Difference between revisions of "Michigan House of Representatives"

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}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Michigan House of Representatives''' is the [[lower house]] of the [[Michigan Legislature]]. There are 110 members. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|89,851 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/pdf/apport2010_table4.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately [[Population represented by state legislators|90,349 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref> Representatives are elected in even-numbered years to 2-year terms, and take office on the first day of January following the election. Each Representative is limited to serving three terms.
 
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Michigan House of Representatives''' is the [[lower house]] of the [[Michigan Legislature]]. There are 110 members. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|89,851 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/pdf/apport2010_table4.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately [[Population represented by state legislators|90,349 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref> Representatives are elected in even-numbered years to 2-year terms, and take office on the first day of January following the election. Each Representative is limited to serving three terms.
  
As of December 2012, [[Michigan]] is one of 24 Republican [[state government trifectas]].
+
As of May 2013, [[Michigan]] is one of 24 Republican [[state government trifectas]].
 
==Sessions==
 
==Sessions==
 
[[Article IV, Michigan Constitution | Article IV of the Michigan Constitution]] establishes when the [[Michigan Legislature]], of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session.  Section 13 of Article IV states that the Legislature is to convene on the second Wednesday in January of each year.  Section 13 gives the Legislature the power to determine its date of adjournment through concurrent resolution.
 
[[Article IV, Michigan Constitution | Article IV of the Michigan Constitution]] establishes when the [[Michigan Legislature]], of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session.  Section 13 of Article IV states that the Legislature is to convene on the second Wednesday in January of each year.  Section 13 gives the Legislature the power to determine its date of adjournment through concurrent resolution.

Revision as of 07:29, 13 May 2013

Michigan House of Representatives

Seal of Michigan.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   3 terms (6 years)
2014 session start:   January 9, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Jase Bolger, (R)
Majority Leader:   Jim Stamas, (R)
Minority leader:   Richard Hammel, (D)
Structure
Members:  110
   Democratic Party (

50)
Republican Party (

59)
Independent (1)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art IV, Michigan Constitution
Salary:   $71,685/year + expenses
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (110 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (110 seats)
Redistricting:  Michigan legislature has control
The Michigan House of Representatives is the lower house of the Michigan Legislature. There are 110 members. Each member represents an average of 89,851 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 90,349 residents.[2] Representatives are elected in even-numbered years to 2-year terms, and take office on the first day of January following the election. Each Representative is limited to serving three terms.

As of May 2013, Michigan is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article IV of the Michigan Constitution establishes when the Michigan Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 13 of Article IV states that the Legislature is to convene on the second Wednesday in January of each year. Section 13 gives the Legislature the power to determine its date of adjournment through concurrent resolution.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 9 through December 31 (estimated).

Major issues

After a extremely divided lame-duck session in December 2012, lawmakers are expected to have a tamer session. Major issues include the regulatory structure of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan, increased transportation funding, education reform, and pension changes.[3]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House began the legislative session on January 11.

2011

In 2011, the House was in session from January 12 through mid December. A specific date is yet to be decided by the Legislature. [4] The 348 calendar days that the Michigan Legislature is in session during 2011 is the longest legislative session in the country.[5]

Session highlights

In the 2011 session, Michigan was a key battleground on corporate taxes. Governor Rick Snyder had made promises during his campaign to eliminate the “Michigan Business Tax,” which was costly and difficult to calculate. Governor Snyder delivered, replacing the tax with a flat 6 percent corporate income tax. The state will recover the $1.8 billion in lost business tax revenues with $1.5 billion in higher personal income tax revenues. Current Michigan law requires the state income tax to drop to 3.9 percent by 2015. Governor Snyder's measure keeps the income tax rate at its current 4.35 percent until January 1, 2013, when it will drop to 4.25 percent. During 2011, Michigan also became the first state in more than 50 years to cut state-level unemployment benefits. [6]

2010

In 2010, the House convened its session on January 13th, and it remained in session throughout the year.[7]

Elections

2012

See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives were held in Michigan on November 6, 2012. All 110 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 12, 2012.

Michigan state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than three two-year terms. In 2012, 14 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for seats in the Michigan House of Representatives were held on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 11, 2010, and the primary election day was on August 3, 2010.


In 2010, candidates running for state house raised a total of $17,146,452 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [8]

Qualifications

Section 7 of Article 4 of the Michigan Constitution states, "Each senator and representative must be a citizen of the United States, at least 21 years of age, and an elector of the district he represents. The removal of his domicile from the district shall be deemed a vacation of the office. No person who has been convicted of subversion or who has within the preceding 20 years been convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be eligible for either house of the legislature."

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

In Michigan, the governor can call for a special election in the event a vacancy exists in the House[9].

When conducting a special election, the election should be held whenever the next general election is scheduled. If the vacancy happens after the statewide primary election, the leaders of the respective party organizations in the district can submit a list of nominees that would be voted on by party leadership. The nominee must be voted on no later than 21 days after the vacancy occurred[10].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Michigan

The state legislature has the power to redraw district boundaries. Changes to the boundaries are made in the form of regular legislation, which means the maps are subject to the Governor's veto. In 2010, the House and the Senate organized redistricting committees to handle drafting the maps. As a result of the 2010 elections, both chamber's of Michigan's legislature and Michigan's governorship were controlled by Republicans.

2010

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Michigan's population fell from 9.94 million to 9.88 million between 2000 and 2010.[11] Michigan's U.S. Congressional delegation decreased in size from 15 to 14 seats.[12] A substantial population shift occurred from Detroit proper into the suburban areas.[13]

The state legislature undertook a relatively private redistricting process.[14] A Republican-proposed plan passed with bipartisan support after the House made some changes to the Senate plan. Governor Rick Snyder signed the plan, Senate Bill 498, into law on August 9, 2011.

A coalition of advocacy groups sued, alleging that the State House of Representatives plan was discriminatory. The plaintiffs asserted that up to 35 percent of all minority House members statewide could lose thier seats as a result of the plan, and that specific voting blocks were split, diluting their influence. A three-judge panel dismissed the suit.[15][16]

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,685/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.[17]

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of August 2014
     Democratic Party 50
     Republican Party 59
     Independent 1
Total 110

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected by its membership. The Speaker appoints the Speaker Pro Tempore and all committees. Other duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum and deciding points of order.[18][19]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Michigan House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Jase Bolger Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore John Walsh Ends.png Republican
State House Associate Speaker Pro Tempore Kevin Cotter Ends.png Republican
State House Associate Speaker Pro Tempore Margaret O'Brien Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Floor Leader Jim Stamas Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Peter Lund Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Leader Al Pscholka Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Tim Greimel Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader Rudy Hobbs Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

District Representative Party Residence
1 Brian Banks Electiondot.png Democratic
2 Alberta Tinsley Talabi Electiondot.png Democratic
3 John Olumba Independent Independent
4 Rose Mary Robinson Electiondot.png Democratic
5 Fred Durhal, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic Detroit
6 Rashida Tlaib Electiondot.png Democratic
7 Thomas Stallworth, III Electiondot.png Democratic
8 David E. Nathan Electiondot.png Democratic
9 Harvey Santana Electiondot.png Democratic
10 Phil Cavanagh Electiondot.png Democratic
11 David Knezek Electiondot.png Democratic
12 Douglas A. Geiss Electiondot.png Democratic
13 Andrew James Kandrevas Electiondot.png Democratic Southgate
14 Paul Clemente Electiondot.png Democratic Lincoln Park
15 George Darany Electiondot.png Democratic
16 Robert L. Kosowski Electiondot.png Democratic
17 Bill LaVoy Electiondot.png Democratic
18 Sarah Roberts Electiondot.png Democratic
19 John Walsh Ends.png Republican Livonia
20 Kurt Heise Ends.png Republican
21 Dian Slavens Electiondot.png Democratic
22 Harold L. Haugh Electiondot.png Democratic
23 Pat Somerville Ends.png Republican
24 Anthony Forlini Ends.png Republican
25 Henry Yanez Electiondot.png Democratic
26 Jim Townsend Electiondot.png Democratic
27 Ellen Lipton Electiondot.png Democratic Huntington Woods
28 Jon M. Switalski Electiondot.png Democratic
29 Tim Greimel Electiondot.png Democratic Auburn Hills
30 Jeff Farrington Ends.png Republican
31 Marilyn Lane Electiondot.png Democratic
32 Andrea LaFontaine Ends.png Republican
33 Ken Goike Ends.png Republican
34 Woodrow Stanley Electiondot.png Democratic Flint
35 Rudy Hobbs Electiondot.png Democratic
36 Peter Lund Ends.png Republican
37 Vicki Barnett Electiondot.png Democratic
38 Hugh Crawford Ends.png Republican
39 Klint Kesto Ends.png Republican
40 Michael D. McCready Ends.png Republican
41 Martin Howrylak Ends.png Republican
42 Bill Rogers Ends.png Republican
43 Gail Haines Ends.png Republican
44 Eileen Kowall Ends.png Republican
45 Tom McMillin Ends.png Republican
46 Bradford Jacobsen Ends.png Republican
47 Cindy Denby Ends.png Republican
48 Pam Faris Electiondot.png Democratic
49 Jim Ananich Electiondot.png Democratic
50 Charles Smiley Electiondot.png Democratic
51 Joseph Graves Ends.png Republican Argentine Township
52 Gretchen Driskell Electiondot.png Democratic
53 Jeff Irwin Electiondot.png Democratic
54 David Rutledge Electiondot.png Democratic
55 Adam Zemke Electiondot.png Democratic
56 Dale Zorn Ends.png Republican
57 Nancy Jenkins Ends.png Republican
58 Kenneth Kurtz Ends.png Republican
59 Matt Lori Ends.png Republican
60 Sean McCann Electiondot.png Democratic
61 Margaret O'Brien Ends.png Republican
62 Kate Segal Electiondot.png Democratic
63 Jase Bolger Ends.png Republican
64 Earl Poleski Ends.png Republican
65 Mike Shirkey Ends.png Republican
66 Aric Nesbitt Ends.png Republican
67 Tom Cochran Electiondot.png Democratic
68 Andy Schor Electiondot.png Democratic
69 Sam Singh Electiondot.png Democratic
70 Rick Outman Ends.png Republican
71 Theresa Abed Electiondot.png Democratic
72 Ken Yonker Ends.png Republican
73 Peter MacGregor Ends.png Republican
74 Rob VerHeulen Ends.png Republican
75 Brandon Dillon Electiondot.png Democratic
76 Winnie Brinks Electiondot.png Democratic
77 Thomas Hooker Ends.png Republican
78 Dave Pagel Ends.png Republican
79 Al Pscholka Ends.png Republican
80 Bob Genetski Ends.png Republican
81 Dan Lauwers Ends.png Republican
82 Kevin Daley Ends.png Republican Arcadia Township
83 Paul Muxlow Ends.png Republican
84 Terry L. Brown Electiondot.png Democratic
85 Ben Glardon Ends.png Republican
86 Lisa Lyons Ends.png Republican
87 Mike Callton Ends.png Republican
88 Roger Victory Ends.png Republican
89 Amanda Price Ends.png Republican
90 Joseph Haveman Ends.png Republican
91 Collene Lamonte Electiondot.png Democratic
92 Marcia Hovey-Wright Electiondot.png Democratic
93 Tom Leonard Ends.png Republican
94 Tim Kelly Ends.png Republican
95 Stacy Oakes Electiondot.png Democratic
96 Charles Brunner Electiondot.png Democratic Bay City
97 Joel Johnson Ends.png Republican
98 Jim Stamas Ends.png Republican
99 Kevin Cotter Ends.png Republican
100 Jon Bumstead Ends.png Republican
101 Ray Franz Ends.png Republican
102 Phillip Potvin Ends.png Republican
103 Bruce Rendon Ends.png Republican
104 Wayne Schmidt Ends.png Republican
105 Greg MacMaster Ends.png Republican
106 Peter Pettalia Ends.png Republican
107 Frank Foster Ends.png Republican
108 Ed McBroom Ends.png Republican
109 John Kivela Electiondot.png Democratic
110 Scott Dianda Electiondot.png Democratic

Standing committees

The Michigan House of Representatives has 19 standing committees:

External links

References