Difference between revisions of "Michael Grimm"

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|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
|Last election = November 6, 2012
+
|Last election = [[New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 +
|Cost per vote 2012 =$21.38
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|First elected = November 2, 2010
 
|First elected = November 2, 2010
 
|Term limits =
 
|Term limits =
|Next election = [[New York's 11th congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
+
|Next primary =  
 +
|Next election =
 
|Campaign $ = 3,542,325
 
|Campaign $ = 3,542,325
|Prior office = U.S. House, New York, District 13
+
|Prior office =  
|Prior office years = January 3, 2011-January 3, 2013
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|Prior office years =
 
|Prior office 2 =  
 
|Prior office 2 =  
 
|Prior office 2 years =  
 
|Prior office 2 years =  
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|Place of birth = New York, New York
 
|Place of birth = New York, New York
 
|Profession = FBI Agent, Entrepreneur
 
|Profession = FBI Agent, Entrepreneur
|Net worth = $484,999
+
|Net worth = $309,999
 
|Religion = Roman Catholic
 
|Religion = Roman Catholic
 
|Office website = http://grimm.house.gov/
 
|Office website = http://grimm.house.gov/
 
|Campaign website = http://grimmforcongress.com/
 
|Campaign website = http://grimmforcongress.com/
 
|Personal website =  
 
|Personal website =  
}}{{tnr}}'''Michael Grimm''' (b. February 7, 1970) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]]  representing [[New York's 11th congressional district]]. Grimm was first elected to the House in 2010 and is currently serving his second consecutive term, having won re-election on [[New York's 11th congressional district elections, 2012| November 6, 2012]] against [[Mark Murphy]]. Grimm previously represented [[New York's 13th congressional district]] but due to [[Redistricting in New York|2012 redistricting]] is currently representing [[New York's 13th congressional district|District 13]].
+
}}{{tnr}}'''Michael Grimm''' (b. February 7, 1970, in New York, [[New York|NY]]) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]]  representing [[New York's 11th Congressional District]]. Grimm was first elected to the House in 2010 and is currently serving his second consecutive term, having won re-election on [[New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2012| November 6, 2012]], against [[Mark Murphy]]. Grimm previously represented [[New York's 13th Congressional District]], but due to [[Redistricting in New York|2012 redistricting]] is currently representing [[New York's 11th Congressional District|District 11]].
 
   
 
   
Grimm is set to run for re-election in [[New York's 11th congressional district elections, 2014|New York's 11th congressional district]] in 2014, where he will likely be up against candidate [[Domenic Recchia]].
+
In 2014, Grimm won re-election to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] to represent [[New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014|the 11th Congressional District]] of [[New York]].<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.elections.ny.gov:8080/reports/rwservlet?cmdkey=whofiled ''New York Board of Elections'', "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 17, 2014]</ref> Grimm ran unopposed for the [[Republican Party|Republican]], [[Conservative Party USA|Conservative]] and [[Independence Party of America|Independence Party]] nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.<ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2014/by_state/NY_US_House_0624.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press'', "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014]</ref> He defeated [[Domenic Recchia]] (D) and [[Henry Bardel]] (G) in the general election on November 4, 2014.<ref name=results>[http://www.politico.com/2014-election/results/map/house/new-york/#.VF0aOPTF-Pc ''Politico'', "2014 New York House Election Results," accessed November 7, 2014]</ref>
  
Before his congressional career Grimm served in the United States Marine Corps, worked for the FBI as both a clerk and Special Agent, as a  deputized U.S. Marshal ,a research analyst on Wall Street, founded a small health food restaurant in Manhattan and was a principal in a bio-fuel company.<ref>[http://grimm.house.gov/about-me/full-biography]</ref>
+
Before his congressional career, Grimm's work history included service as a United States Marine, an FBI clerk and special agent, a  deputized U.S. Marshal, a research analyst on Wall Street, a health food restaurant founder and an executive in a bio-fuel company.<ref name=bio>[http://grimm.house.gov/about-me/full-biography ''U.S. Congressman Michael Grimm, Representing the 11th District of New York'', "Full Biography"]</ref>
  
 
{{Introanalysis
 
{{Introanalysis
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==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Grimm was born in New York, [[New York]]. He earned a B.A. from Baruch College in 1994, and a J.D. from [[New York]] Law School in 2002.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=G000569 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'' "GRIMM, Michael G., (1970 - )"]</ref>
+
Grimm was born in New York, [[New York]]. He earned a B.B.A. from Baruch College in 1994 and a J.D. from [[New York]] Law School in 2002.<ref name=bioguide>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=G000569 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "GRIMM, Michael G., (1970 - )"]</ref>
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
Grimm left college after his freshman year and enlisted in the United States Marine Corps. After serving in the Persian Gulf War and being awarded a Combat Meritorious Promotion, Grimm returned reserve status and continued his education. While attending college full time during the day, Grimm went to work as a clerk for the FBI on the midnight shift. Grimm was chosen to attend the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center where he completed the Federal Police Officer Training Program. Upon returning from training, Grimm was deputized as a U.S. Marshal and entrusted with full arrest authority as a Uniformed Police Officer for the FBI. With a desire to diversify his background, Grimm left the FBI for a Research Analyst position on Wall Street attaining several securities industry licenses. During this period, Grimm attended Bernard M. Baruch College at night to further his education. Upon graduating with his BBA in Accountancy with a concentration in Finance, Grimm felt the pull of public service and returned to the FBI where he was appointed a Special Agent and assigned to the New York Office. Although he was assigned to investigate the Gambino Crime Family in the prestigious Organized Crime Branch, Grimm found his niche fighting corruption on Wall Street as a member of the Financial Fraud Squad. During his service in the FBI, Grimm attended New York Law School at night. Grimm was then admitted to practice law in New York and Connecticut.
+
Below is an abbreviated outline of Grimm's professional and political career:<ref name=bioguide/><ref name=bio/>
  
Grimm eventually left the FBI and founded a small health food restaurant in Manhattan and was a principal in a bio-fuel company.<ref>[http://grimm.house.gov/about-me/full-biography ''U.S. Congressman Michael Grimm, Representing the 13th District of New York'' "Full Biography"]</ref>
+
*1989-1990: United States Marine Corps
 +
:*Served in Persian Gulf War and awarded Combat Meritorious Promotion
 +
*1990-1997: United States Corps reserve
 +
*1997-2006: [[Federal Bureau of Investigation]] (FBI)
 +
:*Clerk
 +
:*Completed Federal Police Officer Training Program at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
 +
:*Uniformed Police Officer
 +
:*Special Agent investigating the Gambino Crime Family
 +
*Research analyst on Wall Street
 +
*Member of the New York and Connecticut Bar Associations
 +
*Founded health food restaurant, "Healthalicious," in Manhattan
 +
*Principal in a bio-fuel company
 +
*2011-present: Congressman in the [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. House of Representatives]]
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 
===U.S. House===
 
===U.S. House===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Grimm serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"]</ref>
+
Grimm serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services|Financial Services Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services|Financial Services Committee]]
 
**Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation
 
**Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
Grimm served on the following committees:<ref>[http://grimm.house.gov/about-me/full-biography ''U.S. Congressman Michael Grimm, Representing the 13th District of New York'' "Committees and Caucuses"]</ref>
+
Grimm served on the following committees:<ref>[http://grimm.house.gov/about-me/full-biography ''U.S. Congressman Michael Grimm, Representing the 13th District of New York'', "Committees and Caucuses"]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services|Financial Services Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services|Financial Services Committee]]
 
**Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation
 
**Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation
 
**Subcommittee on Capital Markets
 
**Subcommittee on Capital Markets
  
==Issues==
+
==Key votes==
===Political positions===
+
===113th Congress===
====Immigration reform====
+
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 +
{{113thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Grimm
 +
|Passed=22
 +
|Total=4315
 +
|Date=August 1, 2013
 +
|Sen=
 +
|SenTotal=
 +
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed October 8, 2013]</ref>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
===National security===
 +
====NDAA====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Grimm voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref name=ns>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/127075/michael-grimm?categoryId=61&type=V,S,R,E,F,P#.UlQ-eRCmUrg ''Project Vote Smart'', "Representative Grimm's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 8, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====DHS Appropriations====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Grimm voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.<ref name=ns/>
 +
 
 +
====CISPA (2013)====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Grimm voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:h.r.624: ''The Library of Congress'', "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013]</ref> The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref name=ns/>
 +
 
 +
===Economy===
 +
====Farm Bill====
 +
: ''See also: [[United States Farm Bill 2013]]''
 +
{{Yea vote}}
 +
Grimm voted for the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013.  The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.<ref>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/127075/michael-grimm?categoryId=4&type=V,S,R,E,F,P,E#.UlRADBCmUrg ''Project Vote Smart'', "Grimm on agriculture," accessed October 8, 2013]</ref>  The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/12/us/politics/house-bill-would-split-farm-and-food-stamp-programs.html?pagewanted=1&_r=0 ''New York Times'', "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013]</ref>
 +
====Government shutdown====
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
{{Yea vote}} On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref name=clerk>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Grimm voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref name=clerk/>
 +
 
 +
{{Yea vote}} The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Grimm voted for HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Flood insurance reform====
 +
In early 2014, Grimm and Louisiana Representative [[Bill Cassidy]] co-sponsored the Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act. In March 2014, the bill was passed by the U.S. Senate and subsequently signed into law by President Obama. The law repealed steep increases in flood insurance rates for homeowners in flood prone areas, preventing exponential increases in flood insurance premiums for 5.5 million Americans.<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2014/03/senate_passes_flood_insurance.html ''Staten Island Live'', "Senate passes flood insurance bill from Staten Island Rep. Michael Grimm by vote of 72-22," March 13, 2014]</ref><ref>[http://www.wdsu.com/news/local-news/new-orleans/obama-signs-bill-into-law-preventing-flood-insurance-rate-hikes/25093406#!bk59IK ''WDSU'', "Obama signs bill into law preventing flood insurance rate hikes," March 21, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Environment===
 +
====Keystone Pipeline Amendment====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Grimm voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.<ref name=ns/>
 +
 
 +
===Immigration===
 +
{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-MichaelGGrimm-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
 
{{Immigration vote for GOP members|Name=Grimm}}
 
{{Immigration vote for GOP members|Name=Grimm}}
 +
 +
{{King Amendment 2013 GOP|Name=Grimm}}
 +
 +
===Healthcare===
 +
====Repealing Obamacare====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Grimm has voted for all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.<ref>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/127075/michael-grimm?categoryId=38&type=V,S,R,E,F,P,E,E#.UlRAnBCmUrg ''Project Vote Smart'', "Representative Grimm's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 8, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
===Social issues===
 +
 +
====Abortion====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Grimm voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/127075/michael-grimm?categoryId=2&type=V,S,R,E,F,P,E,E,E#.UlRBthCmUrg ''Project Vote Smart'', "Grimm on abortion," accessed October 8, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
===Government affairs===
 +
====HR 676====
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{{Obama lawsuit GOP Yes|Name= Grimm}}
 +
 +
===Previous congressional sessions===
 +
====Fiscal Cliff====
 +
{{Yea vote}}
 +
Grimm voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
==Issues==
 +
 +
===On The Issues Vote Match===
 +
[[File:s020_080.gif|right|290px|thumb|Michael Grimm's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
 +
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Grimm is a '''Hard-Core Conservative.''' Grimm received a score of 24 percent on social issues and 77 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name= Grimm |Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://House.OnTheIssues.org/NY/Michael_Grimm.htm ''On The Issues'', "Michael Grimm Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Hiring= Favors
 +
|Marriage= Strongly Opposes
 +
|God= Favors
 +
|ObamaCare=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Social Security= Unknown
 +
|School Choice= Strongly Favors
 +
|Animals=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Crime= Unknown
 +
|Guns= Strongly Favors
 +
|Taxes=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Citizenship=Opposes
 +
|Free Trade= Opposes
 +
|United Nations=Strongly Favors
 +
|Military=Unknown
 +
|Campaign Funds=Unknown
 +
|Iran=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Energy=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Marijuana=Unknown
 +
|Stimulus=Opposes
 +
}}
  
 
===Campaign themes===
 
===Campaign themes===
 +
====2014====
 +
Grimm listed his positions on various issues on his campaign website. The following were excerpts from Grimm's website:<ref>[http://grimmforcongress.com/issues/ ''Michael Grimm for Congress'', "Issues," accessed October 7, 2014]</ref>
 +
 +
{{quote|
 +
*'''Jobs & the Economy''': "It is clear from the slow growth of our economy, the tax and spend policies put forth by President Obama have failed. From the healthcare law to unachievable EPA standards, the onslaught of job-killing regulations coming out of the Obama Administration are hurting the small businesses of Staten Island and Brooklyn and keeping them from growing and creating jobs."
 +
*'''Transportation''': "As residents of New York City, we rely heavily on public transportation, but it seems that too often we get the short end of the stick when it comes to services. Staten Island remains the only borough without a free road in and out, our public transportation options are limited, and our roads remain congested as residents face some of the longest commute times in the country. That is why I have made improving public transportation and reducing the costs a top priority."
 +
*'''Energy and Environment''': "Between tax increases and toll hikes, rising gas and energy prices add insult to injury and put further strain on our ever-tightening budgets. In order to lower energy costs, I support an all-of-the-above approach to energy that reduces our dependence on foreign oil; generates American jobs by tapping into resources here at home; and provides incentives to create clean, renewable, and efficient energy options."
 +
*'''U.S. Foreign Policy''': "We are at a crucial time when it comes to U.S. foreign policy. There are no easy answers, but it is clear that our foreign policy and national defense must be stronger and more strategic. Since 9/11, the threat of terrorism here and abroad remains high, and our relationships with key allies are more important than ever before."
 +
*'''National Security and Defense''': "When I was 19, I joined the U.S. Marine Corps and learned from an early age the importance of defending our great nation abroad. As an FBI agent, I learned to defend it at home. New York City remains the #1 terrorist target in the nation, which is why I will not cave when it comes to supporting a strong national defense policy."
 +
|author=Michael Grimm|source=[http://web.archive.org/web/20141007154241/http://grimmforcongress.com/issues/ Campaign website (archive)]}}
 +
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Grimm listed several of his campaign themes on his website:<ref>[http://grimmforcongress.com/issues Campaign website "Issues"]</ref>
+
Grimm listed several of his campaign themes on his website:<ref>[http://grimmforcongress.com/issues ''Michael Grimm for Congress'', "Issues"]</ref>
 
*Strengthening the economy
 
*Strengthening the economy
 
*Jobs
 
*Jobs
Line 112: Line 227:
 
*Energy and Environment
 
*Energy and Environment
  
===Waiving of water fees for Hurricane Sandy victims===
+
===Presidential preference===
On June 22, 2013 Grimm held a press conference to call for water fees for Sandy survivors who have used little to no water in their damaged homes to be waived.<ref name="water">[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/06/rep_grimm_calls_for_water_bill.html ''Staten Island Advance'' "Rep. Grimm calls for water bills to be waived for those who haven't turned on the tap" Accessed June 25, 2013]</ref>  
+
{{presendorse|2012|Mitt Romney}}<ref>[http://mittromney.com/news/press/2011/12/mitt-romney-announces-support-new-york-republican-elected-officials-and-leaders ''Mitt Romney for President'', "Mitt Romney Announces Support of New York Republican Elected Officials and Leaders," accessed December 20, 2011]</ref>
  
After having suspended sending water bills to Hurricane Sandy victims until June 2013, the New York City Water Board sent out bills with charges accrued since late October 2012.<ref name="water"/> Under the city's Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), homeowners are subject to a minimum charge of $1.19 per day, even if a home uses no water. Many displaced residents are receiving water bills for $300 or more.<ref name="water"/> Grimm seeks to have the city waive all water fees for Sandy-impacted homeowners.<ref name="water"/>
+
===Political positions===
 +
====American response in Syria====
 +
: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
  
At the June 22 press conference Grimm expressed his backing of having the fees waived, saying "The policy should be that if you're not in your home because of Sandy, then all fees [should] be waived until you move back in."<ref name="water"/>
+
In a statement on September 5, 2013, Grimm said that the window for action had passed and that the feedback from his constituents had made him re-think his previous position.<ref name="syria">[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2013/09/05/republican-congressman-withdraws-support-for-syria-strike/?wprss=rss_politics&clsrd ''Washington Post'', "Republican congressman withdraws support for Syria strike," accessed September 6, 2013]</ref>
  
===Presidential preference===
+
“Thus, after much thought, deliberation and prayer, I am no longer convinced that a U.S. strike on Syria will yield a benefit to the United States that will not be greatly outweighed by the extreme cost of war,” Grimm said.<ref name="syria"/>
{{presendorse|2012|Mitt Romney}}<ref>[http://mittromney.com/news/press/2011/12/mitt-romney-announces-support-new-york-republican-elected-officials-and-leaders ''Mitt Romney for President,'' "Mitt Romney Announces Support of New York Republican Elected Officials and Leaders," December 20, 2011]</ref>
+
===Specific votes===
+
====Fiscal Cliff====
+
{{Support vote}}
+
Grimm voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was one of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
  
====King Amendment====
+
Grimm added, “Now that the Assad regime has seen our playbook and has been given enough time to prepare and safeguard potential targets, I do not feel that we have enough to gain as a nation by moving forward with this attack on our own.”<ref name="syria"/>
{{King Amendment 2013 GOP|Name=Grimm}}
+
 
 +
These statements were in stark contrast with his comments from August 31, 2013.<ref name="syria"/><ref name="syrias">[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/08/staten_islands_grimm_president.html ''Staten Island Live'', "Staten Island's Grimm: President should order air strike on Syria now," accessed September 6, 2013]</ref> Previously, Grimm had said he supported President Obama’s decision to launch military action in Syria, saying he was “supporting the president on this."<ref name="syrias"/>
 +
 
 +
====Waiving of water fees for Hurricane Sandy victims====
 +
On June 22, 2013, Grimm held a press conference to call for water fees to be waived for Sandy survivors who had used little to no water in their damaged homes.<ref name="water">[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/06/rep_grimm_calls_for_water_bill.html ''Staten Island Advance'', "Rep. Grimm calls for water bills to be waived for those who haven't turned on the tap," accessed June 25, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
After having suspended sending water bills to Hurricane Sandy victims until June 2013, the New York City Water Board sent out bills with charges accrued since late October 2012.<ref name="water"/> Under the city's Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), homeowners are subject to a minimum charge of $1.19 per day, even if a home uses no water. Many displaced residents received water bills for $300 or more.<ref name="water"/> Grimm sought to have the city waive all water fees for Sandy-impacted homeowners.<ref name="water"/>
 +
 
 +
At the June 22 press conference Grimm expressed his support for waiving the fees, saying "The policy should be that if you're not in your home because of Sandy, then all fees [should] be waived until you move back in."<ref name="water"/>
 +
 
 +
====Climate change====
 +
In April 2014, Grimm became the first sitting House Republican to go on the record stating his view that humans cause global warming. Speaking about his views on climate change, Grimm said: "The majority of respected scientists say that it’s conclusive, the evidence is clear. So I don’t think the jury is out.”<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2014/04/michael-grimm-indictment-climate-change-106040.html''Politico'', "Grimm’s woes cast cloud on climate turnabout," April 25, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Controversy===
 +
====Campaign investigations====
 +
In December 2013, the Justice Department requested that the [[House Ethics Committee]] investigation into Grimm's possible campaign finance violations be deferred again.  Grimm faces allegations of "soliciting and accepting federal campaign contributions, caus[ing] false information to be included in campaign finance reports, and improperly [seeking] assistance from a foreign national in soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for offering to use his official position to assist that individual in obtaining a green card."  The statement from the Justice Department suggested they were still conducting their own investigation.  The House Ethics Committee will release a statement once a year if they continue to defer the investigation, according to a joint statement released by Committee members [[Michael Conaway]] and [[Linda Sanchez]].<ref>[http://blogs.rollcall.com/218/ethics-committee-again-defers-formal-investigation-into-rep-michael-grimm/ ''Roll Call'', "Ethics Committee Again Defers Investigation Into Grimm," accessed December 5, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Incident with reporter====
 +
{{youtube|title=425ysh-24wo|size=250|caption=Grimm's January 28, 2014, interview with NY1 reporter.}}
 +
 
 +
Following the State of the Union speech on January 28, 2014, Grimm threatened to throw a reporter off a balcony after being asked about his [[House Ethics Committee]] investigation.  Grimm replied, "That’s off-topic. This is only about president’s speech,” and walked off camera, only to return after the reporter concluded the report.<ref name="threaten">[http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2014/01/29/ny_rep_grimm_threatens_reporter_on_camera_121394.html#ixzz2rnhYoHeV ''Real Clear Politics'', "N.Y. Rep. Grimm Threatens Reporter on Camera," accessed January 29, 2014]</ref><ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/johnstanton/new-york-gop-congressman-caught-on-tape-threatening-reporter ''Buzz Feed'', "New York GOP Congressman Caught On Tape Threatening Reporter," accessed January 29, 2014]</ref><ref>[http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/01/29/268150418/video-congressman-threatens-to-throw-reporter-off-balcony?ft=1&f=1014 ''NPR'', "VIDEO: Congressman Threatens To Throw Reporter Off Balcony," accessed January 29, 2014]</ref><ref name="reptimes">[http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/29/nyregion/rep-michael-grimm-physically-threatens-a-ny1-reporter.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&_r=0 ''NY Times'', "Rep. Michael Grimm Threatens an NY1 Reporter," accessed January 29, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Grimm issued a statement on January 28, 2014: “I was extremely annoyed because I was doing NY1 a favor by rushing to do their interview first in lieu of several other requests. The reporter knew that I was in a hurry and was only there to comment on the State of the Union, but insisted on taking a disrespectful and cheap shot at the end of the interview, because I did not have time to speak off-topic. I verbally took the reporter to task and told him off, because I expect a certain level of professionalism and respect, especially when I go out of my way to do that reporter a favor. I doubt that I am the first member of Congress to tell off a reporter, and I am sure I won’t be the last.”<ref name="reptimes"/>
 +
 
 +
Grimm apologized to the reporter on January 29, 2014. Afterwards, he issued the following statement: “I’m a human being, and sometimes your emotions get the better of you. The bottom line, though, is it shouldn’t happen, you shouldn’t lose your cool. That’s why I apologized. When you’re wrong, you’re wrong, and you have to admit it. It shouldn’t happen.”<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2014/01/michael-grimm-apologizes-reporter-102808.html#ixzz2rooUTqAz ''Politics'', "Michael Grimm apologizes to reporter," accessed January 29, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Indictment====
 +
On April 28, 2014, Grimm surrendered to the [[Federal Bureau of Investigation|FBI]], facing federal charges of tax fraud related to his restaurant, Healthalicious.<ref name=usa>[http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2014/04/28/michael-grimm-indicted-congress/8386217/ ''USA Today'', "N.Y. Rep. Grimm indicted on tax fraud charges," accessed April 28, 2014]</ref> Attorney Loretta Lynch was named to oversee the indictment.<ref name=politico>[http://www.politico.com/story/2014/04/michael-grimm-new-york-campaign-finance-violations-106037.html ''Politico'', "Michael Grimm expected to be indicted," accessed April 28, 2014]</ref> Grimm had been under federal investigation for campaign finance violations, but Lynch's indictment focused instead on Grimm's restaurant business. Grimm was charged with 20 crimes, including under-reporting income in order to avoid paying taxes, "conspiracy, obstruction, mail fraud, perjury and the unlawful employment of illegal immigrants."<ref name=usa/> This was not the first time that Grimm had gotten into trouble for his restaurant, as Healthalicious was also charged $88,000 in January 2012 for not providing workers with compensation insurance.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/26/nyregion/indictment-expected-for-representative-michael-grimm.html?_r=0 ''New York Times'', "Indictment Expected for Grimm, Staten Island Congressman," accessed April 28, 2014]</ref> The business was connected with his campaign as well. The Grimm company running Healthalicious was closely tied to Israeli fundraiser Ofer Biton, who communicated with Grimm on behalf of Israeli rabbi Yoshiyahu Yosef Pinto. Pinto, worth close to $21 million, had many followers who contributed heavily to Grimm's successful 2010 campaign.<ref name=wp>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/rep-michael-grimm-facing-federal-charges-will-surrender-to-fbi-sources-say/2014/04/27/fd302426-ce33-11e3-b812-0c92213941f4_story.html ''The Washington Post'', "Rep. Michael Grimm, facing federal charges, surrenders to FBI," accessed April 28, 2014]</ref> Some of Pinto's followers admitted to illegally contributing tens of thousands of dollars to Grimm's campaign.<ref name=usa/> Although campaign finance violations were not part of the [https://s3.amazonaws.com/s3.documentcloud.org/documents/1149457/read-the-inidctment-against-congressman-michael.pdf indictment], Lynch said that the investigation was ongoing, so prosecutors could bring yet more charges on Grimm later.<ref>[http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2014/04/28/michael-grimm-indicted-congress/8386217/ ''USA Today'', "Rep. Grimm charged with tax fraud, says he won't quit," accessed April 29, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Throughout the case, Grimm's attorney, William McGinley, maintained that Grimm was innocent. McGinley stated, "the government has pursued a politically driven vendetta against Congressman Grimm" and "when the dust settles, he will be vindicated."<ref name=politico/> Grimm ran unopposed in the Republican primary for [[New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014|New York's 11th Congressional District]], and since the filing deadline had already passed, Republicans could not nominate anyone else to run for his seat.<ref name=wp/> Despite calls for his resignation, Grimm said that he would not resign, and that he would continue campaigning for re-election.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/andrewkaczynski/michael-grimm-says-hes-not-resigning-after-indictment-vows-t ''BuzzFeed Politics'', "Michael Grimm Says He’s Not Resigning After Indictment, Vows To Win Reelection," accessed April 29, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
=====Diana Durand guilty plea=====
 +
Diana Durand, a former girlfriend of Grimm, was arraigned on May 5, 2014, for violating campaign finance law in order to reimburse straw donors to Grimm's campaign. Her lawyer maintained that she did not know her actions were illegal.<ref>[http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/rep-grimm-ex-girlfriend-hit-campaign-finance-charges-article-1.1780250 ''NY Daily News'', "Rep. Michael Grimm’s ex-girlfriend charged for alleged campaign finance violations," accessed May 6, 2014]</ref> On September 3, 2014, Durand pleaded guilty to illegally contributing campaign money to Grimm and one other congressman via straw donors. This was just one of the three counts for which she was indicted. Her plea implied that she had acted alone and did not incriminate Grimm. Durand's attorneys requested that Durand serve probation rather than a jail sentence.<ref>[http://www.newsday.com/news/new-york/diana-durand-sentenced-for-making-illegal-campaign-contributions-to-michael-grimm-1.9216943 ''Newsday'', "In Michael Grimm case, woman pleads guilty in illegal campaign contributions," accessed December 23, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
=====The trial=====
 +
On September 2, 2014, Grimm appeared in [[Judgepedia:United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York|New York's Eastern District Court]], where U.S. District Judge [[Judgepedia:Pamela Ki Mai Chen|Pamela Ki Mai Chen]] ruled that Grimm's trial would begin on December 1, 2014.<ref name=trial>[http://observer.com/2014/09/michael-grimm-trial-on-fraud-charges-set-for-december/ ''New York Observer'', "Michael Grimm Trial on Fraud Charges Set for December," accessed September 3, 2014]</ref> Grimm's attorney's argued that the trial should be pushed back. Attorney Jeffrey Neiman stated, "We’re obviously in the heart of an election cycle right now. The Democratic party recently put new ads, or are going to begin to air, featuring the U.S. Attorney and snippets of her press conference, which will be airing in, on television here, where our jury pool will be seated... We’re concerned about ensuring Mr. Grimm has a fair trial, and if the jury sees these repeated ads, we’re concerned that there may be prejudice.”<ref name=trial/> Judge Chen refused to push the trial back, saying, "I don’t think given the nature of the publicity up til now and depending on what happens with the election that were {{sic}} necessarily going to get much of a break if I delay it by a month."<ref name=trial/>
 +
 
 +
On October 21, the beginning of the trial was pushed back from December 1, 2014, to February 2, 2015.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/22/nyregion/grimms-trial-delayed-until-february.html?_r=0 ''New York Times'', "Grimm’s Trial Delayed Until February," accessed December 23, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
=====Guilty plea=====
 +
In a hearing on December 23, 2014, Grimm pleaded guilty to tax evasion, one of the 20 counts of which he had been accused. {{Greener| start=6/8/2015 10:30am CST | before= The sentencing is scheduled for June 8, 2015.| after= He was sentenced on June 8, 2015.}} Grimm had previously suggested that he would resign if found guilty, stating, "Certainly, if I was not able to serve then of course I would step aside and there would be a special election."<ref>[http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/grimm-plead-guilty-felony-count-tax-evasion-article-1.2053630 ''New York Daily News'', "Rep. Michael Grimm to plead guilty to felony count of tax evasion, sources say," accessed December 23, 2014]</ref> Nonetheless, at a press conference following his guilty plea, Grimm said that he would not step down from office. He explained, "It happened before I was in Congress, and for the past four years I’ve been a strong, effective member of Congress."<ref name=guilty>[http://blogs.rollcall.com/218/gop-congressman-michael-grimm-pleads-guilty-to-tax-evasion/?dcz= ''Roll Call'', "Rep. Michael Grimm Pleads Guilty to Tax Evasion," accessed December 26, 2014]</ref> Republican leaders in the [[United States House of Representatives|House]] are expected to pressure Grimm to leave his office, but [[United States Speaker of the House|Speaker]] [[John Boehner]] (R-OH) said that he wanted to talk with Grimm before publicly discussing any plans of action.<ref name=guilty/>
 +
 
 +
{{Cong news update|Reason=Story still developing, might need to change tenses|Date=December 2014}}
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
===2014===
 +
{{NY11BG}}
 +
{{Nydis11genelecbox14}}
 +
 +
====Race background====
 +
Grimm was a member of the [[National Republican Congressional Committee#Patriot Program|National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program]].  The program was designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents in the 2014 election cycle.<ref>[http://atr.rollcall.com/house-gop-adds-9-vulnerable-incumbents-to-patriot-program/ ''Roll Call'', "House GOP Adds 9 Vulnerable Incumbents to Patriot Program," accessed July 21, 2013]</ref> He has also been listed by the [[House Majority PAC]] as a target in 2014.<ref>[http://atr.rollcall.com/house-majority-pac-announces-top-2014-gop-incumbent-targets/ ''Roll Call'', "House Majority PAC Announces Top 2014 GOP Incumbent Targets," accessed July 16, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://thehill.com/blogs/ballot-box/house-races/326399-dem-super-pac-hitting-9-republicans-on-shutdown ''The Hill'', "Dem super PAC hitting nine House Republicans on shutdown," accessed October 4, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.kwtx.com/centraltexasvotes/home/headlines/Democratic-Group-Airs-Shutdown-Ads-Targeting-GOP-Lawmakers-226363121.html ''KWTV'', "Democratic Group Airs Shutdown Ads Targeting GOP Lawmakers," accessed October 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
====Loss of campaign manager====
 +
Bill Cortese, Grimm's campaign manager and the only employee working full-time on his campaign, quit after Grimm's [[Michael_Grimm#Indictment|indictment]]. Grimm's advisor, Guy Molinari, said that they were not concerned about the campaign, stating simply that "Bill opted to follow a different course. In every campaign, you have changes that take place."<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2014/05/gop_rep_michael_grimm_loses_ca.html ''SI Live'', "GOP Rep. Michael Grimm loses campaign manager," accessed May 28, 2014]</ref> According to an unnamed person familiar with the campaign, organizations such as the [[National Republican Congressional Committee]] denied aid to Grimm's campaign after the indictment, and with decreases to his budget, Grimm could no longer afford to pay Cortese's salary.<ref>[http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/grimm-campaign-manager-quit-indictment-stopped-donations-source-article-1.1804739 ''NY Daily News'', "Rep. Michael Grimm’s campaign manager quit after indictment stopped donations," accessed May 28, 2014]</ref>
 +
 +
====Endorsements====
 +
Grimm received the following endorsements:
 +
 +
*'''The New York Independence Party'''<ref>[http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2014/03/staten_island_gop_rep_michael_3.html ''SI Live'', "Staten Island GOP Rep. Michael Grimm gets backing of state Independence Party in re-election bid," accessed May 24, 2014]</ref>
 +
*'''The [[Humane Society of the United States|Humane Society]] Legislative Fund'''<ref>[http://observer.com/2014/10/michael-grimm-nets-a-rare-endorsement/ ''New York Observer'', "Michael Grimm Nets a Rare Endorsement," accessed October 6, 2014]</ref>
 +
 +
====Media====
 +
*The [[Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee]] (DCCC) released an ad attacking Grimm for the tax fraud charges under investigation in his [[Michael_Grimm#Indictment|indictment]].<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nvNMneedHGw ''YouTube'', "The Choice," accessed September 3, 2014]</ref>
 +
 +
{|
 +
|
 +
{{youtube|title=nvNMneedHGw|size=250|caption=DCCC ad attacking Michael Grimm}}
 +
|}
 +
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
::''See also: [[New York's 11th congressional district elections, 2012]]''
+
::''See also: [[New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
Grimm won re-election in 2012, but due to [[Redistricting in New York|redistricting]], he ran in the newly redrawn 11th district.  He was unopposed in the Conservative and Republican primaries on June 26, 2012, and defeated [[Mark Murphy]] (D) and [[Henry Bardel]] (G) in the November 6, 2012, general election.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/house/new-york/ ''Politico'' "2012 Election Map, New York"]</ref>
+
Grimm won re-election in 2012, but due to [[Redistricting in New York|redistricting]], he ran in the newly redrawn 11th District.  He was unopposed in the Conservative and Republican primaries on June 26, 2012, and defeated [[Mark Murphy]] (D) and [[Henry Bardel]] (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/house/new-york/ ''Politico'', "2012 Election Map, New York," accessed November 7, 2012]</ref>
 
{{Template:Nydis11genelecbox12}}
 
{{Template:Nydis11genelecbox12}}
  
 
====Ballot challenge====
 
====Ballot challenge====
Grimm initially attempted to file as an Independence Party candidate as well as Republican, but a press from Democratic challenger [[Mark Murphy]] successfully knocked Grimm from that line. Grimm will remain on the ballot as a Republican, and the Independence Party line will be blank on the ballot.<ref>[http://www.politicker.com/2012/05/01/michael-grimm-officially-knocked-off-independence-line/ ''Politicker'' "Michael Grimm officially knocked off independence line," May 1, 2012]</ref>
+
Grimm initially attempted to file as an Independence Party candidate as well as Republican, but a press from Democratic challenger [[Mark Murphy]] successfully knocked Grimm from that line. Grimm remained on the ballot as a Republican, and the Independence Party line was blank on the ballot.<ref>[http://www.politicker.com/2012/05/01/michael-grimm-officially-knocked-off-independence-line/ ''Politicker'', "Michael Grimm officially knocked off independence line," accessed May 1, 2012]</ref>
  
 
===Full history===
 
===Full history===
Line 149: Line 327:
  
 
==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
 +
===Fundraising events===
 +
The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/347/Michael-G-Grimm Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Grimm attends.
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-MichaelGGrimm-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
 +
<br>
 +
 +
===Comprehensive donor history===
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Grimm
 
|Name=Grimm
 
|year=2010
 
|year=2010
 
|Editdate= March 23, 2013
 
|Editdate= March 23, 2013
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00031401&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Career Fundraising for Michael Grimm" March 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00031401&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Career Fundraising for Michael Grimm," accessed March 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
 
|totalraised2012=2263993
 
|totalraised2012=2263993
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=U.S. House of Representatives (New York, [[New York's 11th congressional district|District 11]])
+
|office2012=U.S. House of Representatives (New York, [[New York's 11th Congressional District|District 11]])
 
|totalraised2010=1278332
 
|totalraised2010=1278332
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=U.S. House of Representatives (New York, [[New York's 13th congressional district|District 13]])
+
|office2010=U.S. House of Representatives (New York, [[New York's 13th Congressional District|District 13]])
 
|totalraised2008=
 
|totalraised2008=
 
|result2008=
 
|result2008=
Line 170: Line 354:
 
|result2004=
 
|result2004=
 
|office2004=
 
|office2004=
}}
+
}}<br>
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-MichaelGGrimm-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|float=right|width=300px}}
  
 
===Individual breakdown===
 
===Individual breakdown===
 +
===2014===
 +
{{Michael Grimm 2014 FEC}}
 +
 +
<nowiki>**</nowiki>After Grimm's [[Michael_Grimm#Indictment|Indictment]] in April 2014, Grimm worked to create a "legal defense fund" separate from his campaign fund, in order to help cover his legal costs. In June 2014, he received permission from the [[House Ethics Committee]] to open the fund. In the first month, he raised $67,400 for the legal defense fund, while his campaign fund raised only about one third of that amount.<ref>[http://www.nystateofpolitics.com/2014/07/grimms-legal-defense-fund-raises-67k/ ''State of Politics'', "Grimm’s Legal Defense Fund Raises $67K," accessed July 31, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Michael Grimm 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Grimm's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
+
Grimm won election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Grimm's campaign committee raised a total of $2,263,994 and spent $2,204,598.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00031401&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'', "Michael Grimm 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013]</ref>
Grimm won election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Grimm's campaign committee raised a total of $2,263,994 and spent $2,204,598.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00031401&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' "Michael Grimm 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed March 1, 2013]</ref>
+
====Cost per vote====
 +
Grimm spent $21.38 per vote received in 2012.
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
|winner = Y
 
|winner = Y
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, New York's 11th Congressional District  
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, New York District 11
 
|party = Republican
 
|party = Republican
 
|total raised = $2,263,994
 
|total raised = $2,263,994
Line 206: Line 397:
 
|inddonor5 = $102,533
 
|inddonor5 = $102,533
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Michael Grimm 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Grimm's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]}}
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
[[File:Michael_Grimm_2010_Donor_Breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Grimm's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]] Grimm was elected to the [[U.S. House]] in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,278,332 and spent $1,249,139.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2010&cid=N00031401&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Michael Grimm 2010 Election Data," Accessed December 17, 2011]</ref>
+
Grimm was elected to the [[U.S. House]] in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,278,332 and spent $1,249,139.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2010&cid=N00031401&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Michael Grimm 2010 Election Data," accessed December 17, 2011]</ref>
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, New York's 11th Congressional District
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, New York District 13
 
|party = Republican
 
|party = Republican
 
|total raised = $1,278,332
 
|total raised = $1,278,332
Line 237: Line 429:
 
|inddonor4 = $71,675
 
|inddonor4 = $71,675
 
|inddonor5 = $65,500
 
|inddonor5 = $65,500
 +
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Michael_Grimm_2010_Donor_Breakdown.png|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Grimm's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]}}
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of four different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
*[[The K-Street Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The K-Street Metric]]
 +
*[[The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric]]
 +
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Grimm's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-99,999 and $719,997. That averages to '''$309,999''', which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Grimm ranked as the 314th most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00031401&year=2012 ''Open Secrets'', "Michael Grimm (R-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref> Between 2009 and 2012, Grimm's calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.</ref> decreased by an average of 13 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=N
 +
|Name = Michael Grimm
 +
|Political Party = Republican
 +
|Year 0 = 2009
 +
|Average 0 = 512620
 +
|2010 = 560000.00
 +
|2011 =  484999.00
 +
|2012 = 309999
 +
}}
 +
 +
===PGI: Donation Concentration Metric===
 +
:: ''See also: [[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)]]''
 +
 +
Filings required by the [[Federal Election Commission]] report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Grimm received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the ''Real Estate'' industry.
 +
 +
From 2009-2014, '''30.71 percent of Grimm's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.'''<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00031401&cycle=Career ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Rep. Michael Grimm," accessed September 26, 2014]</ref>
 +
[[File:Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png|left|179px]]
 +
{{Cong career industries
 +
|party = Republican
 +
|total raised = 5399626
 +
|total spent = 4387045
 +
|ind1 = Real Estate
 +
|ind2 = Securities & Investment
 +
|ind3 = Leadership PACs
 +
|ind4 = Insurance
 +
|ind5 = Lawyers/Law Firms
 +
|inddonor1 = 483739
 +
|inddonor2 = 402317
 +
|inddonor3 = 334535
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|inddonor4 = 225748
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|inddonor5 = 212141
 +
|district =
 +
|committee =
 +
|rank =
 
|}}
 
|}}
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
 
===Ideologies and leadership===
 
===Ideologies and leadership===
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Grimm is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican]]" as of June 20, 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_grimm/412451 ''Gov Track'' "Grimm" Accessed June 20, 2013]</ref>
+
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 +
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Grimm is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican leader]]" as of August 2014.<ref name=govtrack>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_grimm/412451 ''GovTrack'', "Michael Grimm," accessed August 5, 2014]</ref> Grimm was rated as a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|centrist Republican]]" in June 2013.
 +
 
 +
===Like-minded colleagues===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/412451_Michael_Grimm ''OpenCongress'', "Michael Grimm," accessed August 5, 2014]</ref>
 +
{{col-begin}}
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Grimm most often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Peter King]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Mike McIntyre]]
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Grimm least often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Walter Jones]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Barbara Lee]]
 +
{{col-end}}
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-MichaelGGrimm-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
  
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Grimm missed 32 of 1,708 roll call votes from Jan 2011 to Apr 2013, which is 1.9% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_grimm/412451 ''GovTrack,'' "Michael Grimm" Accessed April 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Grimm missed 112 of 2,726 roll call votes from January 2011 to August 2014. This amounts to 4.1 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.<ref name=govtrack/>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Grimm paid his congressional staff a total of $987,551 in 2011. Overall, [[New York]] ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Michael_Grimm.html ''LegiStorm'', "Michael_Grimm," Accessed October 2, 2012]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Grimm paid his congressional staff a total of $987,551 in 2011. Overall, [[New York]] ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Michael_Grimm.html ''LegiStorm'', "Michael Grimm," accessed October 2, 2012]</ref>
  
 
====Staff bonuses====
 
====Staff bonuses====
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|Amount=$24,400.00
 
|Amount=$24,400.00
 
}}
 
}}
 
===Net worth===
 
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
====2011====
 
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Grimm's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $2 to $969,997. That averages to $484,999, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2011 of $7,859,232. His average net worth decreased by 13.39% from 2010.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00031401&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'' "Michael Grimm (R-NY), 2011," accessed February 21, 2013]</ref>
 
 
====2010====
 
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Grimm's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $50,003 to $1,069,997. Averaging to a net worth of $560,000 which was lower than the average net worth of Republicans in 2010 of $7,561,133.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00031401&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Michael Grimm (D-NY), 2010," Accessed October 2, 2012]</ref>
 
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 +
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
 +
 +
====2013====
 +
Grimm ranked 199th in the liberal rankings in 2013. Although he is a Republican, Grimm's liberal ranking was higher than his conservative ranking.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 5, 2014]</ref>
  
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Grimm ranked 228th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal,'' "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013]</ref>
+
Grimm ranked 228th in the conservative rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 7, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Grimm ranked 226th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Grimm ranked 226th in the conservative rankings in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
===Percentage voting with party===
+
===Voting with party===
====June 2013====
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
 +
 
 +
====2014====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
|name=Michael Grimm
+
|name=Grimm
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
|percent=86%
+
|percent= 85.3 percent
 +
|rank= 226th
 +
|total=234
 +
|chamber=House
 +
|year=August 2014
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|RHouse=Y
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
====2013====
 +
{{Congress vote percent
 +
|name=Grimm
 +
|party=Republican
 +
|percent=86 percent
 
|rank=230th
 
|rank=230th
 
|total=234
 
|total=234
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:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Michael+Grimm+New+York+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Michael Grimm News Feed</rss>
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{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Michael+Grimm+New+York+Congress&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Michael Grimm News Feed}}
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==See also==
 +
*[[New York]]
 +
*[[United States congressional delegations from New York]]
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives]]
 +
*[[New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014]]
 +
*[[New York's 11th Congressional District]]
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*[[113th Congress members behaving badly]]
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==External links==
 
==External links==
 +
{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/rep-michael-grimm/127075|Name=Michael Grimm}}
 
*[http://grimm.house.gov/ Congressman Michael Grimm] ''official U.S. House site''
 
*[http://grimm.house.gov/ Congressman Michael Grimm] ''official U.S. House site''
 
*[http://grimmforcongress.com/ Michael Grimm for Congress] ''official campaign site''
 
*[http://grimmforcongress.com/ Michael Grimm for Congress] ''official campaign site''
{{CongLinks | congbio = G000569 | votesmart = 127075 | washpo = Michael_Grimm | govtrack = 412451 | opencong = 412451_Michael_Grimm | c-span = | ontheissues = | surge = | legistorm = 2775/Rep_Mike_Grimm_NY.html | fec = H0NY13074 | opensecrets = N00031401&newMem=Y | followthemoney = | nyt = | findagrave = | fb = grimm4congress| twitter = repmichaelgrimm | merge=NY11}}
+
{{CongLinks | fb = grimm4congress | flickr = | linked = | twitter = repmichaelgrimm | youtube = | congbio = G000569 | nga = | nndb = 534/000264739 | wikipedia = Michael_Grimm_(politician) | govtrack = 412451 | merge = NY11 | natjournal = | opencong = 412451 | our = 232091 | votesmart = 127075 | rollcall = 32707 | factcheck = | politifact = | snopes = | legistorm = 2775/Rep_Mike_Grimm_NY.html | fec = H0NY13074 | opensecrets = N00031401 | assets = michael-grimm | followthemoney = | ontheissues = NY/Michael_Grimm.htm | congress = michael-grimm/2041 | worldcat = | c-span = michaelgrimm | rose = | imdb = nm5355056 | bloomberg = | csmonitor = | economist = | ft = | guardian = | hill = michael-grimm | huffpo = michael-grimm | nyt = g/michael_g_grimm | wsj = | washpo = | washtime = michael-grimm | findagrave = }}
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
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{{reflist|2}}
  
 
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{{succession box | before = [[Yvette D. Clarke]] |title = [[U.S. House of Representatives]] - New York District 11 | years = 2013–Present | after = }}
 
{{succession box | before = [[Yvette D. Clarke]] |title = [[U.S. House of Representatives]] - New York District 11 | years = 2013–Present | after = }}
{{succession box | before = [[Michael McMahon]] |title = [[U.S. House of Representatives]] - New York District 13 | years = 2011–2013| after = [[Charles Rangel]] }}
+
{{succession box | before = [[Michael E. McMahon]] |title = [[U.S. House of Representatives]] - New York District 13 | years = 2011–2013| after = [[Charles Rangel]] }}
 
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{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W|Redistricting=Y}}
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W|Redistricting=Y}}
 
[[Category:Congress test pages, 2012]]
 
[[Category:Congress test pages, 2012]]
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<!--2014 categories-->
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{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}

Latest revision as of 08:19, 26 December 2014

Michael Grimm
Michael Grimm.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 11
Incumbent
In office
2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorYvette D. Clarke (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$21.38 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Campaign $$3,542,325
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sBaruch College, City University of New York
J.D.New York Law School
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Marine Corps
Years of service1989-1990
Service branchUnited States Marine Corps Reserves
Years of service1990-1997
Personal
BirthdayFebruary 7, 1970
Place of birthNew York, New York
ProfessionFBI Agent, Entrepreneur
Net worth$309,999
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website

Contents

Michael Grimm (b. February 7, 1970, in New York, NY) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 11th Congressional District. Grimm was first elected to the House in 2010 and is currently serving his second consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012, against Mark Murphy. Grimm previously represented New York's 13th Congressional District, but due to 2012 redistricting is currently representing District 11.

In 2014, Grimm won re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 11th Congressional District of New York.[1] Grimm ran unopposed for the Republican, Conservative and Independence Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.[2] He defeated Domenic Recchia (D) and Henry Bardel (G) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[3]

Before his congressional career, Grimm's work history included service as a United States Marine, an FBI clerk and special agent, a deputized U.S. Marshal, a research analyst on Wall Street, a health food restaurant founder and an executive in a bio-fuel company.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Grimm is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.

Biography

Grimm was born in New York, New York. He earned a B.B.A. from Baruch College in 1994 and a J.D. from New York Law School in 2002.[5]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Grimm's professional and political career:[5][4]

  • 1989-1990: United States Marine Corps
  • Served in Persian Gulf War and awarded Combat Meritorious Promotion
  • Clerk
  • Completed Federal Police Officer Training Program at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
  • Uniformed Police Officer
  • Special Agent investigating the Gambino Crime Family
  • Research analyst on Wall Street
  • Member of the New York and Connecticut Bar Associations
  • Founded health food restaurant, "Healthalicious," in Manhattan
  • Principal in a bio-fuel company
  • 2011-present: Congressman in the U.S. House of Representatives

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Grimm serves on the following committees:[6]

  • Financial Services Committee
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation
    • Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises
    • Subcommittee on Monetary Policy and Trade

2011-2012

Grimm served on the following committees:[7]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Grimm's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Grimm voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Grimm voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Grimm voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Grimm voted for the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[12] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[13]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[14] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[15] Grimm voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[14]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[16] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Grimm voted for HR 2775.[17]

Flood insurance reform

In early 2014, Grimm and Louisiana Representative Bill Cassidy co-sponsored the Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act. In March 2014, the bill was passed by the U.S. Senate and subsequently signed into law by President Obama. The law repealed steep increases in flood insurance rates for homeowners in flood prone areas, preventing exponential increases in flood insurance premiums for 5.5 million Americans.[18][19]

Environment

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Grimm voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Several Republican members of the U.S. House may have faced a tougher path to re-election in 2014 because immigration reform did not pass in the House in 2013, according to a Public Policy Poll released in July 2013.[20]

According to the poll, a majority of voters in seven Republican congressional districts said they were less likely to vote for their representative if he failed to support immigration reform. Voters also reported in the poll that they were less likely to support Republican candidates in the 2014 general election if the Republican House members blocked immigration reform proposals.[20] Grimm is one of the seven representatives who served in a district that had overwhelming support for the Senate’s immigration reform plan.[20]

Nay3.png In June 2013 the House approved an amendment to the Department of Homeland Security spending bill that would end the department's discretion policies by cutting off funding for the proposed DREAM Act, which would have temporarily halted the deportations of young immigrants if they have served in the military or are attending college. This vote overturns an executive order signed by President Obama that formalized a process for the "Dreamers" to remain in the U.S.[21][22][23]

The amendment, offered by Rep. Steve King (R) of Iowa, passed the House by a vote of 224-201 and was approved mostly along party lines. However, three Democrats supported the amendment and six Republicans opposed it, while nine members did not vote.[23]Grimm was one of the six Republican members who voted against the amendment.[22]

The amendment would effectively demand the government force out "Dreamers" who came to the U.S. as children.[23] It contrasts with comprehensive immigration reform efforts, including proposed DREAM Act style legislation, and would resume the deportation of hundreds of thousands of immigrants brought illegally to the United States as children.[24] The amendment was the first immigration-related vote in either chamber of Congress in 2013, and blocks many of the provisions that are mirrored in the Senate’s Gang of Eight bill.[25][23]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Grimm has voted for all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[26]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Grimm voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[27]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[28] Grimm joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[29][30]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Grimm voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[31]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Michael Grimm's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Grimm is a Hard-Core Conservative. Grimm received a score of 24 percent on social issues and 77 percent on economic issues.[32]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[33]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[32]

Campaign themes

2014

Grimm listed his positions on various issues on his campaign website. The following were excerpts from Grimm's website:[34]

  • Jobs & the Economy: "It is clear from the slow growth of our economy, the tax and spend policies put forth by President Obama have failed. From the healthcare law to unachievable EPA standards, the onslaught of job-killing regulations coming out of the Obama Administration are hurting the small businesses of Staten Island and Brooklyn and keeping them from growing and creating jobs."
  • Transportation: "As residents of New York City, we rely heavily on public transportation, but it seems that too often we get the short end of the stick when it comes to services. Staten Island remains the only borough without a free road in and out, our public transportation options are limited, and our roads remain congested as residents face some of the longest commute times in the country. That is why I have made improving public transportation and reducing the costs a top priority."
  • Energy and Environment: "Between tax increases and toll hikes, rising gas and energy prices add insult to injury and put further strain on our ever-tightening budgets. In order to lower energy costs, I support an all-of-the-above approach to energy that reduces our dependence on foreign oil; generates American jobs by tapping into resources here at home; and provides incentives to create clean, renewable, and efficient energy options."
  • U.S. Foreign Policy: "We are at a crucial time when it comes to U.S. foreign policy. There are no easy answers, but it is clear that our foreign policy and national defense must be stronger and more strategic. Since 9/11, the threat of terrorism here and abroad remains high, and our relationships with key allies are more important than ever before."
  • National Security and Defense: "When I was 19, I joined the U.S. Marine Corps and learned from an early age the importance of defending our great nation abroad. As an FBI agent, I learned to defend it at home. New York City remains the #1 terrorist target in the nation, which is why I will not cave when it comes to supporting a strong national defense policy."

[35]

—Michael Grimm, Campaign website (archive)

2012

Grimm listed several of his campaign themes on his website:[36]

  • Strengthening the economy
  • Jobs
  • Healthcare
  • Transportation
  • National Security and Defense
  • Veterans
  • U.S. Foreign Policy
  • U.S.-Israel Relationship
  • Energy and Environment

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Michael Grimm endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [37]

Political positions

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

In a statement on September 5, 2013, Grimm said that the window for action had passed and that the feedback from his constituents had made him re-think his previous position.[38]

“Thus, after much thought, deliberation and prayer, I am no longer convinced that a U.S. strike on Syria will yield a benefit to the United States that will not be greatly outweighed by the extreme cost of war,” Grimm said.[38]

Grimm added, “Now that the Assad regime has seen our playbook and has been given enough time to prepare and safeguard potential targets, I do not feel that we have enough to gain as a nation by moving forward with this attack on our own.”[38]

These statements were in stark contrast with his comments from August 31, 2013.[38][39] Previously, Grimm had said he supported President Obama’s decision to launch military action in Syria, saying he was “supporting the president on this."[39]

Waiving of water fees for Hurricane Sandy victims

On June 22, 2013, Grimm held a press conference to call for water fees to be waived for Sandy survivors who had used little to no water in their damaged homes.[40]

After having suspended sending water bills to Hurricane Sandy victims until June 2013, the New York City Water Board sent out bills with charges accrued since late October 2012.[40] Under the city's Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), homeowners are subject to a minimum charge of $1.19 per day, even if a home uses no water. Many displaced residents received water bills for $300 or more.[40] Grimm sought to have the city waive all water fees for Sandy-impacted homeowners.[40]

At the June 22 press conference Grimm expressed his support for waiving the fees, saying "The policy should be that if you're not in your home because of Sandy, then all fees [should] be waived until you move back in."[40]

Climate change

In April 2014, Grimm became the first sitting House Republican to go on the record stating his view that humans cause global warming. Speaking about his views on climate change, Grimm said: "The majority of respected scientists say that it’s conclusive, the evidence is clear. So I don’t think the jury is out.”[41]

Controversy

Campaign investigations

In December 2013, the Justice Department requested that the House Ethics Committee investigation into Grimm's possible campaign finance violations be deferred again. Grimm faces allegations of "soliciting and accepting federal campaign contributions, caus[ing] false information to be included in campaign finance reports, and improperly [seeking] assistance from a foreign national in soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for offering to use his official position to assist that individual in obtaining a green card." The statement from the Justice Department suggested they were still conducting their own investigation. The House Ethics Committee will release a statement once a year if they continue to defer the investigation, according to a joint statement released by Committee members Michael Conaway and Linda Sanchez.[42]

Incident with reporter


Grimm's January 28, 2014, interview with NY1 reporter.

Following the State of the Union speech on January 28, 2014, Grimm threatened to throw a reporter off a balcony after being asked about his House Ethics Committee investigation. Grimm replied, "That’s off-topic. This is only about president’s speech,” and walked off camera, only to return after the reporter concluded the report.[43][44][45][46]

Grimm issued a statement on January 28, 2014: “I was extremely annoyed because I was doing NY1 a favor by rushing to do their interview first in lieu of several other requests. The reporter knew that I was in a hurry and was only there to comment on the State of the Union, but insisted on taking a disrespectful and cheap shot at the end of the interview, because I did not have time to speak off-topic. I verbally took the reporter to task and told him off, because I expect a certain level of professionalism and respect, especially when I go out of my way to do that reporter a favor. I doubt that I am the first member of Congress to tell off a reporter, and I am sure I won’t be the last.”[46]

Grimm apologized to the reporter on January 29, 2014. Afterwards, he issued the following statement: “I’m a human being, and sometimes your emotions get the better of you. The bottom line, though, is it shouldn’t happen, you shouldn’t lose your cool. That’s why I apologized. When you’re wrong, you’re wrong, and you have to admit it. It shouldn’t happen.”[47]

Indictment

On April 28, 2014, Grimm surrendered to the FBI, facing federal charges of tax fraud related to his restaurant, Healthalicious.[48] Attorney Loretta Lynch was named to oversee the indictment.[49] Grimm had been under federal investigation for campaign finance violations, but Lynch's indictment focused instead on Grimm's restaurant business. Grimm was charged with 20 crimes, including under-reporting income in order to avoid paying taxes, "conspiracy, obstruction, mail fraud, perjury and the unlawful employment of illegal immigrants."[48] This was not the first time that Grimm had gotten into trouble for his restaurant, as Healthalicious was also charged $88,000 in January 2012 for not providing workers with compensation insurance.[50] The business was connected with his campaign as well. The Grimm company running Healthalicious was closely tied to Israeli fundraiser Ofer Biton, who communicated with Grimm on behalf of Israeli rabbi Yoshiyahu Yosef Pinto. Pinto, worth close to $21 million, had many followers who contributed heavily to Grimm's successful 2010 campaign.[51] Some of Pinto's followers admitted to illegally contributing tens of thousands of dollars to Grimm's campaign.[48] Although campaign finance violations were not part of the indictment, Lynch said that the investigation was ongoing, so prosecutors could bring yet more charges on Grimm later.[52]

Throughout the case, Grimm's attorney, William McGinley, maintained that Grimm was innocent. McGinley stated, "the government has pursued a politically driven vendetta against Congressman Grimm" and "when the dust settles, he will be vindicated."[49] Grimm ran unopposed in the Republican primary for New York's 11th Congressional District, and since the filing deadline had already passed, Republicans could not nominate anyone else to run for his seat.[51] Despite calls for his resignation, Grimm said that he would not resign, and that he would continue campaigning for re-election.[53]

Diana Durand guilty plea

Diana Durand, a former girlfriend of Grimm, was arraigned on May 5, 2014, for violating campaign finance law in order to reimburse straw donors to Grimm's campaign. Her lawyer maintained that she did not know her actions were illegal.[54] On September 3, 2014, Durand pleaded guilty to illegally contributing campaign money to Grimm and one other congressman via straw donors. This was just one of the three counts for which she was indicted. Her plea implied that she had acted alone and did not incriminate Grimm. Durand's attorneys requested that Durand serve probation rather than a jail sentence.[55]

The trial

On September 2, 2014, Grimm appeared in New York's Eastern District Court, where U.S. District Judge Pamela Ki Mai Chen ruled that Grimm's trial would begin on December 1, 2014.[56] Grimm's attorney's argued that the trial should be pushed back. Attorney Jeffrey Neiman stated, "We’re obviously in the heart of an election cycle right now. The Democratic party recently put new ads, or are going to begin to air, featuring the U.S. Attorney and snippets of her press conference, which will be airing in, on television here, where our jury pool will be seated... We’re concerned about ensuring Mr. Grimm has a fair trial, and if the jury sees these repeated ads, we’re concerned that there may be prejudice.”[56] Judge Chen refused to push the trial back, saying, "I don’t think given the nature of the publicity up til now and depending on what happens with the election that were [sic] necessarily going to get much of a break if I delay it by a month."[56]

On October 21, the beginning of the trial was pushed back from December 1, 2014, to February 2, 2015.[57]

Guilty plea

In a hearing on December 23, 2014, Grimm pleaded guilty to tax evasion, one of the 20 counts of which he had been accused. The sentencing is scheduled for June 8, 2015. Grimm had previously suggested that he would resign if found guilty, stating, "Certainly, if I was not able to serve then of course I would step aside and there would be a special election."[58] Nonetheless, at a press conference following his guilty plea, Grimm said that he would not step down from office. He explained, "It happened before I was in Congress, and for the past four years I’ve been a strong, effective member of Congress."[59] Republican leaders in the House are expected to pressure Grimm to leave his office, but Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) said that he wanted to talk with Grimm before publicly discussing any plans of action.[59]

Elections

2014

BattlegroundRace.jpg
See also: New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2014

The 11th Congressional District of New York held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 4, 2014. Incumbent Michael Grimm (R) defeated challengers Domenic Recchia (D) and Henry Bardel (G).[3] All three candidates ran unopposed in the primary election on June 24, 2014. Grimm appeared on the Republican, Conservative and Independence Party tickets in the general election, while Recchia appeared on the Democratic and Working Families Party tickets. Bardel ran for the Green Party.

New York's 11th was considered a battleground district in 2014. Grimm won re-election in 2012 with a 5 percent margin of victory, but the district went Democratic in the 2012 presidential race, voting for President Barack Obama with a 4.3 percent margin of victory. Grimm's chances for re-election could also have been affected by the negative media attention he received after being indicted for 20 crimes involving his restaurant, Healthalicious, including tax fraud and hiring illegal immigrants.[60]

U.S. House, New York District 11 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Grimm Incumbent 53.1% 58,886
     Democratic Domenic Recchia 40.8% 45,244
     Green Henry Bardel 2.4% 2,687
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 3.8% 4,182
Total Votes 110,999
Source: New York State Board of Elections

Race background

Grimm was a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program was designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents in the 2014 election cycle.[61] He has also been listed by the House Majority PAC as a target in 2014.[62][63][64]

Loss of campaign manager

Bill Cortese, Grimm's campaign manager and the only employee working full-time on his campaign, quit after Grimm's indictment. Grimm's advisor, Guy Molinari, said that they were not concerned about the campaign, stating simply that "Bill opted to follow a different course. In every campaign, you have changes that take place."[65] According to an unnamed person familiar with the campaign, organizations such as the National Republican Congressional Committee denied aid to Grimm's campaign after the indictment, and with decreases to his budget, Grimm could no longer afford to pay Cortese's salary.[66]

Endorsements

Grimm received the following endorsements:

Media


DCCC ad attacking Michael Grimm

2012

See also: New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2012

Grimm won re-election in 2012, but due to redistricting, he ran in the newly redrawn 11th District. He was unopposed in the Conservative and Republican primaries on June 26, 2012, and defeated Mark Murphy (D) and Henry Bardel (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[70]

U.S. House, New York District 11 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Mark Murphy 43% 92,428
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Grimm Incumbent 48% 103,118
     Green Henry Bardel 0.9% 1,939
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 8% 17,270
Total Votes 214,755
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Ballot challenge

Grimm initially attempted to file as an Independence Party candidate as well as Republican, but a press from Democratic challenger Mark Murphy successfully knocked Grimm from that line. Grimm remained on the ballot as a Republican, and the Independence Party line was blank on the ballot.[71]

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Grimm attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Grimm is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Grimm raised a total of $3,542,325 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 23, 2013.[73]

Michael Grimm's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 11) Won $2,263,993
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 13) Won $1,278,332
Grand Total Raised $3,542,325


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Individual breakdown

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Grimm’s reports.[74]

Michael Grimm (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[75]April 17, 2013$88,588.38$320,859.67$(107,495.43)$301,952.62
July Quarterly[76]July 15, 2013$301,952.62$439,298.44$(164,517.83)$576,733.23
October Quarterly[77]October 15, 2013$576,733.23$350,719.06$(99,740.58)$827,711.71
Year-End Quarterly[78]December 31, 2013$827,711$327,726$(122,412)$1,032,532
April Quarterly[79]April 15, 2014$1,032,532.38$346,347.17$(201,284.54)$1,177,595.01
Pre-Primary[80]June 12, 2014$1,177,595.01$47,382.14$(222,722.240)$1,002,254.91
July Quarterly[81]July 15, 2014$1,002,254.91$23,430.00$(13,104.07)$1,012,580.84
October Quarterly[82]October 15, 2014$1,012,580.84$89,568.49$(477,218.84)$624,930.49
Pre-General[83]October 23, 2014$624,930.49$8,938.00$(308,515.66)$325,352.83
Running totals
$1,954,268.97$(1,717,011.19)

**After Grimm's Indictment in April 2014, Grimm worked to create a "legal defense fund" separate from his campaign fund, in order to help cover his legal costs. In June 2014, he received permission from the House Ethics Committee to open the fund. In the first month, he raised $67,400 for the legal defense fund, while his campaign fund raised only about one third of that amount.[84]

2012

Grimm won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Grimm's campaign committee raised a total of $2,263,994 and spent $2,204,598.[85]

Cost per vote

Grimm spent $21.38 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Grimm was elected to the U.S. House in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,278,332 and spent $1,249,139.[86]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Grimm's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-99,999 and $719,997. That averages to $309,999, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Grimm ranked as the 314th most wealthy representative in 2012.[87] Between 2009 and 2012, Grimm's calculated net worth[88] decreased by an average of 13 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[89]

Michael Grimm Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$512,620
2012$309,999
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-40%
Average annual growth:-13%[90]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[91]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Grimm received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Real Estate industry.

From 2009-2014, 30.71 percent of Grimm's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[92]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Michael Grimm Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $5,399,626
Total Spent $4,387,045
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Real Estate$483,739
Securities & Investment$402,317
Leadership PACs$334,535
Insurance$225,748
Lawyers/Law Firms$212,141
% total in top industry8.96%
% total in top two industries16.41%
% total in top five industries30.71%

Analysis

Ideologies and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Grimm is a "centrist Republican leader" as of August 2014.[93] Grimm was rated as a "centrist Republican" in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[94]

Grimm most often votes with:

Grimm least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Grimm missed 112 of 2,726 roll call votes from January 2011 to August 2014. This amounts to 4.1 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[93]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Grimm paid his congressional staff a total of $987,551 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[95]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Grimm was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Grimm's staff was given an apparent $24,400.00 in bonus money.[96]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Grimm ranked 199th in the liberal rankings in 2013. Although he is a Republican, Grimm's liberal ranking was higher than his conservative ranking.[97]

2012

Grimm ranked 228th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[98]

2011

Grimm ranked 226th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[99]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Grimm voted with the Republican Party 85.3 percent of the time, which ranked 226th among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.[100]

2013

Grimm voted with the Republican Party 86 percent of the time, which ranked 230th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[101]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Michael + Grimm + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Michael Grimm News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Michael Grimm


References

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  33. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
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  35. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  36. Michael Grimm for Congress, "Issues"
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  88. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  89. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  90. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  91. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
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  99. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  100. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  101. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Yvette D. Clarke
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 11
2013–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Michael E. McMahon
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 13
2011–2013
Succeeded by
Charles Rangel