Difference between revisions of "Montana House of Representatives"

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The 61st session of the Montana legislature convened on [[BC2009#January|January 5, 2009]] and adjourned on [[BC2009#April|April 25, 2009]].
The 61st session of the Montana legislature convened on [[BC2009#January|January 5, 2009]] and adjourned on [[BC2009#April|April 25, 2009]].
==Ethics and transparency==
{{Transparency card|State=Montana|Grade=C}}
{{Transparency card|State=Montana|Grade=C}}

Revision as of 22:24, 8 July 2013

Montana House of Representatives

Seal of Montana.jpg
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   4 terms (8 years)
2015 session start:   January 7, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
House Speaker:  Mike Milburn , (R)
Majority Leader:   Tom McGillvray, (R)
Minority Leader:   Jon Sesso , (D)
Members:  100
   Democratic Party (41)
Republican Party (59)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art V, Montana Constitution
Salary:   $82.64/day + per diem
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (100 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (100 seats)
Redistricting:  Montana Districting and Apportionment Commission
The Montana House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the Montana State Legislature. A total of 100 members serve in the lower chamber of the Montana Legislature. Each member represents an average of 9,894 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 9,022 residents.[2]

As of April 2015, Montana is one of 19 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.


Article V of the Montana Constitution establishes when the Montana State Legislature, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 6 of Article V states that the Legislature is to meet in every odd-numbered year in a regular session of at most ninety legislative days. However, Section 6 allows any Legislature to increase the limit on the length of any subsequent session. Section 6 also allows for the Legislature to meet in special session when convened by the Governor of Montana or when a special session is requested by a majority of the Legislature's members.


See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 7 through April 27.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included economic development, increased natural resource development and reforms to how the state funds education.[3]


See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was not in regular session.


In 2011, the House was in session from January 3 through April 28. [4]

The bill submission deadline in 2011 was January 14.


In 2010, the House was not in session.[5]


The 61st session of the Montana legislature convened on January 5, 2009 and adjourned on April 25, 2009.

Ethics and transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Montana was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data was to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A: Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[6]



See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives were held in Montana on November 6, 2012. All 100 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 12, 2012. The primary election day was June 5, 2012.[7]

Montana state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than four two-year terms. In 2012, 16 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.


See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Montana's state house representatives were held in Montana on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 15, 2010. The primary election day was June 8, 2010.

In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $1,611,045 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [8]


To be eligible to serve in the Montana House of Representatives, a candidate must be:[9]

  • A resident of the state for at least one year next preceding the general election
  • A resident of the county for six months preceding the general election if it contains one or more districts or of the district if it contains all or parts of more than one county.


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the House, the Board of County Commissioners that represent the vacant seat must select a replacement. The Secretary of State must notify the Board of County Commissioners and the county central committee of the political party that holds the vacant seat no later than seven days after the vacancy happened. The county central committee has 45 days after receiving notice from the Secretary of State to provide a list of candidates to the Board of County Commissioners. The board must select a replacement no later than 15 days after receiving the list of candidates. If the House is in session, the selection must be made no later than five days after receiving a candidate list[10]. Any person selected to fill a House seat serves for the remainder of the unfilled term[11].



See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Montana legislature are paid $82.64/day. Per diem is $105.31/day.[12]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Montana legislators assume office the first Monday of January following the election. If a senator is elected to fill a vacancy, the term of service begins the day after the election.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of April 2015
     Democratic Party 41
     Republican Party 59
Total 100

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Montana State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Montana State House.PNG


The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. [13]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Montana House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House Mark Blasdel Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Austin Knudsen Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Leader Gordon Vance Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Mike Cuffe Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Cary Smith Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Jeffrey Welborn Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Christy Clark Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Chuck Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Leader Bryce Bennett Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Margaret MacDonald Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Edie McClafferty Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Montana House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Gerald Bennett Ends.png Republican 2009
2 Mike Cuffe Ends.png Republican 2011
3 Jerry O'Neil Ends.png Republican 2011
4 Ed Lieser Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
5 Keith Regier Ends.png Republican 2009
6 Carl Glimm Ends.png Republican 2013
7 Randy Brodehl Ends.png Republican 2011
8 Steve Lavin Ends.png Republican 2011
9 Scott Reichner Ends.png Republican 2009
10 Mark Blasdel Ends.png Republican 2007
11 Greg Hertz Ends.png Republican 2013
12 Daniel Salomon Ends.png Republican 2011
13 Pat Ingraham Ends.png Republican 2007
14 Nicholas Schwaderer Ends.png Republican 2013
15 Frosty Calf Boss Ribs Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
16 Lea Whitford Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
17 Christy Clark Ends.png Republican 2011
18 Jesse O'Hara Ends.png Republican 2013
19 Roger Hagan Ends.png Republican 2007
20 Steve Fitzpatrick Ends.png Republican 2011
21 Jean Price Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
22 Casey Schreiner Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
23 Carlie Boland Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
24 Brian Hoven Ends.png Republican 2009
25 Tom Jacobson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
26 Robert Mehlhoff Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
27 Rob Cook Ends.png Republican 2011
28 Roy Hollandsworth Ends.png Republican 2009
29 Ryan Osmundson Ends.png Republican 2011
30 Bill Harris Ends.png Republican 2011
31 Bridget Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
32 Clarena Brockie Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
33 Kris Hansen Ends.png Republican 2011
34 Wendy Warburton Ends.png Republican 2009
35 Mike Lang Ends.png Republican 2013
36 Austin Knudsen Ends.png Republican 2011
37 David Halvorson Ends.png Republican 2013
38 Alan Doane Ends.png Republican 2013
39 Lee Randall Ends.png Republican 2009
40 Bill McChesney Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
41 Rae Peppers Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
42 Carolyn Pease-Lopez Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
43 Duane Ankney Ends.png Republican 2007
44 Jonathan McNiven Ends.png Republican 2011
45 Tom Berry Ends.png Republican 2009
46 Clayton Fiscus Ends.png Republican 2013
47 Daniel Zolnikov Ends.png Republican 2013
48 Douglas Kary Ends.png Republican 2011
49 Mary McNally Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
50 Dennis Lenz Ends.png Republican 2013
51 Kelly McCarthy Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
52 Virginia Court Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
53 Dave Hagstrom Ends.png Republican 2013
54 Margaret MacDonald Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
55 Cary Smith Ends.png Republican 2009
56 Don Jones Ends.png Republican 2013
57 Sarah Laszloffy Ends.png Republican 2013
58 Krayton Kerns Ends.png Republican 2007
59 Joanne Blyton Ends.png Republican 2011
60 David Howard Ends.png Republican 2009
61 Alan Redfield Ends.png Republican 2013
62 Reilly Neill Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
63 Franke Wilmer Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
64 Tom Woods Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
65 Kathleen Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
66 JP Pomnichowski Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
67 Gordon Vance Ends.png Republican 2009
68 Kelly Flynn Ends.png Republican 2011
69 Ted Washburn Ends.png Republican 2009
70 Kerry White Ends.png Republican 2013
71 Ray Shaw Ends.png Republican 2013
72 Jeffrey Welborn Ends.png Republican 2009
73 Pat Noonan Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
74 Ryan Lynch Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
75 Edith McClafferty Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
76 Amanda Curtis Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
77 Kirk Wagoner Ends.png Republican 2013
78 Steve Gibson Ends.png Republican 2011
79 Chuck Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
80 Liz Bangerter Ends.png Republican 2011
81 Galen Hollenbaugh Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
82 Jenny Eck Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
83 Wylie Galt Ends.png Republican 2013
84 Mike Miller Ends.png Republican 2009
85 Gordon Pierson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
86 Kathy Swanson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
87 Patrick Connell Ends.png Republican 2011
88 Ron Ehli Ends.png Republican 2011
89 Nancy Ballance Ends.png Republican 2013
90 Edward Greef Ends.png Republican 2011
91 David Moore Ends.png Republican 2013
92 Bryce Bennett Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
93 Douglas Coffin Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
94 Ellie Hill Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
95 Tom Steenberg Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
96 Carolyn Squires Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
97 Nancy Wilson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
98 Jenifer Gursky Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
99 Kimberly Dudik Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
100 Champ Edmunds Ends.png Republican 2011

Standing committees

See also: Joint legislative committees, Montana State Legislature

There are a total of 16 standing committees in the Montana House:


Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Montana’’
Partisan breakdown of the Montana legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Montana State House of Representatives for one year while the Republicans were the majority for 17 years, including the last five years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Montana, the Montana State Senate and the Montana House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Montana state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links