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==Ethics and transparency==
==Ethics and transparency==
===Following the Money report===
{{Following the Money 2014 Report by State|State=Michigan|Grade=B|Score=86.5|Level=Advancing}}
===Open States Transparency===
===Open States Transparency===
{{Transparency card|State=Michigan|Grade=C}}
{{Transparency card|State=Michigan|Grade=C}}

Revision as of 10:59, 15 April 2014

Michigan House of Representatives

Seal of Michigan.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   3 terms (6 years)
2015 session start:   January 8, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
House Speaker:  Jase Bolger, (R)
Majority Leader:   Jim Stamas, (R)
Minority Leader:   Tim Greimel, (D)
Members:  110
   Independent (1)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art IV, Michigan Constitution
Salary:   $71,685/year + expenses
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (110 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (110 seats)
Redistricting:  Michigan legislature has control
The Michigan House of Representatives is the lower house of the Michigan Legislature. There are 110 members. Each member represents an average of 89,851 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 90,349 residents.[2] Representatives are elected in even-numbered years to 2-year terms, and take office on the first day of January following the election. Each Representative is limited to serving three terms.[3]

As of March 2015, Michigan is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.


Article IV of the Michigan Constitution establishes when the Michigan Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 13 of Article IV states that the Legislature is to convene on the second Wednesday in January of each year. Section 13 gives the Legislature the power to determine its date of adjournment through concurrent resolution.


See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will be in session from January 8 through December 31.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2014 legislative session include allocation of an estimated $971 million surplus over three years, which Republicans says should go towards a tax break.[4][5]


See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 9 to December 31.

Major issues

After a extremely divided lame-duck session in December 2012, lawmakers are expected to have a tamer session. Major issues include the regulatory structure of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan, increased transportation funding, education reform, and pension changes.[6]


See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House began the legislative session on January 11.


In 2011, the House was in session from January 12 through mid December. A specific date is yet to be decided by the Legislature.[7] The 348 calendar days that the Michigan Legislature is in session during 2011 is the longest legislative session in the country.[8]

Session highlights

In the 2011 session, Michigan was a key battleground on corporate taxes. Governor Rick Snyder had made promises during his campaign to eliminate the “Michigan Business Tax,” which was costly and difficult to calculate. Governor Snyder delivered, replacing the tax with a flat 6 percent corporate income tax. The state will recover the $1.8 billion in lost business tax revenues with $1.5 billion in higher personal income tax revenues. Current Michigan law requires the state income tax to drop to 3.9 percent by 2015. Governor Snyder's measure keeps the income tax rate at its current 4.35 percent until January 1, 2013, when it will drop to 4.25 percent. During 2011, Michigan also became the first state in more than 50 years to cut state-level unemployment benefits.[9]


In 2010, the House convened its session on January 13th, and it remained in session throughout the year.[10]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: "Following the Money" report, 2014

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[11] According to the report, Michigan received a grade of B and a numerical score of 86.5, indicating that Michigan was "Advancing" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[11]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Michigan was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data was to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A: Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[12]



See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives took place in 2014. A primary election was held on August 5, 2014, and a general election was held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was April 22, 2014.


See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives were held in Michigan on November 6, 2012. All 110 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 12, 2012.

Michigan state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than three two-year terms. In 2012, 14 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.


See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for seats in the Michigan House of Representatives were held on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 11, 2010, and the primary election day was on August 3, 2010.

In 2010, candidates running for state house raised a total of $17,146,452 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were:[13]


See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 5, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total of contributions to House candidates was $15,640,045. The top 10 contributors were:[14]


See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 8, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total of contributions to House candidates was $16,212,812. The top 10 contributors were:[15]


See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 3, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total of contributions to House candidates was $16,209,181. The top 10 contributors were:[16]


See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 6, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total of contributions to House candidates was $12,625,867. The top 10 contributors were:[17]


See also: Michigan House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Michigan House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 8, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total of contributions to House candidates was $9,383,446. The top 10 contributors were:[18]


Section 7 of Article 4 of the Michigan Constitution states, "Each senator and representative must be a citizen of the United States, at least 21 years of age, and an elector of the district he represents. The removal of his domicile from the district shall be deemed a vacation of the office. No person who has been convicted of subversion or who has within the preceding 20 years been convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be eligible for either house of the legislature."


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

Whenever a vacancy occurs in the house, it is up to the Governor to call for a special election. A special election must be held during the next scheduled general election.[19] If the vacancy happened after the statewide primary, leaders of the respective party organizations within the Senate district can submit a list of nominees to be voted on by party leadership. A vote must be held no later than 21 days after the vacancy.[20]

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Michigan legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Michigan Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Michigan representatives are subject to term limits of no more than three two-year terms, or a total of six years.[3]

The first year that the term limits enacted in 1992 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2002.


See also: Redistricting in Michigan

The state legislature has the power to redraw district boundaries. Changes to the boundaries are made in the form of regular legislation, which means the maps are subject to the Governor's veto. In 2010, the House and the Senate organized redistricting committees to handle drafting the maps. As a result of the 2010 elections, both chamber's of Michigan's legislature and Michigan's governorship were controlled by Republicans.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Michigan's population fell from 9.94 million to 9.88 million between 2000 and 2010.[21] Michigan's U.S. Congressional delegation decreased in size from 15 to 14 seats.[22] A substantial population shift occurred from Detroit proper into the suburban areas.[23]

The state legislature undertook a relatively private redistricting process.[24] A Republican-proposed plan passed with bipartisan support after the House made some changes to the Senate plan. Governor Rick Snyder signed the plan, Senate Bill 498, into law on August 9, 2011.

A coalition of advocacy groups sued, alleging that the State House of Representatives plan was discriminatory. The plaintiffs asserted that up to 35 percent of all minority House members statewide could lose thier seats as a result of the plan, and that specific voting blocks were split, diluting their influence. A three-judge panel dismissed the suit.[25][26]



See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,685/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.[27]

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of March 2015
     Democratic Party 47
     Republican Party 63
Total 110

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Michigan State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Michigan State House.PNG


The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected by its membership. The Speaker appoints the Speaker Pro Tempore and all committees. Other duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum and deciding points of order.[28][29]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Michigan House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Jase Bolger Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore John Walsh Ends.png Republican
State House Associate Speaker Pro Tempore Kevin Cotter Ends.png Republican
State House Associate Speaker Pro Tempore Margaret O'Brien Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Floor Leader Jim Stamas Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Peter Lund Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Leader Al Pscholka Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Tim Greimel Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader David Rutledge Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Michigan House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Brian Banks Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
2 Alberta Tinsley Talabi Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
3 John Olumba Independent Independent 2011
4 Rose Mary Robinson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
5 Fred Durhal, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
6 Rashida Tlaib Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
7 Thomas Stallworth, III Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
8 David Nathan Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
9 Harvey Santana Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
10 Phil Cavanagh Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
11 David Knezek Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
12 Douglas Geiss Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
13 Andrew Kandrevas Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
14 Paul Clemente Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
15 George Darany Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
16 Robert Kosowski Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
17 Bill LaVoy Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
18 Sarah Roberts Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
19 John Walsh Ends.png Republican 2009
20 Kurt Heise Ends.png Republican 2011
21 Dian Slavens Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
22 Harold Haugh Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
23 Pat Somerville Ends.png Republican 2011
24 Anthony Forlini Ends.png Republican 2011
25 Henry Yanez Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
26 Jim Townsend Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
27 Ellen Lipton Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
28 Jon Switalski Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
29 Tim Greimel Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
30 Jeff Farrington Ends.png Republican 2011
31 Marilyn Lane Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
32 Andrea LaFontaine Ends.png Republican 2011
33 Ken Goike Ends.png Republican 2011
34 Woodrow Stanley Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
35 Rudy Hobbs Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
36 Peter Lund Ends.png Republican 2009
37 Vicki Barnett Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
38 Hugh Crawford Ends.png Republican 2009
39 Klint Kesto Ends.png Republican 2013
40 Michael McCready Ends.png Republican 2013
41 Martin Howrylak Ends.png Republican 2013
42 Bill Rogers Ends.png Republican 2009
43 Gail Haines Ends.png Republican 2009
44 Eileen Kowall Ends.png Republican 2009
45 Tom McMillin Ends.png Republican 2009
46 Bradford Jacobsen Ends.png Republican 2011
47 Cindy Denby Ends.png Republican 2009
48 Pam Faris Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
49 Phil Phelps Electiondot.png Democratic Nov. 2013
50 Charles Smiley Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
51 Joseph Graves Ends.png Republican 2012
52 Gretchen Driskell Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
53 Jeff Irwin Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
54 David Rutledge Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
55 Adam Zemke Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
56 Dale Zorn Ends.png Republican 2011
57 Nancy Jenkins Ends.png Republican 2011
58 Kenneth Kurtz Ends.png Republican 2009
59 Matt Lori Ends.png Republican 2009
60 Sean McCann Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
61 Margaret O'Brien Ends.png Republican 2011
62 Kate Segal Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
63 Jase Bolger Ends.png Republican 2009
64 Earl Poleski Ends.png Republican 2011
65 Mike Shirkey Ends.png Republican 2011
66 Aric Nesbitt Ends.png Republican 2011
67 Tom Cochran Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
68 Andy Schor Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
69 Sam Singh Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
70 Rick Outman Ends.png Republican 2011
71 Theresa Abed Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
72 Ken Yonker Ends.png Republican 2011
73 Peter MacGregor Ends.png Republican 2011
74 Rob VerHeulen Ends.png Republican 2013
75 Brandon Dillon Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
76 Winnie Brinks Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
77 Tom Hooker Ends.png Republican 2011
78 Dave Pagel Ends.png Republican 2013
79 Al Pscholka Ends.png Republican 2011
80 Bob Genetski Ends.png Republican 2009
81 Dan Lauwers Ends.png Republican 2013
82 Kevin Daley Ends.png Republican 2009
83 Paul Muxlow Ends.png Republican 2011
84 Terry Brown Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
85 Ben Glardon Ends.png Republican 2011
86 Lisa Posthumus Lyons Ends.png Republican 2011
87 Mike Callton Ends.png Republican 2011
88 Roger Victory Ends.png Republican 2013
89 Amanda Price Ends.png Republican 2011
90 Joe Haveman Ends.png Republican 2009
91 Collene Lamonte Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
92 Marcia Hovey-Wright Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
93 Tom Leonard Ends.png Republican 2013
94 Tim Kelly Ends.png Republican 2013
95 Stacy Erwin Oakes Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
96 Charles Brunner Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
97 Joel Johnson Ends.png Republican 2011
98 Jim Stamas Ends.png Republican 2009
99 Kevin Cotter Ends.png Republican 2011
100 Jon Bumstead Ends.png Republican 2011
101 Ray Franz Ends.png Republican 2011
102 Phil Potvin Ends.png Republican 2011
103 Bruce Rendon Ends.png Republican 2011
104 Wayne Schmidt Ends.png Republican 2009
105 Greg MacMaster Ends.png Republican 2011
106 Peter Pettalia Ends.png Republican 2011
107 Frank Foster Ends.png Republican 2011
108 Ed McBroom Ends.png Republican 2011
109 John Kivela Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
110 Scott Dianda Electiondot.png Democratic 2013

Standing committees

The Michigan House of Representatives has 19 standing committees:


Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Michigan
Partisan breakdown of the Michigan legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Michigan State House of Representatives for 13 years while the Democrats were the majority for seven years. For the final three years of the study Michigan was under Republican trifectas.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Michigan, the Michigan State Senate and the Michigan House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Michigan state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Massachusetts state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Michigan has had spurts of divided government and a Republican trifecta. The state had a Republican trifecta during three separate periods (1995-1996, 1999-2002, and 2011-2013) and divided government during three separate periods (1992-1994, 1997-1998, and 2003-2010). The state’s highest SQLI ranking came in 1999 under a Republican trifecta (19th). Beginning in 2007, Michigan has slipped into the bottom-10 of the SQLI ranking and has remained there since. Michigan saw its most precipitous drop in the SQLI ranking between 2001 and 2002 and again between 2003 and 2004, under both a Republican trifecta and divided government, respectively. The state had not had a Democratic trifecta.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 26.88
  • SQLI average with divided government: 33.31
Chart displaying the partisanship of Michigan government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links


  1. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population," April 2, 2001. Accessed February 13, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1, "Term limits," accessed December 17, 2013
  4. The Associated Press, "Mich. has nearly $1B more than expected for budget," January 10, 2014. Accessed January 11, 2014
  5. Detroit Free Press, "Michigan GOP puts tax break atop 2014 agenda, Bolger says," January 9, 2014. Accessed January 11, 2014
  6. South Bend Tribune, "Michigan Legislature starts tamer two-year session today," January 9, 2013
  7. Michigan State Legislature Sessions Schedule
  8. South Carolina Policy Council "50 State Legislative Session Interactive Map," February 2011
  9., States balance budgets with cuts, not taxes, June 15, 2011
  10. 2010 session dates for Michigan legislature
  11. 11.0 11.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  12. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  13. Follow the Money: "Michigan House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  14. Follow the Money, "Michigan 2008 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  15. Follow the Money, "Michigan 2006 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  16. Follow the Money, "Michigan 2004 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  17. Follow the Money, "Michigan 2002 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  18. Follow the Money, "Michigan 2000 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  19. Michigan Legislature, "Michigan Election Law," accessed December 17, 2013(Referenced Statute 168.178, Michigan Compiled Laws)
  20. Michigan Legislature, "Michigan Election Law," accessed December 17, 2013(Referenced Statute 168.634 (1)-(2), Michigan Compiled Laws)
  21. U.S. Census Bureau, "2010 Census: Michigan Profile, 2011
  22. The Hill, "Longtime Dem Reps. Levin and Dingell could face redistricting danger" 22 Dec. 2010
  23. The Detroit News, "Black caucus preps for Michigan redistricting," March 25, 2011
  24. Livingston Daily, "Public could get early peek at district lines," May 18, 2011
  25. Huffington Post, "Michigan Redistricting Spurs Joint Lawsuit Alleging Discrimination," Michigan 8, 2011
  26. NPR, "Judges dismiss challenge to Michigan House redistricting," March 23, 2012
  27., "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  28. Standing Rules of the Michigan House of Representatives
  29. Michigan House Leadership