New Hampshire State Senate
|New Hampshire State Senate|
|2013 session start:||January 4, 2012|
|Website:||Official Senate Page|
|Senate President:||Peter Bragdon (R)|
|Majority Leader:||Jeb Bradley (R)|
|Minority leader:||Sylvia Larsen (D)|
| Democratic Party (11) |
Republican Party (13)
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||General Court, Art 3, Sec. 3, New Hampshire Constitution|
|Last Election:||November 2, 2010 (24 seats)|
|Next election:||November 6, 2012 (24 seats)|
|Redistricting:||New Hampshire Legislature has control|
Generally, sessions are held annually from early January to the end of June.
Senators are paid $100 a year, as stipulated by the New Hampshire Constitution. Senators also receive mileage reimbursement for officially related travel. The 2009-2010 Senate consists of 14 Democrats and 10 Republicans -- 13 of whom are women and 11 of whom are men. The 2008 election made New Hampshire the first state in the nation to have a legislative body with a majority of women.
In New Hampshire, all 24 Senate districts are based on population. The most recent redistricting occurred in 2004. Each member represents an average of 54,853 residents, as of the 2010 Census. After the 2000 Census, each member represented 51,491 residents.
The Second Part of the New Hampshire Constitution establishes when the New Hampshire General Court, of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session. Article 3 of the Second Part states that the General Court is to convene annually on the first Wednesday after the first Tuesday in January. Additionally, in even-numbered years, the General Court is to meet on the first Wednesday of December for organizational purposes.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the Senate will be in session from January 4 through July 1.
Major issues on the agenda include economic development, job creation, same-sex marriage, and gambling.
In 2011, the Senate was in session from January 5 through July 1. 
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was June 11, 2010. The primary election day was September 14, 2010.
In 2010, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $2,461,574 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: 
|New Hampshire Association of Realtors||$36,300|
|Professional Fire Fighters of New Hampshire||$32,800|
|New Hampshire Auto Dealers Association||$25,850|
|Gallagher Callahan & Gartrell||$24,200|
|Electrical Workers Local 2320||$22,500|
|Tausch, Frederick W||$20,000|
- At least thirty years of age
- A resident of the state for seven years immediately preceding the election
- An inhabitant of the district for which they are chosen
If there is a vacancy in the Senate, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat. It's up to the Governor to call for an election and to set an election date as soon as possible. There are no deadlines set by the state constitution on special elections .
- The New Hampshire State Senate was established in 1784. At that time, it included twelve members, who were each elected for one-year terms. The twelve senators were elected from the five counties New Hampshire then had:
- One senator from Grafton
- Two from Strafford, Hillsborough, and Cheshire
- Five from Rockingham
The number of senators each county was entitled to elect was based on how the amount of taxes it raised, not on population. This system changed in 1794 when senate districts took the place of county-wide representation, with one senator per district.
The number of senators was doubled to 24 in 1878 with a constitutional amendment. The term of office was expanded to two years in office and twenty-four districts were creates. However, senate districts were not based on population until 1964. Up through 1968, senators voted to fill vacancies; in 1968 the constitution was amended so that special elections were held to fill vacancies.
In the early years of the senate, a candidate had to be at least 30 years old, have lived in the state for at least seven years, and be a property owner and a Protestant. The property-ownership requirement was removed in 1852. The Protestant requirement was removed in 1877.
First female senator
The first woman elected to the New Hampshire Senate was Maude Ferguson, a Republican from Bristol. Ferguson served from 1931-1933.
- The state senator who has served the longest in office is referred to as the "Dean of the Senate."
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2010, members of the New Hampshire Senate are paid $200/two-year term. There is no per diem.
The $200/two-year term that New Hampshire senators are paid as of 2010 is the same as they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. Per diem is also the same.
When sworn in
New Hampshire legislators assume office the month after elections (December).
- See also: Partisan composition of state senates
|Party||As of May 2013|
After November elections, the entire Senate meets in early December to elect a president, who is traditionally from the majority party. New Hampshire does not have a lieutenant governor, and so when the governor is away or unable to perform the duties of the office, the Senate president serves as acting governor. The Senate president assigns the other leadership positions within their party, and the minority party appoints its own leaders.
|President of the Senate||Peter Bragdon||Republican|
|President Pro Tempore of the Senate||John Barnes||Republican|
|Senate Majority Leader||Jeb Bradley||Republican|
|Senate Minority Leader||Sylvia Larsen||Democratic|
List of current members
|1||John Gallus||Republican||Berlin, New Hampshire||2002|
Senate Standing Committees
New Hampshire Senate has 12 standing committees:
- Capital Budget Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Commerce, Labor and Consumer Protection Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Education Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Energy, Environment and Economic Development Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Executive Departments and Administration Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Finance Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Health and Human Services Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Internal Affairs Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Judiciary Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Public and Municipal Affairs Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Transportation Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Ways and Means Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Official website of the New Hampshire Senate
- Vote Smart profile of New Hampshire Senate
- Wikipedia:New Hampshire Senate
- ↑ "New Hampshire General Court" March 2, 2009
- ↑ Population in 2010 of the American states
- ↑ Population in 2000 of the American states
- ↑ Concord Monitor, "House GOP: Jobs the focus," January 4, 2012
- ↑ 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
- ↑ 2010 session dates for New Hampshire legislature
- ↑ Follow the Money: "New Hampshire Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ Qualifications to serve in the New Hampshire Senate (Pg. 18)
- ↑ State of New Hampshire "State Constitution-House of Representatives"(Referenced Sections, Sections 12 and 16)
- ↑ State of New Hampshire "State Constitution-Senate"(Referenced Sections, Section 34)
- ↑ National Conference of State Legislatures, "2010 Legislator Compensation Data"
- ↑ Empire Center, "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"
- ↑ NH Senate - How the Senate Operates
- ↑ 2009-2010 New Hampshire Senate leadership
State of New Hampshire
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