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Difference between revisions of "Montana signature requirements"

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Partisan candidates for [[Secretary of State of Montana]] had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of [[Montana]] for the two years preceding election.<ref name="info"/> Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $860.18.<ref name="fee"/>
 
Partisan candidates for [[Secretary of State of Montana]] had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of [[Montana]] for the two years preceding election.<ref name="info"/> Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $860.18.<ref name="fee"/>
  
Independent candidates for [[Secretary of State of Montana]] had to submit a petition with 11,686 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election. <ref name="ind"/> Candidates also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.<ref name="ind"/>
+
Independent candidates for [[Secretary of State of Montana]] had to submit a petition with 11,686 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.<ref name="ind"/> Candidates also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.<ref name="ind"/>
  
 
====Attorney General====
 
====Attorney General====
Partisan candidates for [[Attorney General of Montana]] had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of [[Montana]] for the two years preceding election.<ref name="info"/> A candidate had to be an attorney in good standing admitted to practice law in Montana and in active practice for at least five years before election. <ref name="info"/> Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $1060.99.<ref name="fee"/>
+
Partisan candidates for [[Attorney General of Montana]] had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of [[Montana]] for the two years preceding election.<ref name="info"/> A candidate had to be an attorney in good standing admitted to practice law in Montana and in active practice for at least five years before election.<ref name="info"/> Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $1060.99.<ref name="fee"/>
  
Independent candidates for [[Attorney General of Montana]] had to submit a petition with 12,284 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election. <ref name="ind"/> Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.<ref name="ind"/>
+
Independent candidates for [[Attorney General of Montana]] had to submit a petition with 12,284 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.<ref name="ind"/> Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.<ref name="ind"/>
  
 
====State Auditor====
 
====State Auditor====
 
Partisan candidates for State Auditor of [[Montana]] had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of [[Montana]] for the two years preceding election.<ref name="info"/> Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $860.18.<ref name="fee"/>
 
Partisan candidates for State Auditor of [[Montana]] had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of [[Montana]] for the two years preceding election.<ref name="info"/> Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $860.18.<ref name="fee"/>
  
Independent candidates for State Auditor of [[Montana]] had to submit a petition with 12,327 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election. <ref name="ind"/> Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.<ref name="ind"/>
+
Independent candidates for State Auditor of [[Montana]] had to submit a petition with 12,327 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.<ref name="ind"/> Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.<ref name="ind"/>
  
 
====Superintendent of Public Instruction====
 
====Superintendent of Public Instruction====
 
Partisan candidates for Superintendent of Public Instruction of [[Montana]] had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of [[Montana]] for the two years preceding election.<ref name="info"/> Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $1046.35.<ref name="fee"/>
 
Partisan candidates for Superintendent of Public Instruction of [[Montana]] had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of [[Montana]] for the two years preceding election.<ref name="info"/> Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $1046.35.<ref name="fee"/>
  
Independent candidates for Superintendent of Public Instruction of [[Montana]] had to submit a petition with 11,725 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election. <ref name="ind"/> Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.<ref name="ind"/>
+
Independent candidates for Superintendent of Public Instruction of [[Montana]] had to submit a petition with 11,725 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.<ref name="ind"/> Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.<ref name="ind"/>
  
 
===State legislature===
 
===State legislature===
Line 62: Line 62:
 
Partisan candidates for [[Montana State Senate|State Senate]] had to be a U.S. citizen, a resident of Montana for at least 1 year, and a resident of the county and/or district they seek to represent for at least 6 months preceding the election.<ref name="info"/>  Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $15.00.<ref name="fee"/>
 
Partisan candidates for [[Montana State Senate|State Senate]] had to be a U.S. citizen, a resident of Montana for at least 1 year, and a resident of the county and/or district they seek to represent for at least 6 months preceding the election.<ref name="info"/>  Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $15.00.<ref name="fee"/>
  
Independent candidates for [[Montana State Senate|State Senate]] had to submit a petition with [http://sos.mt.gov/elections/Archives/2010s/2012/Info/2012_Independent,_Minor_Party,_Indigent_Candidate_Information.pdf signatures] equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election. <ref name="ind"/> Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee of $15.00.<ref name="ind"/>
+
Independent candidates for [[Montana State Senate|State Senate]] had to submit a petition with [http://sos.mt.gov/elections/Archives/2010s/2012/Info/2012_Independent,_Minor_Party,_Indigent_Candidate_Information.pdf signatures] equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.<ref name="ind"/> Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee of $15.00.<ref name="ind"/>
  
 
====State House====
 
====State House====
 
Partisan candidates for [[Montana House of Representatives|State House]] had to be a U.S. citizen, a resident of Montana for at least 1 year, and a resident of the county and/or district they seek to represent for at least 6 months preceding the election.<ref name="info"/> Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $15.00.<ref name="fee"/>
 
Partisan candidates for [[Montana House of Representatives|State House]] had to be a U.S. citizen, a resident of Montana for at least 1 year, and a resident of the county and/or district they seek to represent for at least 6 months preceding the election.<ref name="info"/> Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $15.00.<ref name="fee"/>
  
Independent candidates for [[Montana House of Representatives|State House]] had to submit a petition with [http://sos.mt.gov/elections/Archives/2010s/2012/Info/2012_Independent,_Minor_Party,_Indigent_Candidate_Information.pdf signatures] equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election. <ref name="ind"/> Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee of $15.00.<ref name="ind"/>
+
Independent candidates for [[Montana House of Representatives|State House]] had to submit a petition with [http://sos.mt.gov/elections/Archives/2010s/2012/Info/2012_Independent,_Minor_Party,_Indigent_Candidate_Information.pdf signatures] equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.<ref name="ind"/> Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee of $15.00.<ref name="ind"/>
  
 
===Filing deadlines===
 
===Filing deadlines===

Revision as of 15:04, 24 February 2014

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Signature requirements
(By state)

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This page details Montana signature requirements. In many states, the signatures of registered voters had to be collected to place candidates or initiatives on the ballot. However, for candidates, filing fees are sometimes required or accepted in lieu of signatures.

Federal offices

U.S. Senate

Partisan candidates for U.S. Senate had to submit a filing fee of $1,740.[1][2]

Independent candidates for U.S. Senate had to submit a petition with 9,993 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election. Candidates had to still submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.[3]

Write-in candidates for U.S. Senate had to file a declaration of intent and pay the filing fee at the time of filing.[4][2]

U.S. House

Partisan candidates for U.S. House had to submit a filing fee of $1,740.[1][2]

Independent candidates for U.S. House had to submit a petition with 10,885 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election. Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.[3]

Write-in candidates for U.S. House had to file a declaration of intent and pay the filing fee at the time of filing.[4][2]

Filing deadlines

2014

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 U.S. Congress elections

The 2014 filing deadline for partisan candidates for U.S. Senate and U.S. House is March 10, 2014. For independent candidates, the filing deadline is May 27, 2014.[5]

2012

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 U.S. Congress elections

Partisan candidates for U.S. Senate and U.S. House had to submit filing fees by March 12, 2012.[6] Independent and write-in candidates had to also submit forms and filing fees by the same filing deadline of March 12, 2012.[3][2]

State offices

Statewide executive offices

Governor

Partisan candidates for Governor of Montana had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of Montana for the two years preceding election.[2] They also pay a filing fee of $1,945.29.[1]

Independent candidates for Governor of Montana had to submit a petition with 15,934 signatures.[3] Candidates also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and appropriate filing fee of $1,945.29.[3][1]

Lieutenant Governor

Partisan candidates for Lieutenant Governor of Montana had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of Montana for the two years preceding election.[2] Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $1,945.29.[1]

Independent candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.[3]

Secretary of State

Partisan candidates for Secretary of State of Montana had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of Montana for the two years preceding election.[2] Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $860.18.[1]

Independent candidates for Secretary of State of Montana had to submit a petition with 11,686 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.[3] Candidates also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.[3]

Attorney General

Partisan candidates for Attorney General of Montana had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of Montana for the two years preceding election.[2] A candidate had to be an attorney in good standing admitted to practice law in Montana and in active practice for at least five years before election.[2] Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $1060.99.[1]

Independent candidates for Attorney General of Montana had to submit a petition with 12,284 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.[3] Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.[3]

State Auditor

Partisan candidates for State Auditor of Montana had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of Montana for the two years preceding election.[2] Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $860.18.[1]

Independent candidates for State Auditor of Montana had to submit a petition with 12,327 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.[3] Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.[3]

Superintendent of Public Instruction

Partisan candidates for Superintendent of Public Instruction of Montana had to be a U.S. citizen, and a resident of Montana for the two years preceding election.[2] Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $1046.35.[1]

Independent candidates for Superintendent of Public Instruction of Montana had to submit a petition with 11,725 signatures, equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.[3] Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee.[3]

State legislature

State Senate

Partisan candidates for State Senate had to be a U.S. citizen, a resident of Montana for at least 1 year, and a resident of the county and/or district they seek to represent for at least 6 months preceding the election.[2] Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $15.00.[1]

Independent candidates for State Senate had to submit a petition with signatures equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.[3] Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee of $15.00.[3]

State House

Partisan candidates for State House had to be a U.S. citizen, a resident of Montana for at least 1 year, and a resident of the county and/or district they seek to represent for at least 6 months preceding the election.[2] Candidates had to also pay a filing fee of $15.00.[1]

Independent candidates for State House had to submit a petition with signatures equal to 5% or more of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office at the last general election.[3] Candidates had to also submit a declaration and oath of candidacy and pay the filing fee of $15.00.[3]

Filing deadlines

2014

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 state government elections

The 2014 filing deadline for partisan candidates is March 10, 2014. For independent and minor party candidates, the filing deadline is May 27, 2014.[7]

2012

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state government elections

Partisan, independent, and write in candidates had to all file by the filing deadline of March 12, 2012.[2]

Ballot measures

Signature requirements in Montana are based on the number of votes cast for the position of Governor of Montana in the state's most recent gubernatorial election[8].

Signature requirements

The number of signatures required to qualify a measure for the ballot is tied to how many votes were cast in the last gubernatorial election. To place a constitutional amendment on the ballot, proponents must collect 10% of votes cast for governor in the last gubernatorial general election. For a new state statute or veto referendum, 5% of votes cast for governor in the most recent gubernatorial election are required.

Year Amendment Statute Veto referendum
2014 48,349 24,174 24,174
2012 48,673 24,337 24,337
2010 48,673 24,337 24,337
2008 44,615 22,308 22,308

DocumentIcon.jpg See law: Montana Constitution, Article III, Section 4 & Article XIV, Sections 9

Basis of calculation

  • Montana held a gubernatorial election in 2012 and 483,489 votes were cast for the office of governor at that time.[9]
  • Montana held a gubernatorial election in 2008 and 486,734 votes were cast for the office of governor at that time.[10] The requirements for a 2010 initiated measure in Montana were the same as those for a 2012 initiated measure.

Geographic distribution

See also: Distribution requirement
  • For an initiated statute or a veto referendum, signatures had to come from 5% of the voters in each of 34 legislative districts[11].

Signature validation procedure

In Montana, signed petition sheets are turned in by sponsors on a county-by-county basis to county election officials rather than centrally with the Montana Secretary of State. County officials are required to check the names of all petition signers to verify the registration status of each petition signer. In addition, county election officials are to randomly select signatures on each petition sheet for comparison with the signatures of the electors as they appear in the registration records of the office. If any of the randomly selected signatures do not appear to be genuine, all signatures on that sheet had to be compared with the signatures in the registration records of the office.

Recall

See also: Laws governing recall in Montana
  • To recall statewide officers, signatures had to equal 10% of voters for office to be recalled at time of the last election
  • For district officers, signatures had to equal 15% of voters for office to be recalled at time of the last election

Signature deadlines

2014

See also: Petition drive deadlines, 2014

The deadline to submit signatures for the 2014 ballot in Montana is June 20, 2014.[12]

2012

The deadline to submit signatures for the 2012 ballot in Montana was September 30, 2011 for veto referendum and June 22, 2012 for initiated state statute and initiated constitutional amendment.[13].

2010

For the 2010 ballot in Montana:

  • The earliest date to circulate petitions for signatures for 2010 ballot issues was June 18, 2009.
  • The earliest date to submit signed ballot issue petitions to county election administrators to qualify for the 2010 ballot was October 16, 2009, except for signatures for veto referendum ballot issues.
  • Signatures had to have been filed by June 18, 2010.

See also

External links

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Montana Secretary of State "2012 Offices and Filing Fees" Accessed April 25, 2012
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 Montana Secretary of State "Candidate Filing Information" Accessed April 25, 2012
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 Montana Secretary of State "Independent, Minor Party, Candidate Information" Accessed April 25, 2012
  4. 4.0 4.1 Montana Secretary of State "Candidate Calendar 2012" Accessed April 25, 2012
  5. Montana Secretary of State "Candidate Filing Deadlines," Accessed December 27, 2014
  6. Montana Secretary of State "Major Party and NonPartisan Candidate Information" Accessed April 25, 2012
  7. Montana Secretary of State "Candidate Filing Deadlines," Accessed December 27, 2014
  8. [Confirmed with Montana Secretary of State via phone on January 25, 2011. Representative with SOS said that the signature requirements based on electors in the gubernatorial election is correct.]
  9. 2012 Montana Official Election Results
  10. 2008 Montana Official Election Results
  11. 11.0 11.1 [Confirmed with a representative of the Montana Secretary of State on January 25, 2011 via phone. A representative with the SOS said that the current requirements are based on a court decision 10 years ago mandating the distribution requirement to be calculated by legislative districts]
  12. Montana Secretary of State "2014 Ballot Issues," Accessed December 27, 2013
  13. [Confirmed with MT Secretary of State via phone on 1-26-2011]