Difference between revisions of "Michigan Constitution"

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The Michigan Constitution can be amended in these three ways:
 
The Michigan Constitution can be amended in these three ways:
  
* Through a {{lrcafull}} as established in [[Article XII, Michigan Constitution#Section 2|Section 2 of Article XII]]. These can be proposed in either chamber of the [[Michigan State Legislature]]. Proposed amendments must be agreed to by 2/3rds of the members elected to and serving in each house.  
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* Through a {{lrcafull}} as established in [[Article XII, Michigan Constitution#Section 2|Section 2 of Article XII]]. These can be proposed in either chamber of the [[Michigan State Legislature]]. Proposed amendments must be agreed to by two-thirds of the members elected to and serving in each house.  
 
* Through an {{icafull}} as established in [[Article XII, Michigan Constitution#Section 2|Section 2 of Article XII]].
 
* Through an {{icafull}} as established in [[Article XII, Michigan Constitution#Section 2|Section 2 of Article XII]].
* Through a [[constitutional convention]] as established in [[Article XII, Michigan Constitution|Section 3 of Article XII]].  A question about whether to hold a constitutional convention is to [[Automatic ballot referral|automatically]] appear on the state's ballot every sixteen years.
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* Through a [[constitutional convention]] as established in [[Article XII, Michigan Constitution|Section 3 of Article XII]].  A question about whether to hold a constitutional convention is to [[Automatic ballot referral|automatically]] appear on the state's ballot every 16 years.
  
 
==History==
 
==History==

Revision as of 12:46, 18 June 2014

Michigan Constitution
Seal of Michigan.png
Preamble
Articles
IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIISchedule
The Constitution of the State of Michigan is the basic governing document of Michigan. It describes the structure and function of the state's government.

Features

The current constitution contains a preamble followed by 12 sections. There is also a schedule at the end, to ease transition from territory to state.

Preamble

See also: Preambles to state constitutions

The preamble to the Michigan Constitution states:

We, the people of the State of Michigan, grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of freedom, and earnestly desiring to secure these blessings undiminished to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution.[1]

Article I

Article I of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "Declaration of Rights" and consists of 27 sections. It establishes the rights and liberties of the citizens of Michigan.

Article II

Article II of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "Elections" and consists of 10 sections. It details the election process, as well as recalls and voter qualifications.

Article III

Article III of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "General Government" and consists of eight sections. It deals with miscellaneous provisions, such as the state seal, seat of government and separation of powers.

Article IV

Article IV of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "Legislative Branch" and consists of 54 sections. It establishes the legislative branch of government as the law-making body of the state.

Article V

Article V of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "Executive Branch" and consists of 30 sections. It establishes the executive branch and describes the powers and qualifications of the governor and lieutenant governor.

Article VI

Article VI of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "Judicial Branch" and consists of 30 sections. It establishes the judicial branch and creates the various court systems.

Article VII

Article VII of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "Local Government" and consists of 34 sections. It concerns government at a local level.

Article VIII

Article VIII of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "Education" and consists of four sections. It establishes the public school system and also deals with some institutions of higher education.

Article IX

Article IX of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "Finance and Taxation" and consists of 43 sections. It describes the taxation process.

Article X

Article X of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "Property" and consists of six sections.

Article XI

Article XI of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "Public Officers and Employment" and consists of seven sections.

Article XII

rticle XII of the Michigan Constitution is entitled "Amendment and Revision" and consists of four sections. It describes the process for amending the state constitution.

The Schedule

The "Schedule and Temporary Provisions" article of the Michigan Constitution has 16 sections. It has temporary provisions to ease the transition from territory to state.

Amending the constitution

See also: Article XII, Michigan Constitution and Amending state constitutions

The Michigan Constitution can be amended in these three ways:

History

Over the years, Michigan voters have approved a total of four constitutions. The first, in 1835, was written as Michigan prepared to become a state of the Union, which occurred in 1837. The current constitution was approved by voters in 1963. Two other proposed constitutions were rejected by voters in 1868 and 1874.

Michigan’s fours constitutions have all created or maintained three branches of government in the state: executive, legislative, and judicial. They have all established or maintained a bicameral legislature. Michigan’s constitutions have all provided the state with a bill of rights, in some form or another, enumerating state citizens’ individual rights and liberties.[2]

In addition, the Michigan constitutions are democratic documents. Each was drafted by elected delegates and enacted by a vote of the state electorate. Moreover, except for court decisions finding provisions of a Michigan Constitution unconstitutional, nothing in a Michigan Constitution may be changed without voter approval.

Prior to statehood, Michigan was part of the Northwest Territory. During this period, Detroit was the territorial capital, and, instead of a state legislature, Michigan was governed by a unicameral body called the Territorial Council.[2]

The Ordinance of 1787 was drafted as a "forever [and] unalterable" "compact between the original states, and the people and states in the said territory." It promised regions in the Northwest Territory future statehood. It also provided for religious freedom and protections such as due process and the writ of habeas corpus. The Ordinance of 1787 also prohibited slavery and cruel and unusual punishment.[2]

See also

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External links

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Suggest a link

Additional reading

References