Difference between revisions of "Missouri Constitution"

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{{MOConstitution}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Missouri Constitution''' is a [[state constitution]] and the fundamental governing document of [[Missouri]].  The state's current constitution was adopted in 1945 and is the state's fourth constitution.  Since 1962, Missourians have been asked every twenty years if they would like to convene a [[constitutional convention]] to revise the constitution; each time, a healthy majority of the state's voters have rejected this proposal.
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{{MOConstitution}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Missouri Constitution''' is the fundamental governing document of the state of [[Missouri]].   
  
The Missouri Constitution has 13 constitutional articles.
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==Features==
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Altogether, the Missouri Constitution has 13 constitutional articles.<ref name="mo"/> The state's current constitution was adopted in 1945 and is the state's fourth constitution.  
  
==Articles==
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Since 1962, Missourians have been asked every twenty years if they would like to convene a [[constitutional convention]] to revise the constitution; each time, a healthy majority of the state's voters have rejected this proposal.<ref>[http://www.iandrinstitute.org/New%20IRI%20Website%20Info/I&R%20Research%20and%20History/I&R%20at%20the%20Statewide%20Level/Constitution%20and%20Statutes/Missouri.pdf ''I and R Institute.org'', "Missouri Constitution," accessed March 30, 2014]</ref>
  
===Preamble===
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==Preamble==
 
:: ''See also: [[Preambles to state constitutions]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Preambles to state constitutions]]''
  
The preamble of the Missouri Constitution is:
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The preamble of the Missouri Constitution states:
  
:''We, the people of Missouri, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, and grateful for His goodness, do establish this Constitution for the better government of the state.''  
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{| style="width:40%; background:#F2F2F2; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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|color:#000"|
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|-
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| <center>''We, the people of Missouri, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, and grateful for His goodness, do establish this Constitution for the better government of the state.''<ref name="mo">[http://www.moga.mo.gov/const/moconstn.htm ''Missouri General Assembly'', "Missouri Constitution," accessed March 30, 2014]</ref></center>
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|}
  
===I: Bill of Rights===
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==[[Article I, Missouri Constitution|Article I: Bill of Rights]]==
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Article I of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Bill of Rights" and consists of 35 sections.
  
:: See also ''[[Article I, Missouri Constitution]]''
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==[[Article II, Missouri Constitution|Article II: Distribution of Powers]]==
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Article II of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Distribution of Powers" and consists of a single section.
  
'''Source of political power--origin, basis and aim of government:'''
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==[[Article III, Missouri Constitution|Article III: Legislative Department]]==
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Article III of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Legislative Department" and consists of 75 sections.
  
Section 1. That all political power is vested in and derived from the people; that all government of right originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole.  
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==[[Article IV, Missouri Constitution|Article IV: Executive Department]]==
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Article IV of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Executive Department" and consists of 70 sections.  
  
'''Promotion of general welfare--natural rights of persons--equality under the law--purpose of government.'''
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==[[Article V, Missouri Constitution|Article V: Judicial Department]]==
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Article V of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Judicial Department" and consists of 34 sections.  
Section 2. That all constitutional government is intended to promote the general welfare of the people; that all persons have a natural right to life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness and the enjoyment of the gains of their own industry; that all persons are created equal and are entitled to equal rights and opportunity under the law; that to give security to these things is the principal office of government, and that when government does not confer this security, it fails in its chief design.  
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'''Powers of the people over internal affairs, constitution and form of government.'''
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==[[Article VI, Missouri Constitution|Article VI:Local Government]]==
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Article VI of the Missouri Constitution is entitled Local Government and consists are various sections.
  
Section 3. That the people of this state have the inherent, sole and exclusive right to regulate the internal government and police thereof, and to alter and abolish their constitution and form of government whenever they may deem it necessary to their safety and happiness, provided such change be not repugnant to the Constitution of the United States.  
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==[[Article VII, Missouri Constitution|Article VII: Public Officers]]==
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Article VII of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Public Officers" and consists of 14 sections.  
  
===II: Distribution of Powers===
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==[[Article VIII, Missouri Constitution|Article VIII: Suffrage and Elections]]==
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Article VIII of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Suffrage and Elections" and consists of 22 sections.
  
:: See also ''[[Article II, Missouri Constitution]]''
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==[[Article IX, Missouri Constitution|Article IX: Education]]==
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Article IX of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Education" and consists of 10 sections.
  
===III: Legislative Department===
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==[[Article X, Missouri Constitution|Article X: Taxation]]==
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Article X of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Taxation" and consists of 24 sections.
  
:: See also ''[[Article III, Missouri Constitution]]''
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==[[Article XI, Missouri Constitution|Article XI: Corporations]]==
  
===IV:  Executive Department===
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==[[Article XII, Missouri Constitution|Article XII: Amending the Constitution]]==
 
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::''See also: [[Article XII, Missouri Constitution]] and [[Laws governing the initiative process in Missouri]]''
:: See also ''[[Article IV, Missouri Constitution]]''
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===V:  Judicial Department===
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:: See also ''[[Article V, Missouri Constitution]]''
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===VI: Local Government===
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:: See also ''[[Article VI, Missouri Constitution]]''
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===VII: Public Officers===
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:: See also ''[[Article VII, Missouri Constitution]]''
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===VIII: Suffrage and Elections===
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:: See also ''[[Article VIII, Missouri Constitution]]''
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===IX: Education===
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:: See also ''[[Article IX, Missouri Constitution]]''
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===X: Taxation===
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:: See also ''[[Article X, Missouri Constitution]]''
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===XI: Corporations===
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:: See also ''[[Article XI, Missouri Constitution]]''
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===XII: Amending the Constitution===
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[[File:Flag of Missouri.png|150px|right]]
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:: See also ''[[Article XII, Missouri Constitution]]'', [[Laws governing the initiative process in Missouri]]''
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The Missouri Constitution can be amended via three different paths:
 
The Missouri Constitution can be amended via three different paths:
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A unique feature of Missouri's law governing constitutional amendments is a provision in [[Article XII, Missouri Constitution#Section 2(b)|Section 2(b) of Article XII]] saying that proposed amendments should be published if possible "in two newspapers of different political faith in each county."
 
A unique feature of Missouri's law governing constitutional amendments is a provision in [[Article XII, Missouri Constitution#Section 2(b)|Section 2(b) of Article XII]] saying that proposed amendments should be published if possible "in two newspapers of different political faith in each county."
  
===XIII: Public Employees===
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==[[Article XIII, Missouri Constitution|Article XIII: Public Employees]]==
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Article XIII of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Public Employees" and consists of 13 sections.
  
:: See also ''[[Article XIII, Missouri Constitution]]''
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==History==
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Born out of the Louisiana Purchase and the Missouri Compromise, Missouri was accepted into the Union as a "slave state" in 1820. Missouri's first and conservatively short constitution was written also written in 1820 and was written in only 38 days.<ref name="voice">[http://www.metrovoice.net/www.metrovoice.net/2002/1102stlweb/1102articles/HistoryOfMissouri.html ''Metro Voice'', "The History of Missouri’s Constitution," accessed March 30, 2014]</ref> In 1865, a constitutional convention produced the state's second constitution. Another convention ten years later resulted in the third constitution. A convention in 1942 brought about Missouri's fourth constitution, ratified in 1945, which provided for three branches of government: legislative (the [[Missouri General Assembly]]), executive (the [[Governor of Missouri]]) and judicial (the Missouri Supreme Court). The Constitution of 1945, including dozens of amendments since its inception, remains Missouri's rule of law.<ref>[http://library.umkc.edu/spec-col-collections/missouri-constitution ''University of Missouri - Kansas City Libraries'', "LaBudde Special Collections, Missouri Constitution Collection"]</ref>
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==See also==
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[[File:StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg|right|175px]]
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* [[State constitution]]
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* [[Constitutional article]]
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* [[Constitutional amendment]]
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* [[Constitutional revision]]
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* [[Constitutional convention]]
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* [[Amendment|Amendments]]
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** [[Initiated constitutional amendment]]
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** [[Legislatively-referred constitutional amendment]]
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** [[Publication requirements for proposed state constitutional amendments]]
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** [[Rules about constitutional conventions in state constitutions]]
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** [[State constitutional articles governing state legislatures]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
{{wikipedia}}
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{{submit a link}}
* [http://www.moga.mo.gov/homecon.asp Missouri Constitution on the Internet]
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* [http://www.moga.mo.gov/const/moconstn.htm ''Missouri General Assembly'', "Missouri Constitution"]
* [http://www.sos.mo.gov/pubs/constitution.asp Missouri Constitution in PDF Form]
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* [http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/2445 ''History Engine'', "Missouri's Third State Constitution Adopted"]
* [http://www.mo.gov/ The State of Missouri Website]
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* [http://www.civilwarmo.org/educators/resources/info-sheets/constitution-1865-drake-constitution ''The Civil War in Missouri'', "The Constitution of 1865 - Drake Constitution"]
* [http://www.thegreenpapers.com/slg/st.phtml?state=MO#con Historical overview of the Missouri Constitution]
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* [http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/1820_MO_Constitution.pdf ''Missouri State.edu'', "Missouri Constitution of 1820"]
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* [http://www.mo.gov/ ''Missouri.gov'', "Home"]
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* [http://www.thegreenpapers.com/slg/st.phtml?state=MO#con ''Green Papers'', "Historical overview of the Missouri Constitution"]
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* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TxGCVdEmEbI ''YouTube'', "Missouri Constitution"]
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==Additional reading==
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*[http://www.amazon.com/Our-Federal-Constitution-Missouri/dp/1892291002  Schmidt, Alex J. (2008). ''Our Federal Constitution, Our Missouri Constitution'', New York, New York: RJS Publications]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
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{{Missouri Constitution}}
 
{{Missouri Constitution}}
 
{{State constitutions}}
 
{{State constitutions}}
 
{{Missouri}}
 
{{Missouri}}

Revision as of 01:25, 4 April 2014

Missouri Constitution
Flag of Missouri.png
Preamble
Articles
IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIXIII
The Missouri Constitution is the fundamental governing document of the state of Missouri.

Features

Altogether, the Missouri Constitution has 13 constitutional articles.[1] The state's current constitution was adopted in 1945 and is the state's fourth constitution.

Since 1962, Missourians have been asked every twenty years if they would like to convene a constitutional convention to revise the constitution; each time, a healthy majority of the state's voters have rejected this proposal.[2]

Preamble

See also: Preambles to state constitutions

The preamble of the Missouri Constitution states:

We, the people of Missouri, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, and grateful for His goodness, do establish this Constitution for the better government of the state.[1]

Article I: Bill of Rights

Article I of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Bill of Rights" and consists of 35 sections.

Article II: Distribution of Powers

Article II of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Distribution of Powers" and consists of a single section.

Article III: Legislative Department

Article III of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Legislative Department" and consists of 75 sections.

Article IV: Executive Department

Article IV of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Executive Department" and consists of 70 sections.

Article V: Judicial Department

Article V of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Judicial Department" and consists of 34 sections.

Article VI:Local Government

Article VI of the Missouri Constitution is entitled Local Government and consists are various sections.

Article VII: Public Officers

Article VII of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Public Officers" and consists of 14 sections.

Article VIII: Suffrage and Elections

Article VIII of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Suffrage and Elections" and consists of 22 sections.

Article IX: Education

Article IX of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Education" and consists of 10 sections.

Article X: Taxation

Article X of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Taxation" and consists of 24 sections.

Article XI: Corporations

Article XII: Amending the Constitution

See also: Article XII, Missouri Constitution and Laws governing the initiative process in Missouri

The Missouri Constitution can be amended via three different paths:

  • Through a constitutional convention as established in Section 3a of Article XII. A question about whether to hold a constitutional convention is to automatically appear on the state's ballot every twenty years. The first of these automatic referrals under the Constitution of 1945 (Missouri's current constitution) was in 1962, 1982 and 2002.[3] The next will be in 2022. In 1942, under an older version of the Missouri Constitution, voters were asked about having a constitutional convention and said "Yes." It was that convention that led to the Missouri Constitution of 1945, the state's current constitution.

Votes on proposed amendments can take place at a general election or a special election.

A unique feature of Missouri's law governing constitutional amendments is a provision in Section 2(b) of Article XII saying that proposed amendments should be published if possible "in two newspapers of different political faith in each county."

Article XIII: Public Employees

Article XIII of the Missouri Constitution is entitled "Public Employees" and consists of 13 sections.

History

Born out of the Louisiana Purchase and the Missouri Compromise, Missouri was accepted into the Union as a "slave state" in 1820. Missouri's first and conservatively short constitution was written also written in 1820 and was written in only 38 days.[4] In 1865, a constitutional convention produced the state's second constitution. Another convention ten years later resulted in the third constitution. A convention in 1942 brought about Missouri's fourth constitution, ratified in 1945, which provided for three branches of government: legislative (the Missouri General Assembly), executive (the Governor of Missouri) and judicial (the Missouri Supreme Court). The Constitution of 1945, including dozens of amendments since its inception, remains Missouri's rule of law.[5]

See also

StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg

External links

BallotpediaAvatar bigger.png
Suggest a link

Additional reading

References