Difference between revisions of "New Mexico school districts"

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===Demographics===
 
===Demographics===
 
{{Education k-12 ethnicity New Mexico}}
 
{{Education k-12 ethnicity New Mexico}}
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==State law==
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===School board composition===
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New Mexico school board members are generally elected by residents of the school district, although some school board members may be appointed. New Mexico school board elections typically follow one of these two methods, or a mixture thereof:
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*'''At-large:''' All voters residing in the school district may vote for any candidates running, regardless of geographic location.
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*'''District:''' Only voters residing in a specific geographic area within the school district may vote on certain candidates, who must also reside in that specific geographic area. 
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Districts with a population of more than 16,000 residents must follow the district method of election, while districts with a population below 16,000 residents can choose between the two election processes.
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School boards can consist of five or seven members. School board members serve four-year terms, which are staggered every two years.<ref name=NMSBA1>[http://www.nmsba.org/om2.htm ''New Mexico School Boards Association,'' "Chapter II," accessed July 11, 2014]</ref>
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===District types===
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New Mexico contains only traditional [[Public school district (United States)|school districts]]. Districts may levy ad valorem taxes without voter approval. With voter approval, districts can issue general obligation bonds. With approval from the [[New Mexico Public Education Department|state board of education]], districts may also issue revenue bonds.<ref>[http://www2.census.gov/govs/cog/2007/nm.pdf ''United State Census Bureau,'' "New Mexico," accessed July 11, 2014]</ref>
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===Term limits===
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New Mexico does not impose statewide term limits on school board members.<ref>[http://www.nsba.org/Board-Leadership/Surveys/SurveyonSchoolBoardMemberTermLimits.pdf ''National School Boards Association,'' "Survey of the State School Boards Associations on Term Limits for Local Board Members," accessed July 8, 2014]</ref>
  
 
==School board elections==
 
==School board elections==
 
===Upcoming elections===
 
===Upcoming elections===
 
: ''See also: [[New Mexico school board elections, 2014]]''
 
: ''See also: [[New Mexico school board elections, 2014]]''
 
 
{{New Mexico SBE 2014}}
 
{{New Mexico SBE 2014}}
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===Path to the ballot===
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To qualify for the ballot as a school board candidate in New Mexico, a person must be:
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*A "qualified elector" in the state and school district
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*A resident of the geographic district in which they are running, if they are running in a school board election using the district election process instead of an at-large election process
 +
 +
The process of running for office as a school board candidate begins with filing a "declaration of candidacy" form with the appropriate election authority by the close of business on the third Tuesday of December in the even-numbered year preceding the election. Candidates may withdraw from the race or file as write-in candidates as long as they file the appropriate form prior to the close of business on the 35th day preceding the election.<ref>[http://www.nmsba.org/elections.htm ''New Mexico School Boards Association,'' "Elections," accessed July 11, 2014]</ref>
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===Campaign finance===
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New Mexico school board candidates running in districts with student enrollment over 12,000 residents must file one campaign finance report with the [[New Mexico Secretary of State]] prior to the second Tuesday in April each year.<ref>[http://www.sos.state.nm.us/uploads/FileLinks/f5a515bcc03e456bbe64d74c5334c4f2/Guidelines_of_Candidates_and_Campaign_Committees_12_16_2013.doc ''New Mexico Secretary of State,'' "Guide to Campaign Finance and Campaign Reporting," accessed July 11, 2014]</ref>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==

Revision as of 15:26, 11 July 2014

K-12 Education in New Mexico
Flag of New Mexico.png
Education facts
State Superintendent: Hanna Skandera
Number of students: 337,225[1]
Number of teachers: 21,957
Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:15.4
Number of school districts: 135
Number of schools: 866
Graduation rate: 70%[2]
Per-pupil spending: $9,070[3]
See also
New Mexico Public Education Department
New Mexico school districts
List of school districts in New Mexico
New Mexico
School boards portal
Policypedia
Education policy logo.jpg
Education policy project
Public education in the United States
Public education in New Mexico
Glossary of education terms

New Mexico is home to 135 school districts, 866 schools and 337,225 K-12 students.[4]

Quick facts

State school administrators

One seat on the Public Education Commission is vacant and awaiting appointment from Governor Susana Martinez until the next election in 2016.

Statistics

The following table displays the state's top 10 school districts by total student enrollment.[6]

Student enrollment
1.) Albuquerque
2.) Las Cruces
3.) Rio Rancho
4.) Gadsden Independent
5.) Santa Fe
6.) Gallup-McKinley County
7.) Farmington Municipal
8.) Roswell Independent
9.) Los Lunas
10.) Clovis Municipal

Demographics

See also: Demographic information for all students in all 50 states

The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in New Mexico as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.[7]

Demographic Information for New Mexico's K-12 Public School System
Ethnicity Students State Percentage United States Percentage**
American Indian 34,287 10.17% 1.10%
Asian 4,110 1.22% 4.68%
African American 6,816 2.02% 15.68%
Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. Students 276 0.08% 0.42%
Hispanic 200,483 59.45% 24.37%
White 87,381 25.91% 51.21%
Two or More 3,872 1.15% 2.54%
**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.

State law

School board composition

New Mexico school board members are generally elected by residents of the school district, although some school board members may be appointed. New Mexico school board elections typically follow one of these two methods, or a mixture thereof:

  • At-large: All voters residing in the school district may vote for any candidates running, regardless of geographic location.
  • District: Only voters residing in a specific geographic area within the school district may vote on certain candidates, who must also reside in that specific geographic area.

Districts with a population of more than 16,000 residents must follow the district method of election, while districts with a population below 16,000 residents can choose between the two election processes.

School boards can consist of five or seven members. School board members serve four-year terms, which are staggered every two years.[8]

District types

New Mexico contains only traditional school districts. Districts may levy ad valorem taxes without voter approval. With voter approval, districts can issue general obligation bonds. With approval from the state board of education, districts may also issue revenue bonds.[9]

Term limits

New Mexico does not impose statewide term limits on school board members.[10]

School board elections

Upcoming elections

See also: New Mexico school board elections, 2014

There are no New Mexico school districts among America's largest school districts by enrollment holding elections in 2014. School board elections in New Mexico are held in February of odd-numbered years.[11]

Path to the ballot

To qualify for the ballot as a school board candidate in New Mexico, a person must be:

  • A "qualified elector" in the state and school district
  • A resident of the geographic district in which they are running, if they are running in a school board election using the district election process instead of an at-large election process

The process of running for office as a school board candidate begins with filing a "declaration of candidacy" form with the appropriate election authority by the close of business on the third Tuesday of December in the even-numbered year preceding the election. Candidates may withdraw from the race or file as write-in candidates as long as they file the appropriate form prior to the close of business on the 35th day preceding the election.[12]

Campaign finance

New Mexico school board candidates running in districts with student enrollment over 12,000 residents must file one campaign finance report with the New Mexico Secretary of State prior to the second Tuesday in April each year.[13]

See also

External links

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Suggest a link

References

  1. National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
  2. ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
  3. United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. New Mexico Public Education Department, "Number of School Districts in the State," accessed August 9, 2013
  5. New Mexico Public Education Department, "New Mexico Public Education Commission," accessed June 13, 2014
  6. New Mexico Public Education Department, "Enrollment by District, from Largest to Smallest," accessed August 9, 2013
  7. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
  8. New Mexico School Boards Association, "Chapter II," accessed July 11, 2014
  9. United State Census Bureau, "New Mexico," accessed July 11, 2014
  10. National School Boards Association, "Survey of the State School Boards Associations on Term Limits for Local Board Members," accessed July 8, 2014
  11. National School Board Association, "Selection of Local School Boards," accessed July 9, 2014
  12. New Mexico School Boards Association, "Elections," accessed July 11, 2014
  13. New Mexico Secretary of State, "Guide to Campaign Finance and Campaign Reporting," accessed July 11, 2014