Difference between revisions of "Nancy Pelosi"
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Revision as of 13:43, 21 October 2013
|U.S. House, California, District 12|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||27|
|Predecessor||Sala Burton (D)|
|Minority Leader, United States House of Representatives|
|Speaker, United States House of Representatives|
|Minority Whip, United States House of Representatives|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|Cost per vote||$7.89 in 2012|
|First elected||June 2, 1987|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|Bachelor's||Trinity College, 1962|
|Birthday||March 26, 1940|
|Place of birth||Baltimore, MD|
- 1 Career
- 2 Committee assignments
- 3 Issues
- 3.1 Legislative actions
- 3.1.1 113th Congress
- 3.1.2 National security
- 3.1.3 Economy
- 3.1.4 Immigration
- 3.1.5 Healthcare
- 3.1.6 Social issues
- 3.1.7 Previous congressional sessions
- 3.2 IRS targeting
- 3.3 Earmarks
- 3.1 Legislative actions
- 4 Elections
- 5 Campaign donors
- 6 Analysis
- 7 Personal
- 8 Recent news
- 9 External links
- 10 References
Pelosi has served as House Minority Leader since 2010 and chose to continue to serve in that position following the 2012 election. She stated, “After our victory at the polls, I wouldn’t think of walking away.” She formerly served as Speaker of the House for four years, but became Minority Leader when Republicans took control of the House following the 2010 election.
Pelosi suggested that she is interested in becoming Speaker of the House again and that she plans to run for re-election in 2014.
Pelosi most recently won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 12th District. She defeated John Dennis (R) in the November 6, 2012 general election.  Pelosi was displaced from her former district by redistricting.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Pelosi is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Pelosi's academic, professional and political career:
- 1962: Graduated from Trinity College with B.A.
- 1981-1983: Chair, California State Democratic Party
- 1985-1986: Finance chairman, Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee
- 1987-Present: U.S Representative from California
As minority leader, Pelosi doesn't serve on any committees.
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. For more information pertaining to Pelosi's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
American response in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
“At this critical juncture, it is essential that we make all Americans — the men and women we represent — fully aware of what the intelligence clearly and unequivocally demonstrates: that the Assad regime was responsible for chemical weapons attacks against innocent Syrians, resulting in the deaths of more than 1,400 people, including hundreds of children,” Pelosi wrote in the letter. She continued, "It is in our national interest to respond to the Syrian government’s unspeakable use of chemical weapons. Indeed, it has been, and remains, a core pillar of our national security — under Democratic and Republican administrations — to prevent, limit, and halt the spread and use of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons. This is a matter of national, regional, and global security."
“We look forward to hearing any comments and questions you may have as we carefully discuss how to proceed and what steps to take. I appreciate those who have already offered their thoughts, comments, and opinions, and I look forward to working together on this challenge in the coming days,” Pelosi said. “For many, ignoring Bashar Al-Assad’s use of chemical weapons is a luxury humanity simply cannot afford.”
Second letter to House Democrats
Pelosi sent a second letter to members trying to sway them to support a strike on Syria on September 4, 2014.
“Our continuing discussion on the appropriate response to the Syrian government’s actions is affected by Congress not being in session,” Pelosi wrote. “However, this week is an important one in our discussion of what House Members are willing to support.”
Pelosi acknowledged concerns she had received in response to her first correspondence and attempted to address them. “Responses included suggestions to add language to prevent boots on the ground, to tie the authorization more closely to the use of chemical weapons and to address concerns about an open-ended timetable,” she wrote. “Chairman [Steve] Israel has suggested language along these lines, and Congressmen Chris Van Hollen and Gerry Connolly have also put forward a proposal.”
Pelosi emphasized that President Barack Obama needs to make the case for the strike.
“The House Democratic leadership joins Intelligence Committee Ranking Member Dutch Ruppersberger in encouraging you to read the classified intelligence report, which will be made available every day of the week for your review,” she wrote. “I also appreciate your suggestions and comments regarding the need to educate the American public.
Third letter to House Democrats
On September 5, 2013 Pelosi sent a third letter to House Democrats highlighting the restrictions of the Senate's use-of-force resolution, in an effort to gather support for President Obama's plan to strike Syria.
In the letter Pelosi emphasized that the Senate proposal, passed on September 5, 2013 by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, “addresses some of the concerns expressed by many of our House members.”
“Specifically, the resolution prevents boots on the ground, ties the authorization more closely to the use of chemical and other weapons of mass destruction, and has a limited timetable,” Pelosi wrote.
Fourth letter to House Democrats
On September 6, 2013, Pelosi sent her fourth letter to Democratic members of the House, updating them on the Obama administration's push for congressional authorization for military action in Syria.
Pelosi pointed to the White House's efforts regarding Syria and noted that members could receive further briefings with administration officials "based on member requests." She also reminded caucus members that the classified intelligence reports on the August 21, 2013, chemical weapons attack in Damascus are "available every day of the week for your review."
Fifth letter to House Democrats
Just a day after sending her fourth letter, Pelosi followed up with a fifth letter to the Democratic members of the House on September 7, 2013. The letter highlighted statements supporting the strike by President Barack Obama and Barbara Boxer.
“Here in California, we are blessed with the leadership of Senator Barbara Boxer, who voted for the resolution marked up this week in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee,” Pelosi wrote to Democrats.
National Defense Authorization Act
Pelosi voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Department of Homeland Security Appropriations
Pelosi voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.
Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act
Pelosi voted against HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.
While talking about potential spending cuts, Pelosi said, "The cupboard is bare. There's no more cuts to make." She went on, "We all want to reduce the deficit, Put everything on the table, review it, but you cannot have any more cuts just for the sake of cuts. Right now you’re taking trophies."
Pelosi blasted House Republicans on the issue, but distinguished Speaker John Boehner from many of them. "I certainly don’t paint the speaker with that brush, but there are enough of them in their caucus to shut down the government. That would be a victory for them," Pelosi said.
Federal pay cuts
In Feb. 2013, as federal agencies braced themselves for the imminent arrival of steep sequester spending cuts, Pelosi spoke out in opposition to cutting congressional salaries as a way to offset cuts to federal programming and personnel. "I don't think we should do it; I think we should respect the work we do...I think it's necessary for us to have the dignity of the job that we have rewarded," she said to reporters in Washington, D.C. Pelosi conceded that her household income could easily withstand a pay cut, but pointed out that such financial security does not necessarily apply to all Congress members and staffers, especially those relied upon as their families' sole income providers. "A sequester should be out of the question," stated Pelosi, in dissonance with the outlook expressed by fellow Democratic Rep. Steny Hoyer two weeks before President Obama issued the sequestration order. Hoyer correctly predicted that yielding to a sequester and letting its accompanying pay cuts take effect, were "obviously" awaiting Congress, "like everybody else, and we will have to accommodate that," he said. Congress was unable to agree on a planned recourse to the sequester by March 1, 2013, therefore setting off across-the-board federal budget cuts amounting to approximately $85 billion.
Federal Statutory Pay Adjustment Elimination
Pelosi voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.
Plans to introduce legislation in October 2013
Reports circulated at the end of September 2013 that Pelosi is considering introducing legislation combining the comprehensive immigration bill that passed the Senate Judiciary Committee in May with a bipartisan border-security bill from the House Homeland Security Committee.
The strategy was detailed at a meeting hosted by Pelosi in September 2013 with top House Democrats and several immigration-rights advocates. The plan would be to publicly release the bill around the same time as the October 5, 2013, National Day of Action that is meant to mobilize grass-roots support and pressure the House Republican leadership to take up immigration reform that includes a pathway to citizenship.
The thinking, according to an aide familiar with the strategy, is that combining those two measures would create a bill that could rally support from as many lawmakers in the House as possible.
Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition
Pelosi voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Health Care Reform Rules
Pelosi voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.
Pelosi voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
Previous congressional sessions
Pelosi voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.
On May 10, 2013, news broke that various branches of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) had specifically targeted conservative groups' applications for tax-exempt status. This began during the tea party surge in 2010. The agency was separating tax-exempt applications by searching for political terms such as "tea party" and "patriot." In June 2011, an IRS official was briefed on these transgressions and asked that this practice end. The flagging continued, however, when the criteria was changed in January 2012 to look out for groups educating on the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
The targeting included allegations that tea party groups were forced to provide information not asked of other tax exempt groups. Examples of this included requests for donor information, Facebook posts, resumes and political intentions of group officials and connections to other groups.
On May 16, IRS Commissioner Steven Miller announced his resignation. He still testified at the hearings the next day.
As a result of this scandal, Republicans and many Democratic members of Congress, including Pelosi, publicly called for a deeper investigation into these matters. The House Ways and Means Committee held a hearing on May 17 during which it was disclosed that the Obama administration was made aware of the targeting on June 4, 2012.
On May 20, Senators Max Baucus and Orrin Hatch sent a written inquiry regarding the process for how the agency reviewed applications for tax exempt status. The letter also requested any correspondence between White House officials and the IRS mentioning 501(c) organizations.
During the May 22 House committee hearing on the issue, Lois Lerner, head of the IRS tax-exempt organizations office, declined to answer questions citing her Fifth Amendment right. The next day, May 23, Lerner was placed on administrative leave pending an investigation after Senators John McCain and Carl Levin called on IRS officials to place her on suspension. Lerner retired on September 23, 2013.
A Washington Post investigation in February 2012 revealed that 33 members of Congress helped direct more than $300 million in earmarks to public projects in close proximity to commercial and residential real estate owned by the lawmakers or their family members. According to the report, Pelosi helped secure $50 million in earmarks toward a light-rail project that provides direct access to San Francisco's Union Square and Chinatown for neighborhoods south of Market Street. Pelosi's husband owns a four-story commercial building blocks from Union Square.
Pelosi won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 12th District. She was displaced from her former district, the 8th, by redistricting. She and John Dennis (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Americo Artura Diaz (D), David Peterson (D), Summer Justice Shields (D) and Barry Hermanson (G). Pelosi then defeated Dennis in the general election on November 6, 2012.
|U.S. House, California District 12 General Election, 2012|
|Democratic||Nancy Pelosi Incumbent||85.1%||253,709|
|Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
To view the full congressional electoral history for Nancy Pelosi, click [show] to expand the section.
Comprehensive donor information for Pelosi is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Pelosi raised a total of $12,375,766 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.
|Nancy Pelosi's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||US House (California, District 12)||$2,300,344|
|2010||US House (California, District 8)||$2,597,319|
|2008||US House (California, District 8)||$2,856,945|
|2006||US House (California, District 8)||$1,679,511|
|2004||US House (California, District 8)||$1,552,921|
|2002||US House (California, District 8)||$978,261|
|2000||US House (California, District 8)||$410,465|
|Grand Total Raised||$12,375,766|
|Nancy Pelosi (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$449,327.33||$344,852.38||$(422,180.00)||$371,999.71|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$371,999.71||$327,857.05||$(277,797.51)||$422,059.25|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$422,059.25||$260,461.50||$(263,918.14)||$418,602.61|
Pelosi won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Pelosi's campaign committee raised a total of $2,300,344 and spent $2,001,647. This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.
Cost per vote
Pelosi spent $7.89 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, California District 12, 2012 - Nancy Pelosi Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$531,338|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$480,225|
|Top contributors to Nancy Pelosi's campaign committee|
|Mackenzie Patterson Fuller||$14,800|
|Susman Godfrey Llp||$10,500|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$147,350|
Pelosi won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Pelosi's campaign committee raised a total of $2,597,319 and spent $2,762,400.
Her top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:
|U.S. House, California District 8, 2010 - Nancy Pelosi Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$2,369,385|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$2,195,424|
|Top contributors to Nancy Pelosi's campaign committee|
|Law Offices of Peter G Angelos||$43,200|
|Akin, Gump et al||$34,950|
|Bryan Cave LLP||$22,200|
|Johnson & Johnson||$17,100|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$123,700|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Pelosi most often votes with:
Pelosi least often votes with:
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Pelosi ranked 79th in the liberal rankings.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Pelosi has voted with the Democratic Party 97.4% of the time, which ranked 17th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.
Lifetime missed votes
According to the website GovTrack, Pelosi missed 674 of 12,885 roll call votes from June 1987 to March 2013. This amounts to 5.2%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Pelosi paid her congressional staff a total of $1,098,446 in 2011. She ranked 138th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 69th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Pelosi's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $7,776,073 and $180,548,992. That averages to $94,162,532, which is higher than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2011 of $5,107,874. Her average net worth decreased by 6.88% from 2010.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Pelosi's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $5,946,075 and $196,299,990. That averages to $101,123,032.50, which is higher than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.
Pelosi and her husband, Paul, have five children.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Nancy + Pelosi + California + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- SFGate, "Nancy Pelosi to stay as minority leader," November 15, 2012
- The Washington Post, "Nancy Pelosi suggests she’s still interested in being speaker," September 22, 2013
- CNN "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center"
- California Democratic Party "Official California Democratic Party Endorsements," Accessed March 3, 2012
- Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Nancy Pelosi," Accessed November 2, 2011
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Politico, "Nancy Pelosi sends Dear Colleague urging Syria action," accessed September 4, 2013
- Politico, "Pelosi sends second letter to House Dems on Syria," accessed September 5, 2013
- The Hill, "Pelosi presses case on Syria," accessed September 6, 2013
- Talking Points Memo, "Pelosi Sends Fourth Caucus Letter On Syria," accessed September 13, 2013
- Politico, "Nancy Pelosi sends fifth letter on Syria," accessed September 13, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Politico, "Pelosi says 'the cupboard is bare'," September 22, 2013
- The Hill, "Pelosi: Congressional pay cut undermines dignity of the job," February 14, 2013
- Politico, "President's sequestration order," March 2, 2013
- Politico, "White House stuck on sequester next step," March 2, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Politico, "Nancy Pelosi may introduce immigration reform bill," accessed September 25, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Votesmart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
- USA Today, "IRS knew of Tea Party profiling in 2011, report shows," accessed May 16, 2013
- Politico, "The IRS wants YOU- to share everything," accessed May 16, 2013
- Washington Post, "IRS officials in Washington were involved in targeting of conservative groups," accessed May 16, 2013
- CNN, "'Angry' Obama announces IRS leader's ouster after conservatives targeted," accessed May 16, 2013
- The New York Times, "Treasury Knew of I.R.S. Inquiry in 2012, Official Says," accessed May 17, 2013
- Politico, "Max Baucus and Orrin Hatch expand IRS probe," May 20,2013
- The Washington Post, "Lois Lerner invokes Fifth Amendment in House hearing on IRS targeting," May 22, 2013
- CBS, "IRS official Lois Lerner placed on leave," May 23, 2013
- Wall Street Journal, "Lois Lerner, at Center of IRS Investigation, Retires," accessed December 16, 2013
- Washington Post "Congressional earmarks sometimes used to fund projects near lawmakers' properties," February 6, 2012
- Washington Post "Mapping the earmarks," February 6, 2012
- California Secretary of State, Official candidate list
- Unofficial election results
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1988," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Nancy Pelosi," Accessed March 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Nancy Pelosi Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013
- 'Federal Election Commission "Nancy Pelosi April Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013
- 'Federal Election Commission "Nancy Pelosi July Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013
- 'Federal Election Commission "Nancy Pelosi October Quarterly," Accessed October 21, 2013
- Open Secrets "Nancy Pelosi 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 20, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
- Open Secrets "Nancy Pelosi 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 2, 2011
- Gov Track "Nancy Pelosi," Accessed June 7 2013
- OpenCongress, "Nancy Pelosi," Accessed July 31, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
- GovTrack, "Nancy Pelosi," Accessed April 2, 2013
- LegiStorm "Nancy Pelosi"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Pelosi, (D-Cali), 2011"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Pelosi, (D-Cali), 2010"
|U.S. House - California
| Succeeded by|