Michigan Marriage Amendment, Proposal 2 (2004)

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The Michigan Marriage Initiative, also known as Proposal 2, was on the November 2004 ballot in Michigan as an initiated constitutional amendment, where it was approved and later overturned.[1] The had stated that the union of one man and one woman in marriage would be the only agreement recognized as a marriage or similar union for any purpose.[2][3]


On March 21, 2014, a federal district court judge Bernard Friedman ruled that the measure violated the U.S. Constitution, and ordered that the state stop enforcing the ban. Friedman stated that, "The court finds the (amendment) impermissibly discriminates against same-sex couples in violation of the Equal Protection Clause because the provision does not advance any conceivable state interest." The ruling followed similar rulings in Texas, Virginia, Oklahoma and Utah. However, the rulings in those cases only suspended the enforcement of similar laws until appeals could be made to higher courts.[3]

The court ruling was suspended later on the same day by the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in Cincinnati until at least March 26, 2014, when the court was expected to decide whether to grant a longer injunction while it considers an appeal filed by Michigan’s attorney general.[4]

Election results

Michigan Proposal 2 (2004)
OverturnedotOverturned Case:DeBoer et al v. Snyder et al 12-CV-10285
Yes 2,698,077 58.62%

Official results via: The Michigan Secretary of the State

Financing the campaign

The "yes" campaign spent $1,931,409 and the "no" campaign spent $854,212.[5]

Major donors to the "yes" side were:

  • Archdiocese of Detroit, $538,100.
  • Jointly, the Dioceses of Lansing, Grand Rapids, Saginaw, Gaylord, Kalamazoo and Marquette, $461,900.
  • Family Research Council, $376,397.

Major donors to the "no" side were:

  • Human Rights Campaign, $231,081.
  • Jon Stryker, $20,000.

Similar measures

The following are measures that banned or attempted to ban same-sex marriages. Note that a number of them have been overturned.

See also

Suggest a link

External links