Difference between revisions of "Montana House of Representatives"

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m (Text replace - "Across the country, there were 579 Democratic and 482 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992-2013." to "Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.")
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From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Montana State House of Representatives for one year while the Republicans were the majority for 17 years, including the last five years.
 
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Montana State House of Representatives for one year while the Republicans were the majority for 17 years, including the last five years.
  
Across the country, there were 579 Democratic and 482 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992-2013.
+
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
  
 
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Revision as of 14:24, 24 May 2013

Montana House of Representatives

Seal of Montana.jpg
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   4 terms (8 years)
2014 session start:   January 7, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Mike Milburn , (R)
Majority Leader:   Tom McGillvray, (R)
Minority leader:   Jon Sesso , (D)
Structure
Members:  100
   Democratic Party (

39)
Republican Party (

61)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art V, Montana Constitution
Salary:   $82.64/day + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (100 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (100 seats)
Redistricting:  Montana Districting and Apportionment Commission
The Montana House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the Montana State Legislature. A total of 100 members serve in the lower chamber of the Montana Legislature. Each member represents an average of 9,894 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 9,022 residents.[2]

Sessions

Article V of the Montana Constitution establishes when the Montana State Legislature, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 6 of Article V states that the Legislature is to meet in every odd-numbered year in a regular session of at most ninety legislative days. However, Section 6 allows any Legislature to increase the limit on the length of any subsequent session. Section 6 also allows for the Legislature to meet in special session when convened by the Governor of Montana or when a special session is requested by a majority of the Legislature's members.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 7 to April 27.

Major issues

Legislative leaders say they will focus on economic development, increased natural resource development and reforms to how the state funds education. While Republicans have a clear majority, Democratic Gov. Steve Bullock has said he will veto bills that are out of the mainstream.[3]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was not in regular session.

2011

In 2011, the House was in session from January 3 through April 28. [4]

The bill submission deadline in 2011 was January 14.

2010

In 2010, the House was not in session.[5]

2009

The 61st session of the Montana legislature convened on January 5, 2009 and adjourned on April 25, 2009.

Elections

2012

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives were held in Montana on November 6, 2012. All 100 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 12, 2012. The primary election day was June 5, 2012.[6]

Montana state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than four two-year terms. In 2012, 16 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Montana's state house representatives were held in Montana on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 15, 2010. The primary election day was June 8, 2010.

In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $1,611,045 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [7]

Qualifications

To be eligible to serve in the Montana House of Representatives, a candidate must be:[8]

  • A resident of the state for at least one year next preceding the general election
  • A resident of the county for six months preceding the general election if it contains one or more districts or of the district if it contains all or parts of more than one county.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the House, the Board of County Commissioners that represent the vacant seat must select a replacement. The Secretary of State must notify the Board of County Commissioners and the county central committee of the political party that holds the vacant seat no later than seven days after the vacancy happened. The county central committee has 45 days after receiving notice from the Secretary of State to provide a list of candidates to the Board of County Commissioners. The board must select a replacement no later than 15 days after receiving the list of candidates. If the House is in session, the selection must be made no later than five days after receiving a candidate list[9]. Any person selected to fill a House seat serves for the remainder of the unfilled term[10].

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Montana legislature are paid $82.64/day. Per diem is $105.31/day.[11]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Montana legislators assume office the first Monday of January following the election. If a senator is elected to fill a vacancy, the term of service begins the day after the election.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 39
     Republican Party 61
Total 100


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Montana State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Montana State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. [12]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Montana House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House Mark Blasdel Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Austin Knudsen Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Leader Gordon Vance Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Mike Cuffe Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Cary Smith Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Jeffrey Welborn Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Christy Clark Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Chuck Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Leader Bryce Bennett Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Margaret MacDonald Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Edie McClafferty Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

District Representative Party Residence
1 Gerald Bennett Ends.png Republican Libby
2 Mike Cuffe Ends.png Republican Eureka
3 Jerry O'Neil Ends.png Republican Columbia Falls
4 Ed Lieser Electiondot.png Democratic Whitefish
5 Keith Regier Ends.png Republican Kalispell
6 Carl Glimm Ends.png Republican Kila
7 Randy Brodehl Ends.png Republican Kalispell
8 Steve Lavin Ends.png Republican Kalispell
9 Scott Reichner Ends.png Republican Bigfork
10 Mark Blasdel Ends.png Republican Somers
11 Greg Hertz Ends.png Republican Polson
12 Daniel Salomon Ends.png Republican Ronan
13 Pat Ingraham Ends.png Republican Thompson Falls
14 Nicholas Schwaderer Ends.png Republican Superior
15 Frosty Boss Ribs Electiondot.png Democratic Heart Butte
16 Lea Whitford Electiondot.png Democratic Cut Bank
17 Christy Clark Ends.png Republican Choteau
18 Jesse O'Hara Ends.png Republican Great Falls
19 Roger Hagan Ends.png Republican Great Falls
20 Steve Fitzpatrick Ends.png Republican Great Falls
21 Jean Price Electiondot.png Democratic Great Falls
22 Casey Schreiner Electiondot.png Democratic Great Falls
23 Carlie Boland Electiondot.png Democratic Great Falls
24 Brian Hoven Ends.png Republican Great Falls
25 Tom Jacobson Electiondot.png Democratic Great Falls
26 Robert Mehlhoff Electiondot.png Democratic Great Falls
27 Rob Cook Ends.png Republican Conrad
28 Roy Hollandsworth Ends.png Republican Brady
29 Ryan Osmundson Ends.png Republican Buffalo
30 Bill Harris Ends.png Republican Winnett
31 Bridget Smith Electiondot.png Democratic Wolf Point
32 Clarena Brockie Electiondot.png Democratic Harlem
33 Kris Hansen Ends.png Republican Havre
34 Wendy Warburton Ends.png Republican Helena
35 Mike Lang Ends.png Republican Malta
36 Austin Knudsen Ends.png Republican Culbertson
37 David Halvorson Ends.png Republican Sidney
38 Alan Doane Ends.png Republican Bloomfield
39 Lee Randall Ends.png Republican Broadus
40 Bill McChesney Electiondot.png Democratic Miles City
41 Rae Peppers Electiondot.png Democratic Lame Deer
42 Carolyn Pease-Lopez Electiondot.png Democratic Billings
43 Duane Ankney Ends.png Republican Colstrip
44 Jonathan McNiven Ends.png Republican Huntley
45 Tom Berry Ends.png Republican Roundup
46 Clayton Fiscus Ends.png Republican Billings
47 Daniel Zolnikov Ends.png Republican Billings
48 Douglas Kary Ends.png Republican Billings
49 Mary McNally Electiondot.png Democratic Billings
50 Dennis Lenz Ends.png Republican Billings
51 Kelly McCarthy Electiondot.png Democratic Billings
52 Virginia Court Electiondot.png Democratic Billings
53 Dave Hagstrom Ends.png Republican Billings
54 Margaret MacDonald Electiondot.png Democratic Billings
55 Cary Smith Ends.png Republican Billings
56 Don Jones Ends.png Republican Billings
57 Sarah Laszloffy Ends.png Republican Laurel
58 Krayton Kerns Ends.png Republican Laurel
59 Joanne Blyton Ends.png Republican Joliet
60 David Howard Ends.png Republican Park City
61 Alan Redfield Ends.png Republican Livingston
62 Reilly Neill Electiondot.png Democratic Bozeman
63 Franke Wilmer Electiondot.png Democratic Bozeman
64 Tom Woods Electiondot.png Democratic Bozeman
65 Kathleen Williams Electiondot.png Democratic Bozeman
66 JP Pomnichowski Electiondot.png Democratic Bozeman
67 Gordon Vance Ends.png Republican Bozeman
68 Kelly Flynn Ends.png Republican Townsend
69 Ted Washburn Ends.png Republican Bozeman
70 Kerry White Ends.png Republican Bozeman
71 Ray Shaw Ends.png Republican Sheridan
72 Jeffrey Welborn Ends.png Republican Dillon
73 Pat Noonan Electiondot.png Democratic Butte
74 Ryan Lynch Electiondot.png Democratic Butte
75 Edith McClafferty Electiondot.png Democratic Butte
76 Amanda Curtis Electiondot.png Democratic Butte
77 Kirk Wagoner Ends.png Republican Montana City
78 Steve Gibson Ends.png Republican East Helena
79 Chuck Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic Helena
80 Liz Bangerter Ends.png Republican Helena
81 Galen Hollenbaugh Electiondot.png Democratic Helena
82 Jenny Eck Electiondot.png Democratic Helena
83 Wylie Galt Ends.png Republican Martinsdale
84 Mike Miller Ends.png Republican Helena
85 Gordon Pierson Electiondot.png Democratic Deer Lodge
86 Kathy Swanson Electiondot.png Democratic Anaconda
87 Patrick Connell Ends.png Republican Hamilton
88 Ron Ehli Ends.png Republican Hamilton
89 Nancy Ballance Ends.png Republican Hamilton
90 Edward Greef Ends.png Republican Florence
91 David Moore Ends.png Republican Missoula
92 Bryce Bennett Electiondot.png Democratic Missoula
93 Douglas Coffin Electiondot.png Democratic Missoula
94 Ellie Hill Electiondot.png Democratic Missoula
95 Tom Steenberg Electiondot.png Democratic Missoula
96 Carolyn Squires Electiondot.png Democratic Missoula
97 Nancy Wilson Electiondot.png Democratic Missoula
98 Jenifer Gursky Electiondot.png Democratic Missoula
99 Kimberly Dudik Electiondot.png Democratic Missoula
100 Champ Edmunds Ends.png Republican Missoula

Standing committees

See also: Joint legislative committees, Montana State Legislature

There are a total of 16 standing committees in the Montana House:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Montana’’
Partisan breakdown of the Montana legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Montana State House of Representatives for one year while the Republicans were the majority for 17 years, including the last five years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Montana, the Montana State Senate and the Montana House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Montana state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References