Difference between revisions of "Nevada State Assembly"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Text replace - "[[Sunshinereview:" to "[[")
Line 23: Line 23:
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Nevada |Legislature has control]]
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Nevada |Legislature has control]]
 
|Building =  
 
|Building =  
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Nevada State Assembly''' is the [[lower house]] of the [[Nevada State Legislature]]. A total of 42 members serve in the Assembly and are elected to two year terms and meet at the State Capitol in [[Carson City, Nevada|Carson City]]. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|64,299 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-01.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately [[Population represented by state legislators|47,339 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013]</ref> The Assembly meets in odd numbered years and the sessions are mandated to last only 120 days unless the Governor calls for a Special Session<ref>[http://www.leg.state.nv.us/lcb/research/2007LegManual/AppA.pdf "Nevada Legislature" 2007 Legislative Manual, March 12, 2009]</ref>.   
+
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Nevada State Assembly''' is the [[lower house]] of the [[Nevada State Legislature]]. Members of the [[Nevada State Assembly]] serve [[Length of terms of state representatives|two-year terms]] with [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]].<ref name=limits>[http://termlimits.org/term-limits/state-term-limits/state-legislative-term-limits/ ''termlimits.org'', "State Legislative Term Limits," accessed December 17, 2013]</ref> They meet at the State Capitol in [[Carson City, Nevada|Carson City]]. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|64,299 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-01.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately [[Population represented by state legislators|47,339 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013]</ref> The Assembly meets in odd numbered years and the sessions are mandated to last only 120 days unless the Governor calls for a Special Session<ref>[http://www.leg.state.nv.us/lcb/research/2007LegManual/AppA.pdf "Nevada Legislature" 2007 Legislative Manual, March 12, 2009]</ref>.   
  
 
{{State trifecta status|state=Nevada|control=None|= 13 states that is under divided government and do not have state trifectas}}
 
{{State trifecta status|state=Nevada|control=None|= 13 states that is under divided government and do not have state trifectas}}

Revision as of 17:10, 17 December 2013

Nevada State Assembly

Seal of Nevada.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   6 terms (12 years)
2014 session start:   February 4, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Marilyn Kirkpatrick (D)
Majority Leader:   William Horne (D)
Minority leader:   Pat Hickey (R)
Structure
Members:  42
   Democratic Party (

26)
Republican Party (

15)
Vacant (1)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art 4, Nevada Constitution
Salary:   $146.29/day + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (42 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014
Redistricting:  Legislature has control
The Nevada State Assembly is the lower house of the Nevada State Legislature. Members of the Nevada State Assembly serve two-year terms with term limits.[1] They meet at the State Capitol in Carson City. Each member represents an average of 64,299 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 47,339 residents.[3] The Assembly meets in odd numbered years and the sessions are mandated to last only 120 days unless the Governor calls for a Special Session[4].

As of July 2014, Nevada is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

Sessions

When the Nevada Constitution was adopted, its fourth article established when the Nevada State Legislature, of which the Assembly is a part, was to be in session. However, Section 29 of Article 4, the section that dealt with legislative sessions, was repealed by vote of the people in the 1958 general election. The session dates for the Nevada Legislature are no longer limited by the Nevada Constitution.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will not hold a regular session.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from February 4 through June 3.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included taxes, state's tax structure, spending, medicare, and gun control.[5][6]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Assembly was not in regular session.

2011

In 2011, the Assembly was in session from February 7 through June 6. [7]

2010

In 2010, the Assembly was not in regular session.[8] However, the Legislature did meet in 2010 for a special session, which lasted from February 23rd to March 1st.[9]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Nevada was given a grade of B in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[10]

Elections

2012

See also: Nevada State Assembly elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Nevada State Assembly were held in Nevada on November 6, 2012. All 42 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 16, 2012. The primary election day was June 12, 2012.

Nevada state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than six two-year terms. In 2012, 1 state representative, John Oceguera, were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Nevada State Assembly elections, 2010

Nevada State Assembly elections were held on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 12, 2010 and the primary election day was June 8, 2010.


In 2010, the candidates for state assembly raised a total of $8,353,520 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [11]

2008

See also: Nevada State Assembly elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Nevada State Assembly consisted of a primary election on August 12, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total of contributions to Assembly candidates was $8,201,307. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2006

See also: Nevada State Assembly elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Nevada State Assembly consisted of a primary election on August 15, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total of contributions to Assembly candidates was $8,513,172. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

2004

See also: Nevada State Assembly elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Nevada State Assembly consisted of a primary election on September 7, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total of contributions to Assembly candidates was $8,216,031. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

2002

See also: Nevada State Assembly elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Nevada State Assembly consisted of a primary election on September 3, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total of contributions to Assembly candidates was $6,009,028. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

2000

See also: Nevada State Assembly elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Nevada State Assembly consisted of a primary election on September 5, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total of contributions to Assembly candidates was $5,066,130. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

Qualifications

To be eligible to serve in the Nevada State Assembly, a candidate must be:[17]

  • 21 years old at the time of the election
  • A citizen resident of the State of Nevada for one year preceding this election
  • A resident of the district for a period of 30 days next preceding closing date for filing as a candidate

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the Assembly, then the Board of County Commissioners in the county representing the seat must decide on a replacement. The Board of County Commissioners must select a person from the same political party that last held the seat when making its decision. If the vacancy happens before the next legislative session and an election for county officers is scheduled, no replacement is named.[18]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Nevada

The Legislature handles the redistricting process through a Legislative Operations and Elections Committee in each chamber. The Governor wields veto power, and the Legislature cannot overturn.

2010 census

Nevada received its local Census data on February 24, 2011. At a 35.1 percent rate of growth, Nevada was the fastest growing state in the Union from 2000 to 2010. The five most populous cities showed tremendous growth: Las Vegas grew by 22.0 percent, Henderson grew by 47.0 percent, Reno grew by 24.8 percent, North Las Vegas grew by 87.9 percent, and Sparks grew by 36.1 percent.[19]

Democrats controlled the Legislature, while the Governor at the time, Brian Sandoval, was a Republican. Hispanics and (to a lesser extent) Asians emerged as possible communities of interest that would merit their own districts. The Legislature failed to finish new maps, and a court-appointed panel of three 'special masters' took over. New maps were finalized on December 8, 2011, and no challenges were made.[20]

Assemblymen

Make-up of the house

See also: Partisan composition of state houses


Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 26
     Republican Party 15
     Vacancy 1
Total 42


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Nevada State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Nevada State House.PNG

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the legislature are paid $146.29/day for a maximum of 60 days. Legislators inside the 50-mile Capitol area receive the federal rate for per diem while those outside the area receive the HUD single-room rate for each month of session for housing.[21]

The Nevada Constitution specifies that the 63 members of the state Legislature are to be paid for the first 60 days of each regular session, held every other year in odd-numbered years. The pay for the 21 Senators and 42 members of the Assembly is tied to pay increases provided to state employees.

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Nevada legislators assume office the day after the election.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. [22]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Nevada State Assembly
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Marilyn Kirkpatrick Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Paul Aizley Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Floor Leader William Horne Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Majority Floor Leader Jason Frierson Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Whip David Bobzien Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Chief Deputy Whip Vacant Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Assistant Deputy Whip Olivia Diaz Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Assistant Deputy Whip Lucy Flores Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader Pat Hickey Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Cresent Hardy Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Whip Thomas Grady Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Whip Lynn Stewart Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Policy Coordinator Randy Kirner Ends.png Republican

Current members

Current members, Nevada State Assembly
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Marilyn Kirkpatrick Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
2 John Hambrick Ends.png Republican 2008
3 Vacant
4 Michele Fiore Ends.png Republican 2013
5 Marilyn Dondero Loop Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
6 Harvey Munford Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
7 Dina Neal Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
8 Jason Frierson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
9 Andrew Martin Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
10 Joseph Hogan Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
11 Olivia Diaz Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
12 James Ohrenschall Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
13 Paul Anderson Ends.png Republican 2013
14 Maggie Carlton Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
15 Elliot Anderson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
16 Heidi Swank Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
17 Tyrone Thompson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
18 Richard Carrillo Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
19 Cresent Hardy Ends.png Republican 2011
20 Ellen Spiegel Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
21 Andy Eisen Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
22 Lynn Stewart Ends.png Republican 2007
23 Melissa Woodbury Ends.png Republican 2008
24 David Bobzien Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
25 Pat Hickey Ends.png Republican 2011
26 Randy Kirner Ends.png Republican 2011
27 Teresa Benitez-Thompson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
28 Lucy Flores Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
29 Lesley Cohen Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
30 Michael Sprinkle Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
31 Richard Daly Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
32 Ira Hansen Ends.png Republican 2011
33 John Ellison Ends.png Republican 2011
34 William Horne Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
35 James Healey Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
36 James Oscarson Ends.png Republican 2013
37 Wesley Duncan Ends.png Republican 2013
38 Thomas Grady Ends.png Republican 2003
39 Jim Wheeler Ends.png Republican 2013
40 Pete Livermore Ends.png Republican 2011
41 Paul Aizley Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
42 Irene Bustamante Adams Electiondot.png Democratic 2011


Standing committees

The Nevada Assembly has the following 10 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Nevada’’
Partisan breakdown of the Nevada legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Nevada State House of Representatives for the last 20 years while the Republicans were never the majority. The Nevada State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Nevada, the Nevada State Senate and the Nevada House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Nevada state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Nevada state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. During the study, Nevada had one Democratic trifecta during 1992. The state's SQLI rankings were high for the majority of the study, finishing in the top-10 from 1996-1997 and from 2005-2006. However, Nevada's SQLI ranking declined from then on, finishing 46th in 2012. Both its highest and lowest rankings occurred when the government was divided between Democratic and Republican control.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the Nevada government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. termlimits.org, "State Legislative Term Limits," accessed December 17, 2013
  2. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  3. Population in 2000 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  4. "Nevada Legislature" 2007 Legislative Manual, March 12, 2009
  5. The Republic, "Nevada Legislature convenes Monday; taxes, guns, Medicaid will be big issues facing lawmakers," February 2, 2013
  6. Las Vegas Sun, "Nev. Legislature convenes Monday with uncertainty," February 2, 2013
  7. 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
  8. Regular session dates for Nevada Legislature
  9. 2010 special session dates for Nevada Legislature
  10. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  11. Follow the Money: "Nevada Assembly 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  12. Follow the Money, "Nevada 2008 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  13. Follow the Money, "Nevada 2006 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  14. Follow the Money, "Nevada 2004 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  15. Follow the Money, "Nevada 2002 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  16. Follow the Money, "Nevada 2000 Candidates," accessed August 23, 2013
  17. Qualifications for running for Nevada Assembly
  18. Nevada Legislature "Constitution of Nevada"(Referenced Section, Article IV, Section XII)
  19. U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Nevada's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," February 24, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  20. Nevada Legislature, "2011 Reapportionment and Redistricting Home," retrieved August 20, 2012.
  21. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  22. Nevada House Leadership