Difference between revisions of "Mississippi school districts"

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**Vacant, ''First Supreme Court District Representative''
 
**Vacant, ''First Supreme Court District Representative''
 
**Dr. John R. Kelly, ''Second Supreme Court District Representative''
 
**Dr. John R. Kelly, ''Second Supreme Court District Representative''
**Simon F. Weir, II, ''Third Supreme Court District Representative''
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**Vacant, ''Third Supreme Court District Representative''
  
 
===Statistics===
 
===Statistics===
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===Jackson County school resource officers===
 
===Jackson County school resource officers===
 
After receiving a state grant, [[Jackson County School District, Mississippi|Jackson County School District]] hired three armed police officers to provide security in its schools, which began in the 2013-2014 school year.<ref name=resource>[http://oceansprings.wlox.com/news/news/83423-armed-officers-start-patrolling-jackson-county-schools ''WLOX,'' "Armed officers start patrolling Jackson County schools," August 7, 2013]</ref> Following the decision, Superintendent Barry Amacker explained, "They'll be very quickly available if a situation arises or just being there to be visible. It's always great to have a presence of law enforcement in your building."<ref name=resource/> Jackson County Sheriff Mike Byrd added, "It was a need... They will have full arrest powers. They are certified law enforcement officers, and this is going to curtail we hope any problems that may arise in the future. ...With everything that's happening in the country, even the state that we've had happen, it's imperative that we be proactive rather than reactive."<ref name=resource/>
 
After receiving a state grant, [[Jackson County School District, Mississippi|Jackson County School District]] hired three armed police officers to provide security in its schools, which began in the 2013-2014 school year.<ref name=resource>[http://oceansprings.wlox.com/news/news/83423-armed-officers-start-patrolling-jackson-county-schools ''WLOX,'' "Armed officers start patrolling Jackson County schools," August 7, 2013]</ref> Following the decision, Superintendent Barry Amacker explained, "They'll be very quickly available if a situation arises or just being there to be visible. It's always great to have a presence of law enforcement in your building."<ref name=resource/> Jackson County Sheriff Mike Byrd added, "It was a need... They will have full arrest powers. They are certified law enforcement officers, and this is going to curtail we hope any problems that may arise in the future. ...With everything that's happening in the country, even the state that we've had happen, it's imperative that we be proactive rather than reactive."<ref name=resource/>
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==State law==
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===School board composition===
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Mississippi school board members are generally elected by residents of the school district, although some school board members for municipal separate school districts are appointed and confirmed by the local mayor, city council or board of aldermen. Mississippi school board elections typically follow the '''district''' method. In district elections, only voters residing in a specific geographic area within the school district may vote on certain candidates, who must also reside in that specific geographic area.
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Most school boards consist of five members, although there are a few exceptions with six or seven members. School board members serve five-year terms, except for county school districts and two special municipal school districts whose board members serve six-year terms.<ref>[http://www.msbaonline.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=nhIz64k4GvA%3d&tabid=323 ''Mississippi School Boards Association,'' "So You Want To Be A School Board Member: A Guide for Candidates," accessed July 9, 2014]</ref>
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===District types===
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Mississippi contains five types of [[Public school district (United States)|school districts]]:<ref>[http://www2.census.gov/govs/cog/2007/ms.pdf ''United State Census Bureau,'' "Mississippi," accessed July 9, 2014]</ref>
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*'''Municipal separate''' districts include the area of a municipality and possibly added territory beyond that municipality. Municipal separate districts have not been authorized since 1987, but those districts that existed before that time may still operate unless abolished by the county board of education or the district's own board of education, if petitioned to do so by residents.
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*'''Special municipal separate''' districts are municipal separate districts in which the added territory contains at least a quarter of the district's students.
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*'''County''' districts include all of the territory in a county, except for any territory possessed by a municipal separate district.
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*'''Consolidated''' districts include portions of a county that are not possessed by either a county school district or a municipal separate district.
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*'''Consolidated line''' districts are similar to consolidated districts but possess territory in multiple counties.
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===Term limits===
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Mississippi does not impose statewide term limits on school board members. [[Mississippi State Senate|State Senator]] [[Sollie Norwood]] (D) introduced SB 2635 on January 20, 2014, which would have created term limits for all municipal separate school districts, but the bill died in committee on February 4, 2014.<ref>[http://billstatus.ls.state.ms.us/2014/pdf/history/SB/SB2635.xml ''Mississippi Legislature,'' "Senate Bill 2635," accessed July 9, 2014]</ref>
  
 
==School board elections==
 
==School board elections==

Revision as of 19:09, 9 July 2014

K-12 Education in Mississippi
Flag of Mississippi.png
Education facts
State Superintendent: Carey Wright
Number of students: 490,619[1]
Number of teachers: 32,007
Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:15.3
Number of school districts: 163
Number of schools: 1,069
Graduation rate: 75%[2]
Per-pupil spending: $7,928[3]
See also
Mississippi Department of Education
Mississippi school districts
List of school districts in Mississippi
Mississippi
School boards portal
Policypedia
Education policy logo.jpg
Education policy project
Public education in the United States
Public education in Mississippi
Glossary of education terms

Mississippi is home to 163 school districts, 1,069 schools and 490,619 K-12 students.[4][5][6]

Quick facts

State school administrators

  • State Board of Education[7]
    • Dr. O. Wayne Gann, Chair, At-Large Member
    • William Harold Jones, At-Large Member
    • Rosemary G. Aultman, At-Large Member
    • Charles McClelland, At-Large Member
    • Richard Morrison, Administrator Representative
    • Kami Bumgarner, Teacher Representative
    • Vacant, First Supreme Court District Representative
    • Dr. John R. Kelly, Second Supreme Court District Representative
    • Vacant, Third Supreme Court District Representative

Statistics

The following table displays the state's top 10 school districts by total student enrollment and Mississippi Curriculum Test scores for eighth grade students.[6][8]

Student enrollment MCT2 Grade 8 scores
1.) DeSoto County 1.) Long Beach
2.) Jackson 2.) Enterprise
3.) Rankin County 3.) Pass Christian
4.) Harrison County 4.) Pontotoc City
5.) Madison County 5.) Ocean Springs
6.) Jackson County 6.) Petal
7.) Lamar County 7.) Madison County
8.) Vicksburg-Warren 8.) Tishomingo County
9.) Jones County 9.) Booneville
10.) Tupelo 10.) Union

Demographics

See also: Demographic information for all students in all 50 states

The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in Mississippi as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.[9]

Demographic information for Mississippi's K-12 public school system
Ethnicity Students State Percentage United States Percentage**
American Indian 958 0.20% 1.10%
Asian 4,666 0.95% 4.68%
African American 243,438 49.62% 15.68%
Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. students 162 0.03% 0.42%
Hispanic 12,609 2.57% 24.37%
White 225,743 46.01% 51.21%
Two or more 3,043 0.62% 2.54%
**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.

In the news

State test cheating allegations

The Mississippi Department of Education is investigating Clarksdale Municipal School District and potentially other school districts to determine the cause of irregularities in their standardized test scores. In May 2014, The Clarion-Ledger published a report alleging that irregular test scores by students in Heidelberg Elementary School in Clarksdale indicated the existence of significant cheating. The newspaper's report included claims from both students and teachers supporting the claim. The state department hired Caveon Test Security in the same month to investigate the allegations. After a second report by the newspaper revealed irregularities in other districts over a five-year span, Superintendent of Education Carey Wright spoke to lawmakers in the Mississippi State Legislature to announce that the department could launch additional investigations in these other districts.

Although Superintendent Wright agreed that educators discovered to be involved in this scandal would face the loss of their jobs and licenses, Mississippi House Education Committee Chair John Moore (R) argued that they should also face jail time and fines for what he considers "absolute fraud." Rep. Chuck Espy (D) insisted that not all of the blame should fall on teachers if they were involved with cheating, since, "The measure of a great teacher is not a test, but their jobs are based solely on the [Quality Distribution Index] and the [Mississippi Curriculum Test]."[10][11]

Jackson County school resource officers

After receiving a state grant, Jackson County School District hired three armed police officers to provide security in its schools, which began in the 2013-2014 school year.[12] Following the decision, Superintendent Barry Amacker explained, "They'll be very quickly available if a situation arises or just being there to be visible. It's always great to have a presence of law enforcement in your building."[12] Jackson County Sheriff Mike Byrd added, "It was a need... They will have full arrest powers. They are certified law enforcement officers, and this is going to curtail we hope any problems that may arise in the future. ...With everything that's happening in the country, even the state that we've had happen, it's imperative that we be proactive rather than reactive."[12]

State law

School board composition

Mississippi school board members are generally elected by residents of the school district, although some school board members for municipal separate school districts are appointed and confirmed by the local mayor, city council or board of aldermen. Mississippi school board elections typically follow the district method. In district elections, only voters residing in a specific geographic area within the school district may vote on certain candidates, who must also reside in that specific geographic area.

Most school boards consist of five members, although there are a few exceptions with six or seven members. School board members serve five-year terms, except for county school districts and two special municipal school districts whose board members serve six-year terms.[13]

District types

Mississippi contains five types of school districts:[14]

  • Municipal separate districts include the area of a municipality and possibly added territory beyond that municipality. Municipal separate districts have not been authorized since 1987, but those districts that existed before that time may still operate unless abolished by the county board of education or the district's own board of education, if petitioned to do so by residents.
  • Special municipal separate districts are municipal separate districts in which the added territory contains at least a quarter of the district's students.
  • County districts include all of the territory in a county, except for any territory possessed by a municipal separate district.
  • Consolidated districts include portions of a county that are not possessed by either a county school district or a municipal separate district.
  • Consolidated line districts are similar to consolidated districts but possess territory in multiple counties.

Term limits

Mississippi does not impose statewide term limits on school board members. State Senator Sollie Norwood (D) introduced SB 2635 on January 20, 2014, which would have created term limits for all municipal separate school districts, but the bill died in committee on February 4, 2014.[15]

School board elections

Upcoming elections

See also: Mississippi school board elections, 2014

A total of five Mississippi school districts among America's largest school districts by enrollment will hold elections in 2014 for eight seats. Each district has scheduled elections on November 4, 2014.

Here are several quick facts about Mississippi's school board elections in 2014:

  • The largest school district by enrollment with an election in 2014 is DeSoto County School District with 31,916 K-12 students.
  • The smallest school district by enrollment with an election in 2014 is Lamar County School District with 9,251 K-12 students.
  • Lamar County School District has the most seats on the ballot in 2014 with three seats up for election.
  • Three districts are tied for the fewest seats on the ballot in 2014 with one seat up for election in each district.

The districts listed below served 85,743 K-12 students during the 2010-2011 school year, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.[16] Click on the district names for more information on the district and its school board elections.

2014 Mississippi School Board Elections
District Date Seats up for election Total board seats Student enrollment
DeSoto County School District 11/4/2014 1 5 31,916
Harrison County School District 11/4/2014 2 5 13,828
Lamar County School District 11/4/2014 3 9 9,251
Madison County School District 11/4/2014 1 5 11,811
Rankin County School District 11/4/2014 1 5 18,937


See also

External links

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Suggest a link

References

  1. National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
  2. ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
  3. United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. Mississippi Department of Education, "Mississippi District and School Information," accessed August 6, 2013
  5. National Center for Education Statistics, "Elementary & Secondary Education Finance," accessed August 6, 2013
  6. 6.0 6.1 Mississippi Department of Education, "Enrollment, Year 2011-2012," accessed August 6, 2013
  7. Mississippi Department of Education, "Mississippi Board of Education," accessed June 13, 2014
  8. Mississippi Department of Education, "2012 Student Assessment Information," accessed August 6, 2013
  9. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
  10. The Clarion-Ledger, "State considers more cheating probes," June 30, 2014
  11. The Clarion-Ledger, "Lawmakers grill Mississippi Dept. of Education officials," June 30, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 WLOX, "Armed officers start patrolling Jackson County schools," August 7, 2013
  13. Mississippi School Boards Association, "So You Want To Be A School Board Member: A Guide for Candidates," accessed July 9, 2014
  14. United State Census Bureau, "Mississippi," accessed July 9, 2014
  15. Mississippi Legislature, "Senate Bill 2635," accessed July 9, 2014
  16. National Center for Education Statistics, "Elementary/Secondary Information System," accessed March 21, 2014