Difference between revisions of "Michigan House of Representatives"

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Revision as of 14:23, 7 January 2013

Michigan House of Representatives

Seal of Michigan.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   3 terms (6 years)
2014 session start:   January 9, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Jase Bolger, (R)
Majority Leader:   Jim Stamas, (R)
Minority leader:   Richard Hammel, (D)
Structure
Members:  110
   Democratic Party (50)
Republican Party (59)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art IV, Michigan Constitution
Salary:   $79,650/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (110 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (110 seats)
Redistricting:  Michigan legislature has control
The Michigan House of Representatives is the lower house of the Michigan Legislature. There are 110 members. Each member represents an average of 89,851 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 90,349 residents.[2] Representatives are elected in even-numbered years to 2-year terms, and take office on the first day of January following the election. Each Representative is limited to serving three terms.

As of December 2012, Michigan is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article IV of the Michigan Constitution establishes when the Michigan Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 13 of Article IV states that the Legislature is to convene on the second Wednesday in January of each year. Section 13 gives the Legislature the power to determine its date of adjournment through concurrent resolution.

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House began the legislative session on January 11.

2011

In 2011, the House was in session from January 12 through mid December. A specific date is yet to be decided by the Legislature. [3] The 348 calendar days that the Michigan Legislature is in session during 2011 is the longest legislative session in the country.[4]

Session highlights

In the 2011 session, Michigan was a key battleground on corporate taxes. Governor Rick Snyder had made promises during his campaign to eliminate the “Michigan Business Tax,” which was costly and difficult to calculate. Governor Snyder delivered, replacing the tax with a flat 6 percent corporate income tax. The state will recover the $1.8 billion in lost business tax revenues with $1.5 billion in higher personal income tax revenues. Current Michigan law requires the state income tax to drop to 3.9 percent by 2015. Governor Snyder's measure keeps the income tax rate at its current 4.35 percent until January 1, 2013, when it will drop to 4.25 percent. During 2011, Michigan also became the first state in more than 50 years to cut state-level unemployment benefits. [5]

2010

In 2010, the House convened its session on January 13th, and it remained in session throughout the year.[6]

Elections

2012

See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives were held in Michigan on November 6, 2012. All 110 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 12, 2012.

Michigan state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than three two-year terms. In 2012, 14 state representatives were termed-out of office.

2010

See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for seats in the Michigan House of Representatives were held on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 11, 2010, and the primary election day was on August 3, 2010.


In 2010, candidates running for state house raised a total of $17,146,452 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [7]

Qualifications

Section 7 of Article 4 of the Michigan Constitution states, "Each senator and representative must be a citizen of the United States, at least 21 years of age, and an elector of the district he represents. The removal of his domicile from the district shall be deemed a vacation of the office. No person who has been convicted of subversion or who has within the preceding 20 years been convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be eligible for either house of the legislature."

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
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In Michigan, the governor can call for a special election in the event a vacancy exists in the House[8].

When conducting a special election, the election should be held whenever the next general election is scheduled. If the vacancy happens after the statewide primary election, the leaders of the respective party organizations in the district can submit a list of nominees that would be voted on by party leadership. The nominee must be voted on no later than 21 days after the vacancy occurred[9].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Michigan

The state legislature has the power to redraw district boundaries. Changes to the boundaries are made in the form of regular legislation, which means the maps are subject to the Governor's veto. In 2010, the House and the Senate organized redistricting committees to handle drafting the maps. As a result of the 2010 elections, both chamber's of Michigan's legislature and Michigan's governorship were controlled by Republicans.

2010

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Michigan's population fell from 9.94 million to 9.88 million between 2000 and 2010.[10] Michigan's U.S. Congressional delegation decreased in size from 15 to 14 seats.[11] A substantial population shift occurred from Detroit proper into the suburban areas.[12]

The state legislature undertook a relatively private redistricting process.[13] A Republican-proposed plan passed with bipartisan support after the House made some changes to the Senate plan. Governor Rick Snyder signed the plan, Senate Bill 498, into law on August 9, 2011.

A coalition of advocacy groups sued, alleging that the State House of Representatives plan was discriminatory. The plaintiffs asserted that up to 35 percent of all minority House members statewide could lose thier seats as a result of the plan, and that specific voting blocks were split, diluting their influence. A three-judge panel dismissed the suit.[14][15]

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2012, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,865/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.[16]

The $71,865/year that Michigan legislators are paid as of 2011 is a decrease from a salary of $79,650 from the 2010 session, which was the same as they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. Per diem is also the same.[17][18]

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 50
     Republican Party 59
     Independent 1
Total 110

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected by its membership. The Speaker appoints the Speaker Pro Tempore and all committees. Other duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum and deciding points of order.[19][20]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Michigan House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Jase Bolger Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore John Walsh Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Speaker Pro Tempore Paul Opsommer Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Speaker Pro Tempore Margaret O'Brien Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Floor Leader Jim Stamas Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Peter Lund Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Leader David Agema Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Richard Hammel Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader Kate Segal Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

District Representative Party Residence
1 Timothy Bledsoe Bluedot.png Democrat Grosse Pointe
2 Lisa Howze Bluedot.png Democrat
3 Alberta Tinsley Talabi Bluedot.png Democrat
4 Maureen Stapleton Bluedot.png Democrat
5 John Olumba Bluedot.png Democrat Highland Park
6 Fred Durhal, Jr. Bluedot.png Democrat Detroit
7 Jimmy Womack Bluedot.png Democrat Detroit
8 Thomas Stallworth III Bluedot.png Democrat
9 Shanelle Jackson Bluedot.png Democrat Detroit
10 Harvey Santana Bluedot.png Democrat
11 David Nathan Bluedot.png Democrat Detroit
12 Rashida Tlaib Bluedot.png Democrat Detroit
13 Andrew James Kandrevas Bluedot.png Democrat Southgate
14 Paul Clemente Bluedot.png Democrat Lincoln Park
15 George Darany Bluedot.png Democrat
16 Bob Constan Bluedot.png Democrat Dearborn Heights
17 Phil Cavanagh Bluedot.png Democrat
18 Richard LeBlanc Bluedot.png Democrat Westland
19 John Walsh Reddot.png Republican Livonia
20 Kurt Heise Reddot.png Republican
21 Dian Slavens Bluedot.png Democrat
22 Douglas Geiss Bluedot.png Democrat
23 Pat Somerville Reddot.png Republican
24 Anthony Forlini Reddot.png Republican
25 Jonathan Switalski Bluedot.png Democrat
26 Jim Townsend Bluedot.png Democrat
27 Ellen Lipton Bluedot.png Democrat Huntington Woods
28 Lesia Liss Bluedot.png Democrat
29 Tim Greimel Bluedot.png Democrat Auburn Hills
30 Jeff Farrington Reddot.png Republican
31 Marilyn Lane Bluedot.png Democrat
32 Andrea LaFontaine Reddot.png Republican
33 Ken Goike Reddot.png Republican
34 Woodrow Stanley Bluedot.png Democrat Flint
35 Rudy Hobbs Bluedot.png Democrat
36 Peter Lund Reddot.png Republican
37 Vicki Barnett Bluedot.png Democrat
38 Hugh Crawford Reddot.png Republican
39 Lisa Brown Bluedot.png Democrat
40 Chuck Moss Reddot.png Republican Birmingham
41 Martin Knollenberg Reddot.png Republican Troy
42 Harold Haugh Bluedot.png Democrat
43 Gail Haines Reddot.png Republican
44 Eileen Kowall Reddot.png Republican
45 Tom McMillin Reddot.png Republican
46 Bradford Jacobsen Reddot.png Republican
47 Cindy Denby Reddot.png Republican
48 Richard Hammel Bluedot.png Democrat Mount Morris Township
49 Jim Ananich Bluedot.png Democrat
50 Charles Smiley Bluedot.png Democrat
51 Joseph Graves Reddot.png Republican Argentine Township
52 Mark Ouimet Reddot.png Republican
53 Jeff Irwin Bluedot.png Democrat
54 David Rutledge Bluedot.png Democrat
55 Rick Olson Reddot.png Republican
56 Dale Zorn Reddot.png Republican
57 Nancy Jenkins Reddot.png Republican
58 Kenneth Kurtz Reddot.png Republican
59 Matt Lori Reddot.png Republican
60 Sean McCann Bluedot.png Democrat
61 Margaret O'Brien Reddot.png Republican
62 Kate Segal Bluedot.png Democrat
63 James Bolger Reddot.png Republican
64 Earl Poleski Reddot.png Republican
65 Mike Shirkey Reddot.png Republican
66 William Rogers Reddot.png Republican
67 Barbara Byrum Bluedot.png Democrat Onondaga
68 Joan Bauer Bluedot.png Democrat Lansing
69 Mark Meadows Bluedot.png Democrat East Lansing
70 Rick Outman Reddot.png Republican
71 Deb Shaughnessy Reddot.png Republican
72 Ken Yonker Reddot.png Republican
73 Peter MacGregor Reddot.png Republican
74 David Agema Reddot.png Republican Grandville
75 Brandon Dillon Bluedot.png Democrat
76 Roy Schmidt Reddot.png Republican
77 Thomas Hooker Reddot.png Republican
78 Sharon Tyler Reddot.png Republican
79 Al Pscholka Reddot.png Republican
80 Aric Nesbitt Reddot.png Republican
81 Jud Gilbert Reddot.png Republican
82 Kevin Daley Reddot.png Republican Arcadia Township
83 Paul Muxlow Reddot.png Republican
84 Kurt Damrow Reddot.png Republican
85 Ben Glardon Reddot.png Republican
86 Lisa Lyons Reddot.png Republican
87 Mike Callton Reddot.png Republican
88 Bob Genetski Reddot.png Republican
89 Amanda Price Reddot.png Republican
90 Joseph Haveman Reddot.png Republican
91 Holly Hughes Reddot.png Republican
92 Marcia Hovey-Wright Bluedot.png Democrat
93 Paul Opsommer Reddot.png Republican Dewitt
94 Kenneth Horn Reddot.png Republican Frankenmuth
95 Stacy Oakes Bluedot.png Democrat
96 Charles Brunner Bluedot.png Democrat Bay City
97 Joel Johnson Reddot.png Republican
98 Jim Stamas Reddot.png Republican
99 Kevin Cotter Reddot.png Republican
100 Jon Bumstead Reddot.png Republican
101 Ray Franz Reddot.png Republican
102 Phillip Potvin Reddot.png Republican
103 Bruce Rendon Reddot.png Republican
104 Wayne Schmidt Reddot.png Republican
105 Greg MacMaster Reddot.png Republican
106 Peter Pettalia Reddot.png Republican
107 Frank Foster Reddot.png Republican
108 Ed McBroom Reddot.png Republican
109 Steven Lindberg Bluedot.png Democrat Marquette
110 Matt Huuki Reddot.png Republican

Standing committees

The Michigan House of Representatives has 19 standing committees:

External links

References