Difference between revisions of "Michigan State Senate"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(24 intermediate revisions by 8 users not shown)
Line 6: Line 6:
 
|Type = [[Upper house]]
 
|Type = [[Upper house]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|2 terms (8 years)]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|2 terms (8 years)]]
|Next session = [[Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions|January 9, 2014]]
+
|Next session = [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions|January 9, 2013]]
 
|Website = [http://senate.michigan.gov/ Official Senate Page]
 
|Website = [http://senate.michigan.gov/ Official Senate Page]
 
<!--Level 3-->
 
<!--Level 3-->
Line 14: Line 14:
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
|Members = 38
 
|Members = 38
|Political groups = [[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Michigan State Senate|State=Michigan|Party=Democratic}}) <br>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Michigan State Senate|State=Michigan|Party=Republican}})
+
|Political groups = [[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Michigan State Senate|State=Michigan|Party=Democratic}}) <br>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Michigan State Senate|State=Michigan|Party=Republican}})<br>
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state senators|4 years]]
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state senators|4 years]]
 
|Authority = [[Article IV, Michigan Constitution#Section 2|Art IV, Sec. 2, Michigan Constitution]]
 
|Authority = [[Article IV, Michigan Constitution#Section 2|Art IV, Sec. 2, Michigan Constitution]]
|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$79,650/year]] + expenses
+
|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$71,685/year]] + expenses
 
<!-- Level 5-->
 
<!-- Level 5-->
 
|Next election = [[Michigan State Senate elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]] (38 seats)
 
|Next election = [[Michigan State Senate elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]] (38 seats)
Line 27: Line 27:
 
Senators are elected at the same time as the governor and serve [[Length of terms of state senators|four-year terms]] concurrent with the governor's term of office. Senate and gubernatorial elections are offset by two years from U.S. Presidential elections (e.g., Presidential elections were in 2000 and 2004, gubernatorial and senate elections were in 2002 and 2006). Terms for senators begin on January 1, following the November general election. Senators who have not served more than half of someone else's Senate term are eligible for two full terms (i.e. - eight years).
 
Senators are elected at the same time as the governor and serve [[Length of terms of state senators|four-year terms]] concurrent with the governor's term of office. Senate and gubernatorial elections are offset by two years from U.S. Presidential elections (e.g., Presidential elections were in 2000 and 2004, gubernatorial and senate elections were in 2002 and 2006). Terms for senators begin on January 1, following the November general election. Senators who have not served more than half of someone else's Senate term are eligible for two full terms (i.e. - eight years).
  
In 2012, the Senate is [[Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions|in session]] from January 11 through a date yet to be determined.
+
{{State trifecta status|state=Michigan|control=Republican}}
 
+
 
==Sessions==
 
==Sessions==
 
[[Article IV, Michigan Constitution | Article IV of the Michigan Constitution]] establishes when the [[Michigan Legislature]], of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session.  Section 13 of Article IV states that the legislature is to convene on the second Wednesday in January of each year.  Section 13 gives the Legislature the power to determine its date of adjournment through concurrent resolution.
 
[[Article IV, Michigan Constitution | Article IV of the Michigan Constitution]] establishes when the [[Michigan Legislature]], of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session.  Section 13 of Article IV states that the legislature is to convene on the second Wednesday in January of each year.  Section 13 gives the Legislature the power to determine its date of adjournment through concurrent resolution.
 +
 +
===2013===
 +
::''See also: [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions]]''
 +
In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 9 through December 31 (estimated).
 +
 +
====Major issues====
 +
After a extremely divided lame-duck session in December 2012, lawmakers are expected to have a tamer session. Major issues include the regulatory structure of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan, increased transportation funding, education reform, and pension changes.<ref> [http://www.southbendtribune.com/news/sbt-michigan-legislature-starts-tamer-twoyear-session-today-20130109,0,5270753.story ''South Bend Tribune,'' "Michigan Legislature starts tamer two-year session today," January 9, 2013] </ref>
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
 
::''See also: [[Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions]]''
 
::''See also: [[Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions]]''
In 2012, the Senate is in session from January 11 through a date yet to be determined.
+
In 2012, the Senate began the legislative session on January 11.
====Major issues====
+
For the first time in years, legislators are anticipating an estimated $1 billion surplus. They are expected to consider proposals regarding autism, concealed weapons, elder abuse, mining and ending the personal property tax. Controversial "right-to-work" legislation may also be on the table.<Ref>[http://www.detroitnews.com/article/20120112/POLITICS02/201120367/1022/POLITICS/Michigan-Legislature-sets-priorities-new-session ''Detroit News,'' "Michigan Legislature sets priorities in new session," January 12, 2012]</ref>
+
  
 
===2011===
 
===2011===
In 2011, the Legislature will be in session from  January 12 through mid December. A specific date is yet to be decided by the Legislature. <ref>[http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(53rhbf45z4yrotyj1micilza))/mileg.aspx?page=SessionSchedules Michigan State Legislature Sessions Schedule]</ref> The 348 calendar days that the [[Michigan Legislature]] is in session during 2011 is the longest legislative session in the country.<ref>[http://www.scpolicycouncil.com/map/ ''South Carolina Policy Council'' "50 State Legislative Session Interactive Map," February 2011]</ref>
+
In 2011, the Legislature was in session from  January 12 through mid December. A specific date is yet to be decided by the Legislature. <ref>[http://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(53rhbf45z4yrotyj1micilza))/mileg.aspx?page=SessionSchedules Michigan State Legislature Sessions Schedule]</ref> The 348 calendar days that the [[Michigan Legislature]] is in session during 2011 is the longest legislative session in the country.<ref>[http://www.scpolicycouncil.com/map/ ''South Carolina Policy Council'' "50 State Legislative Session Interactive Map," February 2011]</ref>
 
====Session highlights====
 
====Session highlights====
 
In the 2011 session, Michigan was a key battleground on corporate taxes. [[Governor of Michigan|Governor]] [[Rick Snyder]] had made promises during his campaign to eliminate the “Michigan Business Tax,” which was costly and difficult to calculate. Governor Snyder delivered, replacing the tax with a flat 6 percent corporate income tax. The state will recover the $1.8 billion in lost business tax revenues with $1.5 billion in higher personal income tax revenues. Current Michigan law requires the state income tax to drop to 3.9 percent by 2015. Governor Snyder's measure keeps the income tax rate at its current 4.35 percent until January 1, 2013, when it will drop to 4.25 percent. During 2011, Michigan also became the first state in more than 50 years to cut state-level unemployment benefits. <ref>[http://www.stateline.org/live/details/story?contentId=581343 ''Stateline.org,'' States balance budgets with cuts, not taxes, June 15, 2011]</ref>
 
In the 2011 session, Michigan was a key battleground on corporate taxes. [[Governor of Michigan|Governor]] [[Rick Snyder]] had made promises during his campaign to eliminate the “Michigan Business Tax,” which was costly and difficult to calculate. Governor Snyder delivered, replacing the tax with a flat 6 percent corporate income tax. The state will recover the $1.8 billion in lost business tax revenues with $1.5 billion in higher personal income tax revenues. Current Michigan law requires the state income tax to drop to 3.9 percent by 2015. Governor Snyder's measure keeps the income tax rate at its current 4.35 percent until January 1, 2013, when it will drop to 4.25 percent. During 2011, Michigan also became the first state in more than 50 years to cut state-level unemployment benefits. <ref>[http://www.stateline.org/live/details/story?contentId=581343 ''Stateline.org,'' States balance budgets with cuts, not taxes, June 15, 2011]</ref>
Line 45: Line 49:
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
 
In 2010, the Senate convened its [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions| session]] on January 13th, and it remained in session throughout the year.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/?tabid=18630 2010 session dates for Michigan legislature]</ref>
 
In 2010, the Senate convened its [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions| session]] on January 13th, and it remained in session throughout the year.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/?tabid=18630 2010 session dates for Michigan legislature]</ref>
 +
 +
==Ethics and transparency==
 +
===Open States Transparency===
 +
{{Transparency card|State=Michigan|Grade=C}}
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
Line 54: Line 62:
 
Elections for the office of Michigan Senate were held in Michigan on [[State legislative elections, 2010|November 2, 2010]]. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 11, 2010 and the primary election day was on August 3, 2010.
 
Elections for the office of Michigan Senate were held in Michigan on [[State legislative elections, 2010|November 2, 2010]]. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 11, 2010 and the primary election day was on August 3, 2010.
  
===Members eligible for 2010 re-election===
+
In 2010, the candidates running for state senate raised a total of $16,309,515 in campaign contributions.  The top 10 donors were: <ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=MI&y=2010&f=S ''Follow the Money'':  "Michigan Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"]</ref>
{| class="wikitable sortable"
+
 
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 
|-
 
|-
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | District
+
! colspan="2" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2010 Donors, Michigan State Senate
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Representative
+
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party
+
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Residence
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
| 5 || [[Tupac Hunter]] || {{blue dot}}  || [[sunshinereview:Detroit, Michigan|Detroit]]
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
|-  
+
| 6 || [[Glenn Anderson]] || {{blue dot}}  || [[sunshinereview:Westland, Michigan|Westland]]
+
 
+
|-
+
| 13 || [[John Pappageorge]] || {{red dot}} || [[sunshinereview:Troy, Michigan|Troy]]
+
 
+
|-  
+
| 17 || [[Randy Richardville]] || {{red dot}} || [[sunshinereview:Monroe, Michigan|Monroe]]
+
 
+
|-
+
| 19 || [[Michael Nofs]] || {{red dot}} || [[sunshinereview:Battle Creek, Michigan|Battle Creek]]
+
 
+
|-
+
| 23 || [[Gretchen Whitmer]] || {{blue dot}} || [[sunshinereview:East Lansing, Michigan|East Lansing]]
+
 
+
|-
+
| 27 || [[John Gleason]] || {{blue dot}} || [[sunshinereview:Flushing, Michigan|Flushing]]
+
 
+
|-
+
| 28 || [[Mark Jansen|Mark Jansen]] || {{red dot}} || [[sunshinereview:Gaines Township, Michigan|Gaines Township]]
+
 
+
|-
+
| 32 || [[Roger Kahn]] || {{red dot}} || [[sunshinereview:Saginaw Township, Michigan|Saginaw Township]]
+
|}
+
 
+
 
+
In 2010, the candidates running for state senate raised a total of $16,309,515 in campaign contributions.  The top 10 donors were: <ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=MI&y=2010&f=S ''Follow the Money'':  "Michigan Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"]</ref>
+
 
+
{{legislative donor box}}
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Senate Republican Campaign Cmte of Michigan
 
| Senate Republican Campaign Cmte of Michigan
Line 158: Line 135:
  
 
===Salaries===
 
===Salaries===
 
 
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of state legislative salaries]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of state legislative salaries]]''
  
As of 2012, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,865/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=22490 ''National Conference of State Legislatures'', "2011 Legislator Compensation Data"]</ref>
+
As of 2013, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,685/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/legislatures-elections/legisdata/2012-ncsl-legislator-compensation-data.aspx ''NCSL.org'', "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013]</ref>
 
+
The $71,865/year that Michigan legislators are paid as of 2011 is a decrease from a salary of $79,650 from the 2010 session, which was the same as they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. Per diem is also the same.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=20117 ''National Conference of State Legislatures'', "2010 Legislator Compensation Data"]</ref><ref>[http://www.empirecenter.org/html/legislative_salaries.cfm ''Empire Center'', "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"]</ref>
+
  
 
===Partisan composition===
 
===Partisan composition===
Line 169: Line 143:
 
:: ''See also: [[Partisan composition of state senates]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Partisan composition of state senates]]''
 
{{misenatepartisan}}
 
{{misenatepartisan}}
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Michigan State Senate from 1992-2013.<br>
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of the Michigan State Senate.PNG]]
  
 
===Leadership===
 
===Leadership===
Line 174: Line 151:
  
 
====Current leadership====
 
====Current leadership====
 
+
{| class="wikitable collapsible sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:550px;collapsible=Y;"
{| class="wikitable sortable"
+
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''Current Leadership, Michigan State Senate
 
|-
 
|-
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Position
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Office
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Representative
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Representative
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Party
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Lieutenant Governor of Michigan|President of the Senate]] || [[Brian Calley]] || {{red dot}}
 
| [[Lieutenant Governor of Michigan|President of the Senate]] || [[Brian Calley]] || {{red dot}}
Line 221: Line 199:
 
|}
 
|}
  
===List of current members===
+
===Current members===
 
+
{| class="wikitable collapsible sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:550px;collapsible=Y;"
{| class="wikitable sortable"
+
|-
 +
! colspan="4" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''Current members, Michigan State Senate
 
|-
 
|-
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | District  
+
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | District  
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Representative
+
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Representative
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party
+
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Party
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Residence
+
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Assumed office
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 1 || [[Coleman Young]] || {{blue dot}}  ||
+
| 1
 +
| [[Coleman Young]]
 +
| {{blue dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 2 || [[Bert Johnson]] || {{blue dot}}  ||
+
| 2  
 +
| [[Bert Johnson]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 3 || [[Morris Hood]] || {{blue dot}}  ||
+
| 3  
 +
| [[Morris Hood]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 4 || [[Virgil Smith ]] || {{blue dot}} ||
+
| 4  
 +
| [[Virgil Smith]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2011
 
|-
 
|-
| 5 || [[Tupac Hunter]] || {{blue dot}}  || [[sunshinereview:Detroit, Michigan|Detroit]]
+
| 5  
 +
| [[Tupac Hunter]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}   
 +
| 2007
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 6 || [[Glenn Anderson, Michigan Senator|Glenn Anderson]] || {{blue dot}}  || [[sunshinereview:Westland, Michigan|Westland]]
+
| 6  
 +
| [[Glenn Anderson, Michigan Senator|Glenn Anderson]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}   
 +
| 2007
 
|-
 
|-
| 7 || [[Patrick Colbeck]] ||{{red dot}}  ||
+
| 7  
 +
| [[Patrick Colbeck]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 8 || [[Hoon-Yung Hopgood]] || {{blue dot}} ||
+
| 8  
 +
| [[Hoon-Yung Hopgood]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 9 || [[Steven Bieda]] ||{{blue dot}}  ||
+
| 9  
 +
| [[Steven Bieda]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 10 || [[Tory Rocca]] ||{{red dot}}  ||
+
| 10  
 +
| [[Tory Rocca]]  
 +
|{{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 11 || [[Jack Brandenburg]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 11  
 +
| [[Jack Brandenburg]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 12 || [[Jim Marleau]]  ||{{red dot}}  ||
+
| 12  
 +
| [[Jim Marleau]]   
 +
|{{red dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-
 
|-
| 13 || [[John Pappageorge]] || {{red dot}} || [[sunshinereview:Troy, Michigan|Troy]]
+
| 13  
 +
| [[John Pappageorge]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2007
 
|-
 
|-
| 14 || [[Vincent Gregory ]] || {{blue dot}} ||
+
| 14  
 +
| [[Vincent Gregory ]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 15 || [[Mike Kowall]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 15  
 +
| [[Mike Kowall]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 16 || [[Bruce Caswell]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 16  
 +
| [[Bruce Caswell]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 17 || [[Randy Richardville]] || {{red dot}}  || [[sunshinereview:Monroe, Michigan|Monroe]]
+
| 17  
 +
| [[Randy Richardville]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2007
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 18 || [[Rebekah Warren]] || {{blue dot}}  ||
+
| 18  
 +
| [[Rebekah Warren]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 19 || [[Michael Nofs]] || {{red dot}} || Battle Creek
+
| 19  
 +
| [[Michael Nofs]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 20 || [[Tonya Schuitmaker]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 20  
 +
| [[Tonya Schuitmaker]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 21 || [[John Proos]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 21  
 +
| [[John Proos]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 22 || [[Joe Hune]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 22  
 +
| [[Joe Hune]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 23 || [[Gretchen Whitmer]] || {{blue dot}}  || [[sunshinereview:East Lansing, Michigan|East Lansing]]
+
| 23
 +
| [[Gretchen Whitmer]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}   
 +
| 2007
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 24 || [[Rick Jones]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 24  
 +
| [[Rick Jones]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 25 || [[Phil Pavlov]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 25  
 +
| [[Phil Pavlov]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 26 || [[David Robertson]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 26  
 +
| [[David Robertson]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 27 || [[John Gleason, Michigan Senator|John Gleason]] || {{blue dot}}  || [[sunshinereview:Flushing, Michigan|Flushing]]
+
| 27  
 +
| [[Jim Ananich]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}   
 +
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 28 || [[Mark Jansen|Mark Jansen]] || {{red dot}}  || [[sunshinereview:Gaines Township, Michigan|Gaines Township]]
+
| 28  
 +
| [[Mark Jansen|Mark Jansen]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2007
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 29 || [[Dave Hildenbrand]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 29  
 +
| [[Dave Hildenbrand]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 30 || [[Arlan Meekhof]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 30  
 +
| [[Arlan Meekhof]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 31 || [[Mike Green, Michigan| Mike Green]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 31  
 +
| [[Mike Green, Michigan| Mike Green]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 32 || [[Roger Kahn]] || {{red dot}}  || [[sunshinereview:Saginaw Township, Michigan|Saginaw Township]]
+
| 32  
 +
| [[Roger Kahn]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2007
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 33 || [[Judy Emmons]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 33  
 +
| [[Judy Emmons]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 34 || [[Goeff Hansen]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 34  
 +
| [[Goeff Hansen]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 35 || [[Darwin Booher]]  || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 35  
 +
| [[Darwin Booher]]   
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 36 || [[John Moolenaar]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 36  
 +
| [[John Moolenaar]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2001
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 37 || [[Howard Walker]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 37  
 +
| [[Howard Walker]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 38 || [[Tom Casperson]] || {{red dot}}  ||
+
| 38  
 +
| [[Tom Casperson]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
|2011
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Standing Senate Committees==
 
==Standing Senate Committees==
{{Michigan Senate Committees}}
 
 
The Michigan Senate has twenty (20) standing committees:  
 
The Michigan Senate has twenty (20) standing committees:  
 
* [[Agriculture Committee, Michigan State Senate|Agriculture]]
 
* [[Agriculture Committee, Michigan State Senate|Agriculture]]
Line 321: Line 413:
 
* [[Health Policy Committee, Michigan State Senate|Health Policy]]
 
* [[Health Policy Committee, Michigan State Senate|Health Policy]]
 
* [[Insurance Committee, Michigan State Senate|Insurance]]
 
* [[Insurance Committee, Michigan State Senate|Insurance]]
* [[Outdoor Recreation and Tourism Committee, Michigan State Senate|Outdoor Recreation and Tourism]]
 
 
* [[Judiciary Committee, Michigan State Senate|Judiciary]]
 
* [[Judiciary Committee, Michigan State Senate|Judiciary]]
 
* [[Local Government and Elections Committee, Michigan State Senate|Local Government and Elections]]
 
* [[Local Government and Elections Committee, Michigan State Senate|Local Government and Elections]]
* [[Natural Resources, Environmental and Great Lakes Committee, Michigan State Senate|Natural Resources, Environmental and Great Lakes]]
+
* [[Natural Resources, Environment and Great Lakes Committee, Michigan State Senate|Natural Resources, Environment and Great Lakes]]
 +
* [[Outdoor Recreation and Tourism Committee, Michigan State Senate|Outdoor Recreation and Tourism]]
 
* [[Redistricting Committee, Michigan State Senate|Redistricting]]
 
* [[Redistricting Committee, Michigan State Senate|Redistricting]]
 
* [[Reforms, Restructuring and Reinventing Committee, Michigan State Senate|Reforms, Restructuring and Reinventing]]
 
* [[Reforms, Restructuring and Reinventing Committee, Michigan State Senate|Reforms, Restructuring and Reinventing]]
Line 334: Line 426:
 
* [[Homeland Security & Emerging Technologies Decommissioned Committee, Michigan State Senate (decommissioned)|Homeland Security and Emerging Technologies (decommissioned)]]
 
* [[Homeland Security & Emerging Technologies Decommissioned Committee, Michigan State Senate (decommissioned)|Homeland Security and Emerging Technologies (decommissioned)]]
 
* [[Campaign & Election Oversight Committee, Michigan State Senate (decommissioned)|Campaign and Election Oversight (decommissioned)]]
 
* [[Campaign & Election Oversight Committee, Michigan State Senate (decommissioned)|Campaign and Election Oversight (decommissioned)]]
 +
 +
==History==
 +
===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
 +
{{who runs badge|align=left}}
 +
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Michigan]]’’
 +
[[File:Michigan legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Michigan legislature from 1992-2013]]
 +
During every year from 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Michigan State Senate. The Michigan State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. For the final three years of the study Michigan was under Republican [[trifectas]].
 +
 +
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
 +
 +
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Michigan|Office of the Governor of Michigan]], the [[Michigan State Senate]] and the [[Michigan House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of Michigan state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
Line 339: Line 445:
 
*[http://senate.michigan.gov/ Michigan State Senate]
 
*[http://senate.michigan.gov/ Michigan State Senate]
 
*[http://www.michiganvotes.org/ Michigan Votes], a website that tracks votes of the Michigan state senators.
 
*[http://www.michiganvotes.org/ Michigan Votes], a website that tracks votes of the Michigan state senators.
*[http://www.vote-smart.org/official_state_legislator.php?type=office&state_id=MI&criteria=upper Project Vote Smart - State Senate of Michigan]
 
 
*[http://www.senatedems.org/ Michigan Senate Democrats]
 
*[http://www.senatedems.org/ Michigan Senate Democrats]
 
*[http://www.senate.michigan.gov/gop/ Michigan Senate Republicans]
 
*[http://www.senate.michigan.gov/gop/ Michigan Senate Republicans]

Revision as of 11:57, 9 July 2013

Michigan State Senate

Seal of Michigan.png
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   2 terms (8 years)
2014 session start:   January 9, 2013
Website:   Official Senate Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Brian Calley, (R)
Majority Leader:   Randy Richardville, (R)
Minority leader:   Gretchen Whitmer, (D)
Structure
Members:  38
   Democratic Party (

12)
Republican Party (

26)
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art IV, Sec. 2, Michigan Constitution
Salary:   $71,685/year + expenses
Elections
Last Election:  November 2, 2010 (38 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (38 seats)
Redistricting:  Michigan Legislature has control
Meeting place:
Michigancapitol.jpg
The Michigan Senate is the upper house of the Michigan Legislature. It consists of 38 members who are elected from districts that have an average of 260,096 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 261,538 residents.[2] The Senate meets at its capitol in Lansing

Senators are elected at the same time as the governor and serve four-year terms concurrent with the governor's term of office. Senate and gubernatorial elections are offset by two years from U.S. Presidential elections (e.g., Presidential elections were in 2000 and 2004, gubernatorial and senate elections were in 2002 and 2006). Terms for senators begin on January 1, following the November general election. Senators who have not served more than half of someone else's Senate term are eligible for two full terms (i.e. - eight years).

As of July 2014, Michigan is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article IV of the Michigan Constitution establishes when the Michigan Legislature, of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session. Section 13 of Article IV states that the legislature is to convene on the second Wednesday in January of each year. Section 13 gives the Legislature the power to determine its date of adjournment through concurrent resolution.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 9 through December 31 (estimated).

Major issues

After a extremely divided lame-duck session in December 2012, lawmakers are expected to have a tamer session. Major issues include the regulatory structure of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan, increased transportation funding, education reform, and pension changes.[3]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Senate began the legislative session on January 11.

2011

In 2011, the Legislature was in session from January 12 through mid December. A specific date is yet to be decided by the Legislature. [4] The 348 calendar days that the Michigan Legislature is in session during 2011 is the longest legislative session in the country.[5]

Session highlights

In the 2011 session, Michigan was a key battleground on corporate taxes. Governor Rick Snyder had made promises during his campaign to eliminate the “Michigan Business Tax,” which was costly and difficult to calculate. Governor Snyder delivered, replacing the tax with a flat 6 percent corporate income tax. The state will recover the $1.8 billion in lost business tax revenues with $1.5 billion in higher personal income tax revenues. Current Michigan law requires the state income tax to drop to 3.9 percent by 2015. Governor Snyder's measure keeps the income tax rate at its current 4.35 percent until January 1, 2013, when it will drop to 4.25 percent. During 2011, Michigan also became the first state in more than 50 years to cut state-level unemployment benefits. [6]

2010

In 2010, the Senate convened its session on January 13th, and it remained in session throughout the year.[7]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Michigan was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[8]

Elections

2010

See also: Michigan State Senate elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Michigan Senate were held in Michigan on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 11, 2010 and the primary election day was on August 3, 2010.

In 2010, the candidates running for state senate raised a total of $16,309,515 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [9]

Qualifications

Section 7 of Article 4 of the Michigan Constitution states, "Each senator and representative must be a citizen of the United States, at least 21 years of age, and an elector of the district he represents. The removal of his domicile from the district shall be deemed a vacation of the office. No person who has been convicted of subversion or who has within the preceding 20 years been convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be eligible for either house of the legislature."

Vacancies

Whenever a vacancy occurs in the Senate, it is up to the Governor to call for a special election. A special election must be held during the next scheduled general election[10]. If the vacancy happened after the statewide primary, leaders of the respective party organizations within the Senate district can submit a list of nominees to be voted on by party leadership. A vote must be held no later than 21 days after the vacancy[11].

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Michigan legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Michigan Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Michigan senators are subject to term limits of no more than two four-year terms, or a total of eight years.

The first year that the term limits enacted in 1992 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2002.[12]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Michigan

The state legislature has the power to redraw district boundaries. Changes to the boundaries are made in the form of regular legislation, which means the maps are subject to the Governor's veto. In 2010, the House and the Senate organized redistricting committees to handle drafting the maps. As a result of the 2010 elections, both chamber's of Michigan's legislature and Michigan's governorship were controlled by Republicans.

2010

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Michigan's population fell from 9.94 million to 9.88 million between 2000 and 2010.[13] Michigan's U.S. Congressional delegation decreased in size from 15 to 14 seats.[14] A substantial population shift occurred from Detroit proper into the suburban areas.[15]

The state legislature undertook a relatively private redistricting process.[16] A Republican-proposed plan passed with bipartisan support after the House made some changes to the Senate plan. Governor Rick Snyder signed the plan, Senate Bill 498, into law on August 9, 2011.

Notably, the original Republican maps did not include a state senate district entirely within Detroit proper. Senate Democrats suggested some changes to the Detroit-area districts, which were then incorporated and sent to the House.

Senators

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Michigan Legislature are paid $71,685/year. Legislators can use up to $10,800/year for expenses.[17]

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates
Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 12
     Republican Party 26
Total 38


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Michigan State Senate from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Michigan State Senate.PNG

Leadership

The Lieutenant Governor serves as the presiding officer of the Senate, known as the President of the Senate. The president can only vote when there is a tie. In the absence of the President, the President Pro Tempore presides. The President Pro Tempore, Assistant President Pro Tempore, and Associate President Pro Tempore are elected by a vote of a majority of the Senators.[18][19]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Michigan State Senate
Office Representative Party
President of the Senate Brian Calley Ends.png Republican
State Senate President Pro Tempore Tonya Schuitmaker Ends.png Republican
State Senate Assistant President Pro Tempore Goeff Hansen Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Leader Randy Richardville Ends.png Republican
State Senate Assistant Majority Leader Dave Hildenbrand Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Floor Leader Arlan Meekhof Ends.png Republican
State Senate Assistant Majority Floor Leader Phil Pavlov Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Caucus Leader Rick Jones Ends.png Republican
State Senate Assistant Majority Caucus Leader Patrick Colbeck Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Whip Jack Brandenburg Ends.png Republican
State Senate Assistant Majority Whip Darwin Booher Ends.png Republican
State Senate Minority Leader Gretchen Whitmer Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Assistant Minority Leader Steven Bieda Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Minority Floor Leader Tupac Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Assistant Minority Floor Leader Hoon-Yung Hopgood Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Minority Caucus Leader Morris Hood Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Assistant Minority Caucus Leader Coleman Young Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Minority Whip Vincent Gregory Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Assistant Minority Whip Virgil Smith Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Michigan State Senate
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Coleman Young Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
2 Bert Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
3 Morris Hood Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
4 Virgil Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
5 Tupac Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
6 Glenn Anderson Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
7 Patrick Colbeck Ends.png Republican 2011
8 Hoon-Yung Hopgood Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
9 Steven Bieda Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
10 Tory Rocca Ends.png Republican 2011
11 Jack Brandenburg Ends.png Republican 2011
12 Jim Marleau Ends.png Republican 2011
13 John Pappageorge Ends.png Republican 2007
14 Vincent Gregory Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
15 Mike Kowall Ends.png Republican 2011
16 Bruce Caswell Ends.png Republican 2011
17 Randy Richardville Ends.png Republican 2007
18 Rebekah Warren Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
19 Michael Nofs Ends.png Republican 2009
20 Tonya Schuitmaker Ends.png Republican 2011
21 John Proos Ends.png Republican 2011
22 Joe Hune Ends.png Republican 2011
23 Gretchen Whitmer Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
24 Rick Jones Ends.png Republican 2011
25 Phil Pavlov Ends.png Republican 2011
26 David Robertson Ends.png Republican 2011
27 Jim Ananich Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
28 Mark Jansen Ends.png Republican 2007
29 Dave Hildenbrand Ends.png Republican 2011
30 Arlan Meekhof Ends.png Republican 2011
31 Mike Green Ends.png Republican 2011
32 Roger Kahn Ends.png Republican 2007
33 Judy Emmons Ends.png Republican 2011
34 Goeff Hansen Ends.png Republican 2011
35 Darwin Booher Ends.png Republican 2011
36 John Moolenaar Ends.png Republican 2001
37 Howard Walker Ends.png Republican 2011
38 Tom Casperson Ends.png Republican 2011

Standing Senate Committees

The Michigan Senate has twenty (20) standing committees:

Decommissioned committees

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Michigan’’
Partisan breakdown of the Michigan legislature from 1992-2013

During every year from 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Michigan State Senate. The Michigan State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. For the final three years of the study Michigan was under Republican trifectas.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Michigan, the Michigan State Senate and the Michigan House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Michigan state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References