Difference between revisions of "Michael Grimm"

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{{support vote}} Grimm voted in support of HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/F?c113:4:./temp/~c113vMEvNq:e679: ''The Library of Congress,'' "H.R.624 Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013]</ref> The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref name=ns/>
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{{support vote}} Grimm voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/F?c113:4:./temp/~c113vMEvNq:e679: ''The Library of Congress,'' "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013]</ref> The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref name=ns/>
  
 
====Economy====
 
====Economy====

Revision as of 16:37, 20 December 2013

Michael Grimm
Michael Grimm.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 11
Incumbent
In office
2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorYvette D. Clarke (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$21.38 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$3,542,325
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sBaruch College, City University of New York
J.D.New York Law School
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Marine Corps
Years of service1989-1990
Service branchUnited States Marine Corps Reserves
Years of service1990-1997
Personal
BirthdayFebruary 7, 1970
Place of birthNew York, New York
ProfessionFBI Agent, Entrepreneur
Net worth$484,999
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Michael Grimm (b. February 7, 1970, in New York, New York) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 11th Congressional District. Grimm was first elected to the House in 2010 and is currently serving his second consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012 against Mark Murphy. Grimm previously represented New York's 13th Congressional District, but due to 2012 redistricting is currently representing District 13.

Grimm is running for re-election in New York's 11th Congressional District in 2014, where he will likely be up against candidate Domenic Recchia.

Before his congressional career, Grimm served in the United States Marine Corps, worked for the FBI as both a clerk and Special Agent, as a deputized U.S. Marshal ,a research analyst on Wall Street, founded a small health food restaurant in Manhattan and was a principal in a bio-fuel company.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Grimm is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.

Biography

Grimm was born in New York, New York. He earned a B.A. from Baruch College in 1994 and a J.D. from New York Law School in 2002.[2]

Career

Grimm left college after his freshman year and enlisted in the United States Marine Corps. After serving in the Persian Gulf War and being awarded a Combat Meritorious Promotion, Grimm returned reserve status and continued his education. While attending college full time during the day, Grimm went to work as a clerk for the FBI on the midnight shift. Grimm was chosen to attend the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center where he completed the Federal Police Officer Training Program. Upon returning from training, Grimm was deputized as a U.S. Marshal and entrusted with full arrest authority as a Uniformed Police Officer for the FBI. With a desire to diversify his background, Grimm left the FBI for a Research Analyst position on Wall Street attaining several securities industry licenses. During this period, Grimm attended Bernard M. Baruch College at night to further his education. Upon graduating with his BBA in Accountancy with a concentration in Finance, Grimm felt the pull of public service and returned to the FBI where he was appointed a Special Agent and assigned to the New York Office. Although he was assigned to investigate the Gambino Crime Family in the prestigious Organized Crime Branch, Grimm found his niche fighting corruption on Wall Street as a member of the Financial Fraud Squad. During his service in the FBI, Grimm attended New York Law School at night. Grimm was then admitted to practice law in New York and Connecticut.

Grimm eventually left the FBI and founded a small health food restaurant in Manhattan and was a principal in a bio-fuel company.[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Grimm serves on the following committees:[4]

  • Financial Services Committee
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation
    • Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises
    • Subcommittee on Monetary Policy and Trade

2011-2012

Grimm served on the following committees:[5]

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Grimm's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

In a statement September 5, 2013, Grimm said the window for action has now passed and that the feedback from his constituents has made him re-think his previous position.[8]

“Thus, after much thought, deliberation and prayer, I am no longer convinced that a U.S. strike on Syria will yield a benefit to the United States that will not be greatly outweighed by the extreme cost of war,” Grimm said.[8]

Grimm added, “Now that the Assad regime has seen our playbook and has been given enough time to prepare and safeguard potential targets, I do not feel that we have enough to gain as a nation by moving forward with this attack on our own.”[8]

The statements are in stark contrast with what he said on August 31, 2013.[8][9] Previously, Grimm had said he supported President Obama’s decision to launch military action in Syria, saying he was “supporting the president on this."[9]

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Grimm voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Grimm voted in support of HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "No" Grimm voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Grimm voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Farm Bill
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Voted "Yes" Grimm voted for the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[12] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[13]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[14] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[15] Grimm voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[17] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Grimm voted for HR 2775.[18]

Immigration

Several Republican members of the U.S. House might face a tougher path to re-election in 2014 because immigration reform did not pass in the House in 2013, according to a Public Policy Poll released in July 2013.[19]

According to the poll, a majority of voters in seven Republican congressional districts said they would be less likely to vote for their current representative if he fails support immigration reform. Voters also reported in the poll that they would be less likely to support Republican candidates in the 2014 general election if the Republican House members block immigration reform proposals.[19] Grimm is one of the seven representatives who serves in a district that had overwhelming support for the Senate’s immigration reform plan.[19]

Voted "No" In June 2013 the House approved an amendment to the Department of Homeland Security spending bill that would end the department's discretion policies by cutting off funding for the proposed DREAM Act, which would have temporarily halted the deportations of young immigrants if they have served in the military or are attending college. This vote overturns an executive order signed by President Obama that formalized a process for the "Dreamers" to remain in the U.S.[20][21][22]

The amendment, offered by Rep. Steve King (R) of Iowa, passed the House by a vote of 224-201 and was approved mostly along party lines. However, three Democrats supported the amendment and six Republicans opposed it, while nine members did not vote.[22]Grimm was one of the six Republican members who voted against the amendment.[21]

The amendment would effectively demand the government force out "Dreamers" who came to the U.S. as children.[22] It contrasts with comprehensive immigration reform efforts, including proposed DREAM Act style legislation, and would resume the deportation of hundreds of thousands of immigrants brought illegally to the United States as children.[23] The amendment was the first immigration-related vote in either chamber of Congress in 2013, and blocks many of the provisions that are mirrored in the Senate’s Gang of Eight bill.[24][22]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Voted "Yes" Grimm has voted for all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[25]

Social issues

Waiving of water fees for Hurricane Sandy victims

On June 22, 2013 Grimm held a press conference to call for water fees for Sandy survivors who have used little to no water in their damaged homes to be waived.[26]

After having suspended sending water bills to Hurricane Sandy victims until June 2013, the New York City Water Board sent out bills with charges accrued since late October 2012.[26] Under the city's Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), homeowners are subject to a minimum charge of $1.19 per day, even if a home uses no water. Many displaced residents are receiving water bills for $300 or more.[26] Grimm seeks to have the city waive all water fees for Sandy-impacted homeowners.[26]

At the June 22 press conference Grimm expressed his backing of having the fees waived, saying "The policy should be that if you're not in your home because of Sandy, then all fees [should] be waived until you move back in."[26]

Abortion

Voted "Yes" Grimm voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[27]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Grimm voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[28]

Campaign themes

2012

Grimm listed several of his campaign themes on his website:[29]

  • Strengthening the economy
  • Jobs
  • Healthcare
  • Transportation
  • National Security and Defense
  • Veterans
  • U.S. Foreign Policy
  • U.S.-Israel Relationship
  • Energy and Environment

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Michael Grimm endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [30]

Campaign investigations

In December 2013, the Justice Department requested the House Ethics Committee investigation into Grimm's possible campaign finance violations to be deferred again. Grimm faces allegations of "soliciting and accepting federal campaign contributions, caus[ing] false information to be included in campaign finance reports, and improperly [seeking] assistance from a foreign national in soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for offering to use his official position to assist that individual in obtaining a green card." The statement from the Justice Department suggests they are still conducting their own investigation. The House Ethics Committee will release a statement once a year if they continue to defer the investigation, according to a joint statement released by Committee members Michael Conaway and Linda Sanchez.[31]

Elections

2014

See also: New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014

Grimm is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House, representing New York's 11th District. Grimm is seeking the Republican nomination in the primary. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Grimm is a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program is designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[32] He has also been listed by the House Majority PAC as a target in 2014.[33][34][35]

2012

See also: New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2012

Grimm won re-election in 2012, but due to redistricting, he ran in the newly redrawn 11th District. He was unopposed in the Conservative and Republican primaries on June 26, 2012, and defeated Mark Murphy (D) and Henry Bardel (G) in the November 6, 2012 general election.[36]

U.S. House, New York District 11 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Mark Murphy 43% 92,428
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Grimm Incumbent 48% 103,118
     Green Henry Bardel 0.9% 1,939
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 8% 17,270
Total Votes 214,755
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Ballot challenge

Grimm initially attempted to file as an Independence Party candidate as well as Republican, but a press from Democratic challenger Mark Murphy successfully knocked Grimm from that line. Grimm remained on the ballot as a Republican, and the Independence Party line was blank on the ballot.[37]

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Grimm is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Grimm raised a total of $3,542,325 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 23, 2013.[39]

Michael Grimm's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 11) Won $2,263,993
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 13) Won $1,278,332
Grand Total Raised $3,542,325

Individual breakdown

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Grimm’s reports.[40]

Michael Grimm (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[41]April 17, 2013$88,588.38$320,859.67$(107,495.43)$301,952.62
July Quarterly[42]July 15, 2013$301,952.62$439,298.44$(164,517.83)$576,733.23
October Quarterly[43]October 15, 2013$576,733.23$350,719.06$(99,740.58)$827,711.71
Year-End Quarterly[44]December 31, 2013$827,711$327,726$(122,412)$1,032,532
April Quarterly[45]April 15, 2014$1,032,532.38$346,347.17$(201,284.54)$1,177,595.01
Running totals
$1,784,950.34$(695,450.38)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Grimm's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Grimm won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Grimm's campaign committee raised a total of $2,263,994 and spent $2,204,598.[46]

Cost per vote

Grimm spent $21.38 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Grimm's campaign funds before the 2010 election.
Grimm was elected to the U.S. House in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,278,332 and spent $1,249,139.[47]
U.S. House, New York District 13, 2010 - Michael Grimm Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,278,332
Total Spent $1,249,139
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $2,716,161
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $2,897,473
Top contributors to Michael Grimm's campaign committee
539 Gates LLC$21,600
Kasowitz, Benson et al$19,700
Metropolitan Real Estate Investors$19,200
Sun Coast Resources$16,650
GOP Generation Y Fund$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Real Estate$161,725
Lawyers/Law Firms$84,408
Securities & Investment$78,085
Retired$71,675
Leadership PACs$65,500

Analysis

Ideologies and leadership

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Grimm is a "centrist Republican," as of June 20, 2013.[48]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[49]

Grimm most often votes with:

Grimm least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Grimm missed 32 of 1,708 roll call votes from Jan 2011 to Apr 2013, which is 1.9% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[50]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Grimm paid his congressional staff a total of $987,551 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[51]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Grimm was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Grimm's staff was given an apparent $24,400.00 in bonus money.[52]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Grimm's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $2 to $969,997. That averages to $484,999, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2011 of $7,859,232. His average net worth decreased by 13.39% from 2010.[53]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Grimm's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $50,003 to $1,069,997. Averaging to a net worth of $560,000 which was lower than the average net worth of Republicans in 2010 of $7,561,133.[54]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Grimm ranked 228th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[55]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Grimm ranked 226th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[56]

Voting with party

June 2013

Michael Grimm voted with the Republican Party 86% of the time, which ranked 230th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[57]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Michael + Grimm + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Michael Grimm News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. Campaign Website "Michael Grimm"
  2. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress "GRIMM, Michael G., (1970 - )"
  3. U.S. Congressman Michael Grimm, Representing the 13th District of New York "Full Biography"
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  5. U.S. Congressman Michael Grimm, Representing the 13th District of New York "Committees and Caucuses"
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Washington Post, "Republican congressman withdraws support for Syria strike," accessed September 6, 2013
  9. 9.0 9.1 Staten Island Live, "Staten Island's Grimm: President should order air strike on Syria now," accessed September 6, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Grimm's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 8, 2013
  11. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  12. Vote Smart, "Grimm on agriculture", accessed October 8, 2013
  13. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps", accessed September 17, 2013
  14. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  18. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Politico, "7 GOPers who need immigration vote," accessed July 9, 2013
  20. LA Times, "GOP rejects Dream Act-like deportation deferrals," accessed June 10, 2013
  21. 21.0 21.1 U.S. House, "Final Vote Results," accessed June 10, 2013
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 Huffington Post, "Steve King Amendment Passes House To Deport More Dreamers," accessed June 10, 2013
  23. Fox News, "House votes to resume deporting young DREAM Act immigrants," accessed June 10, 2013
  24. Huffington Post, "Steve King's Amendment To The Immigration Bill Worsens The GOP's Latino Problem," accessed June 10, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Grimm's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Health Care," accessed October 8, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 Staten Island Advance "Rep. Grimm calls for water bills to be waived for those who haven't turned on the tap" Accessed June 25, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "Grimm on abortion," accessed October 8, 2013
  28. U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  29. Campaign website "Issues"
  30. Mitt Romney for President, "Mitt Romney Announces Support of New York Republican Elected Officials and Leaders," December 20, 2011
  31. Roll Call, "Ethics Committee Again Defers Investigation Into Grimm", accessed December 5, 2013
  32. Roll Call, "House GOP Adds 9 Vulnerable Incumbents to Patriot Program," July 21, 2013
  33. Roll Call "House Majority PAC Announces Top 2014 GOP Incumbent Targets" Accessed July 16, 2013
  34. The Hill, "Dem super PAC hitting nine House Republicans on shutdown," accessed October 4, 2013
  35. KWTV, "Democratic Group Airs Shutdown Ads Targeting GOP Lawmakers," accessed October 4, 2013
  36. Politico "2012 Election Map, New York"
  37. Politicker "Michael Grimm officially knocked off independence line," May 1, 2012
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Michael Grimm" March 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Summary Report," accessed July 31, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm July Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 11, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  46. Open Secrets "Michael Grimm 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed March 1, 2013
  47. Open Secrets "Michael Grimm 2010 Election Data," Accessed December 17, 2011
  48. Gov Track "Grimm" Accessed June 20, 2013
  49. OpenCongress, "Michael Grimm," Accessed August 6, 2013
  50. GovTrack, "Michael Grimm" Accessed April 2013
  51. LegiStorm, "Michael_Grimm," Accessed October 2, 2012
  52. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  53. OpenSecrets.org "Michael Grimm (R-NY), 2011," accessed February 21, 2013
  54. OpenSecrets.org, "Michael Grimm (D-NY), 2010," Accessed October 2, 2012
  55. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013
  56. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  57. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Yvette D. Clarke
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 11
2013–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Michael McMahon
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 13
2011–2013
Succeeded by
Charles Rangel