Missouri State Senate
|Missouri State Senate|
|Term limits:||2 terms (8 years)|
|2015 session start:||January 9, 2013|
|Website:||Official Senate Page|
|Senate President:||Robert Mayer, (R)|
|Majority Leader:||Ron Richard, (R)|
|Minority leader:||Jolie Justus, (D)|
| Democratic Party (9) |
Republican Party (25)
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Art IV, Missouri Constitution|
|Salary:||$35,915/year + per diem|
|Last Election:||November 6, 2012 (17 seats)|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014 (17 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Missouri Legislature Commissions have control|
- 1 Sessions
- 2 Elections
- 3 Term limits
- 4 Redistricting
- 5 Senators
- 6 Senate Committees
- 7 History
- 8 External links
- 9 References
Half of the senate is up for re-election every two years.
Article III of the Missouri Constitution establishes when the Missouri General Assembly, of which the Senate is a part is to meet. Section 20 of Article III states that the General Assembly shall convene its regular session on the first Wednesday after the first Monday in January of each year. Section 20 requires the General Assembly to adjourn its regular session by May 30th.
Section 20 of Article III also allows for a special session of the General Assembly to be convened by a joint proclamation of three-fourths of the members of both houses.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 9 through May 30.
Legislative leaders are looking to focus on the state's business climate - issues include tax credits, capital improvements, an income tax cut, and a major revision to the state's criminal code.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the Senate was in session from January 4 through May 30.
The budget was the main focus of the session, as the state faced a $500 million spending gap in January. The agenda at the start of the session also included economic development, Workers Compensation reforms, and overhauling public school funding. Those items joined health care exchanges, birth control, charter schools, and sentencing guidelines for crack cocaine crimes as points of contention and accomplishment over the course of the session.
In 2011, the Senate was in regular session from January 5 through May 30.  Governor Jay Nixon called for a special legislative session for September 6, however, the session was called off when Republicans hesitated on a push to overhaul state tax credits and authorize several new incentive programs, including one for a China freight hub in St. Louis. Assembly members were sent home so that they might read the revised 219-page measure over the weekend. According to Senate President Pro Tem Robert Mayer, the "important" bill "needs the attention of every member of this body."
- See also: Missouri State Senate elections, 2012
Missouri state senators are subject to term limits and may not serve more than two four-year terms. In 2012, 9 state senators were termed-out.
The following table details the 8 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
|2012 Margin of Victory, Missouri State Senate|
|District||Winner||Margin of Victory||Total Votes||Top Opponent|
|District 1||Scott Sifton||1.8%||89,744||Jim Lembke|
|District 17||Ryan Silvey||5.6%||80,488||Sandra Reeves|
|District 3||Gary Romine||7.7%||65,719||Joseph Fallert, Jr.|
|District 25||Doug Libla||12.3%||63,670||Terry Swinger|
|District 19||Kurt Schaefer||15.8%||81,283||Mary Wynne Still|
|District 31||Ed Emery||27.6%||78,368||Charles Burton|
|District 21||David Pearce||34.9%||72,914||ElGene Ver Dught|
|District 13||Gina Walsh||63.3%||82,958||Jacquelyn Thomas|
- See also: Missouri State Senate elections, 2010
Elections for the office of Missouri State Senate were held in Missouri on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 30, 2010 and the primary election day was on August 3, 2010.
In 2010, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $12,861,549 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: 
|2010 Donors, Missouri State Senate|
|Majority Fund Inc||$707,500|
|Missouri Democratic Party||$581,925|
|Missouri Republican Party||$385,311|
|Citizens for Brad Lager||$347,000|
|Humphreys, David Craig||$277,500|
|Lamping, John T||$180,003|
|Engler for Missouri||$171,383|
|Herzog, Stanley M||$160,500|
|Missouri Health & Hospital Association||$153,650|
|Missouri Club for Growth||$144,000|
To be eligible to serve in the Missouri State Senate, a candidate must be:
- At least 30 years of age
- Qualified Missouri voter for three years before election
- Resident of the district which he is chosen to represent for 1 year before election
- Is not delinquent in the payment of any state income taxes, personal property taxes, real property taxes on the place of residence as stated in the declaration of candidacy
- is not a past or present corporate officer of any fee office that owes any taxes to the state.
- Has not been found guilty of or pled guilty to a felony or misdemeanor under the federal laws of the United States of America.
- Has not been convicted of or found guilty of or pled guilty to a felony under the laws of Missouri.
- In addition to any other penalties provided by law, no person may file for any office in a subsequent election until he or the treasurer of his existing candidate committee has filed all required campaign disclosure reports for all prior elections.
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
If a vacancy occurs in the Senate, the Governor must call for a special election without delay. There is no time limit specified under law. The mandate for a special election is sent to the election authority in the county that first established the legislative district.
- See also: State legislatures with term limits
The Missouri legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Missouri Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Missouri senators are subject to term limits of no more than two four-year terms, or a total of eight years.
- See also: Redistricting in Missouri
Legislative redistricting in Missouri is handled by two bipartisan commissions, one for each chamber, with 10 members in the Senate commission and 18 members in the House commission. The Governor selects these members from lists of nominees submitted by the state committees of the Democratic and Republican parties. Two House commission members must come from each congressional district. This differs from the congressional redistricting method, which involves the Assembly simply passing new maps as routine legislation. If a commission cannot complete the process in six months following appointment, a panel of six appellate judges takes over the process for that particular commission; it cannot interfere with one that has already finished.
Missouri received its local census data on February 24, 2011. The state's population increased by seven percent, with most growth coming in the southern half of the state. The five most populous cities showed mixed outcomes: Kansas City grew by 4.1 percent since the 2000 Census. St. Louis decreased by 8.3 percent, Springfield grew by 5.2 percent, Independence grew by 3.1 percent, and Columbia grew by 28.4 percent.
Since 1970, Missouri has had the courts involved in finishing redistricting; despite the commissions' intent, 2011 did not end that streak. Both commissions came to an impasse in mid-August 2011, and the special court panel took over. On November 30, the panel finalized a new plan.
While the House plan -- which put 34 Republicans and 23 Democrats into incumbent races -- stood, the Missouri Supreme Court rejected the Senate plan. On January 31, 2012, Governor Jay Nixon appointed a new commission for the sake of redrawing the Senate districts. The commission approved a new plan on February 23; the plan -- which weakened Republican districts around St. Louis -- was met with hostility, then a lawsuit. After hearing testimony and tweaking the map, the commission approved the map again on March 12, and the lawsuit was dropped.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the Missouri House of Representatives are paid $35,915/year. Per diem is $104/day tied to the federal rate. Roll call is used to verify per diem.
When sworn in
Missouri legislators assume office the first day of the legislative session.
- See also: Partisan composition of state senates
|Party||As of March 2015|
List of current members
The Missouri Senate has 18 standing committees:
- Agriculture, Food Production and Outdoor Resources
- Commerce, Consumer Protection, Energy and the Environment
- Financial and Governmental Organizations and Elections
- General Laws
- Governmental Accountability and Fiscal Oversight
- Gubernatorial Appointments
- Jobs, Economic Development and Local Government
- Judiciary and Civil and Criminal Jurisprudence
- Progress and Development|Progress and Development
- Rules, Joint Rules, Resolutions & Ethics
- Seniors, Families and Pensions
- Small Business, Insurance and Industry
- Transportation and Infrastructure
- Veterans' Affairs and Health
- Ways and Means
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Missouri State Senate for the first 9 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 13 years.
Across the country, there were 544 Democratic and 517 Republican State Senates from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
- Official website of the Missouri State Senate
- Official list of Missouri State Senators
- Missouri State Senate election results
- Population in 2010 of the American states
- Population in 2000 of the American states
- St. Louis Post-Dispatch, "Business issues at top of Republican legislative leaders' agenda in Missouri," January 5, 2013
- St. Louis Beacon, "Missouri legislature opens, with last session's issues at top of agenda," January 4, 2012
- St. Louis Public Radio,"2012 Missouri legislative session ends," May 19, 2012
- 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
- STLtoday.com, Missouri Senate puts hold on economic development bill, Sept. 9, 2011
- 2010 session dates for Missouri House
- 2010 session dates for Missouri Senate
- Follow the Money: "Missouri Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"
- 2010 Elected Officials Qualifications
- Missouri General Assembly "Missouri Revised Statutes"(Referenced Statute 21.110)
- Missouri General Assembly "Missouri Revised Statutes"(Referenced Statute 21.120)
- State legislative term limits
- U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Missouri's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting, February 24, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- Missouri State Senate Leadership
State of Missouri
Jefferson City (capital)
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Commissioner of Education | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Director of Labor & Industrial Relations | Chairman of Public Service Commission |