Difference between revisions of "Montana House of Representatives"

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|Political groups = [[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Montana House of Representatives|State=Montana|Party=Democratic}}) <br>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Montana House of Representatives|State=Montana|Party=Republican}}) <br>Vacant (1)
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|Term length = [[Length of terms of state representatives|2 years]]
 
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Revision as of 00:01, 8 January 2014

Montana House of Representatives

Seal of Montana.jpg
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   4 terms (8 years)
2014 session start:   January 7, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Mark Blasdel, (R)
Majority Leader:   Gordon Vance, (R)
Minority leader:   Chuck Hunter, (D)
Structure
Members:  100
   Democratic Party (

39)
Republican Party (

61)
Vacant (2)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art V, Montana Constitution
Salary:   $82.64/day + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (100 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (100 seats)
Redistricting:  Montana Districting and Apportionment Commission
The Montana House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the Montana State Legislature. A total of 100 members serve in the lower chamber of the Montana Legislature. Each member represents an average of 9,894 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 9,022 residents.[2]

As of July 2014, Montana is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article V of the Montana Constitution establishes when the Montana State Legislature, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 6 of Article V states that the Legislature is to meet in every odd-numbered year in a regular session of at most ninety legislative days. However, Section 6 allows any Legislature to increase the limit on the length of any subsequent session. Section 6 also allows for the Legislature to meet in special session when convened by the Governor of Montana or when a special session is requested by a majority of the Legislature's members.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will not hold a regular session.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 7 through April 27.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included economic development, increased natural resource development and reforms to how the state funds education.[3]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was not in regular session.

2011

In 2011, the House was in session from January 3 through April 28. [4]

The bill submission deadline in 2011 was January 14.

2010

In 2010, the House was not in session.[5]

2009

The 61st session of the Montana legislature convened on January 5, 2009 and adjourned on April 25, 2009.

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Montana was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[6]

Elections

2012

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives were held in Montana on November 6, 2012. All 100 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 12, 2012. The primary election day was June 5, 2012.[7]

Montana state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than four two-year terms. In 2012, 16 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

During the 2012 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $1,593,820. The top 10 contributors were:[8]

2012 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
Jackson, Jonathan R. (Jon) $10,000
Coffin, Douglas $9,931
Miller, Kim $9,630
Wilks, Dan $9,280
Ballance, Nancy L. $9,170
Wilks, Farris $9,120
Wilks, Joann $9,120
Wilks, Staci $8,960
Glacier PAC $8,950
Shaw, Ray L $8,815

2010

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives were held in Montana on November 2, 2010. All 100 seats were up for election.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 15, 2010. The primary election day was June 8, 2010.

During the 2010 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $1,611,045. The top 10 donors were: [9]

2008

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 3, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008. All 100 seats were up for election.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $1,793,389. The top 10 contributors were:[10]

2008 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
Malcolm, Bruce $14,317
Donaldson, Neal $13,841
Anderson, Susan H $11,666
Glacier PAC $11,360
Ward, John M $10,886
Yellowstone County Republican Central Committee $10,100
Forbes, John Stuart $9,523
Montana State AFL-CIO $8,800
Mehlhoff, Robert (Bob) $8,400
Montana Association Of Realtors $8,070

2006

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 6, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006. All 100 seats were up for election.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $1,796,765. The top 10 contributors were:[11]

2006 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
McGarvey, Dale L. $20,810
Stanley, Frank E. $12,152
Robinson, Owen $12,132
Koopman, Roger $10,748
Lilleberg, Philip $10,374
Thomas, Bill $10,127
Utter, Ken $10,000
Yellowstone County Republican Central Committee $9,250
Glacier PAC $9,230
Montana State AFL-CIO $8,680

2004

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 4, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004. All 100 seats were up for election.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $1,271,652. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2004 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
Maclaren, Gary $10,303
Friends Of Mike McGrath $9,880
Arntzen, Elsie $9,596
Windham, Jeanne $8,247
Yellowstone County Republican Central Committee $8,150
Glaser, William E (Bill) $7,908
Harris, Christopher $6,927
Roberts, Donald L. $6,828
Montana Association Of Realtors $6,710
Montana Contractors Association $6,250

2002

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 4, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002. All 100 seats were up for election.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $994,198. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

2002 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
Glacier PAC $8,000
Montana Republican Party $7,500
Republican Legislative Campaign Committee Of Montana $7,317
Friends Of The Big Sky $7,040
Roberts, Donald $6,499
Polanchek, Arnold T. $6,175
Montana Education Association Montana Federation Of Teachers $5,500
Montana Trial Lawyers Association $5,300
Montana State AFL-CIO $5,200
Yellowstone County Republican Party $5,050

2000

See also: Montana House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Montana House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 6, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000. All 100 seats were up for election.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $1,119,382. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

2000 Donors, Montana House of Representatives
Donor Amount
Montana Education Association Montana Federation Of Teachers $14,500
Gallik, David $13,332
Harris, Christopher K. $12,566
Montana Democratic Party $9,040
Havens, David $7,902
Montana State AFL-CIO $7,200
Brueggeman, John P. $7,035
Peterson, Art $6,071
Bailey, George E. $6,006
Lindeen, Monica J. $5,890

Qualifications

To be eligible to serve in the Montana House of Representatives, a candidate must be:[15]

  • A resident of the state for at least one year next preceding the general election
  • A resident of the county for six months preceding the general election if it contains one or more districts or of the district if it contains all or parts of more than one county.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the house, the Board of County Commissioners that represent the vacant seat must select a replacement. The Secretary of State must notify the Board of Commissioners and the county central committee of the political party that holds the vacant seat no later than seven days after the vacancy happened. The county central committee has 45 days after receiving notice from the Secretary of State to provide a list of candidates to the Board of County Commissioners. The board must select a replacement no later than 15 days after receiving the list of candidates. If the Senate is in session, the selection must be made no later than five days after receiving a candidate list.[16] Any person selected to fill a Senate seat serves until the next scheduled general election.[17]

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Montana legislature are paid $82.64/day. Per diem is $105.31/day.[18]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Montana legislators assume office the first Monday of January following the election. If a senator is elected to fill a vacancy, the term of service begins the day after the election.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 39
     Republican Party 61
Total 100


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Montana State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Montana State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. [19]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Montana House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House Mark Blasdel Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Austin Knudsen Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Leader Gordon Vance Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Mike Cuffe Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Cary Smith Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Jeffrey Welborn Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Christy Clark Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Chuck Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Leader Bryce Bennett Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Margaret MacDonald Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Edie McClafferty Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Montana House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Jerry Bennett Ends.png Republican 2009
2 Mike Cuffe Ends.png Republican 2011
3 Jerry O'Neil Ends.png Republican 2011
4 Ed Lieser Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
5 Keith Regier Ends.png Republican 2009
6 Carl Glimm Ends.png Republican 2013
7 Randy Brodehl Ends.png Republican 2011
8 Steve Lavin Ends.png Republican 2011
9 Scott Reichner Ends.png Republican 2009
10 Mark Blasdel Ends.png Republican 2007
11 Greg Hertz Ends.png Republican 2013
12 Daniel Salomon Ends.png Republican 2011
13 Pat Ingraham Ends.png Republican 2007
14 Nicholas Schwaderer Ends.png Republican 2013
15 Frosty Calf Boss Ribs Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
16 Lea Whitford Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
17 Christy Clark Ends.png Republican 2011
18 Jesse O'Hara Ends.png Republican 2013
19 Roger Hagan Ends.png Republican 2013
20 Steve Fitzpatrick Ends.png Republican 2011
21 Jean Price Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
22 Casey Schreiner Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
23 Carlie Boland Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
24 Brian Hoven Ends.png Republican 2009
25 Tom Jacobson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
26 Robert Mehlhoff Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
27 Rob Cook Ends.png Republican 2011
28 Roy Hollandsworth Ends.png Republican 2009
29 Ryan Osmundson Ends.png Republican 2011
30 Bill Harris Ends.png Republican 2011
31 Bridget Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
32 Clarena Brockie Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
33 Kris Hansen Ends.png Republican 2011
34 Wendy Warburton Ends.png Republican 2009
35 Mike Lang Ends.png Republican 2013
36 Austin Knudsen Ends.png Republican 2011
37 Scott Staffanson Ends.png Republican August 2013
38 Alan Doane Ends.png Republican 2013
39 Lee Randall Ends.png Republican 2009
40 Bill McChesney Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
41 Rae Peppers Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
42 Carolyn Pease-Lopez Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
43 Duane Ankney Ends.png Republican 2007
44 Jonathan McNiven Ends.png Republican 2011
45 Tom Berry Ends.png Republican 2009
46 Clayton Fiscus Ends.png Republican 2013
47 Daniel Zolnikov Ends.png Republican 2013
48 Doug Kary Ends.png Republican 2011
49 Mary McNally Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
50 Dennis Lenz Ends.png Republican 2013
51 Kelly McCarthy Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
52 Virginia Court Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
53 Dave Hagstrom Ends.png Republican 2013
54 Margaret MacDonald Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
55 Cary Smith Ends.png Republican 2009
56 Don Jones Ends.png Republican 2013
57 Sarah Laszloffy Ends.png Republican 2013
58 Krayton Kerns Ends.png Republican 2007
59 Joanne Blyton Ends.png Republican 2011
60 David Howard Ends.png Republican 2009
61 Alan Redfield Ends.png Republican 2013
62 Reilly Neill Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
63 Franke Wilmer Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
64 Tom Woods Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
65 Kathleen Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
66 JP Pomnichowski Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
67 Gordon Vance Ends.png Republican 2009
68 Kelly Flynn Ends.png Republican 2011
69 Ted Washburn Ends.png Republican 2009
70 Kerry White Ends.png Republican 2013
71 Ray Shaw Ends.png Republican 2013
72 Jeffrey Welborn Ends.png Republican 2009
73 Pat Noonan Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
74 Ryan Lynch Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
75 Edith McClafferty Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
76 Amanda Curtis Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
77 Kirk Wagoner Ends.png Republican 2013
78 Steve Gibson Ends.png Republican 2011
79 Chuck Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
80 Liz Bangerter Ends.png Republican 2011
81 Galen Hollenbaugh Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
82 Jenny Eck Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
83 Wylie Galt Ends.png Republican 2013
84 Mike Miller Ends.png Republican 2009
85 Gordon Pierson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
86 Kathy Swanson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
87 Patrick Connell Ends.png Republican 2011
88 Ron Ehli Ends.png Republican 2011
89 Nancy Ballance Ends.png Republican 2013
90 Edward Greef Ends.png Republican 2011
91 David Moore Ends.png Republican 2013
92 Bryce Bennett Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
93 Douglas Coffin Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
94 Ellie Hill Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
95 Tom Steenberg Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
96 Carolyn Squires Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
97 Vacant
98 Vacant
(Andrew Person (D) appointed Dec. 2013)
99 Kimberly Dudik Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
100 Champ Edmunds Ends.png Republican 2011

Standing committees

See also: Joint legislative committees, Montana State Legislature

There are a total of 16 standing committees in the Montana House:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Montana’’
Partisan breakdown of the Montana legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Montana State House of Representatives for one year while the Republicans were the majority for 17 years, including the last five years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Montana, the Montana State Senate and the Montana House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Montana state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Montana state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Montana had Republican trifectas from 1995-2004. Montana's lowest SQLI ranking, finishing at 41st, occurred during those Republican trifectas, from 1999-2001. The state's two highest rankings came in the final five years while under divided government.

Chart displaying the partisanship of Montana government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population," April 2, 2001
  3. Billings Gazette, " Legislature again prepare to debate divisive issues," January 6, 2013
  4. Montana Legislature
  5. Session information for Montana Legislature
  6. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  7. Montana Secretary of State "2012 Elections Candidate Information"
  8. Follow the Money "2012 Montana House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
  9. Follow the Money: "Montana House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  10. Follow the Money "2008 Montana House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
  11. Follow the Money "2006 Montana House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
  12. Follow the Money "2004 Montana House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
  13. Follow the Money "2002 Montana House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
  14. Follow the Money "2000 Montana House of Representatives Campaign Contributions"
  15. Montana State Constitution, "Qualifications for running for legislature," accessed December 17, 2013(Referenced Article 5 Section 4)
  16. Montana Legislature, "Montana Election Law," accessed December 17, 2013(Referenced Statute 5-2-402 (3) (a)-(c))
  17. Montana Legislature, "Montana Election Law," accessed December 17, 2013(Referenced Statute 5-2-405 (1)-(2))
  18. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  19. Montana House Leadership