New Mexico House of Representatives

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New Mexico House of Representatives

Seal of New Mexico.gif
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 15, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  W. Ken Martinez, (D)
Majority Leader:   Rick Miera, (D)
Minority leader:   Donald E. Bratton, (R)
Structure
Members:  70
   Democratic Party (37)
Republican Party (33)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art IV, New Mexico Constitution
Salary:   $0/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (70 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (70 seats)
Redistricting:  Legislature has control
The New Mexico House of Representatives is the lower house of the New Mexico State Legislature. It meets at the State Capitol in Santa Fe, New Mexico and includes 70 members. Each member represents an average of 29,417 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 25,986 residents.[2]

In New Mexico, representatives are elected to two-year terms with no limit on consecutive terms.

As of September 2014, New Mexico is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article IV of the New Mexico Constitution establishes when the New Mexico State Legislature, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 5 of Article IV states that the Legislature is to convene its annual regular session on the third Tuesday of January. In odd-numbered years, the Legislature is to be in session for no longer than sixty days. In even-numbered years, the Legislature is to be in session for no longer than thirty days. In even-numbered years, the Legislature is limited to dealing with budgetary matters, bills that deal with issues raised by special messages of the Governor of New Mexico, and bills vetoed in the previous session by the Governor.

Section 6 of Article IV allows the Governor of New Mexico to call special sessions of the Legislature. Section 6 also allows the Legislature to meet in special session when three-fifths of each house petition the Governor with a request for a special session. Special sessions are not to exceed thirty days in length.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 15 to March 16.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included education, solvency of the state's public retirement system, tax cuts for state businesses, and tougher anti-DWI laws.[3]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 17 through February 16.

Major issues

In their 30-day session the legislature considered drivers licenses for illegal immigrants, voter identification, business income tax, ethics reform, and defining homeowner rights in foreclosure proceedings.[4]

Gov. Susana Martinez (R) watched as the state legislature ended its session by rejecting a bill that would have repealed the law allowing drivers licenses to be issued to people without Social Security numbers. It was the third time she has tried to undo the law. The bill was initially passed by the House but defeated in the Senate. The Senate instead passed a measure shortening how long the licenses are valid and imposing harsher penalties on those committing fraud.[5]

2011

In 2011, the Legislature was in session from January 18 through March 19. [6] As of late July, a special session will be scheduled for early September, however, a date has not been confirmed by Governor Susana Martinez. As of late July, issues on the agenda include:[7]

  • Fireworks use and sale ban in very dry years
  • A measure giving in-state companies an advantage when bidding for contracts
  • A ban on issuing driver's licenses to undocumented immigrants

The 45 calendar days that the New Mexico Legislature was in session during 2011 is tied with Utah, Wyoming, and Arkansas for the shortest legislative session in the country.[8]

2010

In 2010, the House was in regular session from January 19 to February 18. Additionally, the Senate convened a special session from March 1 to March 4.[9]

Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. New Mexico was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[10]

Elections

2012

See also: New Mexico House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of New Mexico House of Representatives were held in New Mexico on November 6, 2012. All 70 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 20, 2012.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: New Mexico House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of New Mexico's state house representatives were held in New Mexico on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 9, 2010. The primary election day was June 1, 2010.

The partisan breakdown of the House before and after the election was as follows:


New Mexico House of Representatives
Party As of November 1, 2010 After the 2010 Election
     Democratic Party 45 37
     Republican Party 25 33
Total 70 70


In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $4,634,349 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [11]

Qualifications

Article 4, Section 3 of the New Mexico Constitution states: Senators shall not be less than twenty-five years of age and representatives not less than twenty-one years of age at the time of their election. If any senator or representative permanently removes his residence from or maintains :No Residence in the district from which he was elected, then he shall be deemed to have resigned and his successor shall be selected as provided in Section 4 of this article. No person shall be eligible to serve in the legislature who, at the time of qualifying, holds any office of trust or profit with the state, county or national governments, except notaries public and officers of the militia who receive no salary.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the House, the Board of County Commissioners in the county representing the vacant seat must appoint a replacement. There are no deadlines set by Article IV, Section 4 of the New Mexico Constitution which governs legislative vacancies. The appointed replacement serves for the remainder of the unfilled term[12].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in New Mexico

The New Mexico Legislature is responsible for redistricting. In 2011, it formed an 18-member interim redistricting committee to make recommendations for the actual redistricting process in the Legislature.

2010 census

New Mexico received its local census data on March 15, 2011. The state grew 13.2 percent from 2000 to 2010, with notable growth in its most populous cities; Albuquerque grew by 21.7 percent, Las Cruces grew by 31.4 percent, Rio Rancho grew by 69.1 percent, Santa Fe grew by 9.2 percent, and Roswell grew by 6.8 percent.[13]

At the time of redistricting, Democrats controlled the Legislature while the Governor, Susana Martinez was a Republican. The interim committee reviewed eight House maps and nine Senate maps before the special redistricting session of the Legislature began on September 6, 2011. On September 21, the Senate passed a map on party lines, with the House following the next day. Gov. Martinez vetoed the maps on October 7, leaving a court to resolve the process. By the time new maps were passed, $8 million had been spent.[14]


Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the New Mexico Legislature are not paid a salary. Per diem is $154/day tied to the federal rate.[15]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

New Mexico legislators assume office January 1st.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 37
     Republican Party 33
Total 70

Historical

New Mexico House of Representatives[16]
YearDemocratsRepublicansIndependents
201136331
20104525-
20084228-
20064228-
20044327-
20024228-
20004030-
19984228-
19964624-
19945317-


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the New Mexico State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the New Mexico State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. [17]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, New Mexico House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House W. Ken Martinez Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Floor Leader Rick Miera Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Whip Antonio Maestas Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader Donald E. Bratton Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Whip Nate Gentry Ends.png Republican

Current members

Current members, New Mexico House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Thomas Taylor Ends.png Republican 1999
2 James R.J. Strickler Ends.png Republican 2007
3 Paul Bandy Ends.png Republican 2007
4 Sharon E. Clahchischilliage Ends.png Republican 2013
5 Sandra Jeff Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
6 Eliseo Alcon Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
7 Kelly K. Fajardo Ends.png Republican 2013
8 Alonzo Baldonado Ends.png Republican 2011
9 Patricia Lundstrom Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
10 Henry Saavedra Electiondot.png Democratic 1977
11 Rick Miera Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
12 Ernest Chavez, Sr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
13 Patricia A. Roybal Caballero Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
14 Miguel Garcia Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
15 Emily A. Kane Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
16 Antonio Maestas Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
17 Edward Sandoval Electiondot.png Democratic 1983
18 Gail Chasey Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
19 Sheryl Williams Stapleton Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
20 James White Ends.png Republican 2009
21 Mimi Stewart Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
22 James Smith Ends.png Republican 2011
23 Paul A. Pacheco Ends.png Republican 2013
24 Elizabeth L. Thomson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
25 Christine Trujillo Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
26 Georgene Louis Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
27 Larry Larranaga Ends.png Republican 1995
28 Jimmie Hall Ends.png Republican 2005
29 Thomas Anderson Ends.png Republican 2003
30 Nathaniel Gentry Ends.png Republican 2011
31 William Rehm Ends.png Republican 2007
32 Dona Irwin Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
33 Bill McCamley Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
34 Mary Helen Garcia Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
35 Jeff Steinborn Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
36 Phillip M. Archuleta Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
37 Terry McMillan Ends.png Republican 2011
38 Dianne Hamilton Ends.png Republican 1999
39 Rodolpho Martinez Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
40 Nick Salazar Electiondot.png Democratic 1973
41 Debbie Rodella Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
42 Roberto Gonzales Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
43 Stephanie Richard Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
44 Jane Powdrell-Culbert Ends.png Republican 2003
45 Jim Trujillo Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
46 Carl P. Trujillo Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
47 Brian Egolf, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
48 Luciano Varela Electiondot.png Democratic 1987
49 Don Tripp Ends.png Republican 1999
50 Stephen P. Easley Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
51 Yvette Herrell Ends.png Republican 2011
52 Doreen Y. Gallegos Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
53 Nate Cote Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
54 William Gray Ends.png Republican 2007
55 Cathrynn Brown Ends.png Republican 2011
56 Zachary Cook Ends.png Republican 2009
57 Jason Harper Ends.png Republican 2013
58 Candy Spence Ezzell Ends.png Republican 2005
59 Nora Espinoza Ends.png Republican 2007
60 Timothy Lewis Ends.png Republican 2011
61 David M. Gallegos Ends.png Republican 2013
62 Donald Bratton Ends.png Republican 2001
63 George Dodge Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
64 Anna Crook Ends.png Republican 1995
65 James Roger Madalena, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1985
66 Bob Wooley Ends.png Republican 2011
67 Dennis Roch Ends.png Republican 2009
68 Monica C. Youngblood Ends.png Republican 2013
69 W. Ken Martinez Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
70 Tomas E. Salazar Electiondot.png Democratic 2013


Previous Member Lists

The table below shows member lists of the New Mexico House in prior years



Standing committees

The New Mexico House has 16 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, New Mexico’’
Partisan breakdown of the New Mexico legislature from 1992-2013

During every year from 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the New Mexico State House of Representatives. The New Mexico State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of New Mexico, the New Mexico State Senate and the New Mexico House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of New Mexico state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states
  3. ABQ Journal, "Legislature: New Members, Old Issues," January 13, 2013
  4. Santa Fe New Mexican, "Election-year tension and redrawn districts set stage for political dramas at the Capitol," January 15, 2012
  5. Latin American Herald Tribune, "Undocumented New Mexicans Can Still Get Driver’s Licenses," February 19, 2012
  6. 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
  7. KRQE.com, Special session agenda getting longer, July 18, 2011
  8. South Carolina Policy Council "50 State Legislative Session Interactive Map," February 2011
  9. 2010 session dates for New Mexico Legislature
  10. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  11. Follow the Money: "New Mexico House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  12. New Mexico Legislature "New Mexico Constitution"(Referenced Section, Article IV, Section 4)
  13. U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Mexico's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," March 15, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  14. The Republic, "New Mexico's redistricting costs total nearly $8M, exceeding expenses a decade ago," August 2, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012
  15. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  16. New Mexico Legislature "Political Control - Legislative Sessions," accessed October 2011
  17. New Mexico House Leaders