Neil Abercrombie

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Neil Abercrombie
Neil Abercrombie.jpg
Governor of Hawaii
Incumbent
In office
December 6, 2010 - Present
Term ends
December 1, 2014
Years in position 4
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorLinda Lingle (R)
Compensation
Base salary$117,312
Elections and appointments
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$6,494,367
Term limits2 consecutive terms
Prior offices
Hawaii House of Representatives
1975 - 1979
Hawaii State Senate
1980 - 1986
U.S. House of Representatives
1986 - 1987, 1991 - 2010
Education
High schoolWilliamsville High School
Bachelor'sUnion College (1959)
Ph.D.University of Hawaii-Manoa (1974)
Personal
BirthdayJune 26, 1938
Place of birthBuffalo, New York
Websites
Office website
Neil Abercrombie (born June 26, 1938) is the current Governor of Hawaii. He was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Hawaii's 1st congressional district (map) from 1991 until his resignation in 2010. He was running for reelection in 2014.[1]

Biography

Abercrombie was born in Buffalo, New York, to Vera June and Donald Abercrombie.[2] Upon graduating from Williamsville High School (now Williamsville South High School), he went on to pursue studies in sociology at Union College in Schenectady, New York. There, Abercrombie obtained his bachelor's degree in 1959. He moved to Honolulu, Hawaii, and studied at the University of Hawaii at Mānoa where he obtained his Doctor of Philosophy in American Studies in 1974. There he attended classes with and befriended current United States President Barack Obama's parents, Ann Dunham and Barack Obama, Sr.[3] As a result, Abercrombie was the only member of Congress to have met Barack Obama's parents while they lived in Hawaii.

Education

  • Williamsville High School
  • Bachelor's degree in Sociology - Union College (1959)
  • Ph.D in American Studies - University of Hawaii at Manoa (1974)

Political career

Governor of Hawaii (2010-Present)

Abercrombie was first elected Governor of Hawaii in November of 2010 and assumed office on December 6, 2010.

Issues

Job creation ranking

In a June 2013 analysis by The Business Journals looking at 45 of the country's 50 governors by their job creation record, Abercrombie was ranked number 19. The five governors omitted from the analysis all assumed office in 2013. The ranking was based on a comparison of the annual private sector growth rate in all 50 states using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.[4][5]

Steven Tyler Act

On January 18, 2013, Jamie Kalani English introduced Senate Bill 465, the proposed "Steven Tyler Act." According the bill, "if [a] person captures or intends to capture, in a manner that is offensive to a reasonable person, through any means a visual image, sound recording, or other physical impression of another person while that person is engaging in a personal or familial activity with a reasonable expectation of privacy," he or she would be liable for the "civil action of constructive invasion of privacy." He or she could be sued for general damages, special damages, and punitive damages worth triple the combined general and special damages. According to Section 1 of the bill, the new law would especially help celebrities and be named after Steven Tyler, who owns a vacation home on the island of Maui, in honor of his "contribution to the arts in Hawai‘i and throughout the world."[6] The Senate passed the SB 465 on March 5 by a vote of 23-2, and the bill was sent on to the House. Only Senators Samuel Slom and Les Ihara, Jr. voted against the bill.[7] Abercrombie, the Hawaii Tourism Authority, Tyler, Fleetwood Mac drummer Mick Fleetwood, and a number of other celebrities endorsed SB 465. They argued that the paparazzi invade the privacy of celebrities who come to Hawaii to vacation in peace by filming and photographing the celebrities on their private property and that this bill would help promote celebrity tourism in the state. The American Civil Liberties Union, Hawaii Attorney General David M. Louie, the Society of Professional Journalists, and The New York Times opposed the bill, claiming that it would be unconstitutional and suppress journalism.[8][9]

Congressional appointments

On December 26, 2012, Abercrombie appointed his lieutenant governor, Brian E. Schatz, to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy left by Daniel Inouye's death on December 17, 2012. The appointment was somewhat controversial as prior to his death Inouye asked Abercrombie to appoint U.S. Rep. Colleen Hanabusa (D) to his seat.

Following the appointment, Inouye's chief of staff Jennifer Sabas stated, "Sen. Inouye conveyed his final wish to Gov. Abercrombie. While we are very disappointed that it was not honored, it was the governor's decision to make. We wish Brian Schatz the best of luck."[10]

Per state law, the Hawaii Democratic Party sent Abercrombie a list of three potential replacements to chose from - Schatz, Hanabusa, and deputy state Land and Natural Resources Director Esther Kiaaina. Schatz was said to have received the most votes from the party's central committee.[11]

Judicial appointments

As governor, Abercrombie is responsible for appointing judges to the Hawaii Supreme Court, Hawaii Intermediate Court of Appeals, and the Hawaii Circuit Courts. (The Chief Justice appoints judges to the Hawaii District Courts. The governor makes a judicial appointment after candidates are recommended by a judicial nominating commission. The nominee must be confirmed by the Hawaii State Senate before she or he takes office. For an up-to-date list of all of Abercrombie's appointees, see Judgepedia's page on his appointments.

Marriage equality

On February 21, 2012, Abercrombie acknowledged that the state's marriage law "is unconstitutional because it denies same-sex couples the 'fundamental right' to marry," but noted that the state would continue to defend the statute in federal court.[12] The statement was in response to a federal lawsuit filed against the state Department of Health after a same-sex couple was denied a marriage license. A lawyer for the plaintiffs was encouraged by Abercrombie's stance on the issue. "It's an extremely significant political and moral development to have an important representative of the state, like the governor, stand up and speak his conscience," he said.[13]

U.S. Congress (1986-1987, 1990-2010)

At the end of his council tenure, Abercrombie once again ran for the U.S. House of Representatives representing Hawaii's 1st congressional district and won in 1990, and went on to be re-elected ten times. In the 2008 election, he won with 70.6% of the vote.

Neil Abercrombie was a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus and compiled a generally liberal voting record. He supported and voted for the 2001 No Child Left Behind Act. On October 10, 2002, he was among the 133 members of the House who voted against authorizing the 2003 invasion of Iraq. He cosponsored H.R. 1312 (Assault Weapons Ban and Law Enforcement Protection Act of 2005) on July 28, 2005. He took issue with the Vatican over not listing torture as a sin.[14]

According to Project Vote Smart, Abercrombie held the following issue positions while serving in Congress. He was pro-choice, and he voted against a ban on partial birth abortion. He voted with the interests of NARAL and Planned Parenthood 100% between 2000-2006. He voted for bills designed to make it easier for Americans to vote, such as the motor voter bill. He advocated strongly for civil liberties; his voting record was supported by both the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and American Library Association. He also voted against a constitutional amendment to limit marriage to being between one man and one woman. Notably, he was one of only nine representatives not to cast a vote for or against the USA PATRIOT Act in 2001. In 2005, he voted against the extension of the act, calling it “a blank check to trample civil liberties." In 2007, he signed on as a co-sponsor of United States National Health Care Act (H.R. 676), which would have established a national health insurance program. [15] He resigned from Congress shortly before the vote on the 2010 health insurance reform bill.[16]

Controversies

"Mainland" earmarks

For Fiscal Year 2009, the State of Hawaii was one of the top recipients of “mainland money” in the form of Congressional earmarks, receiving $210 dollars in “mainland money” per capita ($270,736,707 total). Maine, a comparable state in population, received only $55 per capita in earmarks.

Abercrombie sought 41 earmarks for a total of $165,034,800 in “mainland money.”[17]

Honolulu City Council (1988-1990)

Abercrombie won a seat on the Honolulu City Council and served from 1988 to 1990.

Hawaii State Senate (1980-1986)

He moved from the State House to the Hawaii State Senate, where he served from 1980 to 1986. After Representative Cecil Heftel resigned from the United States Congress in July 1986 to run for Governor of Hawaiʻi, Abercrombie was elected to the House in a September 1986 special election to complete Heftel's unexpired term. However, Abercrombie lost the Democratic primary for a full two-year term to Mufi Hannemann, who went on to lose to Republican Pat Saiki in the general election.[18]

Hawaii House of Representatives (1975-1979)

Abercrombie was a member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from 1975 to 1979.

Elections

2014

See also: Hawaii gubernatorial election, 2014

Abercrombie ran for a second term as Governor of Hawaii in the 2014 elections. [1]

On December 26, 2012, Abercrombie picked his lieutenant governor Brian Schatz over Democratic U.S. House Rep. Colleen Hanabusa to fill the vacant U.S. Senate seat left by Senator Daniel Inouye's death earlier in the month. Hanabusa was Inouye's explicitly preferred successor and had been widely considered as the frontrunner for the appointment. After Schatz was tapped for the role, Hanabusa[19][20][21] The Hill reported that Hanabusa had begun considering a bid to challenge Abercrombie in the 2014 gubernatorial primary election.[22][23]

2010

See also: Hawaii gubernatorial election, 2010

On Sunday, March 9, 2009, Abercrombie announced his intention to again run for Governor of Hawaii instead of running for an 11th term in Congress.[24] On December 11, 2009 he announced that he would resign his U.S. House seat to concentrate on his gubernatorial bid. He was succeeded in Congress by Republican Charles Djou, the first Republican elected to Congress from Hawaii since Congresswoman Pat Saiki.

Governor and Lt. Governor of Hawaii, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngNeil Abercrombie and Brian Schatz 58.2% 222,724
     Republican Duke Aiona and Lynn Finnegan 41.1% 157,311
     Free Energy Daniel Cunningham and Deborah Spence 0.3% 1,265
     Non-partisan Tom Pollard and Leonard Kama 0.3% 1,263
Total Votes 382,563


Abercrombie defeated Mufi Hannemann in the September 18th Democratic primary.

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Abercrombie is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Abercrombie raised a total of $6,494,367 during that time period. This information was last updated on July 9, 2013.[25]

Neil Abercrombie's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 Governor of Hawaii Not up for election $2,055,368
2010 Governor of Hawaii Won $4,438,999
Grand Total Raised $6,494,367

2010

Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Neil Abercrombie's donors each year.[26] Click [show] for more information.


Personal

In 1981, Abercrombie married Nancie Caraway,[27] who is a political scientist and feminist writer at the University of Hawaii-Manoa's Globalization Research Center.

Abercrombie is an avid weight-lifter and has a stated goal of lifting 200 lbs more than his age on each birthday. According to reports from his former colleagues in Congress, on Abercrombie's 67th birthday, he bench pressed 267 lbs.[28]

Recent news

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See also

External links

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 KHON 2, " Gov. Abercrombie intends to run for re-election," April 29, 2013, accessed June 26, 2013
  2. Freepages, "Neil Abercrombie Genealogy"
  3. Time, "The Story of Barack Obama's Mother", April 9, 2008
  4. The Business Journals, "Governors and jobs: How governors rank for job creation in their states," June 27, 2013
  5. The Business Journals, "How state governors rank on their job-growth record," June 27, 2013
  6. Text of Hawaii Senate Bill 465
  7. Measure status for Hawaii Senate Bill 465
  8. Malia Mattoch McManus, Reuters, "Hawaii's Senate passes Steven Tyler Act celebrity privacy bill," March 6, 2013
  9. The New York Times, "Bills of the Rich and Famous," February 11, 2013
  10. Star Advertiser, "Abercrombie picks Schatz to replace Inouye in U.S. Senate," December 26, 2012
  11. Hawaii News Now, "Dems choose Hanabusa, Kiaaina, Schatz as finalists for Inouye Senate seat," December 26, 2012
  12. Hawaii Star Advertiser, "Governor concedes marriage law's bias," February 22, 2012
  13. Hawaii News Now, "Governor, DOH have differing responses to same-sex lawsuit," February 22, 2012
  14. The Honolulu Advertiser, "Abercrombie seeks Vatican's view on torture", March 17, 2008
  15. Project Vote Smart, "Neil Abercrombie Voting Record", accessed August 23, 2010
  16. Project Vote Smart, "Neil Abercrombie"
  17. Hawaii Reporter, "The Hypocrisy of Putting Down ‘Mainland Money’ Flowing into Hawaii," October 31, 2010
  18. NPR, "Democrats Poised to Make Gubernatorial Gains", September 26, 2007, accessed August 23, 2010
  19. WMTW.com "Inouye gave preference for successor before he died," December 18, 2012
  20. CBS news, "Inouye replaceent to be named Wednesday," December 24, 2012
  21. Civil Beat, "Inouye's Last Wish Is Abercrombie's Biggest Burden," December 24, 2012
  22. The Hill, "Source: Hanabusa receiving 'a lot of pressure' to run against Abercrombie," December 27, 2012
  23. KHON2, "EXCLUSIVE: Hanabusa says 2014 run for governor, Senate, House all on table," January 14, 2013
  24. Hawaii News No, "Neil Abercrombie formally announces run for Hawaii governor's seat", September 3, 2009, accessed August 23, 2010
  25. Follow the Money, "Career fundraising for Neil Abercrombie," accessed July 9, 2013
  26. Follow the Money.org
  27. New York Times "NANCIE E. CARAWAY MARRIED TO NEIL ABERCROMBIE", July 19, 1981
  28. The Hill, "Menendez: Turn the tables on journos", July 6, 2005
Political offices
Preceded by
Linda Lingle (R)
Governor of Hawaii
2010 - present
Succeeded by
NA
Preceded by
Cecil Heftel
U.S. House of Representatives
1986 - 1987, 1991 - 2010
Succeeded by
Charles Djou (R)