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New York's 11th Congressional District elections, 2012

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New York's 11th Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
June 26, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
Michael Grimm Republican Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Yvette D. Clarke Democratic Party
Yvette Clark.jpeg

New York U.S. House Elections
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2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of New York.png
The 11th congressional district of New York held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.

Michael Grimm was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[1]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
April 16, 2012
June 26, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: New York had a closed primary system, meaning only registered members of a particular party could vote in that party's primary.

Voter registration: Voters had to register to vote in the primary by June 1. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 12, or October 26 in person.[2]

See also: New York elections, 2012

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent was Yvette D. Clarke (D), who was first elected to the House in 2006. Due to redistricting, Clarke ran in the new 9th district, and 13th district incumbent Michael Grimm ran in the new 11th.

This was the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. New York's 11th congressional district was located in the southeastern portion of the state and included Richmond County.[3]

Fusion voting

New York was one of eight states that had "electoral fusion" -- which allowed more than one political party to support a common candidate. This created a situation where one candidate appeared multiple times on the same ballot, for the same position. Electoral fusion was once widespread across the United States, but as of 2012, was commonly practiced only in New York.

Opponents of fusion voting argued that the process resulted in dealmarking to ensure that patronage was rampant.[4] Proponents maintained that fusion voting allowed for minor parties to actually make a difference during the election, by allowing voters the opportunity to vote for a minority party platform but still affect the general election result.[5]

Candidates who appeared in the general election are listed below with colored dots corresponding to any party they represented on the ballot.

Candidates

Note: Election results were added on election night as races were called. Vote totals will be added when official election results are certified. For more information about Ballotpedia's election coverage plan, click here. If you find any errors in this list, please email: Geoff Pallay.

General election candidates

Democratic Party Working Families Party Mark Murphy
Republican Party Conservative Party Michael Grimm Green check mark transparent.png
Green Party Henry Bardel


June 26, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

Conservative Party Conservative candidate

Working Families Party Working Families candidate

Green Party Green candidate


Election Results

General Election

U.S. House, New York District 11 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Mark Murphy 43% 92,428
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMichael Grimm Incumbent 48% 103,118
     Green Henry Bardel 0.9% 1,939
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 8% 17,270
Total Votes 214,755
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Race background

Map of the 11th congressional district of New York before and after the 2010 redistricting. Click on the link for an interactive map of the congressional districts in New York. For an interactive map of the districts prior to the 2010 Census, click here.

General election

New York's 11th was considered to be a Tossup according to the New York Times race ratings. Republican incumbent Michael Grimm was challenged by Mark Murphy. Grimm's seat was vulnerable due to a scandal involving his lead fundraiser in the 2010 campaign being under investigation by the FBI.[8]

Impact of redistricting

See also: Redistricting in New York

Following the results of the 2010 Census, New York lost two congressional seats, bringing its total number of representatives down from 29 to 27. According to a report in the Washington Post political blog "The Fix," New York was one of the top 10 redistricting battles in the nation.[9]

The 11th district was re-drawn after the 2010 Census. The new district was composed of the following percentages of voters of the old congressional districts.[10][11]

Registration statistics

As of October 29, 2012, District 11 had the following partisan registration breakdown according to the New York State Board of Elections:

New York Congressional District 11[12]
Congressional District District Total Democrats Republicans Other & Unaffiliated Advantage Party Advantage Change in Advantage from 2010
District 11 358,605 169,015 97,830 91,760 Democratic 72.76% -1227.59%
"Party advantage" is the percentage gap between the two major parties in registered voters. "Change in advantage" is the spread in difference of party advantage between 2010 and 2012 based on the congressional district number only.

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. New York's 11th District remained Republican after redistricting.[13]

  • 2012: 45D / 55R
  • 2010: 45D / 55R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measured each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. New York's 11th congressional district had a PVI of R+4, which was the 193rd most Republican district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by John McCain (R), 51-49 percent over Barack Obama (D). In 2004, George W. Bush (R) won the district 55-45 percent over John Kerry (D).[14]

District history

2010

This is the 11th congressional district prior to the 2011 redistricting.

On November 2, 2010, Yvette D. Clarke was re-elected to the United States House for a third term. She defeated Hugh C. Carr (R who also ran on the Conservative Party ticket).[15]

U.S. House, New York Congressional District 11 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngYvette D. Clarke Incumbent 83.5% 104,297
     Republican Hugh C. Carr 8.7% 10,858
     Blank/Scattering 7.8% 9,759
Total Votes 124,914

See also

References