National Education Association
|National Education Association|
|President:||Dennis Van Roekel|
|Vice-president:||Lily Eskelsen Garcia|
NEA was founded in 1857 by one hundred educators. In 1966 it merged with the American Teachers Association. Since that time, its membership has increased to over 3.2 million.
The stated mission of the National Education Association is "to advocate for education professionals and to unite our members and the nation to fulfill the promise of public education to prepare every student to succeed in a diverse and interdependent world.", as well as concerning itself with the wage and working condition issues common to other labor unions.
The NEA is a volunteer-based organization that relies upon its members to perform much of the Association's work. In turn, the members are supported by a network of staff at the local, state, and national levels. The stated goal of NEA's work is encapsulated in its tagline: "building great public schools for every child."
At the local level, affiliates perform a variety of activities (as determined by the local members), which may range from raising funds for scholarship programs to conducting professional workshops on issues that affect faculty and school support staff to bargaining contracts for school district employees.
The activities of NEA state affiliates are equally wide-ranging. State affiliates regularly lobby state legislators for funding and other resources; they seek to influence education policy and they campaign for higher professional standards for educators and support professionals. The extent to which the NEA and its state and local affiliates engage in political activities, especially during election cycles has, however, been a source of controversy.
At the national level, the NEA lobbies the United States Congress and federal agencies on behalf of its members and public schools, works with other education organizations and friends of public education, provides training and assistance to its affiliates, and generally conducts activities consistent with the policies set by its elected governing bodies.
NEA is governed by a nine-member executive committee and a board of directors. The current president is Dennis Van Roekel, and the vice president is Lily Eskelsen Garcia.
NEA lists the following issues as its current focus:
- Common Core State Standards
- School Safety
- No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) | ESEA
- Education Funding
- Raise Your Hand for Public Education
- Parent Partnership Resources
For a complete list of detailed issues, click here.
As of November 2013, NEA has spent $1,646,370 in the 2014 election cycle: $310,370 went to Democratic candidates, $55,500 to Republicans and the remaining $1,280,000 was soft money given to political organizations.
NEA spent $14,899,964 in the 2012 election cycle: $2,260,847 on Democratic candidates, $177,707 on Republicans, and $12,486,260 as soft money given to political organizations.
The following table displays the top 10 candidates who received the most money from NEA.
|Top 10 largest National Education Association expenditures in 2012|
Donations to ballot campaigns
- California Proposition 1A (May 2009): $3,000,000
- Maine Auto Excise Tax Repeal, Question 2 (2009): $350,000
- Washington Lower Property Taxes, Initiative 1033 (2009): $340,804
- Washington Referendum 71 (2009): $15,000
- Arizona Majority Rules, Proposition 105 (2008): $500,000
- Colorado Education Funding and TABOR Rebates, Amendment 59 (2008): $250,000
- Nebraska Civil Rights Initiative, 424 (2008): $50,000
- Utah School Vouchers, Referendum 1 (2007). Between the national office of the NEA and its Utah affiliate, $3.1 million was given to the campaign to defeat the referendum.
- Missouri Minimum Wage Act, Proposition B (2006): $200,000
- Ohio Minimum Wage Initiative (2006): $710,000
- Maine Education Funding Carryover Initiative (2004): $300,000
- Washington Charter School Authorization, Referendum 55 (2004): $500,000
- Florida Minimum Wage, Amendment 5 (2004)
NEA's 3.2 million members are served by 14,000 local affiliates (including some 800 higher education affiliates), 51 state-level affiliates (50 state associations and the Federal Education Association), and roughly 555 staff members working at its headquarters in Washington, D.C., and in regional offices.
In 2006, the NEA and the AFL-CIO also announced that, for the first time, stand-alone NEA locals as well as those that had merged with the AFT would be allowed to join state and local labor federations affiliated with the AFL-CIO
Federal law prohibits unions from using dues money or other assets to contribute to or otherwise assist federal candidates or political parties, in accordance with their tax-exempt status. The "NEA Fund for Children and Public Education" is a special fund for voluntary contributions from NEA members which can legally be used to assist candidates and political parties. Critics have repeatedly questioned the NEA's actual compliance with such laws, and a number of legal actions focusing on the union's use of money and union personnel in partisan contexts have ensued
Substantial criticism has been leveled against the NEA and other teachers unions for allegedly putting the interests of teachers ahead of students and for consistently opposing reforms that critics claim would help students but harm union interests. The NEA has supported class size reductions and across-the-board salary increases for teachers: two measures that increase the number and compensation of NEA teachers. On the other hand, the NEA has often opposed measures such as merit pay, school vouchers, reforms to teacher tenure, curriculum reform, the No Child Left Behind Act, and many accountability reforms. In a 1999 interview, conservative commentator Pat Buchanan said that "ever since the judges have gotten heavily into education, and the National Education Association has gotten into control of that "Department of Education", test scores go down, there’s violence in classroom, things are going wrong." Also criticized is the NEA's alleged "goal of changing public opinion on homosexuality, starting with the youngest generation," according to a former chairman of the NEA Ex-Gay Educators Caucus.
What with the recent scrutiny placed on teacher misconduct, regarding specifically sexual abuse, the NEA has been criticized for its failure to crack down on abusive teachers. From an AP invesigation, Reg Weaver commented, "Students must be protected from sexual predators and abuse, and teachers must be protected from false accusations." He then refused to be interviewed. The AP reported that much of the resistance to report the problem comes from "where fellow teachers look away," and "School administrators make behind-the-scenes deals.
Apple Inc. CEO, Steve Jobs, has criticized the NEA and other teacher unions for its lack of support for voucher programs, merit pay, and the removal of bad teachers. On February 17,2007 at an education reform conference in Texas, Jobs said, "What kind of person could you get to run a small business if you told them that when they came in they couldn’t get rid of people that they thought weren’t any good?”
NEA has come under fire for taking advantage of laws in some states that compel, under certain conditions, membership in the association. In a case brought before the U.S. Supreme Court ("Davenport v. Washington Education Association)" on behalf of 4,000 Washington State teachers who are not NEA members but are nonetheless forced to pay NEA dues, the Court partially addressed the issue of collection and use of dues by unions such as the NEA.
The NEA is strongly against the Tax Payer Bill of Rights, and proudly displays this on their website. According to the NEA, TABOR's are a threat to them receiving additional growth in public funds.
This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term "National + Education + Association"
- All stories may not be relevant to this organization due to the nature of the search engine.
- Official website
- Facebook page
- NEA Media Twitter feed
- YouTube channel
- NEA Accountability Project Landmark Legal Foundation
- "NEA Fund for Children and the Public"
- "National Education Association." Infoplease. Based on Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed., 2007.
- "NEA Accountability Project. Landmark Legal Foundation."
- "Learning for a Cause"
- "American Federation of Teachers Web site"
- "Department of Education"
- "Davenport v. Washington Education Assoc."
- "Title 36, Chaper 1511 of the United States Code."
- "NEA Teacher's Toolkit"
- "OpenSecrets.org NEA Money"
- "UnionFacts NEA Money"
- National Education Association, "NEA's Vision, Mission, and Values," accessed November 26, 2013
- National Education Association, "Our History," accessed November 26, 2013
- "National Education Association Website"
- "National Education Association Website"
- "NEA: What We Do"
- "Human Events Article: NEA: 30 Years of Lobbying Democrats"
- "NEA: What We Do"
- National Education Association, "Our Leaders," accessed November 26, 2013
- National Education Association, "Issues and Action," accessed November 26, 2013
- OpenSecrets.org, "National Education Assn Totals," accessed November 26, 2013
- OpenSecrets.org, "National Education Assn, Recipients," accessed November 26, 2013
- "NEA Response to Critics"
- "NEA: What We Do"
- “Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao”
- "NEA Dues membership form"
- "What Teachers Really Think"
- "NEA Ex-Gay Caucus"
- "Gays, Ex-Gays face off at NEA Convention"
- "Thousands of Teacher's Cited for Sex Misconduct"
- "Steve Jobs Interview"
- "NEA - TABOR is a Proven Failure"