Difference between revisions of "Mike Enzi"

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|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
|Last election = November 4, 2008
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|Last election = November 4, 2014
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|First elected = November 5, 1996
 
|First elected = November 5, 1996
 
|Term limits =
 
|Term limits =
|Next election = [[United_States_Senate_elections_in_Wyoming,_2014| November 4, 2014]]
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|Next primary=
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|Next election =
 
|Prior office = Wyoming State Senate
 
|Prior office = Wyoming State Senate
 
|Prior office years = 1991-1996
 
|Prior office years = 1991-1996
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|Place of birth = Bremerton, WA
 
|Place of birth = Bremerton, WA
 
|Profession =
 
|Profession =
|Net worth=$928,531
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|Net worth=$938,028.50
 
|Religion = Presbyterian
 
|Religion = Presbyterian
 
|Office website = http://enzi.senate.gov/public/
 
|Office website = http://enzi.senate.gov/public/
|Campaign website =
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|Campaign website = http://www.enziforwyoming.com/
 
|Personal website =
 
|Personal website =
}}{{tnr}}'''Michael B. "Mike" Enzi''' (b. February 1, 1944) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. Senate]] from the state of [[Wyoming]]. Enzi was first elected to the Senate in 1996.  
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}}{{tnr}}'''Michael B. "Mike" Enzi''' (b. February 1, 1944, in Bremerton, WA) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] from the state of [[Wyoming]]. He was first elected to the Senate in 1996.  
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Enzi is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-right Republican leader]]".<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/person.xpd?id=300041 ''Gov Track'' "Michael Enzi," Accessed March 3, 2012]</ref>
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Enzi won re-election to the United States Senate on November 4, 2014.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/08/mike-enzi-new-york-meeting-95525.html ''Politico'', "Mike Enzi attending New York Meeting," accessed August 14, 2013]</ref> He defeated four challengers in the August 19 Republican primary.<ref name=apwys>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2014/by_state/WY_US_Senate_0819.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press'', "Wyoming - Summary Vote Results," accessed August 19, 2014]</ref>
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{{Introanalysis
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|Party=Republican
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|Rating=Reliable
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|Pronoun=he
 +
|Fullname=Mike Enzi
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|Lastname=Enzi
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}}
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
After earning his bachelor's in accounting from George Washington University and his M.B.A. from Denver University, Enzi operated family-owned shoe stores in Wyoming and Montana. He also served for six years in the National Guard.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=E000285 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'' "Michael B. Enzi," Accessed October 19, 2011]</ref>
+
Enzi graduated from Sheridan High School. After earning his bachelor's in accounting from George Washington University and his MBA from Denver University, Enzi operated family-owned shoe stores in Wyoming and Montana. He also served in the National Guard for six years.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=E000285 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "Michael B. Enzi," accessed October 19, 2011]</ref> Prior to his election to the U.S. Senate, Enzi served in the [[Wyoming House of Representatives]] and the [[Wyoming State Senate]].<ref name=bio>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=E000285 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "Mike Enzi," accessed July 5, 2013]</ref>
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
* 1996-present: U.S. senator from Wyoming
+
Below is an abbreviated outline of Enzi's political career:<ref name=bio>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=E000285 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "Mike Enzi," accessed July 5, 2013]</ref>
 +
* 1997-Present: [[United States Senate|U.S. Senator]] from [[Wyoming]]
 
* 1991-1996: [[Wyoming State Senate]]
 
* 1991-1996: [[Wyoming State Senate]]
 
* 1987-1991: [[Wyoming House of Representatives]]
 
* 1987-1991: [[Wyoming House of Representatives]]
* 1975-1982: Mayor of Gillette, WY
+
* 1975-1982: Mayor of Gillette, W.Y.
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 
===U.S. Senate===
 
===U.S. Senate===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Enzi serves on the following Senate committees<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/index.php?chamber=senate ''Congressional Quarterly'' "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 22, 2013]</ref>:
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Enzi serves on the following Senate committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/index.php?chamber=senate ''Congressional Quarterly'', "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013]</ref>:
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Budget | Budget Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Budget | Budget Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Finance|Finance Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Finance|Finance Committee]]
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
Enzi was a member of the following Senate committees<ref>[http://enzi.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/committee-assignments ''Mike Enzi Official Senate site'' "Committee Assignments," Accessed October 19, 2011]</ref>:
+
Enzi served on the following Senate committees:<ref>[http://enzi.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/committee-assignments ''Mike Enzi Official Senate site'', "Committee Assignments," accessed October 19, 2011]</ref>
 
* [[United States Senate Committee on Budget | Budget Committee]]
 
* [[United States Senate Committee on Budget | Budget Committee]]
 
* [[United States Senate Committee on Finance|Finance Committee]]
 
* [[United States Senate Committee on Finance|Finance Committee]]
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** Subcommittee on Retirement and Aging ''Ex Officio Member''
 
** Subcommittee on Retirement and Aging ''Ex Officio Member''
 
* [[United States Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship|Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship]]
 
* [[United States Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship|Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship]]
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 +
==Key votes==
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===113th Congress===
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[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
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{{113thVotes
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|Lastname=Enzi
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|Passed=22
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|Total=4315
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|Date=August 1, 2013
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|Sen=9272
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|SenTotal=15834
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|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
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}}
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====National security====
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=====John Brennan CIA nomination=====
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{{Nay vote}} Enzi voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43133?s=party#.UkRU1D_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart'', "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
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'''Drones filibuster'''<br>
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{{drone filibuster 2013 GOP|Name=Enzi}}
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====Economy====
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=====Farm bill=====
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{{Senate Farm Bill GOP Yes|Name=Enzi}}
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=====2014 Budget=====
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{{Senate Budget 2014 GOP No|Name=Enzi}}
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=====Government shutdown=====
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:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
 +
{{Nay vote}} During the shutdown in October 2013, the [[United States Senate|Senate]] rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from [[Republican]] members. Enzi voted with the [[Republican Party]] against the bill.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=113&session=1&vote=00219#top ''Senate.gov,'' "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
Enzi said he would return his earnings to the U.S. Treasury.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2013/10/01/which-lawmakers-will-refuse-their-pay-during-the-shutdown/ ''Washington Post'', "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013]</ref>
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 +
=====No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013=====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Enzi voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42338?s=party ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
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====Immigration====
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{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-MichaelBEnzi-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
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=====Mexico-U.S. border=====
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{{Yea vote}} Enzi voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45516#.UkRPsD_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart'', "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
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====Healthcare====
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=====Affordable Care Act=====
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[[David Vitter]] (R-La) introduced Senate Bill 1497 on September 12, 2013, to expand the required coverage by state health insurance exchange, American Health Benefit Exchange, from members of [[Congress]] and their staff to also include the president, vice-president, executive branch political appointees and employees of congressional committees and leadership offices of Congress. It also prohibited any government contribution to or subsidy of this coverage. It was originally co-sponsored by Enzi, [[Dean Heller]], [[Mike Lee]], [[Ron Johnson]] and [[Jim Inhofe]]. [[Ted Cruz]] joined in on September 17, 2013.<ref name="exemption">[http://beta.congress.gov/bill/113th-congress/senate-bill/1497 ''Congress.gov'', "S.1497 - No Exemption for Washington from Obamacare Act," accessed October 15, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
Vitter's bill was a response to the U.S. Office of Personnel Management ruling that allows members of Congress and their staff to keep their insurance subsidies provided by the government. The federal agency issued a proposed rule in August 2013. After a comment period, a final rule was issued and became effective October 2, 2013.<ref>[http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=OPM_FRDOC_0001-0832 ''Regulations.gov'', "Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: Members of Congress and Congressional Staff," October 2, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.forbes.com/sites/theapothecary/2013/08/02/congressmen-rejoice-govt-to-subsidize-their-health-insurance-through-obamacares-exchanges/ ''Forbes'', "Congressmen Rejoice! Govt. To Subsidize Their Health Insurance Through Obamacare's Exchanges," August 2, 2013]</ref>   
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====Social issues====
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=====Violence Against Women (2013)=====
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{{Nay vote}} Enzi voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42501#.UkRXCD_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart'', "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
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===Previous congressional sessions===
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====Fiscal Cliff====
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{{Yea vote}}
 +
Enzi voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
  
 
==Issues==
 
==Issues==
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===On The Issues Vote Match===
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[[File:s040_060.gif|right|290px|thumb|Enzi's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
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''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Enzi is a '''Moderate Conservative.''' Enzi received a score of 38 percent on social issues and 60 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Enzi|Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://Senate.OnTheIssues.org/Senate/Michael_Enzi.htm ''On The Issues'', "Enzi Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Hiring= Strongly Opposes
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|Marriage= Strongly Opposes
 +
|God= Favors
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|ObamaCare=Strongly Opposes
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|Social Security= Opposes
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|School Choice= Opposes
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|Animals=Opposes
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|Crime= Opposes
 +
|Guns= Opposes
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|Taxes=Strongly Opposes
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|Citizenship=Strongly Opposes
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|Free Trade= Opposes
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|United Nations=Opposes
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|Military=Opposes
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|Campaign Funds= Opposes
 +
|Iran=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Energy=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Marijuana=Strongly Opposes
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|Stimulus=Strongly Opposes
 +
}}
 +
 
===Presidential preference===
 
===Presidential preference===
{{presendorse|2012|Mitt Romney}}<ref>[http://politicalnews.me/?id=13307&keys=ENDORSEMENT-ENZI-BARRASSO-SUPPORT ''PoliticalNews.me,'' "Senators Mike Enzi and John Barrasso Endorse Mitt Romney," April 14, 2012]</ref>
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{{presendorse|2012|Mitt Romney}}<ref>[http://politicalnews.me/?id=13307&keys=ENDORSEMENT-ENZI-BARRASSO-SUPPORT ''PoliticalNews.me'', "Senators Mike Enzi and John Barrasso Endorse Mitt Romney," April 14, 2012]</ref>
===Fiscal Cliff===
+
{{Support vote}}
+
Enzi voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89/8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
  
===Drones filibuster===
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===Involvement in Syria===
{{drone filibuster 2013 GOP|Name=Enzi}}
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: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
 +
 
 +
According to a report by ''The Hill'' in September 2013, Enzi was undecided on intervening in Syria, while [[Liz Cheney]] was among four Republican Senate candidates who had come out against it.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/harry-reid-syria-debate-96480.html ''Politico'', "Senate primary challengers target GOP incumbents on Syria strikes," September 8, 2013]</ref> Enzi blasted Cheney for her statements on Syria, telling ''POLITICO'', "I never try to judge another person, particularly an opponent, but my dad always said, ‘If you want to see what somebody’s going to do, look and see what they’ve done before.' And this is kind of a turnaround from what she’s done before. I try to stay a bit more consistent than that."<ref name=syria>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/mike-enzi-liz-cheney-syria-96867.html ''POLITICO'', "Mike Enzi: Liz Cheney’s Syria stance a reversal," accessed September 17, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Cheney responded to Enzi's comments saying, "he lacks experience in national security and foreign policy so it isn’t surprising he would fail to make distinctions between a misguided attack on Syria and military operations that are necessary to defend the security of the nation."<ref name=syria/>
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
===2014===
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States Senate elections in Wyoming, 2014]]''
 +
 +
Enzi won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated [[Charlie Hardy]] (D), independent [[Curt Gottshall]] and [[Libertarian]] [[Joe Porambo]] in the general election on November 4, 2014. Enzi defeated four challengers in the August 19 Republican primary.<ref name=apwys/>
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====Election results====
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=====General election=====
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{{Wysengenelecbox14}}
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=====Republican primary=====
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{{WysenGOPprimary2014}}
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====Race background====
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[[Liz Cheney]] announced she was running for the seat Enzi currently holds, but she dropped out of the race after one of her children developed a serious health issue. Following Cheney's announcement in January 2014, Enzi asked for prayers for Cheney and her family. Enzi also mentioned Cheney had called to inform him of her decision. He said he wasn't sure if she was going to endorse him or not. He said, "I’d like for anybody to endorse me in the campaign — everybody to endorse me in the campaign, but you know she’s got other things on her mind. This was critical enough that she pulled of a race, so I’m not pressing for anything at this point."<ref>[http://atr.rollcall.com/enzi-encourages-prayers-for-cheney-family-after-high-fives-on-senate-floor/ ''Roll Call'', "Enzi Encourages Prayers for Cheney Family After High-Fives on Senate Floor (Video)," accessed January 7, 2014]</ref>
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 +
Enzi spoke in September 2013 at the New York Meeting, which is a meeting of conservative activists and donors.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/08/mike-enzi-new-york-meeting-95525.html ''Politico'', "Mike Enzi attending New York Meeting," accessed August 14, 2013]</ref>
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====Primary vulnerability====
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{{Congtopprimaries|Name=Enzi}}
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====Endorsements====
 +
*Sen. [[Rand Paul]] endorsed Enzi over Cheney before she dropped out of the race. Paul said, "I am a friend of Sen. Enzi and while we aren’t exactly the same, I consider him a good conservative."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/07/liz-cheney-mike-enzi-wyoming-senate-94015.html ''Politico'', "Rand Paul: I’ve got Mike Enzi’s back vs. Liz Cheney," accessed July 12, 2013]</ref> 
 +
*Sen. [[Jerry Moran]], the National Republican Senatorial Committee Chairman announced the official party body will support Enzi and several Senators have followed suit, including Wyoming Senator [[John Barrasso]].
 +
*Sen. [[John McCain]] endorsed Enzi.<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/19/mccain-enzi_n_3626488.html ''Huffington Post'', "John McCain Endorses Mike Enzi (VIDEO)," accessed July 20, 2013]</ref>
 +
*Former Sen. Olympia Snowe endorsed Enzi. She stated:
 +
**"There is no reason to challenge him. What is the basis? That he’s not working hard enough? He’s working very hard. That he’s not conservative enough? I think it’s regrettable.”<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/07/olympia-snowe-liz-cheney-challenge-to-mike-enzi-unfortunate-94585.html ''Politico'', "Olympia Snowe: Liz Cheney challenge to Mike Enzi ‘unfortunate,’" accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>
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*Sen. [[Orrin Hatch]] endorsed Enzi. He stated:
 +
**“I don’t know why in the world she’s [Cheney] doing this." Enzi is “honest and decent, hard-working; he’s got very important positions in the Senate. He’s highly respected. And these are all things that would cause anybody to say: ‘Why would anybody run against him?’”<ref name=sen>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/07/mike-enzi-liz-cheney-wyoming-senate-race-94846.html ''Politico'', "GOP senators to Liz Cheney: We like Mike Enzi," accessed July 29, 2013]</ref>
 +
*Sen [[John Cornyn]] endorsed Enzi, although he said he liked Cheney, as well. He reasoned:
 +
**“This is about getting the majority in the Senate. And we have to support our friends and people who have done a good job.”<ref name=sen>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/07/mike-enzi-liz-cheney-wyoming-senate-race-94846.html ''Politico'', "GOP senators to Liz Cheney: We like Mike Enzi," accessed July 29, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
====Controversies====
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=====Healthcare=====
 +
In August 2013, [[Liz Cheney]] called on Enzi, among other congressional members, to renounce the agreement allowing the government to subsidize part of the health care premiums for Congressional members and their staff.  Cheney said, "The hypocrisy is stunning. But all too typical of how Congress works. Members cut special deals for themselves so they don’t feel the pain their laws inflict on the general public. That’s one of the reasons I’m running for the Senate — to end this self-serving, behind the scenes deal-making." Enzi's campaign spokesperson responded, "Senator Enzi has already opposed it and the other exemptions and delays for businesses, insurance companies etc. Senator Enzi will continue his efforts to defund and dismantle Obamacare. He’ll make decisions about his own health care without help from candidate Cheney."<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/08/liz-cheney-mike-enzi-obamacare-95500.html?hp=f1 ''Politico'', "Liz Cheney: Mike Enzi should ‘renounce’ deal," accessed August 13, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
=====Churchill controversy=====
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Enzi blasted Cheney for comments she made in September 2013. According to the ''Jackson Hole News and Guide'', Cheney "compared herself to Winston Churchill standing up to Adolf Hitler" in a speech to her supporters on September 3, 2013.<ref>[http://www.jhnewsandguide.com/article.php?art_id=10246 ''Jackson Hole News and Guide'', "Cheney knocks Obama, papers," accessed September 17, 2013]</ref> Enzi referred to these comments in a interview with ''POLITICO''.  He said, "I had a lot of people who got ahold of me, and said, was she relating you to Adolf Hitler? So I certainly hope not…that’s a pretty strong statement to make against anybody, and it also called up some credibility on the Winston Churchill part too … If I’m involved in it, it was a terrible analogy, and probably one that deserved an apology."<ref name=syria>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/mike-enzi-liz-cheney-syria-96867.html ''POLITICO'', "Mike Enzi: Liz Cheney’s Syria stance a reversal," accessed September 17, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
Cheney offered clarification on her analogy following Enzi's comments. She explained, "The historical analogy was not a comparison of anyone to past figures. My point is that there are turning points in the lives of nations. The spring of 1940 was one such moment, Reagan’s election in 1980 was another. These are moments of decision that determine the future of freedom, and I believe now is one of them."<ref name=syria/>
 +
 +
=====Dick Cheney friendship=====
 +
Enzi responded to Dick Cheney's claim that he shares no friendship with Enzi. According to Enzi, they share a love of fishing. Enzi said, "I anchored the One Fly Fishing Contest with him one time, and I was asked to speak at his induction in the fly fishing Hall of Fame.  And we’ve talked about fishing when we’ve been together." Enzi also pointed out that when he was a mayor, Cheney was serving as his U.S. Representative.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/10/dick-cheney-mike-enzi-fishing-99031.html?hp=f3 ''Politico'', "Mike Enzi says VP Dick Cheney telling fish tales," accessed October 29, 2013]</ref>
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 +
=====Compromise=====
 +
Although [[Liz Cheney]] criticized Enzi for compromising in Washington, not everyone in Wyoming saw that as a problem. State Senator [[Charles Scott]] explained, "Ms. Cheney, when she started out, criticized [Enzi] for being willing to compromise with the Democrats. A lot of people out here thought, ‘Jeez, the problem with Washington is they won’t compromise when they need to.’"<ref>[http://www.rollcall.com/news/for_wyoming_cheney_sisters_squabble_over_same_sex_marriage_barely_registers-229236-1.html?pos=hbtxt ''Roll Call'', "For Wyoming, Cheney Sisters' Squabble Over Same-Sex Marriage Barely Registers," accessed November 21, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
====Polls====
 +
{{CongPoll
 +
|Title=General Election
 +
|Poll1=[http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/elections/election_2014/wyoming/election_2014_wyoming_senate Rasmussen Reports]<br>August 20-21, 2014
 +
|Poll2=[http://today.yougov.com/news/2014/09/07/senate-races-battleground-tracker/ Rasmussen Reports]<br>September 20 - October 1, 2014
 +
|Response1=Mike Enzi
 +
|Response2=Charlie Hardy
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|Response3=Other/Undecided
 +
|Numberpolled1=700
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|Numberpolled2=264
 +
|Margin of error1 = 4
 +
|Margin of error2 = 7
 +
|Response1Poll1% =63
 +
|Response2Poll1% = 27
 +
|Response3Poll1% = 10
 +
|Response1Poll2% =75
 +
|Response2Poll2% = 17
 +
|Response3Poll2% = 8
 +
}}
 +
 +
A July 17-18, 2013 poll conducted by Harper Polling, found that Wyoming Republican voters favored Enzi 55 percent to Cheney's 21 percent. The poll found that both candidates had near universal name recognition in the state. This poll indicated that Cheney would have faced an uphill battle for the seat, if she had stayed in the race. Enzi had a 73 percent approval rating at the time of the poll, and 38 percent polled said that they had heard of Cheney but had no opinion of her.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/07/wyoming-senate-poll-liz-cheney-mike-enzi-94480.html?hp=f2 ''Politico'', "Poll: Mike Enzi crushing Liz Cheney in Wyo.," accessed July 29, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
===Full history===
 
===Full history===
 
{{Collapsible history section
 
{{Collapsible history section
Line 126: Line 290:
  
 
==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
 +
===Fundraising events===
 +
The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/341/Michael-B-Enzi Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Enzi attends.
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-MichaelBEnzi-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
 +
<br>
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Enzi
 
|Name=Enzi
 
|year=2002
 
|year=2002
 
|Editdate= April 25, 2013
 
|Editdate= April 25, 2013
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00006249&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Donor history for Mike Enzi" Accessed April 25, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00006249&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Donor history for Mike Enzi," accessed April 25, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
 
|totalraised2008=2368893
 
|totalraised2008=2368893
Line 139: Line 307:
 
|office2002=U.S. Senate (Wyoming)
 
|office2002=U.S. Senate (Wyoming)
 
}}
 
}}
[[File:Mike Enzi 2008 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Enzi's campaign funds before the 2008 election.]]
+
 
Enzi won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Enzi's campaign committee raised a total of $2,368,893 and spent $2,131,634.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00006249&cycle=2008 ''Open Secrets'' "Mike Enzi 2008 Election Cycle," Accessed November 26, 2011]</ref>
+
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-MichaelBEnzi-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|float=right|width=300px}}
 +
 
 +
===2014===
 +
{{Mike Enzi 2014 FEC}}
 +
 
 +
====2014 donors====
 +
Enzi has received donations from several big companies and organizations, including Koch Industries PAC, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Time Warner Cable, Pfizer and National Retail Federation. Senators [[Mitch McConnell]] of [[Kentucky]], [[Jim Inhofe]] of [[Oklahoma]] and [[Lindsey Graham]] of [[South Carolina]] have also donated via their leadership PACs.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/07/charles-and-david-koch-mitch-mcconnell-pacs-give-to-mike-enzi-94555.html?hp=r3 ''Politico'', "Koch, McConnell PACs give to Enzi," accessed July 22, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Enzi's supporters formed the Super PAC. "Wyoming's Own," in the wake of Cheney's primary challenge. Co-founder Bill Cubin said, "Liz Cheney can raise a lot of money, and she can raise enough to make this race competitive. The purpose of our PAC is to prevent that." He added, "Our purpose isn’t to throw muck. Enzi is a humble, soft-spoken, hard-working public servant for Wyoming. He along with Sen. (John) Barrasso and Rep. (Cynthia) Lummis are really one of the strongest delegations in Congress. We want to protect that delegation."<ref>[http://trib.com/news/national/govt-and-politics/mike-enzi-supporters-start-first-super-pac-to-fundraise-against/article_323cd523-1ccb-5511-981c-825b63cfe45a.html ''Casper Star Tribune'', "Mike Enzi supporters start first super PAC to fundraise against Liz Cheney," accessed November 25, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===2008===
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Mike Enzi 2008 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Enzi's campaign funds before the 2008 election.]]}}
 +
Enzi won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Enzi's campaign committee raised a total of $2,368,893 and spent $2,131,634.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00006249&cycle=2008 ''Open Secrets'', "Mike Enzi 2008 Election Cycle," accessed November 26, 2011]</ref>
 
{{Congress donor box 2008
 
{{Congress donor box 2008
 
|Chamber = U.S. Senate, Wyoming
 
|Chamber = U.S. Senate, Wyoming
Line 168: Line 348:
 
|inddonor4 = $136,250
 
|inddonor4 = $136,250
 
|inddonor5 = $123,300
 
|inddonor5 = $123,300
 +
|}}
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of four different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
*[[The K-Street Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The K-Street Metric]]
 +
*[[The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric]]
 +
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Rockefeller's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $345,057 to $1,531,000. That averages to '''$938,028.50''', which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Senate members in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Enzi ranked as the 65th most wealthy senator in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00006249&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Enzi, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014]</ref> Between 2004 and 2012, Enzi‘s calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).</ref> increased by an average of 6 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=
 +
|Name =Mike Enzi
 +
|Political Party =Republican
 +
|Year 0 = 2004
 +
|Average 0 = 629604
 +
|2010 = 1159033
 +
|2011 =928531
 +
|2012 =938028
 +
}}
 +
 +
===PGI: Donation Concentration Metric===
 +
:: ''See also: [[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)]]''
 +
 +
Filings required by the [[Federal Election Commission]] report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Enzi received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the ''Pharmaceuticals/Health Products'' industry.
 +
 +
From 1995-2014, '''29.92 percent of Enzi's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.'''<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=Career&type=I&cid=N00006249&newMem=N ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Sen. Mike Enzi," accessed October 2, 2014]</ref>
 +
[[File:Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png|left|179px]]
 +
{{Cong career industries
 +
|party =Republican
 +
|total raised =8269720
 +
|total spent = 6803093
 +
|ind1 =Pharmaceuticals/Health Products
 +
|ind2 =Leadership PACs
 +
|ind3 =Oil & Gas
 +
|ind4 =Health Professionals
 +
|ind5 =Securities & Investment
 +
|inddonor1 =562336
 +
|inddonor2 =518920
 +
|inddonor3 =489933
 +
|inddonor4 =480302
 +
|inddonor5 =423100
 +
|district =
 +
|committee=
 +
|committee2=
 +
|rank =
 +
|rank2=
 
|}}
 
|}}
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
 +
===Like-minded colleagues===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/300041_Michael_Enzi ''OpenCongress'', "Mike Enzi," accessed August 14, 2013]</ref>
 +
{{col-begin}}
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Enzi most often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[John Barrasso]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Joe Manchin]]
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Enzi least often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Susan Collins]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[John Reed]]
 +
{{col-end}}
 +
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-MichaelBEnzi-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
 +
 +
===Ideology and leadership===
 +
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 +
 +
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Enzi is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-right Republican leader]]," as of August 14, 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_enzi/300041 ''GovTrack'', "Mike Enzi," accessed August 14, 2014]</ref> This was the same rating Enzi received in July 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_enzi/300041 ''GovTrack'', "Mike Enzi," accessed July 5, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Enzi missed 120 of 5,170 roll call votes from January 1997 to April 2013. This amounts to 2.3%, which is worse than the median of 1.7% among current senators as of April 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_enzi/300041 ''GovTrack,'' "Enzi," Accessed April 11, 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Enzi missed 125 of 5,623 roll call votes from January 1997 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.2 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.0 percent among current senators as of July 2014.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/michael_enzi/300041 ''GovTrack'', "Enzi," accessed August 14, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Enzi paid his congressional staff a total of $2,157,969 in 2011. He ranks 14th on the list of the lowest paid Republican Senatorial Staff Salaries and he ranks 18th overall of the lowest paid Senatorial Staff Salaries in 2011. Overall, [[Wyoming]] ranks 49th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average [[U.S. Senate]] congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/40/Sen_Mike_Enzi.html LegiStorm "Mike Enzi"]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Enzi paid his congressional staff a total of $2,157,969 in 2011. He ranked 14th on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranked 18th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, [[Wyoming]] ranked 49th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/40/Sen_Mike_Enzi.html ''LegiStorm'', "Mike Enzi"]</ref>
  
===Net worth===
+
===National Journal vote ratings===
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
====2011====
+
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Enzi's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $322,062 and $1,535,000. That averages to $928,531, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Senators in 2011 of $6,358,668. His average net worth decreased by 19.89% from 2010.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00006249&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Enzi, (R-Wyoming), 2011"]</ref>
+
  
====2010====
+
====2013====
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Enzi's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $440,067 and $1,878,000. That averages to $1,159,033.50, which is lower than  the average net worth of Republican Senators in 2010 of $7,054,258.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00006249&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Enzi, (R-WY), 2010"]</ref>
+
Enzi ranked second in the conservative rankings in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," August 14, 2014]</ref>
  
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year.  Enzi ranked 8th in the conservative rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal,'' "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013]</ref>
+
Enzi ranked eighth in the conservative rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
+
Enzi ranked fourth in the conservative rankings in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-senate-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year.  Enzi ranked 4th in the conservative rankings.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-senate-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
 
 +
===Voting with party===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
 +
 
 +
====2014====
 +
{{Congress vote percent
 +
|name=Enzi
 +
|party=Republican
 +
|percent=90.6 percent
 +
|rank=12th
 +
|total=45
 +
|chamber=Senate
 +
|year=August 2014
 +
|RSen=Y
 +
}}
  
===Political positions===
+
====2013====
====Voting with party====
+
=====November 2011=====
+
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
|name=Enzi
 
|name=Enzi
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
|percent=96.5%
+
|percent=91.8 percent
|rank=1
+
|rank=11th
|total=47
+
|total=46
 
|chamber=Senate
 
|chamber=Senate
|year=November 2011
+
|year=June 2013
 
|RSen=Y
 
|RSen=Y
 
}}
 
}}
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:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Mike+Enzi+Wyoming+Senate&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Mike Enzi News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Mike+Enzi+Wyoming+Senate&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Mike Enzi News Feed}}
  
 
==Personal==
 
==Personal==
Enzi is married to Diana Buckley Enzi and has three children and four grandchildren.<ref>[http://enzi.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/aboutsenatorenzi?p=about-mike ''Mike Enzi Official Senate site'' "About Mike," Accessed October 19, 2011]</ref>
+
Enzi is married to Diana Buckley Enzi and has three children and four grandchildren.<ref>[http://enzi.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/aboutsenatorenzi?p=about-mike ''Mike Enzi Official Senate site'', "About Mike," accessed October 19, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
{{CongLinks | congbio = e000285 | rollcall = 541 | votesmart = 558 | govtrack = 300041 | opencong = 300041 | cspan = 45824 | rose = | imdb = nm5355688 | ontheissues = Senate/Michael_Enzi.htm | congress = michael-enzi/1542 | natjournal = 161 | legistorm = 40/Sen_Michael_Bradley_Enzi.html | fec = S6WY00126 | opensecrets = N00006249 | followthemoney = 135062 | factcheck = | politifact = mike-enzi | bloomberg = mike-enzi | nyt = e/michael_b_enzi | wsj = | washpo = gIQAAWfCAP | worldcat = lccn-no2007-152545 | findagrave = | fb = mikeenzi | flickr = | twitter = mikeenzi | youtube = SenatorEnzi | nndb = 241/000032145 | wikipedia = Mike_Enzi | merge=WYSR}}
+
*[http://www.enziforwyoming.com/ Campaign website]
 +
*[http://enzi.senate.gov/public/ Office website]
 +
{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/sen-michael-enzi/558|Name=Michael Enzi}}
 +
{{CongLinks | congbio = e000285 | rollcall = 541 | votesmart = 558 | govtrack = 300041 | opencong = 300041 | cspan = 45824 | rose = | imdb = nm5355688 | ontheissues = Senate/Michael_Enzi.htm | congress = michael-enzi/1542 | natjournal = 161 | legistorm = 40/Sen_Michael_Bradley_Enzi.html | fec = S6WY00126 | opensecrets = N00006249 | followthemoney = 135062 | assets = mike-enzi | factcheck = | politifact = mike-enzi | bloomberg = mike-enzi | nyt = e/michael_b_enzi | wsj = | washpo = gIQAAWfCAP | worldcat = lccn-no2007-152545 | findagrave = | fb = mikeenzi | flickr = | twitter = mikeenzi | youtube = SenatorEnzi | nndb = 241/000032145 | wikipedia = Mike_Enzi | merge=WYSR}}
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
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{{start box}}
 
{{start box}}
 
{{s-off}}
 
{{s-off}}
{{succession box | before =  Alan K. Simpson|title = [[U.S. Senate]] - Wyoming | years = 1997-Present | after = -}}
+
{{succession box | before =  Alan K. Simpson|title = [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] - Wyoming | years = 1997-Present | after = -}}
 
{{end box}}
 
{{end box}}
  
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[[category:113th Congress]]
 
[[category:113th Congress]]
 
[[Category:Wyoming]]
 
[[Category:Wyoming]]
 +
<!--2014 categories-->
 +
{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. Senate|Primary=W|General=W}}

Latest revision as of 10:40, 6 November 2014

Mike Enzi
Mike Enzi.jpg
U.S. Senate, Wyoming
Incumbent
In office
1997-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 17
PartyRepublican
PredecessorAlan K. Simpson (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
First electedNovember 5, 1996
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Wyoming State Senate
1991-1996
Wyoming House of Representatives
1987-1991
Mayor of Gillette, WY
1975-1982
Education
High schoolSheridan High School
Bachelor'sGeorge Washington University
Master'sDenver University
Military service
Service/branchNational Guard
Years of service1967-1973
Personal
BirthdayFebruary 1, 1944
Place of birthBremerton, WA
Net worth$938,028.50
ReligionPresbyterian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Michael B. "Mike" Enzi (b. February 1, 1944, in Bremerton, WA) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Wyoming. He was first elected to the Senate in 1996.

Enzi won re-election to the United States Senate on November 4, 2014.[1] He defeated four challengers in the August 19 Republican primary.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Enzi is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.

Biography

Enzi graduated from Sheridan High School. After earning his bachelor's in accounting from George Washington University and his MBA from Denver University, Enzi operated family-owned shoe stores in Wyoming and Montana. He also served in the National Guard for six years.[3] Prior to his election to the U.S. Senate, Enzi served in the Wyoming House of Representatives and the Wyoming State Senate.[4]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Enzi's political career:[4]

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Enzi serves on the following Senate committees:[5]:

2011-2012

Enzi served on the following Senate committees:[6]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Enzi's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Nay3.png Enzi voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[9]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists criticized President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[10][11][12]

According to the website Breitbart, Enzi was one of 30 Republican senators who did not support the filibuster.[13][14]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[15]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[16] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[17] Enzi joined with 19 other Republican senators in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[18][19] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[19] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[20] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Enzi voted with 25 other Republican members against the bill.[18][19]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Enzi voted with the Republican Party against the bill.[22]

Enzi said he would return his earnings to the U.S. Treasury.[23]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Nay3.png Enzi voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[24]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Mexico-U.S. border

Yea3.png Enzi voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[25]

Healthcare

Affordable Care Act

David Vitter (R-La) introduced Senate Bill 1497 on September 12, 2013, to expand the required coverage by state health insurance exchange, American Health Benefit Exchange, from members of Congress and their staff to also include the president, vice-president, executive branch political appointees and employees of congressional committees and leadership offices of Congress. It also prohibited any government contribution to or subsidy of this coverage. It was originally co-sponsored by Enzi, Dean Heller, Mike Lee, Ron Johnson and Jim Inhofe. Ted Cruz joined in on September 17, 2013.[26]

Vitter's bill was a response to the U.S. Office of Personnel Management ruling that allows members of Congress and their staff to keep their insurance subsidies provided by the government. The federal agency issued a proposed rule in August 2013. After a comment period, a final rule was issued and became effective October 2, 2013.[27][28]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Nay3.png Enzi voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[29]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Enzi voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[30]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Enzi's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Enzi is a Moderate Conservative. Enzi received a score of 38 percent on social issues and 60 percent on economic issues.[31]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[32]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Opposes Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Opposes Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[31]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Mike Enzi endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [33]

Involvement in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

According to a report by The Hill in September 2013, Enzi was undecided on intervening in Syria, while Liz Cheney was among four Republican Senate candidates who had come out against it.[34] Enzi blasted Cheney for her statements on Syria, telling POLITICO, "I never try to judge another person, particularly an opponent, but my dad always said, ‘If you want to see what somebody’s going to do, look and see what they’ve done before.' And this is kind of a turnaround from what she’s done before. I try to stay a bit more consistent than that."[35]

Cheney responded to Enzi's comments saying, "he lacks experience in national security and foreign policy so it isn’t surprising he would fail to make distinctions between a misguided attack on Syria and military operations that are necessary to defend the security of the nation."[35]

Elections

2014

See also: United States Senate elections in Wyoming, 2014

Enzi won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Charlie Hardy (D), independent Curt Gottshall and Libertarian Joe Porambo in the general election on November 4, 2014. Enzi defeated four challengers in the August 19 Republican primary.[2]

Election results

General election
U.S. Senate, Wyoming General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMike Enzi Incumbent 72.2% 121,554
     Democratic Charlie Hardy 17.4% 29,377
     Independent Curt Gottshall 7.9% 13,311
     Libertarian Joe Porambo 2.2% 3,677
     N/A Write-in 0.3% 471
Total Votes 168,390
Source: Wyoming Secretary of State
Republican primary
U.S. Senate, Wyoming Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMike Enzi Incumbent 81.8% 77,965
Bryan Miller 9.8% 9,330
James Gregory 3.9% 3,740
Thomas Bleming 2.6% 2,504
Arthur Clifton 1.5% 1,403
Write-in 0.4% 346
Total Votes 95,288
Source: Wyoming Secretary of State

Race background

Liz Cheney announced she was running for the seat Enzi currently holds, but she dropped out of the race after one of her children developed a serious health issue. Following Cheney's announcement in January 2014, Enzi asked for prayers for Cheney and her family. Enzi also mentioned Cheney had called to inform him of her decision. He said he wasn't sure if she was going to endorse him or not. He said, "I’d like for anybody to endorse me in the campaign — everybody to endorse me in the campaign, but you know she’s got other things on her mind. This was critical enough that she pulled of a race, so I’m not pressing for anything at this point."[36]

Enzi spoke in September 2013 at the New York Meeting, which is a meeting of conservative activists and donors.[37]

Primary vulnerability

Enzi was named by National Journal as one of the top five incumbent senators at risk of losing his or her primary election. Four of the five most vulnerable senators were Republican.[38]

Endorsements

  • Sen. Rand Paul endorsed Enzi over Cheney before she dropped out of the race. Paul said, "I am a friend of Sen. Enzi and while we aren’t exactly the same, I consider him a good conservative."[39]
  • Sen. Jerry Moran, the National Republican Senatorial Committee Chairman announced the official party body will support Enzi and several Senators have followed suit, including Wyoming Senator John Barrasso.
  • Sen. John McCain endorsed Enzi.[40]
  • Former Sen. Olympia Snowe endorsed Enzi. She stated:
    • "There is no reason to challenge him. What is the basis? That he’s not working hard enough? He’s working very hard. That he’s not conservative enough? I think it’s regrettable.”[41]
  • Sen. Orrin Hatch endorsed Enzi. He stated:
    • “I don’t know why in the world she’s [Cheney] doing this." Enzi is “honest and decent, hard-working; he’s got very important positions in the Senate. He’s highly respected. And these are all things that would cause anybody to say: ‘Why would anybody run against him?’”[42]
  • Sen John Cornyn endorsed Enzi, although he said he liked Cheney, as well. He reasoned:
    • “This is about getting the majority in the Senate. And we have to support our friends and people who have done a good job.”[42]

Controversies

Healthcare

In August 2013, Liz Cheney called on Enzi, among other congressional members, to renounce the agreement allowing the government to subsidize part of the health care premiums for Congressional members and their staff. Cheney said, "The hypocrisy is stunning. But all too typical of how Congress works. Members cut special deals for themselves so they don’t feel the pain their laws inflict on the general public. That’s one of the reasons I’m running for the Senate — to end this self-serving, behind the scenes deal-making." Enzi's campaign spokesperson responded, "Senator Enzi has already opposed it and the other exemptions and delays for businesses, insurance companies etc. Senator Enzi will continue his efforts to defund and dismantle Obamacare. He’ll make decisions about his own health care without help from candidate Cheney."[43]

Churchill controversy

Enzi blasted Cheney for comments she made in September 2013. According to the Jackson Hole News and Guide, Cheney "compared herself to Winston Churchill standing up to Adolf Hitler" in a speech to her supporters on September 3, 2013.[44] Enzi referred to these comments in a interview with POLITICO. He said, "I had a lot of people who got ahold of me, and said, was she relating you to Adolf Hitler? So I certainly hope not…that’s a pretty strong statement to make against anybody, and it also called up some credibility on the Winston Churchill part too … If I’m involved in it, it was a terrible analogy, and probably one that deserved an apology."[35]

Cheney offered clarification on her analogy following Enzi's comments. She explained, "The historical analogy was not a comparison of anyone to past figures. My point is that there are turning points in the lives of nations. The spring of 1940 was one such moment, Reagan’s election in 1980 was another. These are moments of decision that determine the future of freedom, and I believe now is one of them."[35]

Dick Cheney friendship

Enzi responded to Dick Cheney's claim that he shares no friendship with Enzi. According to Enzi, they share a love of fishing. Enzi said, "I anchored the One Fly Fishing Contest with him one time, and I was asked to speak at his induction in the fly fishing Hall of Fame. And we’ve talked about fishing when we’ve been together." Enzi also pointed out that when he was a mayor, Cheney was serving as his U.S. Representative.[45]

Compromise

Although Liz Cheney criticized Enzi for compromising in Washington, not everyone in Wyoming saw that as a problem. State Senator Charles Scott explained, "Ms. Cheney, when she started out, criticized [Enzi] for being willing to compromise with the Democrats. A lot of people out here thought, ‘Jeez, the problem with Washington is they won’t compromise when they need to.’"[46]

Polls

General Election
Poll Mike Enzi Charlie HardyOther/UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Rasmussen Reports
September 20 - October 1, 2014
75%17%8%+/-7264
Rasmussen Reports
August 20-21, 2014
63%27%10%+/-4700
AVERAGES 69% 22% 9% +/-5.5 482
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

A July 17-18, 2013 poll conducted by Harper Polling, found that Wyoming Republican voters favored Enzi 55 percent to Cheney's 21 percent. The poll found that both candidates had near universal name recognition in the state. This poll indicated that Cheney would have faced an uphill battle for the seat, if she had stayed in the race. Enzi had a 73 percent approval rating at the time of the poll, and 38 percent polled said that they had heard of Cheney but had no opinion of her.[47]

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Enzi attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor information for Enzi is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Enzi raised a total of $3,808,218 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.[51]

Mike Enzi's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2008 U.S. Senate (Wyoming) Won $2,368,893
2002 U.S. Senate (Wyoming) Won $1,439,325
Grand Total Raised $3,808,218

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Enzi's reports.[52]

Mike Enzi (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[53]April 14, 2013$275,211.00$163,915.68$(63,230.56)$375,896.12
July Quarterly[54]July 15, 2013$375,896.12$171,290.52$(59,036.10)$488,150.54
October Quarterly[55]October 15, 2013$488,150.54$848,311.48$(127,053.13)$1,209,408.89
Year-end[56]January 31, 2014$1,209,408$987,352$(369,036)$1,827,725
Running totals
$2,170,869.68$(618,355.79)

2014 donors

Enzi has received donations from several big companies and organizations, including Koch Industries PAC, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Time Warner Cable, Pfizer and National Retail Federation. Senators Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, Jim Inhofe of Oklahoma and Lindsey Graham of South Carolina have also donated via their leadership PACs.[57]

Enzi's supporters formed the Super PAC. "Wyoming's Own," in the wake of Cheney's primary challenge. Co-founder Bill Cubin said, "Liz Cheney can raise a lot of money, and she can raise enough to make this race competitive. The purpose of our PAC is to prevent that." He added, "Our purpose isn’t to throw muck. Enzi is a humble, soft-spoken, hard-working public servant for Wyoming. He along with Sen. (John) Barrasso and Rep. (Cynthia) Lummis are really one of the strongest delegations in Congress. We want to protect that delegation."[58]

2008


Enzi won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Enzi's campaign committee raised a total of $2,368,893 and spent $2,131,634.[59]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Rockefeller's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $345,057 to $1,531,000. That averages to $938,028.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Senate members in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Enzi ranked as the 65th most wealthy senator in 2012.[60] Between 2004 and 2012, Enzi‘s calculated net worth[61] increased by an average of 6 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[62]

Mike Enzi Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$629,604
2012$938,028
Growth from 2004 to 2012:49%
Average annual growth:6%[63]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[64]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Enzi received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Pharmaceuticals/Health Products industry.

From 1995-2014, 29.92 percent of Enzi's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[65]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Mike Enzi Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $8,269,720
Total Spent $6,803,093
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Pharmaceuticals/Health Products$562,336
Leadership PACs$518,920
Oil & Gas$489,933
Health Professionals$480,302
Securities & Investment$423,100
% total in top industry6.8%
% total in top two industries13.07%
% total in top five industries29.92%

Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[66]

Enzi most often votes with:

Enzi least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Enzi is a "far-right Republican leader," as of August 14, 2014.[67] This was the same rating Enzi received in July 2013.[68]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Enzi missed 125 of 5,623 roll call votes from January 1997 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.2 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.0 percent among current senators as of July 2014.[69]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Enzi paid his congressional staff a total of $2,157,969 in 2011. He ranked 14th on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranked 18th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Wyoming ranked 49th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[70]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Enzi ranked second in the conservative rankings in 2013.[71]

2012

Enzi ranked eighth in the conservative rankings in 2012.[72]

2011

Enzi ranked fourth in the conservative rankings in 2011.[73]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Enzi voted with the Republican Party 90.6 percent of the time, which ranked 12th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of August 2014.[74]

2013

Enzi voted with the Republican Party 91.8 percent of the time, which ranked 11th among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[75]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Mike + Enzi + Wyoming + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Mike Enzi News Feed

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Personal

Enzi is married to Diana Buckley Enzi and has three children and four grandchildren.[76]

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Michael Enzi


References

  1. Politico, "Mike Enzi attending New York Meeting," accessed August 14, 2013
  2. 2.0 2.1 Associated Press, "Wyoming - Summary Vote Results," accessed August 19, 2014
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Michael B. Enzi," accessed October 19, 2011
  4. 4.0 4.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Mike Enzi," accessed July 5, 2013
  5. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  6. Mike Enzi Official Senate site, "Committee Assignments," accessed October 19, 2011
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  10. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  11. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  12. ABC News, "Rand Paul wins applause from GOP and liberals," March 7, 2013
  13. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet the GOP senators who refused to stand with Rand," March 7, 2013
  14. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  15. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  16. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  21. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  22. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  26. Congress.gov, "S.1497 - No Exemption for Washington from Obamacare Act," accessed October 15, 2013
  27. Regulations.gov, "Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: Members of Congress and Congressional Staff," October 2, 2013
  28. Forbes, "Congressmen Rejoice! Govt. To Subsidize Their Health Insurance Through Obamacare's Exchanges," August 2, 2013
  29. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  30. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 On The Issues, "Enzi Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  32. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  33. PoliticalNews.me, "Senators Mike Enzi and John Barrasso Endorse Mitt Romney," April 14, 2012
  34. Politico, "Senate primary challengers target GOP incumbents on Syria strikes," September 8, 2013
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 POLITICO, "Mike Enzi: Liz Cheney’s Syria stance a reversal," accessed September 17, 2013
  36. Roll Call, "Enzi Encourages Prayers for Cheney Family After High-Fives on Senate Floor (Video)," accessed January 7, 2014
  37. Politico, "Mike Enzi attending New York Meeting," accessed August 14, 2013
  38. National Journal, "Ranking the Top 5 Senators Vulnerable in 2014 Primaries," accessed December 31, 2013
  39. Politico, "Rand Paul: I’ve got Mike Enzi’s back vs. Liz Cheney," accessed July 12, 2013
  40. Huffington Post, "John McCain Endorses Mike Enzi (VIDEO)," accessed July 20, 2013
  41. Politico, "Olympia Snowe: Liz Cheney challenge to Mike Enzi ‘unfortunate,’" accessed July 23, 2013
  42. 42.0 42.1 Politico, "GOP senators to Liz Cheney: We like Mike Enzi," accessed July 29, 2013
  43. Politico, "Liz Cheney: Mike Enzi should ‘renounce’ deal," accessed August 13, 2013
  44. Jackson Hole News and Guide, "Cheney knocks Obama, papers," accessed September 17, 2013
  45. Politico, "Mike Enzi says VP Dick Cheney telling fish tales," accessed October 29, 2013
  46. Roll Call, "For Wyoming, Cheney Sisters' Squabble Over Same-Sex Marriage Barely Registers," accessed November 21, 2013
  47. Politico, "Poll: Mike Enzi crushing Liz Cheney in Wyo.," accessed July 29, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Elections of November 4, 2008," accessed October 19, 2011
  49. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  50. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  51. Open Secrets, "Donor history for Mike Enzi," accessed April 25, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Enzi 2014 Summary reports," accessed August 2, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed August 2, 2013
  54. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed August 2, 2013
  55. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 30, 2013
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Year-End Report," accessed February 19, 2014
  57. Politico, "Koch, McConnell PACs give to Enzi," accessed July 22, 2013
  58. Casper Star Tribune, "Mike Enzi supporters start first super PAC to fundraise against Liz Cheney," accessed November 25, 2013
  59. Open Secrets, "Mike Enzi 2008 Election Cycle," accessed November 26, 2011
  60. OpenSecrets, "Enzi, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  61. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  62. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  63. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  64. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  65. OpenSecrets.org, "Sen. Mike Enzi," accessed October 2, 2014
  66. OpenCongress, "Mike Enzi," accessed August 14, 2013
  67. GovTrack, "Mike Enzi," accessed August 14, 2014
  68. GovTrack, "Mike Enzi," accessed July 5, 2013
  69. GovTrack, "Enzi," accessed August 14, 2014
  70. LegiStorm, "Mike Enzi"
  71. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," August 14, 2014
  72. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  73. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012
  74. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  75. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  76. Mike Enzi Official Senate site, "About Mike," accessed October 19, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Alan K. Simpson
U.S. Senate - Wyoming
1997-Present
Succeeded by
-