Difference between revisions of "Michael Grimm"

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===Ideologies and leadership===
===Ideologies and leadership===
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Grimm is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican,]]" as of June 20, 2013.<ref name=govtrack>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_grimm/412451 ''GovTrack'', "Michael Grimm," accessed June 20, 2013]</ref>
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Grimm is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican leader]]" as of August 2014.<ref name=govtrack>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_grimm/412451 ''GovTrack'', "Michael Grimm," accessed August 5, 2014]</ref> Grimm was rated as a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican]]" in June 2013.
===Like-minded colleagues===
===Like-minded colleagues===

Revision as of 16:14, 5 August 2014

Michael Grimm
Michael Grimm.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 11
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 4
PredecessorYvette D. Clarke (D)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$3,542,325
Term limitsN/A
Bachelor'sBaruch College, City University of New York
J.D.New York Law School
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Marine Corps
Years of service1989-1990
Service branchUnited States Marine Corps Reserves
Years of service1990-1997
Date of birthFebruary 7, 1970
Place of birthNew York, New York
ProfessionFBI Agent, Entrepreneur
Net worth$309,999
ReligionRoman Catholic
Office website
Campaign website
Michael Grimm (b. February 7, 1970, in New York, NY) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 11th Congressional District. Grimm was first elected to the House in 2010 and is currently serving his second consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012 against Mark Murphy. Grimm previously represented New York's 13th Congressional District, but due to 2012 redistricting is currently representing District 13.

Grimm was a 2014 Republican, Conservative and Independence Party candidate seeking re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 11th Congressional District of New York.[1] Grimm ran unopposed for all three nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. He will be challenged by Domenic Recchia in the general election.[2]

Before his congressional career, Grimm's work history included service as a United States Marine, a FBI clerk and special agent, a deputized U.S. Marshal, a research analyst on Wall Street, a health food restaurant founder, and executive in a bio-fuel company.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Grimm is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.


Grimm was born in New York, New York. He earned a B.B.A. from Baruch College in 1994 and a J.D. from New York Law School in 2002.[4]


Grimm left college after his freshman year and enlisted in the United States Marine Corps. After serving in the Persian Gulf War and being awarded a Combat Meritorious Promotion, Grimm returned to reserve status and continued his education. While attending college full time during the day, Grimm went to work as a clerk for the FBI on the midnight shift. Grimm was chosen to attend the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center where he completed the Federal Police Officer Training Program. Upon returning from training, Grimm was deputized as a U.S. Marshal and entrusted with full arrest authority as a Uniformed Police Officer for the FBI. Grimm left the FBI for a research analyst position on Wall Street, where he received several securities industry licenses. During this period, Grimm attended Bernard M. Baruch College at night to further his education. Upon graduating with his B.B.A. in Accountancy with a concentration in Finance, Grimm returned to the FBI where he was appointed a Special Agent and assigned to the New York Office. Grimm was assigned to investigate the Gambino Crime Family in the Organized Crime Branch, and he took part in undercover stings on Wall Street as a member of the Financial Fraud Squad. During his service in the FBI, Grimm attended New York Law School at night. After attaining his J.D., Grimm was admitted to practice law in New York and Connecticut.

Grimm eventually left the FBI and founded a small health food restaurant in Manhattan and was a principal in a bio-fuel company.[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Grimm serves on the following committees:[5]

  • Financial Services Committee
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation
    • Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises
    • Subcommittee on Monetary Policy and Trade


Grimm served on the following committees:[6]

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[7] For more information pertaining to Grimm's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

In a statement September 5, 2013, Grimm said the window for action has now passed and that the feedback from his constituents has made him re-think his previous position.[9]

“Thus, after much thought, deliberation and prayer, I am no longer convinced that a U.S. strike on Syria will yield a benefit to the United States that will not be greatly outweighed by the extreme cost of war,” Grimm said.[9]

Grimm added, “Now that the Assad regime has seen our playbook and has been given enough time to prepare and safeguard potential targets, I do not feel that we have enough to gain as a nation by moving forward with this attack on our own.”[9]

The statements are in stark contrast with what he said on August 31, 2013.[9][10] Previously, Grimm had said he supported President Obama’s decision to launch military action in Syria, saying he was “supporting the president on this."[10]


Yea3.png Grimm voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[11]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Grimm voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Grimm voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[12] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]


Waiving of water fees for Hurricane Sandy victims

On June 22, 2013 Grimm held a press conference to call for water fees for Sandy survivors who have used little to no water in their damaged homes to be waived.[13]

After having suspended sending water bills to Hurricane Sandy victims until June 2013, the New York City Water Board sent out bills with charges accrued since late October 2012.[13] Under the city's Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), homeowners are subject to a minimum charge of $1.19 per day, even if a home uses no water. Many displaced residents are receiving water bills for $300 or more.[13] Grimm seeks to have the city waive all water fees for Sandy-impacted homeowners.[13]

At the June 22 press conference Grimm expressed his backing of having the fees waived, saying "The policy should be that if you're not in your home because of Sandy, then all fees [should] be waived until you move back in."[13]

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Grimm voted for the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[14] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[15]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Grimm voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Yea3.png The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Grimm voted for HR 2775.[19]

Flood insurance reform

In early 2014, Grimm and Louisiana Representative Bill Cassidy co-sponsored the Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act. In March 2014, the bill was passed by the U.S. Senate and subsequently signed into law by President Obama. The law repealed steep increases in flood insurance rates for homeowners in flood prone areas, preventing exponential increases in flood insurance premiums for 5.5 million Americans.[20][21]


Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Grimm voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[11]

Climate change

In April 2014, Grimm became the first sitting House Republican to go on the record stating his view that humans cause global warming. Speaking about his views on climate change, Grimm said: "The majority of respected scientists say that it’s conclusive, the evidence is clear. So I don’t think the jury is out.”[22]


Several Republican members of the U.S. House may have faced a tougher path to re-election in 2014 because immigration reform did not pass in the House in 2013, according to a Public Policy Poll released in July 2013.[23]

According to the poll, a majority of voters in seven Republican congressional districts said they were less likely to vote for their representative if he failed to support immigration reform. Voters also reported in the poll that they were less likely to support Republican candidates in the 2014 general election if the Republican House members blocked immigration reform proposals.[23] Grimm was one of the seven representatives who served in a district that had overwhelming support for the Senate’s immigration reform plan.[23]

Nay3.png In June 2013 the House approved an amendment to the Department of Homeland Security spending bill that would end the department's discretion policies by cutting off funding for the proposed DREAM Act, which would have temporarily halted the deportations of young immigrants if they have served in the military or are attending college. This vote overturns an executive order signed by President Obama that formalized a process for the "Dreamers" to remain in the U.S.[24][25][26]

The amendment, offered by Rep. Steve King (R) of Iowa, passed the House by a vote of 224-201 and was approved mostly along party lines. However, three Democrats supported the amendment and six Republicans opposed it, while nine members did not vote.[26]Grimm was one of the six Republican members who voted against the amendment.[25]

The amendment would effectively demand the government force out "Dreamers" who came to the U.S. as children.[26] It contrasts with comprehensive immigration reform efforts, including proposed DREAM Act style legislation, and would resume the deportation of hundreds of thousands of immigrants brought illegally to the United States as children.[27] The amendment was the first immigration-related vote in either chamber of Congress in 2013, and blocks many of the provisions that are mirrored in the Senate’s Gang of Eight bill.[28][26]


Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Grimm has voted for all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[29]

Social issues


Yea3.png Grimm voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[30]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Grimm voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[31]


On The Issues Vote Match

Michael Grimm's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Grimm is a Hard-Core Conservative. Grimm received a score of 24 percent on social issues and 77 percent on economic issues.[32]

Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.

Campaign themes


Grimm listed several of his campaign themes on his website:[33]

  • Strengthening the economy
  • Jobs
  • Healthcare
  • Transportation
  • National Security and Defense
  • Veterans
  • U.S. Foreign Policy
  • U.S.-Israel Relationship
  • Energy and Environment

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Michael Grimm endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [34]

Campaign investigations

In December 2013, the Justice Department requested the House Ethics Committee investigation into Grimm's possible campaign finance violations to be deferred again. Grimm faces allegations of "soliciting and accepting federal campaign contributions, caus[ing] false information to be included in campaign finance reports, and improperly [seeking] assistance from a foreign national in soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for offering to use his official position to assist that individual in obtaining a green card." The statement from the Justice Department suggests they are still conducting their own investigation. The House Ethics Committee will release a statement once a year if they continue to defer the investigation, according to a joint statement released by Committee members Michael Conaway and Linda Sanchez.[35]

Incident with reporter

Grimm's January 28, 2014, interview with NY1 reporter.

Following the State of the Union speech on January 28, 2014, Grimm threatened to throw a reporter off a balcony after being asked about his House Ethics Committee investigation. Grimm replied, "That’s off-topic. This is only about president’s speech,” and walked off camera, only to return after the reporter concluded the report.[36][37][38][39]

Grimm issued a statement on January 28, 2014: “I was extremely annoyed because I was doing NY1 a favor by rushing to do their interview first in lieu of several other requests. The reporter knew that I was in a hurry and was only there to comment on the State of the Union, but insisted on taking a disrespectful and cheap shot at the end of the interview, because I did not have time to speak off-topic. I verbally took the reporter to task and told him off, because I expect a certain level of professionalism and respect, especially when I go out of my way to do that reporter a favor. I doubt that I am the first member of Congress to tell off a reporter, and I am sure I won’t be the last.”[39]

Grimm apologized to the reporter on January 29, 2014. Afterwards, he issued the following statement: “I’m a human being, and sometimes your emotions get the better of you. The bottom line, though, is it shouldn’t happen, you shouldn’t lose your cool. That’s why I apologized. When you’re wrong, you’re wrong, and you have to admit it. It shouldn’t happen.”[40]


On April 28, 2014, Grimm surrendered to the FBI, facing federal charges of tax fraud related to his restaurant, Healthalicious.[41] Attorney Loretta Lynch was named to oversee the indictment.[42] Grimm had been under federal investigation for campaign finance violations, but Lynch's indictment focused instead on Grimm's restaurant business. Grimm was charged with twenty crimes, including under-reporting income in order to avoid paying taxes, "conspiracy, obstruction, mail fraud, perjury and the unlawful employment of illegal immigrants."[41] This was not the first time that Grimm had gotten into trouble for his restaurant, as Healthalicious was also charged $88,000 in January 2012 for not providing workers with compensation insurance.[43] The business was connected with his campaign as well. The Grimm company running Healthalicious was closely tied to Israeli fundraiser Ofer Biton, who communicated with Grimm on behalf of Israeli rabbi Yoshiyahu Yosef Pinto. Pinto, worth close to $21 million, had many followers who contributed heavily to Grimm's successful 2010 campaign.[44] Some of Pinto's followers admitted to illegally contributing tens of thousands of dollars to Grimm's campaign.[41] Although campaign finance violations were not part of the indictment, Lynch said that the investigation was ongoing, so prosecutors could bring yet more charges on Grimm later.[45]

Throughout the case, Grimm's attorney, William McGinley, maintained that Grimm was innocent. McGinley stated, "the government has pursued a politically driven vendetta against Congressman Grimm" and "when the dust settles, he will be vindicated."[42] Grimm was running unopposed in the Republican primary for New York's 11th Congressional District elections, and since the filing deadline had already passed, Republicans could not nominate anyone else to run for his seat.[44] Despite calls for his resignation, Grimm said that he would not resign, and that he would continue campaigning for re-election.[46]

Diana Durand, a former girlfriend of Grimm, was arraigned on May 5, 2014 for violating campaign law in order to reimburse straw donors to Grimm's campaign. Her lawyer maintained that she did not know her actions were illegal. Regardless, this case could factor into future investigations into Grimm's campaign fundraising.[47]



See also: New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014

Grimm ran in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New York's 11th District. Grimm ran unopposed for the Republican, Conservative and Independence Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. The general election took place November 4, 2014.

Grimm is a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program is designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[48] He has also been listed by the House Majority PAC as a target in 2014.[49][50][51]

Loss of campaign manager

Bill Cortese, Grimm's campaign manager and the only employee working full-time on his campaign, quit after Grimm's indictment. Grimm's advisor, Guy Molinari, said that they are not concerned about the campaign, stating simply that "Bill opted to follow a different course. In every campaign, you have changes that take place."[52] According to an unnamed person familiar with the campaign, organizations such as the National Republican Congressional Committee denied aid to Grimm's campaign after the indictment, and with decreases to his budget, Grimm could no longer afford to pay Cortese's salary.[53]


Grimm has received the following endorsements:

  • The New York Independence Party[54]


See also: New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2012

Grimm won re-election in 2012, but due to redistricting, he ran in the newly redrawn 11th District. He was unopposed in the Conservative and Republican primaries on June 26, 2012, and defeated Mark Murphy (D) and Henry Bardel (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[55]

U.S. House, New York District 11 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Mark Murphy 43% 92,428
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Grimm Incumbent 48% 103,118
     Green Henry Bardel 0.9% 1,939
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 8% 17,270
Total Votes 214,755
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Ballot challenge

Grimm initially attempted to file as an Independence Party candidate as well as Republican, but a press from Democratic challenger Mark Murphy successfully knocked Grimm from that line. Grimm remained on the ballot as a Republican, and the Independence Party line was blank on the ballot.[56]

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Grimm is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Grimm raised a total of $3,542,325 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 23, 2013.[58]

Michael Grimm's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 11) Won $2,263,993
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 13) Won $1,278,332
Grand Total Raised $3,542,325

Individual breakdown


Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Grimm’s reports.[59]

**After Grimm's Indictment in April 2014, Grimm worked to create a "legal defense fund" separate from his campaign fund, in order to help cover his legal costs. In June 2014, he received permission from the House Ethics Committee to open the fund. In the first month, he raised $67,400 for the legal defense fund, while his campaign fund raised only about one third of that amount.[69]


Breakdown of the source of Grimm's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Grimm won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Grimm's campaign committee raised a total of $2,263,994 and spent $2,204,598.[70]

Cost per vote

Grimm spent $21.38 per vote received in 2012.


Breakdown of the source of Grimm's campaign funds before the 2010 election.
Grimm was elected to the U.S. House in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,278,332 and spent $1,249,139.[71]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Grimm's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-99,999 and $719,997. That averages to $309,999, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Grimm ranked as the 314th most wealthy representative in 2012.[72] Between 2009 and 2012, Grimm's calculated net worth[73] decreased by an average of 13 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[74]

Michael Grimm Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-40%
Average annual growth:-13%[75]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[76]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.


Ideologies and leadership

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Grimm is a "centrist Republican leader" as of August 2014.[77] Grimm was rated as a "centrist Republican" in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[78]

Grimm most often votes with:

Grimm least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Grimm missed 32 of 1,708 roll call votes from Jan 2011 to Apr 2013, which is 1.9% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[77]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Grimm paid his congressional staff a total of $987,551 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[79]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Grimm was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Grimm's staff was given an apparent $24,400.00 in bonus money.[80]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Grimm ranked 228th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[81]


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Grimm ranked 226th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[82]

Voting with party

June 2013

Michael Grimm voted with the Republican Party 86 percent of the time, which ranked 230th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[83]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Michael + Grimm + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Michael Grimm News Feed

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See also

External links

Political Tracker has an article on:
Michael Grimm


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  32. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  33. Michael Grimm for Congress, "Issues"
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  58. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Michael Grimm," accessed March 2013
  59. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Summary Report," accessed July 31, 2013
  60. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
  61. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm July Quarterly," accessed July 31, 2013
  62. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  63. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 11, 2014
  64. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  65. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Pre-Primary," accessed October 23, 2014
  66. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm July Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  67. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  68. Federal Election Commission, "Michael Grimm Pre-General," accessed October 23, 2014
  69. State of Politics, "Grimm’s Legal Defense Fund Raises $67K," accessed July 31, 2014
  70. Open Secrets, "Michael Grimm 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
  71. Open Secrets, "Michael Grimm 2010 Election Data," accessed December 17, 2011
  72. Open Secrets, "Michael Grimm (R-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  73. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  74. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  75. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  76. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  77. 77.0 77.1 GovTrack, "Michael Grimm," accessed August 5, 2014
  78. OpenCongress, "Michael Grimm," accessed August 6, 2013
  79. LegiStorm, "Michael Grimm," accessed October 2, 2012
  80. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  81. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 7, 2013
  82. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  83. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Yvette D. Clarke
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 11
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Michael McMahon
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 13
Succeeded by
Charles Rangel