Difference between revisions of "New Jersey State Senate"

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:...the election for a Governor and for Assemblymen should not coincide with a Presidential election. The importance of a gubernatorial election merits an election that will not be overshadowed by a national contest for the Presidency. The problems confronting the State are frequently distinct from those confronting the nation...
 
:...the election for a Governor and for Assemblymen should not coincide with a Presidential election. The importance of a gubernatorial election merits an election that will not be overshadowed by a national contest for the Presidency. The problems confronting the State are frequently distinct from those confronting the nation...
  
This chart shows how many candidates ran for state senate in New Jersey in past years and the cumulative amount of campaign contributions in state senate races, including contributions in both primary and general election contests.  All figures come from [[Follow The Money]].<ref name=ftm>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=NJ&y=2011 ''Follow the Money,'' "New Jersey State Senate 2011 Campaign Contributions"]</ref>
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This chart shows how many candidates ran for state senate in New Jersey in past years and the cumulative amount of campaign contributions in state senate races, including contributions in both primary and general election contests.  All figures come from [[Follow The Money]].<ref name=ftm>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=NJ&y=2011 ''Follow the Money,'' "New Jersey State Senate 2011 Campaign Contributions," accessed December 17, 2013]</ref>
  
 
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The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was January 7, 2011 and the primary election day was April 10, 2011.
 
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was January 7, 2011 and the primary election day was April 10, 2011.
  
During the [[New Jersey State Senate elections, 2011|2011 election]], the total contributions to the 97 Senate candidates was $27,085,886.  The top 10 contributors were: <ref name=<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=NJ&y=2011 ''Follow the Money'' "New Jersey State Senate 2011 Campaign Contributions"]</ref>
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During the [[New Jersey State Senate elections, 2011|2011 election]], the total contributions to the 97 Senate candidates was $27,085,886.  The top 10 contributors were: <ref name=<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=NJ&y=2011 ''Follow the Money'' "New Jersey State Senate 2011 Campaign Contributions," accessed December 17, 2013]</ref>
  
 
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Revision as of 20:00, 17 December 2013

New Jersey State Senate

Seal of New Jersey.png
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 10, 2013
Website:   Official Senate Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Stephen Sweeney, (D)
Majority Leader:   Loretta Weinberg (D)
Minority leader:   Thomas Kean, (R)
Structure
Members:  40
   Democratic Party (24)
Republican Party (16)
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art Article IV, New Jersey Constitution
Salary:   $49,000/year
Elections
Last Election:  November 5, 2013 (40 seats)
Next election:  November 3, 2015 (40 seats)
Redistricting:  New Jersey Redistricting Commission
The New Jersey State Senate is the upper house in the New Jersey Legislature, consisting of 40 members. Known as the "2-4-4" cycle, Senators serve four-year terms, except in the first term of a new decade, which only lasts for two years. They are not subject to term limits.

Each senator represents an average of 219,797 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 210,359 residents.[2]

As of September 2014, New Jersey is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article IV of the New Jersey Constitution establishes when the New Jersey State Legislature, of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session. Section 1 of Article IV states that each annual session is to begin on the second Tuesday of January. The session does not end until the beginning of the next annual session or until the Legislature chooses to adjourn.

Section 1 also allows for special sessions of the Legislature to be called by the Governor of New Jersey or by a majority of the members of each legislative house.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature is projected to be in session from January 14 through January 1, 2016.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 10 to a date to be determined.

Major issues

The major issue for the Legislature is rebuilding the state after superstorm Sandy. Gun control is also expected to be addressed.[3]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Senate began its legislative session on January 10.

2011

In 2011, the Senate was in session from January 12 through a date to be determined by the Legislature. [4]

2010

In 2010, the Senate convened on January 12, and remained in session throughout the year.[5]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. New Jersey was given a grade of A in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[6]

Elections

Four states, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey and Virginia hold their state legislative elections in odd-numbered years. New Jersey began holding elections in odd numbered years when the state adopted a new constitution in 1947. Prior to the new constitution, members of the Assembly were elected to one-year terms, members of the Senate to three-year terms and governors to three-year terms. The new constitution changed the term structure to include two years for representatives and four year terms for senators and governors. Because the constitution was adopted in an odd-numbered year, elections were also held in odd-numbered years and have continued in such a manner to this day.[7]

The notion also exists that the reason for odd year elections exists to insulate New Jersey politics from national politics. Former New Jersey Governor Alfred E. Driscoll made the following statement before the constitutional convention in 1947:[7]

...the election for a Governor and for Assemblymen should not coincide with a Presidential election. The importance of a gubernatorial election merits an election that will not be overshadowed by a national contest for the Presidency. The problems confronting the State are frequently distinct from those confronting the nation...

This chart shows how many candidates ran for state senate in New Jersey in past years and the cumulative amount of campaign contributions in state senate races, including contributions in both primary and general election contests. All figures come from Follow The Money.[8]

Total contributions, New Jersey State Senate
Year Number of candidates Total contributions
2011 97 $27,085,886
2007 98 $30,156,484
2003 123 $19,785,597
2001 104 $18,903,480
1997 72 $10,941,283

2013

See also: New Jersey State Senate elections, 2013

Elections for the office of New Jersey State Senate will consist of a primary election on June 4, 2013, and a general election on November 5, 2013.

2011

See also: New Jersey State Senate elections, 2011

Elections for the office of the New Jersey State Senate were held in New Jersey on November 8, 2011. State Senate seats in all 40 districts were up for election in 2011.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was January 7, 2011 and the primary election day was April 10, 2011.

During the 2011 election, the total contributions to the 97 Senate candidates was $27,085,886. The top 10 contributors were: [9]

2007

See also: New Jersey State Senate elections, 2007

Elections for the office of the New Jersey State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 5, 2007, and a general election on November 6, 2007.

During the 2007 election, the total contributions to the Senate candidates was $30,156,484. The top 10 contributors were: [10]

2003

See also: New Jersey State Senate elections, 2003

Elections for the office of the New Jersey State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 3, 2003, and a general election on November 4, 2003.

During the 2003 election, the total contributions to the Senate candidates was $19,785,597. The top 10 contributors were: [11]

2001

See also: New Jersey State Senate elections, 2001

Elections for the office of the New Jersey State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 26, 2001, and a general election on November 6, 2001.

During the 2001 election, the total contributions to the Senate candidates was $18,903,480. The top 10 contributors were: [12]

Qualifications

Senators must be 30 years of age or older, have lived in the state for a minimum of four years, and have lived in the district they represent.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

There are two ways to fill an vacancy in the Senate. If the vacancy happens in legislative session, a special election must be called within 51 days of the vacancy. All other vacancies must be filled by the county leadership of the political party that holds the seat.[13]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in New Jersey

Redistricting is handled by the bipartisan 10-member New Jersey Redistricting Commission.

2010 census

The State of New Jersey received its local census data on February 3, 2011.[14]. From that point, the Commission had 60 days to ultimately settle on a map. The state's population grew five percent to 8.8 million from 2000 to 2010.[15]

Unable to agree on a map within 30 days, Rutgers law professor Alan Rosenthal was appointed as the nonpartisan 11th member of the commission, as called for. When a compromise could not be reached, he cast the tie-breaking vote in favor of the Democratic map on April 3, 2011.[16]

Senators

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the New Jersey Legislature are paid $49,000/year. There is no per diem.[17]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

New Jersey legislators assume office at noon of the second Tuesday in January following the election.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 24
     Republican Party 16
Total 40

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the New Jersey State Senate from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the New Jersey State Senate.PNG

Leadership

At the organizational meeting, the Senate elects a President, President pro tempore, and Secretary, with each requiring 21 or more votes for approval. The Senate then appoints by resolution the other officers.[18][19]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, New Jersey State Senate
Office Representative Party
President of the Senate Stephen Sweeney Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate President Pro Tempore Nia Gill Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Majority Leader Loretta Weinberg Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Deputy Majority Leader Paul Sarlo Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Majority Caucus Leader Robert Gordon Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Assistant Majority Leader Linda Greenstein Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Assistant Majority Leader Donald Norcross Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Assistant Majority Leader Teresa Ruiz Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Majority Whip Sandra Cunningham Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Minority Leader Thomas Kean Ends.png Republican
State Senate Deputy Minority Leader Diane Allen Ends.png Republican
State Senate Minority Caucus Leader Robert Singer Ends.png Republican
State Senate Deputy Minority Caucus Leader Christopher Bateman Ends.png Republican
State Senate Minority Whip Kevin O'Toole Ends.png Republican

Current members

Current members, New Jersey State Senate
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Jeff Van Drew Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
2 Jim Whelan Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
3 Stephen Sweeney Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
4 Fred Madden Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
5 Donald Norcross Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
6 James Beach Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
7 Diane Allen Ends.png Republican 1998
8 Dawn Addiego Ends.png Republican 2010
9 Christopher Connors Ends.png Republican 2007
10 James Holzapfel Ends.png Republican 2012
11 Jennifer Beck Ends.png Republican 2008
12 Samuel Thompson Ends.png Republican 2012
13 Joseph Kyrillos Ends.png Republican 1992
14 Linda Greenstein Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
15 Shirley Turner Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
16 Christopher Bateman Ends.png Republican 1998
17 Bob Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
18 Barbara Buono Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
19 Joseph Vitale Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
20 Raymond Lesniak Electiondot.png Democratic 1984
21 Thomas Kean Ends.png Republican 2004
22 Nicholas Scutari Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
23 Michael Doherty Ends.png Republican 2010
24 Steven Oroho Ends.png Republican 2008
25 Anthony Bucco Ends.png Republican 1998
26 Joseph Pennacchio Ends.png Republican 2008
27 Richard Codey Electiondot.png Democratic 1982
28 Ronald Rice Electiondot.png Democratic 1986
29 Teresa Ruiz Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
30 Robert Singer Ends.png Republican 1994
31 Sandra Cunningham Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
32 Nicholas Sacco Electiondot.png Democratic 1994
33 Brian Stack Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
34 Nia Gill Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
35 Nellie Pou Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
36 Paul Sarlo Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
37 Loretta Weinberg Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
38 Robert Gordon Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
39 Gerald Cardinale Ends.png Republican 1982
40 Kevin O'Toole Ends.png Republican 2008

Standing senate committees

The New Jersey Senate has 16 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, New Jersey’’
Partisan breakdown of the New Jersey legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the New Jersey State Senate for the first 10 years and the Republicans were the majority for the last 10 years.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of New Jersey, the New Jersey State Senate and the New Jersey House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of New Jersey state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

New Jersey was one of eight states to demonstrate a dramatic partisan shift in the 22 years studied. A dramatic shift was defined by a movement of 40 percent or more toward one party over the course of the study period.

The chart below depicts the partisanship of New Jersey state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. New Jersey had Republican trifectas from 1994-2001 and Democratic trifectas from 2004-2009. There were four years when New Jersey finished in the top-10, all of those years with Republican trifectas.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 18.67
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 9.75
  • SQLI average with divided government: 21.86
Chart displaying the partisanship of New Jersey government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  3. Wall Street Journal, "Sandy Sets New Agenda for Christie ," January 6, 2013
  4. 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
  5. 2010 session dates for New Jersey Legislature
  6. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  7. 7.0 7.1 The Thicket of State Legislatures, Why do Four States Have Odd-Year Elections?, Aug. 25, 2011
  8. Follow the Money, "New Jersey State Senate 2011 Campaign Contributions," accessed December 17, 2013
  9. Follow the Money "New Jersey State Senate 2011 Campaign Contributions," accessed December 17, 2013
  10. Follow the Money, "New Jersey State Senate 2007 Candidates," Accessed July 26, 2013
  11. Follow the Money, "New Jersey State Senate 2003 Candidates," Accessed July 26, 2013
  12. Follow the Money, "New Jersey State Senate 2001 Candidates," Accessed July 26, 2013
  13. New Jersey Legislature "New Jersey Constitution"(Referenced Section: Article IV, Section 4, (1))
  14. Star Ledger "With release of census data, N.J. Legislature has 60 days to come up with redistricting map," February 3, 2011
  15. Star-Ledger, "New census data shows N.J.'s population grew most in southern counties, became more racially diverse," February 3, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  16. NorthJersey.com, "What N.J.'s legislative redistricting means to you," April 19, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  17. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  18. New Jersey Senate 2010 Rules
  19. New Jersey Senate leadership