Difference between revisions of "Nebraska signature requirements"

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====2014====
 
====2014====
 
::''See also: [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 U.S. Congress elections]]''
 
::''See also: [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 U.S. Congress elections]]''
The 2014 filing deadline for incumbent candidates is February 28, 2014. The filing deadline for non-incumbent candidates is March 3, 2014.<ref>[http://www.sos.ne.gov/elec/2014/pdf/2014-Election-Year-Calendar-AG-final.pdf ''Nebraska Secretary of State'' "2014 Election Calendar," Accessed December 27, 2013]</ref>
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The 2014 filing deadline for incumbent candidates was February 18, 2014. The filing deadline for non-incumbent candidates is March 3, 2014.<ref>[http://www.sos.ne.gov/elec/2014/pdf/2014-Election-Year-Calendar-AG-final.pdf ''Nebraska Secretary of State'' "2014 Election Calendar," Accessed December 27, 2013]</ref>
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
 
::''See also: [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 U.S. Congress elections]]''
 
::''See also: [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 U.S. Congress elections]]''

Revision as of 15:01, 18 February 2014

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Signature requirements
(By state)

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This page details Nebraska signature requirements. In many states, the signatures of registered voters had to be collected to place candidates or initiatives on the ballot. However, for candidates, filing fees are sometimes required or accepted in lieu of signatures.

Federal offices

U.S. Senate

All candidates for Senate had to submit a candidate filing form and a $1,740.00 filing fee.[1][2]

U.S. House

All candidates for House had to submit a candidate filing form and a $1,740.00 filing fee.[1][2]

Filing deadlines

2014

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 U.S. Congress elections

The 2014 filing deadline for incumbent candidates was February 18, 2014. The filing deadline for non-incumbent candidates is March 3, 2014.[3]

2012

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 U.S. Congress elections

The last day for incumbent candidates to submit a filing form was February 15, 2012.[4] The last day for non-incumbent candidates to file for office on primary was March 1, 2012.[4]

State offices

Statewide executive offices

Partisan candidates for Governor had to pay a $1,050 filing fee and submit a candidate filing form.[2]

All candidates for Secretary of State had to pay a $850 filing fee and submit a candidate filing form.[2]

All candidates for State Auditor had to pay a $850 filing fee and submit a candidate filing form.[2]

All candidates for Treasurer had to pay a $850 filing fee and submit a candidate filing form.[2]

All candidates for Attorney General had to pay a $950 filing fee and submit a candidate filing form.[2]

All candidates for Public Service Commissioner had to pay a $750 filing fee and submit a candidate filing form.[2]

State legislature

All candidates for State Senate had to submit a candidate filing form and a $120.00 filing fee.[5][2]

Filing deadlines

2014

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 state government elections

The 2014 filing deadline for incumbent candidates is February 28, 2014. The filing deadline for non-incumbent candidates is March 3, 2014.[6]

2012

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state government elections

The last day for incumbent candidates to submit a filing form was February 15, 2012.[4] The last day for non-incumbent candidates to file for office on primary was March 1, 2012.[4]

Ballot measures

Nebraska signature requirements are calculated on the number of registered voters in the entire state. This is used to base the number of signatures required to quality an initiated constitutional amendment, an initiated state statute or a veto referendum. Nebraska is the only state with initiative or referendum that bases their signature requirements on the number of registered voters, rather than on the number of votes cast in a recent statewide election. The registered voters list maintained by the Secretary of State.

Approximate signatures needed

Ballot measures

See also: Laws governing the initiative process in Nebraska

In Nebraska, the number of required signatures is tied to the number of registered voters in the state as of the statutory deadline for filing signatures. Nebraska is the only state where the number of required signatures is tied directly to the number of registered voters. Most states tie their calculation to how many people actually voted for governor (or some other statewide office) in the most recent election. Because of this unique policy, Nebraska is also the only state where petition sponsors cannot know the exact number of signatures required until the day these signatures are filed.

For proposed statutes, the number required is 7% of registered voters. For amendments, the number required is 10% of registered voters. The Nebraska Constitution provides for two distinct types of referendum. In the first type, the law is referred to ballot but remains in effect until the vote--this requires signatures from 5% of registered voters. In the second, the law is referred to the ballot and suspended until voters have weighed in--this requires signatures from 10% of registered voters. Most states only feature the latter type of veto referendum.

DocumentIcon.jpg See law: Nebraska Constitution, Article III, Sections 2 & 3

Method of calculating signatures

  • A statute initiative requires signatures equal to 7% of registered voters in signatures at the filing deadline.
  • A veto referendum petition requires signatures equal to 5% of voters registered at the filing deadline.
  • A veto referendum to suspend a law before it can go into effect had to equal 10% of those registered to vote. To suspend a newly enacted law, the signatures had to be collected and turned in within 90 days of the adjournment of the legislative session during which the statute was enacted. Otherwise, if the signatures are turned in by the ordinary statutory deadline (four months prior to an upcoming general election) but after the 90 day window for suspending a law, then (a) the law takes effect, (b) the law will be nullified after it has taken effect if it fails on the ballot and (c) fewer signatures are required than if the goal is to suspend the law before it goes into effect.

Registered voters list

The number of required signatures is based on the size of the list of registered voters as of the statutory, legal deadline for turning in signatures. This date is no later than four months prior to the general election at which the proposed ballot measure will appear on the ballot. The allowable circulation period for initiatives in Nebraska is one year. If the sponsors of an initiative circulate a petition and turn it in before the legal deadline-even well before the legal deadline--the number of required signatures is still based on the size of the list of registered voters as of the legal deadline, not as of the date the signatures were filed with the Secretary of State.

Because of this provision in Nebraska law, it is not possible for the government to determine whether a petition filed early has enough signatures. They have to wait until the statutory deadline for filing signatures has passed, because not until then are they able to determine the number of signatures that are legally required.

Geographic distribution

See also: Distribution requirements

For both initiated statutes and constitutional amendments, proponents had to collect signatures from 5% of the registered voters in each of 2/5 (38) of Nebraska's counties. (The same is true for veto referendums that do not prevent the targeted law from taking effect. For those that do suspend the law, 10% of the registered voters had to sign the petition in each of the required counties.)

DocumentIcon.jpg See law: Nebraska Constitution, Article III, Sections 2 & 3

Recall

See also: Laws governing recall in Nebraska

Number of signatures

According to NRS 32.1303, a recall petition had to be "signed by registered voters equal in number to at least thirty-five percent of the total vote cast for that office in the last general election, except that (a) for an office for which more than one candidate is chosen, the petition shall be signed by registered voters equal in number to at least thirty-five percent of the number of votes cast for the person receiving the most votes for such office in the last general election, (b) for a member of a board of a Class I school district, the petition shall be signed by registered voters of the school district equal in number to at least twenty-five percent of the total number of registered voters residing in the district on the date that the recall petitions are first checked out from the filing clerk by the principal circulator, and (c) for a member of a governing body of a village, the petition shall be signed by registered voters equal in number to at least forty-five percent of the total vote cast for the person receiving the most votes for that office in the last general election."

In general, therefore, the number of signatures required to force a recall election is 35% of the total vote cast for that office in the last general election, except in these three special cases:

Type of jurisdiction Signatures required
Multi-member districts 35% of the number of votes cast for the person receiving the most votes for such office in the last general election
Class I school district 25% of the number of registered voters residing in the district on the date that the recall petitions are first checked out from the filing clerk by the principal circulator
Village governing body 45% of the total vote cast for the person receiving the most votes for that office in the last general election

Time allowed to collect signatures

According to NRS 32.1305, signatures on the recall petitions had to be submitted to the appropriate filing clerk "within thirty days after the filing clerk issues the initial petition papers to the principal circulator or circulators."

Deadlines

Petition signatures must be submitted to the Nebraska Secretary of State at least four months prior to the general election. In addition, signatures which are at least four months old at the time of a general election, become invalid. In general this means that the signature gathering process can last for roughly two years if begun mid-July of an even numbered year.[7]

2014

The deadline to submit signatures for the 2014 ballot in Nebraska is July 4, 2014.[7]

2012

The deadline to submit signatures for the 2012 ballot in Nebraska was July 6, 2012[8].

2010

The signature filing deadline for the November 2010 ballot was July 2, 2010. No signatures were filed and as a result, there were no initiated measures on the 2010 Nebraska ballot.

See also

External links

References