Nevada State Legislature
|State executive officials|
The Legislature meets at the Nevada State Capital in Carson City.
Legislature defined by law
The Nevada Constitution sets the maximum size of the Legislature at 75 members, and provides that the Senate may not be less than one-third nor more than one-half the size of the Assembly. As of 2010, the number of members for both houses is 63, twelve members below the maximum size as stated in the state constitution.
In 2010, the Legislature met in special session from February 23rd to March 1st.
When the Nevada Constitution was adopted, its fourth article established when the Legislature was to be in session. However, Section 29 of Article 4, the section that dealt with legislative sessions, was repealed by vote of the people in the 1958 general election. The session dates for the Nevada Legislature are no longer limited by the Nevada Constitution.
The Nevada Senate is the upper house of the Nevada Legislature. The Senate consists of 21 members from 19 districts, two of which are multimember. Each senator represented approximately 94,679 people as of the 2000 census, although 2006 Census Bureau estimates suggest an average population of 118,800 per senator. Senators serve four-year terms. Term limits, limiting senators to three 4-year terms (12 years), takes effect in 2010. Seven senators will be termed out in 2010 and six in 2012.
|Party||As of March 2014|
The Lieutenant Governor serves as the President of the Senate but only votes in the case of a tie. If the Lieutenant Governor is not present, the President Pro Tempore presides and has the power to make commission and committee appointments. The President Pro Tempore is elected to the position by the majority party. The other partisan Senate leadership positions, such as the Majority and Minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses to head their parties in the chamber.
The Nevada Assembly is the lower house of the Nevada Legislature. As in neighboring California, the lower house of the legislature is referred to as an "Assembly" rather than the more common "House of Representatives." The body consists of 42 members, elected to two-year terms from single-member districts. Each Assembly district contained approximately 47,339 people as of the 2000 census, although 2006 Census Bureau estimates suggest an average population of 59,400 per district. Term limits, limiting assemblymembers to six 2-year terms (12 years), takes effect in 2010. Ten members of the Assembly will be termed out in 2010.
The Assembly, like the Senate, is composed of citizen legislators, receiving a relatively small salary for the first 60 days of a session only. This tends to self-selection, with legislative service difficult for those without flexible jobs and/or large outside incomes, such as doctors and lawyers. The Assembly, again like the Senate, meets up to a maximum of 120 days, beginning the first Monday in February of every odd-numbered year. While this is designed to limit the amount of time a legislator is away from their first job, in recent years 120 days has not been enough to complete legislative business, requiring special sessions to be called to finish up legislative business.
The Speaker of the Assembly presides over the Assembly in the chief leadership position, controlling the flow of legislation and committee assignments. The Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus, followed by confirmation of the full Assembly on passage of a floor vote. Other Assembly leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses according to each party's strength in the chamber.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2010, members of the Nevada Senate are paid $146.90/day for a maximum of 90 days for holdover senators. All other legislators receive $146.29/day. Legislators inside the 50-mile Capitol area receive the federal rate for per diem while those outside the area receive the HUD single-room rate for each month of session for housing.
The $146.90/day or $146/29/day that Nevada senators are paid as of 2010 is an increase over the $137.90/day they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. Per diem is the same.
The Nevada Constitution specifies that the 63 members of the state Legislature are to be paid for the first 60 days of each regular session, held every other year in odd-numbered years. The pay for the 21 Senators and 42 members of the Assembly is tied to pay increases provided to state employees.
Pay increases cannot be provided to lawmakers until they are re-elected to a new term of office, so there is a pay differential for those members of the Senate elected in 2006 and those elected in 2008. 
When sworn in
Nevada legislators assume office the day after the election.
Powers and duties
Amending the constitution
- See also: Amending state constitutions
The state legislature can launch amendments to the Nevada Constitution through the legislatively-referred constitutional amendment process. Section 1 of Article 16 governs how the legislature can begin the process of amending the state's constitution:
- An amendment can be proposed in either chamber of the state legislature.
- A majority of the members of both chambers must approve the proposed amendment.
- After the next general election for members of the state legislature, the proposed amendment must be considered again, and again approved by a majority of the members of both chambers.
- The state legislature can call a special election for the proposed amendment(s) if they wish.
- The amendment is then put to a vote of the people. If "a majority of the electors qualified to vote for members of the Legislature voting thereon" vote in favor of it, the measure becomes part of the constitution unless it is precluded by Section 2 of Article 19.
- If two amendments are proposed at the same election that contradict each other, the one that gets the most votes becomes part of the constitution.
Additionally, according to Section 2 of Article 16 if two-thirds of the Nevada State Legislature votes in favor, a question about whether to hold a constitutional convention goes on a statewide ballot. That election must be held at the same time as an election is being held for members of the state legislature (that is, a constitutional convention question can't go on a special election ballot). A majority vote -- but not a simple majority vote -- of the statewide electorate is required to generate a convention: "In determining what is a majority of the electors voting at such election, reference shall be had to the highest number of votes cast at such election for the candidates for any office or on any question."
- Nevada Legislature
- Facts about the Nevada Legislature
- Assembly and Senate district maps
- Assembly Leadership & Members
- Senate Leadership & Members
- How the Nevada legislature works
- Wikipedia: Nevada Legislature
- Regular session dates for Nevada Legislature
- 2010 special session dates for Nevada Legislature
- Population represented by state legislators
- Population represented by state legislators
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "2010 Legislator Compensation Data"
- Empire Center, "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"
- Nevada Revised Statutes