed Fitzpatrick on their "Toxic Ten" list. The PAC targeted Fitzpatrick because of his support in 2011 for the Pence Amendment to slash funding to Planned Parenthood by $363 million.[33]

Full history


Campaign donors

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Michael G. Fitzpatrick's reports.[37]

Michael G. Fitzpatrick (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[38]April 15, 2013$114,083.20$302,152.18$(140,756.93)$275,478.45
July Quarterly[39]July 15, 2013$275,478.45$501,894.94$(96,707.67)$680,665.72
October Quarterly[40]October 13, 2013$680,665.72$462,175.10$(96,145.02)$1,046,695.80
Year-End[41]January 31, 2014$1,046,695$348,853$(119,087)$1,276,462
April Quarterly[42]April 15, 2014$1,276,462.30$337,339.60$(140,168)$1,473,633.90
Running totals
$1,952,414.82$(592,864.62)

Comprehensive donor information for Fitzpatrick is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Fitzpatrick raised a total of $9,042,120 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 18, 2013.[43]

Michael G. Fitzpatrick's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Pennsylvania, District 8) Won $2,672,026
2010 US House (Pennsylvania, District 8) Won $2,090,793
2006 US House (Pennsylvania, District 8) Won $3,009,937
2004 US House (Pennsylvania, District 8) Won $1,269,364
Grand Total Raised $9,042,120

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2012


Fitzpatrick won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, his campaign committee raised a total of $2,672,027 and spent $2,586,004.[44] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[45]

Cost per vote

Fitzpatrick spent $12.97 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Fitzpatrick won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Fitzpatrick's campaign committee raised a total of $2,090,793 and spent $2,062,733.[46]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Fitzpatrick's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $128,037 to $745,000. That averages to $436,518.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Fitzpatrick ranked as the 285th most wealthy representative in 2012.[47] Between 2004 and 2012, Fitzpatrick's calculated net worth[48] increased by an average of 26 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[49]

Michael Fitzpatrick Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$140,383
2012$436,518
Growth from 2004 to 2012:211%
Average annual growth:26%[50]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[51]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Fitzpatrick received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Leadership PACs industry. Comparatively, the top industry employer in Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District was Educational services, and health care and social assistance, according to a 2012 U.S. Census survey.[52]

From 2003-2014, 25.56 percent of Fitzpatrick's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[53]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Michael G. Fitzpatrick Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $11,537,568
Total Spent $9,630,737
Top industry in the districtEducational services, and health care and social assistance
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Leadership PACs$898,828
Lawyers/Law Firms$659,766
Insurance$512,091
Securities & Investment$465,444
Real Estate$413,434
% total in top industry7.79%
% total in top two industries13.51%
% total in top five industries25.56%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Fitzpatrick was a "centrist Republican" as of July 2014.[54] He was previously listed as a "rank-and-file Republican" in June 2013.[55]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[56]

Fitzpatrick most often votes with:

Fitzpatrick least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Fitzpatrick missed 54 of 3,890 roll call votes from January 2005 to July 2014. This amounts to 1.4 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of July 2014.[57]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Fitzpatrick paid his congressional staff a total of $668,157 in 2011. Overall, Pennsylvania ranked 34th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[58]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Fitzpatrick was one of two members of the House who ranked 228th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[59]

2012

Fitzpatrick ranked 230th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[60]

2011

Fitzpatrick ranked 230th in the conservative rankings, making him the 10th most liberal Republican member of the U.S. House in 2011.[61]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Michael G. Fitzpatrick voted with the Republican Party 86.2 percent of the time, which ranked 224th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[62]

2013

Michael G. Fitzpatrick voted with the Republican Party 88.4 percent of the time, which ranked 226th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[63]

2011

Michael G. Fitzpatrick voted with the Republican Party 81.0 percent of the time, which ranked 236th among the 242 House Republican members as of December 2011.[64]

Personal

Fitzpatrick is married to Kathleen. They have six children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Michael + Fitzpatrick + Pennsylvania + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Michael Fitzpatrick News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Roll Call, "Democrat Kicks Off Race for Open Pennsylvania Seat," accessed January 12, 2014
  2. Congressman Mike Fitzpatrick, "Full Biography," accessed August 6, 2013
  3. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 Project Vote Smart, "Michael Fitzpatrick Key Votes," accessed October 15, 2013
  7. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  8. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  9. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  18. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Politico, "Hill pols plan to donate, halt salary," accessed October 1, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  21. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  22. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  23. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  24. 24.0 24.1 On The Issues, "Fitzpatrick Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  25. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  26. Associated Press, "Pennsylvania - Summary Vote Results," May 20, 2014
  27. Sunshine State News, "Democratic Super-PAC Targets Steve Southerland," accessed March 8, 2013
  28. Roll Call, "Democrats Launch New Program for House Recruits," May 3, 2013
  29. The Washington Post, "11 House Republicans named to incumbent-protection program," April 22, 2013
  30. NRCC Patriot Program, "About," accessed April 23, 2013
  31. Pennsylvania Department of State, "2012 General Primary Unofficial Returns," April 24, 2012
  32. PoliticsPA, "Liberal Super PAC Targets Fitzpatrick," accessed April 7, 2012
  33. PoliticsPA, "Fitzpatrick member of Planned Parenthood 'Toxic Ten'," accessed April 18, 2012
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "Michael G. Fitzpatrick 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Fitzpatrick Year-End," accessed February 5, 2014
  42. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  43. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Michael Fitzpatrick," accessed April 17, 2013
  44. Open Secrets, "Michael Fitzpatrick's 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  45. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "Michael G. Fitzpatrick 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  47. OpenSecrets, "Fitzpatrick, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  48. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  49. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  50. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  51. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  52. Census.gov, "My Congressional District," accessed September 24, 2014
  53. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Michael Fitzpatrick," accessed September 24, 2014
  54. GovTrack, "Fitzpatrick" accessed July 23, 2014
  55. GovTrack, "Fitzpatrick" accessed June 19, 2013
  56. OpenCongress, "Rep. Michael G. Fitzpatrick," accessed July 23, 2014
  57. GovTrack, "Michael Fitzpatrick," accessed July 23, 2014
  58. LegiStorm, "Michael G. Fitzpatrick," accessed September 24, 2012
  59. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," July 23, 2014
  60. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013
  61. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  62. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  63. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Patrick Murphy
U.S. House of Representatives - Pennsylvania District 8
2011–present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
U.S. House of Representatives- Pennsylvania District 8
2005–2007
Succeeded by
Patrick Murphy
Preceded by
'
Commissioner, Bucks County Board of Commissioners
1995–2004
Succeeded by
'