Difference between revisions of "Mike Enzi"

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=====Affordable Care Act=====
 
=====Affordable Care Act=====
 
[[David Vitter]] (R-La) introduced Senate Bill 1497 on September 12, 2013, to expand the required coverage by state health insurance exchange American Health Benefit Exchange from Members of [[Congress]] and their staff to also include the President, Vice-President, executive branch political appointees and employees of congressional committees and leadership offices of Congress. It also prohibits any government contribution to or subsidy of this coverage. It was originally co-sponsored by Enzi, [[Dean Heller]], [[Mike Lee]], [[Ron Johnson]] and [[Jim Inhofe]]. [[Ted Cruz]] joined in on September 17.<ref name="exemption">[http://beta.congress.gov/bill/113th-congress/senate-bill/1497 Congress.gov: "S.1497 - No Exemption for Washington from Obamacare Act," accessed October 15, 2013]</ref>
 
[[David Vitter]] (R-La) introduced Senate Bill 1497 on September 12, 2013, to expand the required coverage by state health insurance exchange American Health Benefit Exchange from Members of [[Congress]] and their staff to also include the President, Vice-President, executive branch political appointees and employees of congressional committees and leadership offices of Congress. It also prohibits any government contribution to or subsidy of this coverage. It was originally co-sponsored by Enzi, [[Dean Heller]], [[Mike Lee]], [[Ron Johnson]] and [[Jim Inhofe]]. [[Ted Cruz]] joined in on September 17.<ref name="exemption">[http://beta.congress.gov/bill/113th-congress/senate-bill/1497 Congress.gov: "S.1497 - No Exemption for Washington from Obamacare Act," accessed October 15, 2013]</ref>
 
The health-care law was originally written to require that congressional members and their staffs get their insurance through the exchanges. However, a federal rule issued in August 2013 made it optional for lawmakers and their employees to continue receiving the subsidized premium health benefits plans just like most large businesses.<ref>[http://theadvocate.com/home/7021717-125/vitter-unveils-obamacare-answer ''The Advocate,'' "Vitter unveils Obamacare answer," accessed September 11, 2013]</ref>
 
  
 
====Social Issues====
 
====Social Issues====

Revision as of 21:31, 21 October 2013

Mike Enzi
Mike Enzi.jpg
U.S. Senate, Wyoming
Incumbent
In office
1997-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 17
PartyRepublican
PredecessorAlan K. Simpson (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2008
First electedNovember 5, 1996
Next general November 4, 2014
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Wyoming State Senate
1991-1996
Wyoming House of Representatives
1987-1991
Mayor of Gillette, WY
1975-1982
Education
High schoolSheridan High School
Bachelor'sGeorge Washington University
Master'sDenver University
Military service
Service/branchNational Guard
Years of service1967-1973
Personal
BirthdayFebruary 1, 1944
Place of birthBremerton, WA
Net worth$928,531
ReligionPresbyterian
Websites
Office website
Michael B. "Mike" Enzi (b. February 1, 1944, in Bremerton, WA) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Wyoming. Enzi was first elected to the Senate in 1996.

Prior to his election to the U.S. Senate, Enzi served in the Wyoming House of Representatives and the Wyoming State Senate.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Enzi is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.

Biography

After earning his bachelor's in accounting from George Washington University and his M.B.A. from Denver University, Enzi operated family-owned shoe stores in Wyoming and Montana. He also served for six years in the National Guard.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Enzi's academic, professional and political career:[1]

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Enzi serves on the following Senate committees[3]:

2011-2012

Enzi was a member of the following Senate committees:[4]

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Enzi's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

Involvement in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

According to a report by The Hill in September 2013, Enzi remained undecided on intervening in Syria, while Liz Cheney was among four Republican senate candidates who had come out against it.[7]

Enzi blasted Cheney for her statements on Syria, telling POLITICO, "I never try to judge another person, particularly an opponent, but my dad always said, ‘If you want to see what somebody’s going to do, look and see what they’ve done before.' And this is kind of a turnaround from what she’s done before. I try to stay a bit more consistent than that."[8]

Cheney responded to Enzi's comments saying, " he lacks experience in national security and foreign policy so it isn’t surprising he would fail to make distinctions between a misguided attack on Syria and military operations that are necessary to defend the security of the nation."[8]

John Brennan CIA nomination

Voted "No" Enzi voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[9]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists criticized President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[10][11][12]

According to the website Breitbart, Enzi was one of 30 Republican senators who did not support the filibuster.[13][14]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[15]

Economy

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013#Government Shutdown and Default Prevention Act

Enzi has said he will return his earnings to the U.S. Treasury.[16]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Voted "No" Enzi voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspended the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[17]

Immigration

Completion of fence along Mexico border

Voted "Yes" Enzi voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[18]

Healthcare

Affordable Care Act

David Vitter (R-La) introduced Senate Bill 1497 on September 12, 2013, to expand the required coverage by state health insurance exchange American Health Benefit Exchange from Members of Congress and their staff to also include the President, Vice-President, executive branch political appointees and employees of congressional committees and leadership offices of Congress. It also prohibits any government contribution to or subsidy of this coverage. It was originally co-sponsored by Enzi, Dean Heller, Mike Lee, Ron Johnson and Jim Inhofe. Ted Cruz joined in on September 17.[19]

Social Issues

Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013

Voted "No" Enzi voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[20]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Enzi voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[21]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Mike Enzi endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [22]

Elections

2014

See also: United States Senate elections in Wyoming, 2014

Enzi announced July 16, 2013 that he is running for re-election in 2014. Liz Cheney also announced she is running for the seat Enzi currently holds, which would set up a Republican primary. Enzi will be speaking in September 2013 at the New York Meeting, which is a meeting of conservative activists and donors.[23]The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Endorsements

  • Sen. Rand Paul said that he endorses Enzi over Liz Cheney, citing unfamiliarity with Cheney's political positions. Paul went on to say, "I am a friend of Sen. Enzi and while we aren’t exactly the same, I consider him a good conservative."[24]
  • Sen. Jerry Moran, the National Republican Senatorial Committee Chairman announced the official party body will support Enzi and several Senators have followed suit, including Wyoming Senator John Barrasso. Enzi has not been aggressively fundraising as the Senate race was expected to be safe. He raised $171,000 in the second quarter and ended June with $488,000 cash on hand.[25]
  • Sen. John McCain has also endorsed Enzi.[26]
  • Former Sen. Olympia Snowe adds to a growing list of Enzi supporters. She stated:
    • "There is no reason to challenge him. What is the basis? That he’s not working hard enough? He’s working very hard. That he’s not conservative enough? I think it’s regrettable.”[27]
  • Sen. Orrin Hatch has endorsed Enzi. He stated:
    • “I don’t know why in the world she’s doing this." Enzi is “honest and decent, hard-working; he’s got very important positions in the Senate. He’s highly respected. And these are all things that would cause anybody to say: ‘Why would anybody run against him?’”[28]
  • Sen John Cornyn is also throwing his support behind Enzi, although he likes Cheney as well. He reasoned:
    • “This is about getting the majority in the Senate. And we have to support our friends and people who have done a good job.”[28]

Health care

In August 2013, Liz Cheney called on Enzi, among other congressional members, to renounce the agreement allowing the government to subsidize part of the health care premiums for Congressional members and their staff. Cheney says, "The hypocrisy is stunning," she said in a statement."But all too typical of how Congress works. Members cut special deals for themselves so they don’t feel the pain their laws inflict on the general public. That’s one of the reasons I’m running for the Senate — to end this self-serving, behind the scenes deal-making." Enzi's campaign spokesperson responded, "Senator Enzi has already opposed it and the other exemptions and delays for businesses, insurance companies etc. Senator Enzi will continue his efforts to defund and dismantle Obamacare. He’ll make decisions about his own health care without help from candidate Cheney."[29]

Churchill controversy

Enzi blasted Cheney for comments she made in September 2013. According to the Jackson Hole News and Guide, Cheney "compared herself to Winston Churchill standing up to Adolf Hitler" in a speech to her supporters on September 3, 2013.[30] Enzi referred to these comments in a interview with POLITICO. He said, "I had a lot of people who got ahold of me, and said, was she relating you to Adolf Hitler? So I certainly hope not…that’s a pretty strong statement to make against anybody, and it also called up some credibility on the Winston Churchill part too … If I’m involved in it, it was a terrible analogy, and probably one that deserved an apology."[8]

Cheney offered clarification on her analogy following Enzi's comments. She explained, "The historical analogy was not a comparison of anyone to past figures. My point is that there are turning points in the lives of nations. The spring of 1940 was one such moment, Reagan’s election in 1980 was another. These are moments of decision that determine the future of freedom, and I believe now is one of them."[8]

Full history


Polls

2014

A July 17-18, 2013 poll conducted by Harper Polling, found that Wyoming Republican voters favor Enzi 55% to Cheney's 21%. The poll found that both candidates have near universal name recognition in the state. This poll indicates Cheney faces an uphill battle for the seat--Enzi has a 73% approval rating. 38% polled said that they had heard of Cheney, but had no opinion of her.[34]

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Enzi is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Enzi raised a total of $3,808,218 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.[35]

Mike Enzi's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2008 U.S. Senate (Wyoming) Won $2,368,893
2002 U.S. Senate (Wyoming) Won $1,439,325
Grand Total Raised $3,808,218

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Enzi's reports.[36]

Mike Enzi (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[37]4/14/2013$275,211.00$163,915.68$(63,230.56)$375,896.12
July Quarterly[38]7/15/2013$375,896.12$171,290.52$(59,036.10)$488,150.54
Running totals
$335,206.2$(122,266.66)

Enzi so far has received donations from several big companies and organizations, including Koch Industries PAC, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Time Warner Cable, Pfizer and National Retail Federation. Senators Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, Jim Inhofe of Oklahoma and Lindsey Graham of South Carolina have also donated via their leadership PACs.[39]

2008

Breakdown of the source of Enzi's campaign funds before the 2008 election.

Enzi won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Enzi's campaign committee raised a total of $2,368,893 and spent $2,131,634.[40]


Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[41]

Enzi most often votes with:

Enzi least often votes with:

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Enzi is a "far-right Republican leader," as of July 5, 2013.[42]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Enzi missed 120 of 5,170 roll call votes from January 1997 to April 2013. This amounts to 2.3%, which is worse than the median of 1.7% among current senators as of April 2013.[43]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Enzi paid his congressional staff a total of $2,157,969 in 2011. He ranks 14th on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranks 18th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Wyoming ranks 49th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[44]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Enzi's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $322,062 and $1,535,000. That averages to $928,531, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2011 of $6,358,668. His average net worth decreased by 19.89% from 2010.[45]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Enzi's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $440,067 and $1,878,000. That averages to $1,159,033.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2010 of $7,054,258.[46]

National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Enzi ranked 8th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[47]

2011

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Enzi ranked 4th in the conservative rankings.[48]

Political positions

Voting with party

2013

Enzi voted with the Republican Party 91.8% of the time, which ranked 11th among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[49]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Mike + Enzi + Wyoming + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

  • Loading...

Personal

Enzi is married to Diana Buckley Enzi and has three children and four grandchildren.[50]

External links


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Mike Enzi," Accessed July 5, 2013
  2. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress "Michael B. Enzi," Accessed October 19, 2011
  3. Congressional Quarterly "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 22, 2013
  4. Mike Enzi Official Senate site "Committee Assignments," Accessed October 19, 2011
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. Politico, "Senate primary challengers target GOP incumbents on Syria strikes," September 8, 2013
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 POLITICO, "Mike Enzi: Liz Cheney’s Syria stance a reversal", accessed September 17, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  10. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  11. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  12. ABC News, "Rand Paul wins applause from GOP and liberals," March 7, 2013
  13. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet the GOP senators who refused to stand with Rand," March 7, 2013
  14. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  15. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  16. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  19. Congress.gov: "S.1497 - No Exemption for Washington from Obamacare Act," accessed October 15, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  21. U.S. Senate "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  22. PoliticalNews.me, "Senators Mike Enzi and John Barrasso Endorse Mitt Romney," April 14, 2012
  23. Politico, "Mike Enzi attending New York Meeting," Accessed August 14, 2013
  24. Politico "Rand Paul: I’ve got Mike Enzi’s back vs. Liz Cheney," Accessed July 12, 2013
  25. Politico "Liz Cheney announces Senate bid," Accessed July 16, 2013
  26. Huffington Post "John McCain Endorses Mike Enzi (VIDEO)," Accessed July 20, 2013
  27. Politico, "Olympia Snowe: Liz Cheney challenge to Mike Enzi ‘unfortunate,’" Accessed July 23, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 Politico "GOP senators to Liz Cheney: We like Mike Enzi," Accessed July 29, 2013
  29. Politico, "Liz Cheney: Mike Enzi should ‘renounce’ deal," Accessed August 13, 2013
  30. Jackson Hole News and Guide, "Cheney knocks Obama, papers", accessed September 17, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Elections of November 4, 2008," accessed October 19, 2011
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. Politico "Poll: Mike Enzi crushing Liz Cheney in Wyo.," Accessed July 29, 2013
  35. Open Secrets "Donor history for Mike Enzi" Accessed April 25, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission "Enzi 2014 Summary reports," Accessed August 2, 2013
  37. FEC "April Quarterly," Accessed August 2, 2013
  38. FEC "July Quarterly," Accessed August 2, 2013
  39. Politico "Koch, McConnell PACs give to Enzi," Accessed July 22, 2013
  40. Open Secrets "Mike Enzi 2008 Election Cycle," Accessed November 26, 2011
  41. OpenCongress, "Mike Enzi," Accessed August 8, 2013
  42. Gov Track "Mike Enzi," Accessed July 5, 2013
  43. GovTrack, "Enzi," Accessed April 11, 2013
  44. LegiStorm "Mike Enzi"
  45. OpenSecrets.org, "Enzi, (R-Wyoming), 2011"
  46. OpenSecrets.org, "Enzi, (R-WY), 2010"
  47. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  48. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," February 23, 2012
  49. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  50. Mike Enzi Official Senate site "About Mike," Accessed October 19, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Alan K. Simpson
U.S. Senate - Wyoming
1997-Present
Succeeded by
-