Difference between revisions of "Michigan House of Representatives"

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|Type = [[Lower house]]
 
|Type = [[Lower house]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|3 terms (6 years)]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|3 terms (6 years)]]
|Next session = [[Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions|January 11, 2012]]
+
|Next session = [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions|January 9, 2013]]
 
|Website = [http://house.michigan.gov/ Official House Page]
 
|Website = [http://house.michigan.gov/ Official House Page]
 
<!--Level 3-->
 
<!--Level 3-->
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<!-- Level 4-->
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
|Members = 110
 
|Members = 110
|Political groups = [[Democratic Party]] (46) <br>[[Republican Party]] (62) <br>[[State legislative special elections, 2012|Vacant]] (2)
+
|Political groups = [[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Michigan House of Representatives|State=Michigan|Party=Democratic}}) <br>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Michigan House of Representatives|State=Michigan|Party=Republican}}) <br>Independent (1) <br>Vacancy (1)
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state representatives|2 years]]
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state representatives|2 years]]
 
|Authority = [[Article IV, Michigan Constitution#Section 3|Art IV, Michigan Constitution]]
 
|Authority = [[Article IV, Michigan Constitution#Section 3|Art IV, Michigan Constitution]]
|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$79,650/year]] + per diem
+
|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$71,685/year]] + expenses
 
<!-- Level 5-->
 
<!-- Level 5-->
|Next election = [[Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] (110 seats)
+
|Next election = [[Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]] (110 seats)
|Last election = [[Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2010|November 2, 2010]] (110 seats)
+
|Last election = [[Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] (110 seats)
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Michigan |Michigan legislature has control]]
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Michigan |Michigan legislature has control]]
 
|Building =  
 
|Building =  
 
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Michigan House of Representatives''' is the [[lower house]] of the [[Michigan Legislature]]. There are 110 members. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|89,851 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/pdf/apport2010_table4.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately [[Population represented by state legislators|90,349 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref> Representatives are elected in even-numbered years to 2-year terms, and take office on the first day of January following the election. Each Representative is limited to serving three terms.
 
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Michigan House of Representatives''' is the [[lower house]] of the [[Michigan Legislature]]. There are 110 members. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|89,851 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/pdf/apport2010_table4.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately [[Population represented by state legislators|90,349 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref> Representatives are elected in even-numbered years to 2-year terms, and take office on the first day of January following the election. Each Representative is limited to serving three terms.
  
 +
{{State trifecta status|state=Michigan|control=Republican}}
 
==Sessions==
 
==Sessions==
 
[[Article IV, Michigan Constitution | Article IV of the Michigan Constitution]] establishes when the [[Michigan Legislature]], of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session.  Section 13 of Article IV states that the Legislature is to convene on the second Wednesday in January of each year.  Section 13 gives the Legislature the power to determine its date of adjournment through concurrent resolution.
 
[[Article IV, Michigan Constitution | Article IV of the Michigan Constitution]] establishes when the [[Michigan Legislature]], of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session.  Section 13 of Article IV states that the Legislature is to convene on the second Wednesday in January of each year.  Section 13 gives the Legislature the power to determine its date of adjournment through concurrent resolution.
 +
 +
===2013===
 +
::''See also: [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions]]''
 +
In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 9 through December 31 (estimated).
 +
 +
====Major issues====
 +
After a extremely divided lame-duck session in December 2012, lawmakers are expected to have a tamer session. Major issues include the regulatory structure of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan, increased transportation funding, education reform, and pension changes.<ref> [http://www.southbendtribune.com/news/sbt-michigan-legislature-starts-tamer-twoyear-session-today-20130109,0,5270753.story ''South Bend Tribune,'' "Michigan Legislature starts tamer two-year session today," January 9, 2013] </ref>
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
 
::''See also: [[Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions]]''
 
::''See also: [[Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions]]''
In 2012, the House will be in session from January 11 though a date yet to be determined.
+
In 2012, the House began the legislative session on January 11.
  
 
===2011===
 
===2011===
In 2011, the House will be in session from  January 12 through mid December. A specific date is yet to be decided by the Legislature. <ref>[http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(53rhbf45z4yrotyj1micilza))/mileg.aspx?page=SessionSchedules Michigan State Legislature Sessions Schedule]</ref> The 348 calendar days that the [[Michigan Legislature]] is in session during 2011 is the longest legislative session in the country.<ref>[http://www.scpolicycouncil.com/map/ ''South Carolina Policy Council'' "50 State Legislative Session Interactive Map," February 2011]</ref>
+
In 2011, the House was in session from  January 12 through mid December. A specific date is yet to be decided by the Legislature. <ref>[http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(53rhbf45z4yrotyj1micilza))/mileg.aspx?page=SessionSchedules Michigan State Legislature Sessions Schedule]</ref> The 348 calendar days that the [[Michigan Legislature]] is in session during 2011 is the longest legislative session in the country.<ref>[http://www.scpolicycouncil.com/map/ ''South Carolina Policy Council'' "50 State Legislative Session Interactive Map," February 2011]</ref>
 
====Session highlights====
 
====Session highlights====
 
In the 2011 session, Michigan was a key battleground on corporate taxes. [[Governor of Michigan|Governor]] [[Rick Snyder]] had made promises during his campaign to eliminate the “Michigan Business Tax,” which was costly and difficult to calculate. Governor Snyder delivered, replacing the tax with a flat 6 percent corporate income tax. The state will recover the $1.8 billion in lost business tax revenues with $1.5 billion in higher personal income tax revenues. Current Michigan law requires the state income tax to drop to 3.9 percent by 2015. Governor Snyder's measure keeps the income tax rate at its current 4.35 percent until January 1, 2013, when it will drop to 4.25 percent. During 2011, Michigan also became the first state in more than 50 years to cut state-level unemployment benefits. <ref>[http://www.stateline.org/live/details/story?contentId=581343 ''Stateline.org,'' States balance budgets with cuts, not taxes, June 15, 2011]</ref>
 
In the 2011 session, Michigan was a key battleground on corporate taxes. [[Governor of Michigan|Governor]] [[Rick Snyder]] had made promises during his campaign to eliminate the “Michigan Business Tax,” which was costly and difficult to calculate. Governor Snyder delivered, replacing the tax with a flat 6 percent corporate income tax. The state will recover the $1.8 billion in lost business tax revenues with $1.5 billion in higher personal income tax revenues. Current Michigan law requires the state income tax to drop to 3.9 percent by 2015. Governor Snyder's measure keeps the income tax rate at its current 4.35 percent until January 1, 2013, when it will drop to 4.25 percent. During 2011, Michigan also became the first state in more than 50 years to cut state-level unemployment benefits. <ref>[http://www.stateline.org/live/details/story?contentId=581343 ''Stateline.org,'' States balance budgets with cuts, not taxes, June 15, 2011]</ref>
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===2010===
 
===2010===
 
In 2010, the House convened its [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions| session]] on January 13th, and it remained in session throughout the year.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/?tabid=18630 2010 session dates for Michigan legislature]</ref>
 
In 2010, the House convened its [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions| session]] on January 13th, and it remained in session throughout the year.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/?tabid=18630 2010 session dates for Michigan legislature]</ref>
 +
 +
==Ethics and transparency==
 +
===Open States Transparency===
 +
{{Transparency card|State=Michigan|Grade=C}}
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
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:: ''See also: [[Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2012]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2012]]''
  
Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives will be held in [[Michigan]] on [[State legislative elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. All '''110 seats''' will be up for election.
+
Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives were held in [[Michigan]] on [[State legislative elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. All '''110 seats''' were up for election.
  
The [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state legislative elections | signature filing deadline]] for candidates wishing to run in these elections is May 12, 2012.
+
The [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state legislative elections | signature filing deadline]] for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 12, 2012.
  
Michigan state representatives are subject to [[State legislatures with term limits | term limits]], and may not serve more than three two-year terms.  In 2012, [[Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2012 | 14 state representatives]] will be termed-out of office.
+
Michigan state representatives are subject to [[State legislatures with term limits | term limits]], and may not serve more than three two-year terms.  In 2012, [[Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2012 | 14 state representatives]] were termed-out of office.
 +
 
 +
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:650px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="5" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2012 Margin of Victory, Alaska House of Representatives
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |District
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Winner
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Margin of Victory
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Total Votes
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Top Opponent
 +
|-
 +
| District 91||{{bluedot}} [[Collene Lamonte]]||0.8%||40,037||Holly Hughes
 +
|-
 +
| District 41||{{reddot}} [[Martin Howrylak]]||0.9%||46,381||Mary Kerwin
 +
|-
 +
| District 23||{{reddot}} [[Pat Somerville]]||1%||45,181||Tom Boritzki
 +
|-
 +
| District 63||{{reddot}} [[James Bolger]]||1.7%||43,636||Bill Farmer
 +
|-
 +
| District 101||{{reddot}} [[Ray Franz]]||2.1%||49,373||Allen O'Shea
 +
|-
 +
| District 25||{{bluedot}} [[Henry Yanez]]||2.9%||40,388||Sean Clark
 +
|-
 +
| District 110||{{bluedot}} [[Scott Dianda]]||3.2%||38,751||Matt Huuki
 +
|-
 +
| District 57||{{reddot}} [[Nancy Jenkins]]||5%||40,285||Jim Berryman
 +
|-
 +
| District 103||{{reddot}} [[Bruce Rendon]]||5.6%||44,140||Lon Johnson
 +
|-
 +
| District 52||{{bluedot}} [[Gretchen Driskell]]||6%||50,257||Mark Ouimet
 +
|}
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
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In 2010, candidates running for state house raised a total of $17,146,452 in campaign contributions.  The top 10 donors were: <ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=MI&y=2010&f=H ''Follow the Money'': "Michigan House 2010 Campaign Contributions"]</ref>
 
In 2010, candidates running for state house raised a total of $17,146,452 in campaign contributions.  The top 10 donors were: <ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=MI&y=2010&f=H ''Follow the Money'': "Michigan House 2010 Campaign Contributions"]</ref>
  
{{legislative donor box}}
+
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="2" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2010 Donors, Michigan House of Representatives
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Michigan House Democratic Fund
 
| Michigan House Democratic Fund
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When conducting a special election, the election should be held whenever the next general election is scheduled.  If the vacancy happens after the statewide primary election, the leaders of the respective party organizations in the district can submit a list of nominees that would be voted on by party leadership.  The nominee must be voted on no later than 21 days after the vacancy occurred<ref>[http://www.legislature.mi.gov/%28S%284fy2mb55ioby1v55pwul1tfn%29%29/mileg.aspx?page=getObject&objectName=mcl-168-634 ''Michigan Legislature'' "Michigan Election Law"](Referenced Statute 168.634 (1)-(2), Michigan Compiled Laws)</ref>.
 
When conducting a special election, the election should be held whenever the next general election is scheduled.  If the vacancy happens after the statewide primary election, the leaders of the respective party organizations in the district can submit a list of nominees that would be voted on by party leadership.  The nominee must be voted on no later than 21 days after the vacancy occurred<ref>[http://www.legislature.mi.gov/%28S%284fy2mb55ioby1v55pwul1tfn%29%29/mileg.aspx?page=getObject&objectName=mcl-168-634 ''Michigan Legislature'' "Michigan Election Law"](Referenced Statute 168.634 (1)-(2), Michigan Compiled Laws)</ref>.
 +
 +
==Redistricting==
 +
 +
::''See also: [[Redistricting in Michigan]]
 +
 +
The state legislature has the power to redraw district boundaries.  Changes to the boundaries are made in the form of regular legislation, which means the maps are subject to the [[Governor of Michigan|Governor's]] veto.  In 2010, the House and the Senate organized redistricting committees to handle drafting the maps.  As a result of the 2010 elections, both chamber's of Michigan's legislature and Michigan's governorship were controlled by Republicans.
 +
 +
===2010===
 +
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Michigan's population fell from 9.94 million to 9.88 million between 2000 and 2010.<ref>[http://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/dc10_thematic/2010_Profile/2010_Profile_Map_Michigan.pdf ''U.S. Census Bureau'', "2010 Census: Michigan Profile, 2011]</ref> Michigan's U.S. Congressional delegation decreased in size from 15 to 14 seats.<ref>[http://thehill.com/blogs/ballot-box/redistricting/134867-longtime-dem-reps-levin-and-dingell-could-face-redistricting-danger ''The Hill'' "Longtime Dem Reps. Levin and Dingell could face redistricting danger" 22 Dec. 2010]</ref> A substantial population shift occurred from Detroit proper into the suburban areas.<ref>[http://detnews.com/article/20110325/POLITICS02/103250388/Black-caucus-preps-for-Michigan-redistricting ''The Detroit News'', "Black caucus preps for Michigan redistricting", March 25, 2011]</ref>
 +
 +
The state legislature undertook a relatively private redistricting process.<ref>[http://www.livingstondaily.com/article/20110518/NEWS01/105180322/Public-could-get-early-peek-district-lines?odyssey=tab|topnews|text|Frontpage ''Livingston Daily'', "Public could get early peek at district lines", May 18, 2011]</ref> A Republican-proposed plan passed with bipartisan support after the House made some changes to the Senate plan. [[Governor of Michigan|Governor]] [[Rick Snyder]] signed the plan, [http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(hptptm45ex0hlmrfsi2t3y55))/mileg.aspx?page=GetObject&objectname=2011-SB-0498 Senate Bill 498], into law on August 9, 2011.
 +
 +
A coalition of advocacy groups sued, alleging that the State House of Representatives plan was discriminatory.  The plaintiffs asserted that up to 35 percent of all minority House members statewide could lose thier seats as a result of the plan, and that specific voting blocks were split, diluting their influence.  A three-judge panel dismissed the suit.<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/12/08/michigan-redistricting-lawsuit-discrimination_n_1137533.html ''Huffington Post,'' "Michigan Redistricting Spurs Joint Lawsuit Alleging Discrimination," Michigan 8, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://www.npr.org/local/stories/Michigan-Radio/149247285 ''NPR,'' "Judges dismiss challenge to Michigan House redistricting," March 23, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Representatives==
 
==Representatives==
  
 
===Salaries===
 
===Salaries===
 
 
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of state legislative salaries]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of state legislative salaries]]''
  
As of 2011, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,865/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=22490 ''National Conference of State Legislatures'', "2011 Legislator Compensation Data"]</ref>
+
As of 2013, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,685/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/legislatures-elections/legisdata/2012-ncsl-legislator-compensation-data.aspx ''NCSL.org'', "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013]</ref>
 
+
The $71,865/year that Michigan legislators are paid as of 2011 is a decrease from a salary of $79,650 from the 2010 session, which was the same as they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. Per diem is also the same.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=20117 ''National Conference of State Legislatures'', "2010 Legislator Compensation Data"]</ref><ref>[http://www.empirecenter.org/html/legislative_salaries.cfm ''Empire Center'', "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"]</ref>
+
  
 
===Partisan composition===
 
===Partisan composition===
 
:: ''See also: [[Partisan composition of state houses]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Partisan composition of state houses]]''
 
{{mihousepartisan}}
 
{{mihousepartisan}}
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Michigan State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.<br>
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of the Michigan State House.PNG]]
  
 
===Leadership===
 
===Leadership===
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====Current leadership====
 
====Current leadership====
 
+
{| class="wikitable collapsible sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:550px;collapsible=Y;"
{| class="wikitable sortable"
+
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''Current Leadership, Michigan House of Representatives
 
|-
 
|-
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Position
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Office
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Representative
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Representative
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Party
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[State Speaker of the House]] || [[James Bolger|Jase Bolger]] || {{red dot}}
 
| [[State Speaker of the House]] || [[James Bolger|Jase Bolger]] || {{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
| [[State House Speaker Pro Tempore]] || [[John Walsh]] || {{red dot}}
+
| [[State House Speaker Pro Tempore]] || [[John Walsh (Michigan)|John Walsh]] || {{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
| [[State House Assistant Speaker Pro Tempore]] || [[Paul Opsommer]] || {{red dot}}
+
| [[State House Assistant Speaker Pro Tempore|State House Associate Speaker Pro Tempore]] || [[Kevin Cotter]] || {{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
| [[State House Assistant Speaker Pro Tempore]] || [[Margaret O'Brien]] || {{red dot}}
+
| [[State House Assistant Speaker Pro Tempore|State House Associate Speaker Pro Tempore]] || [[Margaret O'Brien]] || {{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[State House Majority Floor Leader]] || [[Jim Stamas]] || {{red dot}}
 
| [[State House Majority Floor Leader]] || [[Jim Stamas]] || {{red dot}}
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| [[State House Majority Whip]] || [[Peter Lund]] || {{red dot}}
 
| [[State House Majority Whip]] || [[Peter Lund]] || {{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
| [[State House Majority Caucus Leader]] || [[David Agema]] || {{red dot}}
+
| [[State House Majority Caucus Leader]] || [[Al Pscholka]] || {{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
| [[State House Minority Leader]] || [[Richard Hammel]] || {{blue dot}}
+
| [[State House Minority Leader]] || [[Tim Greimel]] || {{blue dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
| [[State House Minority Floor Leader]] || [[Kate Segal]] || {{blue dot}}
+
| [[State House Minority Floor Leader]] || [[Rudy Hobbs]] || {{blue dot}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
====2010 Leadership====
+
===Current members===
 
+
{| class="wikitable collapsible sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:550px;collapsible=Y;"
{| class="wikitable sortable"
+
 
|-
 
|-
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Position
+
! colspan="4" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''Current members, Michigan House of Representatives
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Representative
+
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party
+
 
|-
 
|-
| [[State Speaker of the House]] || [[James Bolger|Jase Bolger]] || {{red dot}}
+
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | District
 +
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Representative
 +
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Party
 +
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Assumed office
 
|-
 
|-
| [[State House Speaker Pro Tempore]] || [[John Walsh]] || {{red dot}}
+
|1
|-
+
| [[Brian Banks]]
| [[State House Assistant Speaker Pro Tempore]] || [[Paul Opsommer]] || {{red dot}}
+
| {{blue dot}}
|-
+
| 2013
| [[State House Majority Whip]] || [[Peter Lund]] || {{red dot}}
+
|-
+
| [[State House Majority Caucus Leader]] || [[David Agema]] || {{red dot}}
+
|-
+
| [[State House Minority Leader]] || [[James Bolger]] || {{blue dot}}
+
|-
+
| [[State House Minority Floor Leader]] || [[Kate Segal]] || {{blue dot}}
+
|}
+
 
+
===Current members===
+
 
+
{| class="wikitable sortable"
+
|-
+
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | District
+
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Representative
+
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party
+
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Residence
+
|-
+
| width="70px" |1
+
| width="150px" | [[Timothy Bledsoe]]
+
| width="100px" | [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| width="150px" | [[sunshinereview:Grosse Pointe, Michigan|Grosse Pointe]]
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2  
 
| 2  
| [[Lisa Howze]]  
+
| [[Alberta Tinsley Talabi]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 3  
 
| 3  
| [[Alberta Tinsley Talabi]]  
+
| [[John Olumba]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{greydot}} [[Independent]]
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 4  
 
| 4  
| [[Maureen Stapleton]]  
+
| [[Rose Mary Robinson]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 5  
 
| 5  
| [[John Olumba]]  
+
| [[Fred Durhal, Jr.]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Highland Park, Michigan|Highland Park]]
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 6  
 
| 6  
| [[Fred Durhal, Jr.]]  
+
| [[Rashida Tlaib]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Detroit, Michigan|Detroit]]
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 7  
 
| 7  
| [[Jimmy Womack]]
+
| [[Thomas Stallworth, III]]
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Detroit, Michigan|Detroit]]
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 8  
 
| 8  
| [[Thomas Stallworth III]]  
+
| [[David E. Nathan]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 9
 
| 9
| [[Shanelle Jackson]]  
+
| [[Harvey Santana]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Detroit, Michigan|Detroit]]
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 10  
 
| 10  
| [[Harvey Santana ]]  
+
| [[Phil Cavanagh]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 11  
 
| 11  
| [[David Nathan]]  
+
| [[David Knezek]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Detroit, Michigan|Detroit]]
+
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 12  
 
| 12  
| [[Rashida Tlaib]]  
+
| [[Douglas Geiss]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Detroit, Michigan|Detroit]]
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 13  
 
| 13  
| [[Andrew James Kandrevas]]  
+
| [[Andrew Kandrevas]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Southgate, Michigan|Southgate]]
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 14  
 
| 14  
 
| [[Paul Clemente]]  
 
| [[Paul Clemente]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Lincoln Park, Michigan|Lincoln Park]] 
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 15  
 
| 15  
 
| [[George Darany]]  
 
| [[George Darany]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 16  
 
| 16  
| [[Bob Constan]]  
+
| [[Robert Kosowski]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Dearborn Heights, Michigan|Dearborn Heights]] 
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 17  
 
| 17  
| [[Phil Cavanagh]]  
+
| [[Bill LaVoy]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|   
+
2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 18  
 
| 18  
| [[Richard LeBlanc]]  
+
| [[Sarah Roberts]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Westland, Michigan|Westland]] 
+
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 19  
 
| 19  
 
| [[John Walsh]]  
 
| [[John Walsh]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican  
+
| {{red dot}}  
| [[sunshinereview:Livonia, Michigan|Livonia]]
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 20  
 
| 20  
 
| [[Kurt Heise]]  
 
| [[Kurt Heise]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 21
 
| 21
 
| [[Dian Slavens]]  
 
| [[Dian Slavens]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat 
+
| {{blue dot}}
|
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 22  
 
| 22  
| [[Douglas Geiss]]  
+
| [[Harold Haugh]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 23  
 
| 23  
 
| [[Pat Somerville]]  
 
| [[Pat Somerville]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|   
+
2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 24  
 
| 24  
 
| [[Anthony Forlini]]  
 
| [[Anthony Forlini]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|   
+
2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 25  
 
| 25  
| [[Jonathan Switalski]]  
+
| [[Henry Yanez]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|   
+
2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 26  
 
| 26  
 
| [[Jim Townsend]]  
 
| [[Jim Townsend]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|   
+
2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 27  
 
| 27  
 
| [[Ellen Lipton]]  
 
| [[Ellen Lipton]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Huntington Woods, Michigan|Huntington Woods]] 
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 28  
 
| 28  
| [[Lesia Liss]]  
+
| [[Jonathan Switalski]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 29  
 
| 29  
| [[Tim Melton|'''Vacant''']]  
+
| [[Tim Greimel]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Pontiac County, Michigan|Pontiac]] 
+
| 2012
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 30  
 
| 30  
 
| [[Jeff Farrington]]  
 
| [[Jeff Farrington]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|   
+
2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 31  
 
| 31  
 
| [[Marilyn Lane]]  
 
| [[Marilyn Lane]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 32  
 
| 32  
 
| [[Andrea LaFontaine]]  
 
| [[Andrea LaFontaine]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 33  
 
| 33  
 
| [[Ken Goike]]  
 
| [[Ken Goike]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 34  
 
| 34  
 
| [[Woodrow Stanley]]  
 
| [[Woodrow Stanley]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Flint, Michigan|Flint]]
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 35  
 
| 35  
 
| [[Rudy Hobbs]]  
 
| [[Rudy Hobbs]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 36  
 
| 36  
 
| [[Peter Lund]]  
 
| [[Peter Lund]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009 
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 37  
 
| 37  
 
| [[Vicki Barnett]]  
 
| [[Vicki Barnett]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2009 
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 38  
 
| 38  
 
| [[Hugh Crawford]]  
 
| [[Hugh Crawford]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 39  
 
| 39  
| [[Lisa Brown, Michigan Representative|Lisa Brown]]  
+
| [[Klint Kesto]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2013 
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 40  
 
| 40  
| [[Chuck Moss]]  
+
| [[Michael McCready (Michigan)|Michael McCready]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Birmingham, Michigan|Birmingham]] 
+
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 41  
 
| 41  
| [[Martin Knollenberg]]  
+
| [[Martin Howrylak]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Troy, Michigan|Troy]]
+
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 42  
 
| 42  
| [[Harold Haugh]]  
+
| [[Bill Rogers]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{red dot}}
|
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 43  
 
| 43  
 
| [[Gail Haines]]  
 
| [[Gail Haines]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009 
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 44  
 
| 44  
 
| [[Eileen Kowall]]  
 
| [[Eileen Kowall]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 45  
 
| 45  
 
| [[Tom McMillin]]  
 
| [[Tom McMillin]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 46  
 
| 46  
 
| [[Bradford Jacobsen]]  
 
| [[Bradford Jacobsen]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|   
+
2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 47  
 
| 47  
 
| [[Cindy Denby]]  
 
| [[Cindy Denby]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|   
+
2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 48  
 
| 48  
| [[Richard Hammel]]  
+
| [[Pam Faris]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Mount Morris Township, Michigan|Mount Morris Township]]
+
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 49  
 
| 49  
| [[Jim Ananich]]  
+
| [[Jim Ananich|''Vacant'']]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
|  
|
+
|  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 50  
 
| 50  
 
| [[Charles Smiley]]  
 
| [[Charles Smiley]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 51  
 
| 51  
| [[Paul Scott|'''Vacant''']]  
+
| [[Joseph Graves]]  
|  
+
| {{red dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Grand Blanc, Michigan|Grand Blanc]]
+
| 2012
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 52  
 
| 52  
| [[Mark Ouimet]]  
+
| [[Gretchen Driskell]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 53  
 
| 53  
 
| [[Jeff Irwin]]  
 
| [[Jeff Irwin]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 54  
 
| 54  
 
| [[David Rutledge]]  
 
| [[David Rutledge]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 55  
 
| 55  
| [[Rick Olson (Michigan)|Rick Olson]]  
+
| [[Adam Zemke]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 56  
 
| 56  
 
| [[Dale Zorn]]  
 
| [[Dale Zorn]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 57  
 
| 57  
| [[Nancy Jenkins ]]  
+
| [[Nancy Jenkins]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 58  
 
| 58  
 
| [[Kenneth Kurtz]]  
 
| [[Kenneth Kurtz]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 59  
 
| 59  
 
| [[Matt Lori]]  
 
| [[Matt Lori]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 60  
 
| 60  
 
| [[Sean McCann]]  
 
| [[Sean McCann]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 61  
 
| 61  
 
| [[Margaret O'Brien]]  
 
| [[Margaret O'Brien]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican  
+
| {{red dot}}  
|  
+
| 2011 
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 62  
 
| 62  
 
| [[Kate Segal]]  
 
| [[Kate Segal]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 63  
 
| 63  
| [[James Bolger]]  
+
| [[Jase Bolger]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 64  
 
| 64  
 
| [[Earl Poleski]]  
 
| [[Earl Poleski]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican  
+
| {{red dot}}  
|
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 65  
 
| 65  
 
| [[Mike Shirkey]]  
 
| [[Mike Shirkey]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican  
+
| {{red dot}}  
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 66  
 
| 66  
| [[William Rogers]]  
+
| [[Aric Nesbitt]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 67  
 
| 67  
| [[Barbara Byrum]]  
+
| [[Tom Cochran]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Onondaga, Michigan|Onondaga]] 
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 68  
 
| 68  
| [[Joan Bauer]]  
+
| [[Andy Schor]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Lansing, Michigan|Lansing]] 
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 69  
 
| 69  
| [[Mark Meadows]]  
+
| [[Sam Singh]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:East Lansing, Michigan|East Lansing]] 
+
| 2013 
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 70  
 
| 70  
 
| [[Rick Outman]]  
 
| [[Rick Outman]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican  
+
| {{red dot}}  
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 71  
 
| 71  
| [[Deb Shaughnessy]]  
+
| [[Theresa Abed]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 72  
 
| 72  
 
| [[Ken Yonker]]  
 
| [[Ken Yonker]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 73  
 
| 73  
 
| [[Peter MacGregor]]  
 
| [[Peter MacGregor]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 74  
 
| 74  
| [[David Agema]]  
+
| [[Rob VerHeulen]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Grandville, Michigan|Grandville]]
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 75  
 
| 75  
 
| [[Brandon Dillon]]  
 
| [[Brandon Dillon]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 76  
 
| 76  
| [[Roy Schmidt]]  
+
| [[Winnie Brinks]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 77  
 
| 77  
 
| [[Thomas Hooker]]  
 
| [[Thomas Hooker]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 78  
 
| 78  
| [[Sharon Tyler]]  
+
| [[Dave Pagel]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 79  
 
| 79  
 
| [[Al Pscholka]]  
 
| [[Al Pscholka]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|   
+
2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 80  
 
| 80  
| [[Aric Nesbitt]]  
+
| [[Bob Genetski]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 81  
 
| 81  
| [[Jud Gilbert]]  
+
| [[Dan Lauwers]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 82  
 
| 82  
 
| [[Kevin Daley]]  
 
| [[Kevin Daley]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Arcadia Township, Michigan|Arcadia Township]]  
+
| 2009  
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 83  
 
| 83  
 
| [[Paul Muxlow]]  
 
| [[Paul Muxlow]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 84  
 
| 84  
| [[Kurt Damrow]]  
+
| [[Terry Brown, Michigan|Terry Brown]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican 
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 85  
 
| 85  
 
| [[Ben Glardon]]  
 
| [[Ben Glardon]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 86  
 
| 86  
 
| [[Lisa Lyons]]  
 
| [[Lisa Lyons]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 87  
 
| 87  
 
| [[Mike Callton]]  
 
| [[Mike Callton]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 88  
 
| 88  
| [[Bob Genetski]]  
+
| [[Roger Victory]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 89  
 
| 89  
 
| [[Amanda Price]]  
 
| [[Amanda Price]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 90  
 
| 90  
 
| [[Joseph Haveman]]  
 
| [[Joseph Haveman]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009 
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 91  
 
| 91  
| [[Holly Hughes]]  
+
| [[Collene Lamonte]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 92  
 
| 92  
 
| [[Marcia Hovey-Wright]]  
 
| [[Marcia Hovey-Wright]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 93  
 
| 93  
| [[Paul Opsommer]]  
+
| [[Tom Leonard]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Dewitt, Michigan|Dewitt]]
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 94  
 
| 94  
| [[Kenneth Horn]]  
+
| [[Tim Kelly, Michigan|Tim Kelly]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Frankenmuth, Michigan|Frankenmuth]]
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 95  
 
| 95  
 
| [[Stacy Oakes]]  
 
| [[Stacy Oakes]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2010
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 96  
 
| 96  
 
| [[Charles Brunner]]  
 
| [[Charles Brunner]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Bay City, Michigan|Bay City]] 
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 97  
 
| 97  
 
| [[Joel Johnson]]  
 
| [[Joel Johnson]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 98  
 
| 98  
 
| [[Jim Stamas]]  
 
| [[Jim Stamas]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 99  
 
| 99  
 
| [[Kevin Cotter]]  
 
| [[Kevin Cotter]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 100  
 
| 100  
 
| [[Jon Bumstead]]  
 
| [[Jon Bumstead]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 101  
 
| 101  
 
| [[Ray Franz]]  
 
| [[Ray Franz]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 102  
 
| 102  
 
| [[Phillip Potvin]]  
 
| [[Phillip Potvin]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 103  
 
| 103  
 
| [[Bruce Rendon]]  
 
| [[Bruce Rendon]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 104  
 
| 104  
 
| [[Wayne Schmidt]]  
 
| [[Wayne Schmidt]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2009
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| [[Greg MacMaster]]  
 
| [[Greg MacMaster]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 106  
 
| 106  
 
| [[Peter Pettalia]]  
 
| [[Peter Pettalia]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 107  
 
| 107  
 
| [[Frank Foster]]  
 
| [[Frank Foster]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| 108
 
| 108
 
| [[Ed McBroom]]  
 
| [[Ed McBroom]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{red dot}}
|  
+
| 2011
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 109  
 
| 109  
| [[Steven Lindberg]]  
+
| [[John Kivela]]  
| [[Image:Bluedot.png]] Democrat
+
| {{blue dot}}
| [[sunshinereview:Marquette, Michigan|Marquette]]
+
| 2013
 
|-   
 
|-   
 
| 110  
 
| 110  
| [[Matt Huuki]]  
+
| [[Scott Dianda]]  
| [[Image:Reddot.png]] Republican
+
| {{blue dot}}
|  
+
| 2013
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 738: Line 780:
 
* [[Agriculture Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Agriculture]]
 
* [[Agriculture Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Agriculture]]
 
* [[Appropriations Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Appropriations]]
 
* [[Appropriations Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Appropriations]]
* [[Banking and Financial Services Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Banking and Financial Services]]
 
 
* [[Commerce Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Commerce]]
 
* [[Commerce Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Commerce]]
 +
* [[Criminal Justice Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Criminal Justice]]
 
* [[Education Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Education]]
 
* [[Education Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Education]]
 +
* [[Elections and Ethics Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Elections and Ethics]]
 
* [[Energy and Technology Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Energy and Technology]]
 
* [[Energy and Technology Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Energy and Technology]]
* [[Families and Children's Services Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Families and Children's Services]]
+
* [[Families, Children, and Seniors Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Families, Children, and Seniors]]
 +
* [[Financial Liability Reform Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Financial Liability Reform]]
 +
* [[Financial Services Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Financial Services]]
 
* [[Government Operations Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Government Operations]]
 
* [[Government Operations Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Government Operations]]
 
* [[Health Policy Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Health Policy]]
 
* [[Health Policy Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Health Policy]]
 
* [[Insurance Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Insurance]]
 
* [[Insurance Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Insurance]]
* [[Intergovernmental and Regional Affairs Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Intergovernmental and Regional Affairs]]
 
 
* [[Judiciary Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Judiciary]]
 
* [[Judiciary Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Judiciary]]
* [[Military and Veterans Affairs and Homeland Security Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Military and Veterans Affairs and Homeland Security]]
+
* [[Local Government Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Local Government]]
* [[Natural Resources, Tourism, and Outdoor Recreation Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Natural Resources, Tourism, and Outdoor Recreation]]
+
* [[Michigan Competitiveness Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Michigan Competitiveness]]
* [[Oversight and Investigations Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Oversight and Investigations]]
+
* [[Military and Veterans Affairs Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Military and Veterans Affairs]]
* [[Redistricting and Elections Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Redistricting and Elections]]
+
* [[Natural Resources Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Natural Resources]]
 +
* [[Oversight Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Oversight]]
 
* [[Regulatory Reform Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Regulatory Reform]]
 
* [[Regulatory Reform Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Regulatory Reform]]
 
* [[Tax Policy Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Tax Policy]]
 
* [[Tax Policy Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Tax Policy]]
* [[Transportation Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Transportation]]
+
* [[Tourism Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Tourism]]
 +
* [[Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, Michigan House of Representatives|Transportation and Infrastructure]]
 +
 
 +
==History==
 +
===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
 +
{{who runs badge|align=left}}
 +
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Michigan]]’’
 +
[[File:Michigan legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Michigan legislature from 1992-2013]]
 +
From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Michigan State House of Representatives for 13 years while the Democrats were the majority for seven years. For the final three years of the study Michigan was under Republican [[trifectas]].
 +
 
 +
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
 +
 
 +
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Michigan|Office of the Governor of Michigan]], the [[Michigan State Senate]] and the [[Michigan House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of Michigan state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
Line 760: Line 820:
 
*[http://house.michigan.gov/ Official website of the Michigan House of Representatives]
 
*[http://house.michigan.gov/ Official website of the Michigan House of Representatives]
 
*[http://house.michigan.gov/replist.asp Official list of the current members of the Michigan House of Representatives]
 
*[http://house.michigan.gov/replist.asp Official list of the current members of the Michigan House of Representatives]
* [http://www.votesmart.org/official_state_legislator.php?type=office&state_id=MI&criteria=lower Project Vote Smart on the Michigan House of Representatives]
 
 
* [http://house.michigan.gov/find_a_rep.asp Locate All Michigan House Districts]  
 
* [http://house.michigan.gov/find_a_rep.asp Locate All Michigan House Districts]  
 
*[http://www.housedems.com/ Michigan House Democratic Caucus]
 
*[http://www.housedems.com/ Michigan House Democratic Caucus]

Revision as of 12:10, 9 July 2013

Michigan House of Representatives

Seal of Michigan.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   3 terms (6 years)
2014 session start:   January 9, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Jase Bolger, (R)
Majority Leader:   Jim Stamas, (R)
Minority leader:   Richard Hammel, (D)
Structure
Members:  110
   Democratic Party (

50)
Republican Party (

59)
Independent (1)
Vacancy (1)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art IV, Michigan Constitution
Salary:   $71,685/year + expenses
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (110 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (110 seats)
Redistricting:  Michigan legislature has control
The Michigan House of Representatives is the lower house of the Michigan Legislature. There are 110 members. Each member represents an average of 89,851 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 90,349 residents.[2] Representatives are elected in even-numbered years to 2-year terms, and take office on the first day of January following the election. Each Representative is limited to serving three terms.

As of August 2014, Michigan is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article IV of the Michigan Constitution establishes when the Michigan Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 13 of Article IV states that the Legislature is to convene on the second Wednesday in January of each year. Section 13 gives the Legislature the power to determine its date of adjournment through concurrent resolution.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 9 through December 31 (estimated).

Major issues

After a extremely divided lame-duck session in December 2012, lawmakers are expected to have a tamer session. Major issues include the regulatory structure of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan, increased transportation funding, education reform, and pension changes.[3]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House began the legislative session on January 11.

2011

In 2011, the House was in session from January 12 through mid December. A specific date is yet to be decided by the Legislature. [4] The 348 calendar days that the Michigan Legislature is in session during 2011 is the longest legislative session in the country.[5]

Session highlights

In the 2011 session, Michigan was a key battleground on corporate taxes. Governor Rick Snyder had made promises during his campaign to eliminate the “Michigan Business Tax,” which was costly and difficult to calculate. Governor Snyder delivered, replacing the tax with a flat 6 percent corporate income tax. The state will recover the $1.8 billion in lost business tax revenues with $1.5 billion in higher personal income tax revenues. Current Michigan law requires the state income tax to drop to 3.9 percent by 2015. Governor Snyder's measure keeps the income tax rate at its current 4.35 percent until January 1, 2013, when it will drop to 4.25 percent. During 2011, Michigan also became the first state in more than 50 years to cut state-level unemployment benefits. [6]

2010

In 2010, the House convened its session on January 13th, and it remained in session throughout the year.[7]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Michigan was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[8]

Elections

2012

See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives were held in Michigan on November 6, 2012. All 110 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 12, 2012.

Michigan state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than three two-year terms. In 2012, 14 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for seats in the Michigan House of Representatives were held on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 11, 2010, and the primary election day was on August 3, 2010.


In 2010, candidates running for state house raised a total of $17,146,452 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [9]

Qualifications

Section 7 of Article 4 of the Michigan Constitution states, "Each senator and representative must be a citizen of the United States, at least 21 years of age, and an elector of the district he represents. The removal of his domicile from the district shall be deemed a vacation of the office. No person who has been convicted of subversion or who has within the preceding 20 years been convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be eligible for either house of the legislature."

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

In Michigan, the governor can call for a special election in the event a vacancy exists in the House[10].

When conducting a special election, the election should be held whenever the next general election is scheduled. If the vacancy happens after the statewide primary election, the leaders of the respective party organizations in the district can submit a list of nominees that would be voted on by party leadership. The nominee must be voted on no later than 21 days after the vacancy occurred[11].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Michigan

The state legislature has the power to redraw district boundaries. Changes to the boundaries are made in the form of regular legislation, which means the maps are subject to the Governor's veto. In 2010, the House and the Senate organized redistricting committees to handle drafting the maps. As a result of the 2010 elections, both chamber's of Michigan's legislature and Michigan's governorship were controlled by Republicans.

2010

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Michigan's population fell from 9.94 million to 9.88 million between 2000 and 2010.[12] Michigan's U.S. Congressional delegation decreased in size from 15 to 14 seats.[13] A substantial population shift occurred from Detroit proper into the suburban areas.[14]

The state legislature undertook a relatively private redistricting process.[15] A Republican-proposed plan passed with bipartisan support after the House made some changes to the Senate plan. Governor Rick Snyder signed the plan, Senate Bill 498, into law on August 9, 2011.

A coalition of advocacy groups sued, alleging that the State House of Representatives plan was discriminatory. The plaintiffs asserted that up to 35 percent of all minority House members statewide could lose thier seats as a result of the plan, and that specific voting blocks were split, diluting their influence. A three-judge panel dismissed the suit.[16][17]

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,685/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.[18]

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of August 2014
     Democratic Party 50
     Republican Party 59
     Independent 1
Total 110

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Michigan State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Michigan State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected by its membership. The Speaker appoints the Speaker Pro Tempore and all committees. Other duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum and deciding points of order.[19][20]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Michigan House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Jase Bolger Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore John Walsh Ends.png Republican
State House Associate Speaker Pro Tempore Kevin Cotter Ends.png Republican
State House Associate Speaker Pro Tempore Margaret O'Brien Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Floor Leader Jim Stamas Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Peter Lund Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Leader Al Pscholka Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Tim Greimel Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader Rudy Hobbs Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Michigan House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Brian Banks Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
2 Alberta Tinsley Talabi Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
3 John Olumba Independent Independent 2011
4 Rose Mary Robinson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
5 Fred Durhal, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
6 Rashida Tlaib Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
7 Thomas Stallworth, III Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
8 David E. Nathan Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
9 Harvey Santana Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
10 Phil Cavanagh Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
11 David Knezek Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
12 Douglas Geiss Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
13 Andrew Kandrevas Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
14 Paul Clemente Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
15 George Darany Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
16 Robert Kosowski Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
17 Bill LaVoy Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
18 Sarah Roberts Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
19 John Walsh Ends.png Republican 2009
20 Kurt Heise Ends.png Republican 2011
21 Dian Slavens Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
22 Harold Haugh Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
23 Pat Somerville Ends.png Republican 2011
24 Anthony Forlini Ends.png Republican 2011
25 Henry Yanez Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
26 Jim Townsend Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
27 Ellen Lipton Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
28 Jonathan Switalski Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
29 Tim Greimel Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
30 Jeff Farrington Ends.png Republican 2011
31 Marilyn Lane Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
32 Andrea LaFontaine Ends.png Republican 2011
33 Ken Goike Ends.png Republican 2011
34 Woodrow Stanley Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
35 Rudy Hobbs Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
36 Peter Lund Ends.png Republican 2009
37 Vicki Barnett Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
38 Hugh Crawford Ends.png Republican 2009
39 Klint Kesto Ends.png Republican 2013
40 Michael McCready Ends.png Republican 2013
41 Martin Howrylak Ends.png Republican 2013
42 Bill Rogers Ends.png Republican 2009
43 Gail Haines Ends.png Republican 2009
44 Eileen Kowall Ends.png Republican 2009
45 Tom McMillin Ends.png Republican 2009
46 Bradford Jacobsen Ends.png Republican 2011
47 Cindy Denby Ends.png Republican 2009
48 Pam Faris Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
49 Vacant
50 Charles Smiley Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
51 Joseph Graves Ends.png Republican 2012
52 Gretchen Driskell Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
53 Jeff Irwin Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
54 David Rutledge Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
55 Adam Zemke Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
56 Dale Zorn Ends.png Republican 2011
57 Nancy Jenkins Ends.png Republican 2011
58 Kenneth Kurtz Ends.png Republican 2009
59 Matt Lori Ends.png Republican 2009
60 Sean McCann Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
61 Margaret O'Brien Ends.png Republican 2011
62 Kate Segal Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
63 Jase Bolger Ends.png Republican 2009
64 Earl Poleski Ends.png Republican 2011
65 Mike Shirkey Ends.png Republican 2011
66 Aric Nesbitt Ends.png Republican 2011
67 Tom Cochran Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
68 Andy Schor Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
69 Sam Singh Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
70 Rick Outman Ends.png Republican 2011
71 Theresa Abed Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
72 Ken Yonker Ends.png Republican 2011
73 Peter MacGregor Ends.png Republican 2011
74 Rob VerHeulen Ends.png Republican 2013
75 Brandon Dillon Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
76 Winnie Brinks Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
77 Thomas Hooker Ends.png Republican 2011
78 Dave Pagel Ends.png Republican 2013
79 Al Pscholka Ends.png Republican 2011
80 Bob Genetski Ends.png Republican 2009
81 Dan Lauwers Ends.png Republican 2013
82 Kevin Daley Ends.png Republican 2009
83 Paul Muxlow Ends.png Republican 2011
84 Terry Brown Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
85 Ben Glardon Ends.png Republican 2011
86 Lisa Lyons Ends.png Republican 2011
87 Mike Callton Ends.png Republican 2011
88 Roger Victory Ends.png Republican 2013
89 Amanda Price Ends.png Republican 2011
90 Joseph Haveman Ends.png Republican 2009
91 Collene Lamonte Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
92 Marcia Hovey-Wright Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
93 Tom Leonard Ends.png Republican 2013
94 Tim Kelly Ends.png Republican 2013
95 Stacy Oakes Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
96 Charles Brunner Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
97 Joel Johnson Ends.png Republican 2011
98 Jim Stamas Ends.png Republican 2009
99 Kevin Cotter Ends.png Republican 2011
100 Jon Bumstead Ends.png Republican 2011
101 Ray Franz Ends.png Republican 2011
102 Phillip Potvin Ends.png Republican 2011
103 Bruce Rendon Ends.png Republican 2011
104 Wayne Schmidt Ends.png Republican 2009
105 Greg MacMaster Ends.png Republican 2011
106 Peter Pettalia Ends.png Republican 2011
107 Frank Foster Ends.png Republican 2011
108 Ed McBroom Ends.png Republican 2011
109 John Kivela Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
110 Scott Dianda Electiondot.png Democratic 2013

Standing committees

The Michigan House of Representatives has 19 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Michigan’’
Partisan breakdown of the Michigan legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Michigan State House of Representatives for 13 years while the Democrats were the majority for seven years. For the final three years of the study Michigan was under Republican trifectas.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Michigan, the Michigan State Senate and the Michigan House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Michigan state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states
  3. South Bend Tribune, "Michigan Legislature starts tamer two-year session today," January 9, 2013
  4. Michigan State Legislature Sessions Schedule
  5. South Carolina Policy Council "50 State Legislative Session Interactive Map," February 2011
  6. Stateline.org, States balance budgets with cuts, not taxes, June 15, 2011
  7. 2010 session dates for Michigan legislature
  8. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  9. Follow the Money: "Michigan House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  10. Michigan Legislature "Michigan Election Law"(Referenced Statute 168.178, Michigan Compiled Laws)
  11. Michigan Legislature "Michigan Election Law"(Referenced Statute 168.634 (1)-(2), Michigan Compiled Laws)
  12. U.S. Census Bureau, "2010 Census: Michigan Profile, 2011
  13. The Hill "Longtime Dem Reps. Levin and Dingell could face redistricting danger" 22 Dec. 2010
  14. The Detroit News, "Black caucus preps for Michigan redistricting", March 25, 2011
  15. Livingston Daily, "Public could get early peek at district lines", May 18, 2011
  16. Huffington Post, "Michigan Redistricting Spurs Joint Lawsuit Alleging Discrimination," Michigan 8, 2011
  17. NPR, "Judges dismiss challenge to Michigan House redistricting," March 23, 2012
  18. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  19. Standing Rules of the Michigan House of Representatives
  20. Michigan House Leadership