|U.S. Senate, Wyoming|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||17|
|Predecessor||Alan K. Simpson (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 4, 2008|
|First elected||November 5, 1996|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|Wyoming State Senate|
|Wyoming House of Representatives|
|Mayor of Gillette, WY|
|High school||Sheridan High School|
|Bachelor's||George Washington University|
|Years of service||1967-1973|
|Birthday||February 1, 1944|
|Place of birth||Bremerton, WA|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Issues
- 5 Elections
- 6 Polls
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Analysis
- 9 Recent news
- 10 Personal
- 11 External links
- 12 References
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Enzi is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.
After earning his bachelor's in accounting from George Washington University and his M.B.A. from Denver University, Enzi operated family-owned shoe stores in Wyoming and Montana. He also served for six years in the National Guard.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Enzi's academic, professional and political career:
- 1996-present: U.S. senator from Wyoming
- 1991-1996: Wyoming State Senate
- 1987-1991: Wyoming House of Representatives
- 1975-1982: Mayor of Gillette, WY
Enzi serves on the following Senate committees:
- Budget Committee
- Finance Committee
- The Subcommittee on Energy, Natural Resources, and Infrastructure
- The Subcommittee on Taxation and IRS Oversight Ranking Members
- The Subcommittee on Healthcare
- Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
- Subcommittee on Emergency Management, Intergovernmental Relations, and the District of Columbia
- Subcommittee on the Efficiency and Effectiveness of Federal Programs and the Federal Workforce
- Subcommittee on Financial and Contracting Oversight
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
- Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee
- Subcommittee on Primary Health and Aging
- Subcommittee on Employment and Workplace Safety
- Subcommittee on Children and Families (Ranking Member)
Enzi was a member of the following Senate committees:
- Budget Committee
- Finance Committee
- Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Ranking Member
- Subcommittee on Children and Families Ex Officio Member
- Subcommittee on Employment and Workplace Safety Ex Officio Member
- Subcommittee on Retirement and Aging Ex Officio Member
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
Enzi voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89/8 vote on January 1, 2013.
On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists have been critical that President Obama did not offer a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.
The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."
Enzi announced July 16, 2013 that he is running for re-election in 2014. Liz Cheney also announced she is running for the seat Enzi currently holds, which would set up a Republican primary. Enzi will be speaking in September 2013 at the New York Meeting, which is a meeting of conservative activists and donors.The general election takes place November 4, 2014.
- Sen. Rand Paul said that he endorses Enzi over Liz Cheney, citing unfamiliarity with Cheney's political positions. Paul went on to say, "I am a friend of Sen. Enzi and while we aren’t exactly the same, I consider him a good conservative."
- Sen. Jerry Moran, the National Republican Senatorial Committee Chairman announced the official party body will support Enzi and several Senators have followed suit, including Wyoming Senator John Barrasso. Enzi has not been aggressively fundraising as the Senate race was expected to be safe. He raised $171,000 in the second quarter and ended June with $488,000 cash on hand.
- Sen. John McCain has also endorsed Enzi.
- Former Sen. Olympia Snowe adds to a growing list of Enzi supporters. She stated:
- "There is no reason to challenge him. What is the basis? That he’s not working hard enough? He’s working very hard. That he’s not conservative enough? I think it’s regrettable.”
- Sen. Orrin Hatch has endorsed Enzi. He stated:
- “I don’t know why in the world she’s doing this." Enzi is “honest and decent, hard-working; he’s got very important positions in the Senate. He’s highly respected. And these are all things that would cause anybody to say: ‘Why would anybody run against him?’”
- Sen John Cornyn is also throwing his support behind Enzi, although he likes Cheney as well. He reasoned:
- “This is about getting the majority in the Senate. And we have to support our friends and people who have done a good job.”
In August 2013, Liz Cheney called on Enzi, among other congressional members, to renounce the agreement allowing the government to subsidize part of the health care premiums for Congressional members and their staff. Cheney says, "The hypocrisy is stunning," she said in a statement."But all too typical of how Congress works. Members cut special deals for themselves so they don’t feel the pain their laws inflict on the general public. That’s one of the reasons I’m running for the Senate — to end this self-serving, behind the scenes deal-making." Enzi's campaign spokesperson responded, "Senator Enzi has already opposed it and the other exemptions and delays for businesses, insurance companies etc. Senator Enzi will continue his efforts to defund and dismantle Obamacare. He’ll make decisions about his own health care without help from candidate Cheney."
To view the full congressional electoral history for Mike Enzi, click [show] to expand the section.
A July 17-18, 2013 poll conducted by Harper Polling, found that Wyoming Republican voters favor Enzi 55% to Cheney's 21%. The poll found that both candidates have near universal name recognition in the state. This poll indicates Cheney faces an uphill battle for the seat--Enzi has a 73% approval rating. 38% polled said that they had heard of Cheney, but had no opinion of her.
Comprehensive donor information for Enzi is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Enzi raised a total of $3,808,218 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.
|Mike Enzi's Campaign Contribution History|
|2008||U.S. Senate (Wyoming)||$2,368,893|
|2002||U.S. Senate (Wyoming)||$1,439,325|
|Grand Total Raised||$3,808,218|
Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Enzi's reports.
|Mike Enzi (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
Enzi so far has received donations from several big companies and organizations, including Koch Industries PAC, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Time Warner Cable, Pfizer and National Retail Federation. Senators Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, Jim Inhofe of Oklahoma and Lindsey Graham of South Carolina have also donated via their leadership PACs.
Enzi won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Enzi's campaign committee raised a total of $2,368,893 and spent $2,131,634.
|U.S. Senate, Wyoming, 2008 - Mike Enzi Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$32,326|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$27,258|
|Top contributors to Mike Enzi's campaign committee|
|Blue Cross/Blue Shield||$17,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$153,100|
|Oil & Gas||$123,300|
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Enzi most often votes with:
Enzi least often votes with:
Ideology and leadership
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Enzi missed 120 of 5,170 roll call votes from January 1997 to April 2013. This amounts to 2.3%, which is worse than the median of 1.7% among current senators as of April 2013.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Enzi paid his congressional staff a total of $2,157,969 in 2011. He ranks 14th on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranks 18th overall of the lowest paid Senatorial Staff Salaries in 2011. Overall, Wyoming ranks 49th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Enzi's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $322,062 and $1,535,000. That averages to $928,531, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Senators in 2011 of $6,358,668. His average net worth decreased by 19.89% from 2010.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Enzi's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $440,067 and $1,878,000. That averages to $1,159,033.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Senators in 2010 of $7,054,258.
National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Enzi ranked 8th in the conservative rankings in 2012.
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Enzi ranked 4th in the conservative rankings.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Enzi has voted with the Republican Party 91.8% of the time, which ranked 11th among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Mike + Enzi + Wyoming + Senate
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
Enzi is married to Diana Buckley Enzi and has three children and four grandchildren.
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Financial (state level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Works by or about:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Mike Enzi," Accessed July 5, 2013
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress "Michael B. Enzi," Accessed October 19, 2011
- Congressional Quarterly "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 22, 2013
- Mike Enzi Official Senate site "Committee Assignments," Accessed October 19, 2011
- PoliticalNews.me, "Senators Mike Enzi and John Barrasso Endorse Mitt Romney," April 14, 2012
- U.S. Senate "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
- CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
- USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
- ABC News, "Rand Paul wins applause from GOP and liberals," March 7, 2013
- Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet the GOP senators who refused to stand with Rand," March 7, 2013
- Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
- Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
- Politico, "Mike Enzi attending New York Meeting," Accessed August 14, 2013
- Politico "Rand Paul: I’ve got Mike Enzi’s back vs. Liz Cheney," Accessed July 12, 2013
- Politico "Liz Cheney announces Senate bid," Accessed July 16, 2013
- Huffington Post "John McCain Endorses Mike Enzi (VIDEO)," Accessed July 20, 2013
- Politico, "Olympia Snowe: Liz Cheney challenge to Mike Enzi ‘unfortunate,’" Accessed July 23, 2013
- Politico "GOP senators to Liz Cheney: We like Mike Enzi," Accessed July 29, 2013
- Politico, "Liz Cheney: Mike Enzi should ‘renounce’ deal," Accessed August 13, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Elections of November 4, 2008," accessed October 19, 2011
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
- Politico "Poll: Mike Enzi crushing Liz Cheney in Wyo.," Accessed July 29, 2013
- Open Secrets "Donor history for Mike Enzi" Accessed April 25, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Enzi 2014 Summary reports," Accessed August 2, 2013
- FEC "April Quarterly," Accessed August 2, 2013
- FEC "July Quarterly," Accessed August 2, 2013
- Politico "Koch, McConnell PACs give to Enzi," Accessed July 22, 2013
- Open Secrets "Mike Enzi 2008 Election Cycle," Accessed November 26, 2011
- OpenCongress, "Mike Enzi," Accessed August 8, 2013
- Gov Track "Mike Enzi," Accessed July 5, 2013
- GovTrack, "Enzi," Accessed April 11, 2013
- LegiStorm "Mike Enzi"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Enzi, (R-Wyoming), 2011"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Enzi, (R-WY), 2010"
- National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," February 23, 2012
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
- Mike Enzi Official Senate site "About Mike," Accessed October 19, 2011
Alan K. Simpson
|U.S. Senate - Wyoming
| Succeeded by|